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  • WordNet 3.6
    • n tun a large cask especially one holding a volume equivalent to 2 butts or 252 gals
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Tun A certain measure for liquids, as for wine, equal to two pipes, four hogsheads, or 252 gallons. In different countries, the tun differs in quantity.
    • Tun A drunkard; -- so called humorously, or in contempt.
    • Tun (Brewing) A fermenting vat.
    • Tun A large cask; an oblong vessel bulging in the middle, like a pipe or puncheon, and girt with hoops; a wine cask.
    • Tun (Com) A weight of 2,240 pounds. See Ton.
    • Tun An indefinite large quantity. "A tun of man in thy large bulk is writ."
    • Tun (Zoöl) Any shell belonging to Dolium and allied genera; -- called also tun-shell.
    • v. t Tun To put into tuns, or casks.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n tun An amended spelling of ton.
    • n tun A large cask for holding liquids, especially wine, ale, or beer. See ton.
    • n tun Any vessel; a jar.
    • n tun In a brewery, the fermenting-vat or -tank.
    • n tun A measure of capacity, equal by old statutes to 252 wine-gallons. There was a local tun of beer in London of 2 butts, and a customary tun of sweet oil was 236 gallons, and of syrup 3½ barrels. As all measures of capacity are regarded by metrologists as having been defined first by weight, some have supposed the tun was originally a short ton weight of water.
    • n tun In conchology, a shell of the genus Dolium or family Doliidæ; a tun-shell.
    • n tun The upper part of a chimney; also, the chimney itself.
    • tun To store in a tun or tuns, as wine or malt liquor; hence, to store in vessels of any sort for keeping.
    • tun To fill as if a tun.
    • tun To mingle with liquor when it is stored, as for the purpose of flavoring it, or making it keep better.
    • n tun An obsolete form of town.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Tun tun a large cask: an obsolete liquid measure of capacity—in old ale and beer measure, 216 gallons; in old wine measure, 252 gallons
    • v.t Tun to store in a tun
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. tunne,. See Ton a weight


In literature:

Lond., XI, 218, 1841 (includes Koloshes and Tun Ghasse).
"Indian Linguistic Families Of America, North Of Mexico" by John Wesley Powell
Was soll 'ch mit dem Krempel lo tun?
"The German Element in Brazil" by Benjamin Franklin Schappelle
Now Ingialld tuns for the wood, and they could not get at him.
"The story of Burnt Njal" by Anonymous
A messenger sent a mile to borrow an old broken tun-dish.
"The Prose Works of Jonathan Swift, D.D., Vol. VII" by Jonathan Swift
More than a century later Richard II held Christmas at Litchfield and two thousand oxen and two hundred tuns of wine were consumed.
"Yule-Tide in Many Lands" by Mary P. Pringle and Clara A. Urann
In Hatton Wall an old yard bore the name of Hat in Tun, which was interesting as showing the derivation of the word.
"Holborn and Bloomsbury" by Sir Walter Besant
You'll share with the other able seamen eighteenpence for each tun of oil, you know, besides monthly wages.
"Peter the Whaler" by W.H.G. Kingston
He had a whole tun (turn) of slaves.
"Slave Narratives Vol. XIV. South Carolina, Part 2" by Works Projects Administration
For one so rarely tun'd to fit all parts, I.
"The Hesperides & Noble Numbers: Vol. 1 and 2" by Robert Herrick
For filling a bottle with a tun-dish.
"Measure for Measure" by William Shakespeare
Help yourself to a partner, and see some tun.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
They had on board the Pirate near 20 Tuns of Brandy.
"Privateering and Piracy in the Colonial Period" by Various
Is there any doubt that Flax-straw may be profitably grown in the United States for $15 or even $10 per tun?
"Glances at Europe" by Horace Greeley
She arrives as soon as they can find room for her at the Three Tuns.
"A Cathedral Courtship" by Kate Douglas Wiggin
This Cauac-sign is usually accompanied by an Ahau and a Tun, each with numerals that are for the most part erased.
"Commentary Upon the Maya-Tzental Perez Codex" by William E. Gates
A measure of wine containing two hogsheads, or 125 gallons, equal to half a tun.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
These tuns were once kept carefully filled.
"The Automobilist Abroad" by M. F. (Milburg Francisco) Mansfield
And that trick he did thrice, standing on the tun as it came and went.
"The Book of Romance" by Various
Tun kuata tua kuesa cinyi?
"Negro Folk Rhymes" by Thomas W. Talley
Thus Wokingham is the home of the Wokings, and Wellington the 'tun' of the Wellings.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner

In poetry:

Denn da sie unberauscht
Die halbe Welt zerstoeren,
Was wuerden sie nicht tun,
Wenn sie betrunken waeren?
"Eine Gesundheit" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
My child in deserts borne,
For griefe-tun'd eares thy accents frame,
And tell to those thy plaints that scorne,
Thou plead'st for pitie, not for fame.
"Song II" by William Alexander
So holy in my head,
Perfect and light in my deare breast,
My doctrine tun'd by Christ, (who is not dead,
But lives in me while I do rest).
Come, people; Aaron's drest.
"Aaron" by George Herbert
Thus, tun'd to pastime's peacefu' string,
Strevlina's craigs and valley ring;
Blithe was the courtier and the king
By Fortha's flood,
Till Faction soar'd on raven wing,
Bedrapt wi' blood!
"The Links O' Forth : Or, A Parting Peep At The Carse O' Sterling" by Hector MacNeill
''Tween past'ral Tweed and wand'ring Ayr,
Whar unbusk'd nature blooms sae fair!
And mony a wild note saft and clear
Sings sweet by turns,
Tun'd by my winsome Allan's ear
And fav'rite Burns.
"The Scottish Muse" by Hector MacNeill
Our hearts with gratitude and rev'rence fraught,
By those pure precepts you have ever taught;
By your example, more than precept strong,
Of pray'r and praise have tun'd their matin song.
"The Search After Happiness. A Pastoral Drama" by Hannah More

