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  • Vertical Pipe Heating Apparatus for Dry Kilns
    Vertical Pipe Heating Apparatus for Dry Kilns
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj vertical of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group) "vertical social mobility"
    • adj vertical at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line "a vertical camera angle","the monument consists of two vertical pillars supporting a horizontal slab","measure the perpendicular height"
    • adj vertical upright in position or posture "an erect stature","erect flower stalks","for a dog, an erect tail indicates aggression","a column still vertical amid the ruins","he sat bolt upright"
    • adj vertical relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution
    • n vertical a vertical structural member as a post or stake "the ball sailed between the uprights"
    • n vertical something that is oriented vertically
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Vertical Stationary Engine Vertical Stationary Engine
Vertical Stationary Engine, Section Vertical Stationary Engine, Section
Babcock & Wilcox's Vertical Boiler Babcock & Wilcox's Vertical Boiler
Vertical Section of the Brain Vertical Section of the Brain
Vertical Section of the Eye Vertical Section of the Eye

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: False Bay, on the southern tip of Africa and close to Cape Town, South Africa, is a breeding ground for great white sharks, which feed off the thousands of seals in the bay. However, it is the only area in the known world in which these sharks are known to breach - they attack the seals by coming up vertically, often leaping clear of the water with their prey in their mouths
    • Vertical (Math) A vertical line, plane, or circle.
    • Vertical Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith; perpendicularly above one. "Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion."
    • Vertical Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb; as, a vertical line.
    • Vertical Vertical position; zenith.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Hong Kong, delivery times are primarily influenced by traffic conditions on elevators. It often takes drivers longer to travel vertically than horizontally, as access to elevators is so congested during "high peak" hours. This is due to the volume of people residing in high rises
    • vertical Of or relating to the vertex; situated at the vertex, apex, or highest point; placed in the zenith, or point in the heavens directly overhead; figuratively, occupying the highest place.
    • vertical Specifically, being in a position or direction perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb. A vertical line or plane is one in which, if produced, the vertex or zenith lies. The word is applied to a number of tools and machines, to indicate the position in which they are placed or used: as, the vertical mill; a vertical planer.
    • vertical In medicine, of or relating to the vertex, or crown of the head.
    • vertical In zoology and anatomy: Pertaining to or placed on the vertex, or crown of the head; sincipital; coronal: as, vertical stemmata of an insect; vertical eyes of a fish; the vertical crest of some birds is horizontal when not erected.
    • vertical Placed or directed upward or downward; upright or downright; being at right angles with an (actual or assumed) horizon. Vertical in this sense is either intrinsic, with reference to an actual or assumed horizontal plane of the body itself, as to the dorsal or ventral surface of most animals, or extrinsic, with reference to the earth's horizon; in the latter case it is the same as def. 2.
    • vertical See circle.
    • vertical In conic sections, a plane passing through the vertex of a cone and through its axis.
    • vertical In perspective, a plane perpendicular to the geometrical plane, passing through the eye, and cutting the perspective plane at right angles.
    • n vertical A vertical circle, plane, or line.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Lang Martin balanced seven golf balls vertically without adhesive at Charlotte, NC on 9 February 1980.
    • adj Vertical pertaining to the vertex: placed in the zenith: perpendicular to the plane of the horizon
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. vertical,. See Vertex
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., eddy, summit—vertĕre, to turn.


In literature:

It made a graceful, wallowing, shallow dive, and then climbed almost vertically.
"Space Platform" by Murray Leinster
It is nearly always a vertical hand.
"The Detection of Forgery" by Douglas Blackburn
Vertical movement through color may thus be thought of as a change of value, but not as a change of hue or of chroma.
"A Color Notation" by Albert H. Munsell
The bar for the chains passes under the desk, through the two vertical ends of the case.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
But neither method is suitable for a kiln in which the circulation is mainly vertical.
"Seasoning of Wood" by Joseph B. Wagner
The outside may be then removed by the saw vertically.
"The Repairing & Restoration of Violins" by Horace Petherick
Vertical drive should be avoided wherever possible.
"Electricity for the farm" by Frederick Irving Anderson
He was still clambering gingerly down the nearly vertical surface.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
The vertical line separates the more passive and the more active faculties.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, December 1887" by Various
By these means a current of air is established through the vertical and horizontal pipes.
"The Home Medical Library, Volume V (of VI)" by Various
For more than a mile they toiled up the sloping glacier which all the way lay between two vertical cliffs.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
The verticality of Assyrian and Chaldaean walls was necessary, therefore, for their preservation.
"A History of Art in Chaldæa & Assyria, v. 1" by Georges Perrot
One was visited which was nine stories high, measuring in a vertical line about two hundred feet.
"Due West" by Maturin Murray Ballou
But vertical displacements on a scale no less stupendous can also be shown to exist.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
The tube must be held in a vertical position, Fig.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Boughs vertically arranged are interlaced at the base with those of the floor.
"The Industries of Animals" by Frédéric Houssay
They tried to swing their grids upward, but could not get them vertical to reach us.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
Vertical openings in the walls furnished light and air.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, October, 1930" by Various
You will receive an impression of a building enriched with multitudinous vertical lines.
"Modern Painters Volume I (of V)" by John Ruskin
For it could readily be enlarged in a vertical direction, the floor remaining unaltered.
"The Contemporary Review, Volume 36, September 1879" by Various

In poetry:

Penguin, static traveler,
deliberate priest of the cold,
I salute your vertical salt
and envy your plumed pride.
"Magellanic Penguin" by Pablo Neruda
Music: breathing of statues. Perhaps:
silence of paintings. You language where all language
ends. You time
standing vertically on the motion of mortal hearts.
"To Music" by Rainer Maria Rilke
Out of their slumber Europeans spun
Dense dreams: appeasements, miracle, glimpsed flash
Of a new golden era; but could not restrain
The vertical white weight that fell last night
And made their continent a blank.
"Snow in Europe" by David Gascoyne
True. There is
a beautiful Jesus.
He is frozen to his bones like a chunk of beef.
How desperately he wanted to pull his arms in!
How desperately I touch his vertical and horizontal axes!
But I can't. Need is not quite belief.
"With Mercy for the Greedy" by Anne Sexton
Deep and dissolving verticals of light
Ferry the falls of moonshine down. Five bells
Coldly rung out in a machine's voice. Night and water
Pour to one rip of darkness, the Harbour floats
In the air, the Cross hangs upside-down in water.
"Five Bells" by Kenneth Slessor
So rot in a closet in the ground
For the bad trumpets and the capitol's
Long seasonable grief. Rot for its guests,
Alive, that step away from death. Yet you,
A year cold, come more living to this room
Than these intruders, vertical and warm.
"Year's End" by Weldon Kees

In news:

Vertical Maintenance and Repair Inc. Queens Design Shop.
West Virginia's only lighthouse is about to go vertical.
Registrations are being accepted for a class on growing plants vertically that will be taught by master gardeners.
I have one 35-foot wall that has vertical, oak-colored wood in various widths, from 3 inches to six inches.
Douglas winner will go deep, vertical.
Great Bear Petroleum has now completed both of its initial vertical test wells, the Alcor No.
In Need of a Vertical Couch.
If you've never walked down a vertical rock face, Rappel Gully is the place to learn.
Basic dress pattern with vertical waist darts & horizontal bust darts (such as McCall's 2401).
"It really flared up during the combine during the vertical tests and the sprinting," said Redick.
Ex-Yesmail Chief Joins Vertical Response Board.
Home: Video: Offshore Kayaking, Vertical Jigging .
How do you top your own record of climbing and skiing one million vertical feet in a single season.
The company's chairman says SAS is going vertical, and will take on i2, Manugistics in supply chain market.
In vertically specialized systems, more highly skilled agents are also more costly.

In science:

The set V of vertices is a metric space, if the distance d(x, y ) between vertices x, y ∈ V is defined as the minimal length (number of vertices) in a path, connecting these vertices.
Gibbs and Quantum Discrete Spaces
Thus all vertices of Q but its root are also vertices of T (Q): in particular T (Q) has n + 1 vertices.
Random Planar Lattices and Integrated SuperBrownian Excursion
If e = (E, α) is an edge of a graph Γ, then the vertices of Γ that are the images of the vertices of E under ¯α0 are called the end-vertices of e.
Diagrams with Selection and Method for Constructing Boundedly Generated and Boundedly Simple Groups
These vertices will split the map into parts as the vertices which will be placed in a loop can not be linked to any vertices in an other loop.
Combinatorial aspects of matrix models
Using (12.2) again, the expected number of vertices in Gn with more than ω(n) vertices in their (reduced or unreduced) component is o(1) (in fact, o(n−100 )), so whp there no such vertices.
The phase transition in inhomogeneous random graphs
Let H be a graph and consider the auxiliary graph GH with vertices corresponding to the k-cliques of H, two vertices being adjacent if the corresponding cliques have at least two vertices in common.
Positional games on random graphs
S which is the supremum with respect to the partial order in S of the minimal vertices with the numbers i and j (the supremum of two vertices is the smallest vertex, which is larger both of the vertices).
Replica symmetry breaking related to a general ultrametric space I: replica matrices and functionals
Here, ∆G acts like the free Laplacian and has Dirichlet boundary conditions on its deleted vertices (boundary vertices) and Kirchhoff boundary conditions in its vertices which have not been deleted by the percolation process (interior vertices).
Uniform existence of the integrated density of states for random Schr\"odinger operators on metric graphs over $\mathbb{Z}^d$
For a subset of vertices A ⊂ G and two vertices u, v (cid:54)∈ A we write dA p (u, v) for the graph distance between u and v in Gp \ A (i.e., in the graph obtained from Gp by removing the vertices of A and all the edges adjacent to A).
Mean-field conditions for percolation on finite graphs
We can bound the probability Gn′ fails condition W1 by the union bound over all sets of at most 5s vertices of the probability that those vertices form a connected subgraph with at least s small-degree vertices.
On the Rank of Random Sparse Matrices
To bound P(¬C1 ), we note that the probability that some Gm contains a set of vertices of degree less than s of size t = p−1 ln−1 n is bounded from above by the probability that at least t vertices in Gn each have at most s neighbors amongst the vertices of Gn′ .
On the Rank of Random Sparse Matrices
Here, ∆G acts like the free Laplacian and has Dirichlet boundary conditions on its deleted vertices (boundary vertices) and Kirchhoff boundary conditions in its vertices which have not been deleted by the percolation process (interior vertices).
Uniform existence of the integrated density of states for combinatorial and metric graphs over Z^d
For simplicity, we often write fi instead of f −1 (i) and we consider the sink and target vertices as random vertices with the implicit assumption that they are respectively the lowest and greatest vertices: f0 = ⊗ and fk+1 = ⊚.
Solving Simple Stochastic Games with Few Random Vertices
Given a complete ternary tree T with p internal vertices, there are totally 3p + 1 vertices, choose n − 2p vertices repeatedly, define the color number of a vertex to be the times of being chosen.
A simple bijection between binary trees and colored ternary trees
As before each one of these vertices contributes with a disjoint quartercircle which must be empty of vertices, and by the same argument we obtain a connected union of cells of the tessellation, which we denote by S ∗, with Area(S ∗ ) ≥ (11/5)πr2 and containing no vertices.
On the Probability of the Existence of Fixed-Size Components in Random Geometric Graphs