In news:

Soe Zeya Tun / REUTERS.
Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi waves to supporters as she arrives at Yangon international airport October 4, 2012, on return from her tour of the United States REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun.
On the way back I decided to go to the Harlem Club to buy some beer and I looked toward 17th Avenue and saw people tunning so I started to run.
Rodent activity & sewage leak closes Tampa restaurant Tun-du- ree Foods for three hours.
When pressed on the Pil'tun biologists' complaints that research, limited as it is, is being censored, Royal becomes angry.
Myanmar's President Sein talks during his first news conference since his re-appointment as head of ruling party Union Solidarity and Development Party at presidential palace in Naypyitaw ( Soe Zeya Tun, Reuters / October 21, 2012 ).
Tun is sentenced for fatal crash in April.
Food Chain / Food & Drink Mash Tun Oktoberfest and other food and drink events.
Tun Doluca, president and CEO of Maxim Integrated Products.
Complete details for Mash Tun Brewpub.
They were born in Tun Tavern back in 1775.
( Soe Zeya Tun, Reuters / November 30, 2012 ).
Ceremonies will be in different sites of Guatemala to celebrate the end of the Mayan cycle known as Bak'tun 13 and the start of the new Maya Era on Dec 21.
Soe Zeya Tun / Reuters.
People collect water at a refugee camp for Muslims displaced by violence earlier this year outside Sittwe October 30, 2012 REUTERS/Soe Zeya Tun.

In science:

The “mixing” step, corresponding to the Hadamard gate, is performed by a laser tunned to the frequency separating the two atomic internal states.
Aperiodic Quantum Random Walks
The several parameters involved in the simulation of the scintillator are then fine-tunned to reproduce the structure of the time pro files and integrated charges of muon pulses actually measured under laboratory conditions.
BATATA: A device to characterize the punch-through observed in underground muon detectors and to operate as a prototype for AMIGA
K (x) = Pκn [HK < TUn, XHK = x] = eK,Un (x), for x ∈ K, where the last equality follows from (1.60) in Proposition 1.8 of .
An isomorphism theorem for random interlacements
The weight of a melonic graph depends on the coupling constants of the model and tunning to criticality tensor models undergo, like matrix models, a phase transition to continuous infinitely refined random spaces.
A review of the 1/N expansion in random tensor models
McFadden and Al-Khalili produce the following equation to describe the wavefunction of a cell in this situation: |Ψcell> = α|Φnot tun.>|C>|Arg> + β |Φtun.>|T >|H is>.
A review of Johnjoe McFadden's book ``Quantum Evolution''
Then by going through exactly the same proof, it can be shown that when n ≥ N for some suitably selected N, for any gn ∈ Ga, (A.9) holds with probability greater than 1 − δ/2 (by properly tunning the probability), with the constant C (cid:48) therein only depending on C, M, cm .
Local and Global Asymptotic Inferences for the Smoothing Spline Estimate
Then by going through exactly the same proof, it can be shown that when n ≥ N for some suitably selected N, for any gn ∈ Ga, (A.9) holds with probability greater than 1 − δ/2 (by properly tunning the probability), with the constant C (cid:48) therein only depending on C, M, cm .
Local and Global Asymptotic Inferences for the Smoothing Spline Estimate
In order to avoid such problems, special forms of squark mass matrices [125] and fine tunning of phases are necessary.
Theoretical review of K physics
The models obtained so far have not been studied in great detail but they still suffer from some difficulties, such as fine tunning and the possible survival of extra states at low energies that could modify the running of the gauge couplings .
Superstring Phenomenology: An Overview
The dilaton potential is runaway and there has to be some fine tunning in order to obtain a nontrivial minimum besides the minimum at zero coupling and S → ∞. (iii) There are at least two serious cosmological problems for the gaugino condensation scenario.
Superstring Phenomenology: An Overview
This has been used by Witten to claim that it may be possible to solve the string unification problem by tunning the extra parameter as in standard GUTs .
Superstring Phenomenology: An Overview
This is quantified by χ2(~α) = Xi=tun. var Xj=bins where the individual contributions to χ2 are summed over all bins (j ) of the distributions of the chosen tuning variables (i).
Studies of Hadronic Event Structure in e+e- Annihilation from 30 GeV to 209 GeV with the L3 Detector
Dispersion of the pixel thresholds before and after tunning (right).
2D Detectors for Particle Physics and for Imaging Applications
This effect of suppressing the time-evolution by the purely coherent in fluence of an external field has been i nvestigated first in the context of driven tunneling [30, 31] and is named “coherent destruction of tun neling ” (CDT).
Improving the purity of one- and two-qubit gates by AC fields
These estimates are used to discuss the tunning of the trap potentials required to compensate for imperfections of this order (Sec.
Optimized Planar Penning Traps for Quantum Information Studies