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trombone

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n trombone a brass instrument consisting of a long tube whose length can be varied by a U-shaped slide
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The brass family of instruments include the trumpet, trombone, tuba, cornet, flügelhorn, French horn, saxhorn, and sousaphone. While they are usually made of brass today, in the past they were made of wood, horn, and glass.
    • Trombone (Mus) A powerful brass instrument of the trumpet kind, thought by some to be the ancient sackbut, consisting of a tube in three parts, bent twice upon itself and ending in a bell. The middle part, bent double, slips into the outer parts, as in a telescope, so that by change of the vibrating length any tone within the compass of the instrument (which may be bass or tenor or alto or even, in rare instances, soprano) is commanded. It is the only member of the family of wind instruments whose scale, both diatonic and chromatic, is complete without the aid of keys or pistons, and which can slide from note to note as smoothly as the human voice or a violin. Softly blown, it has a rich and mellow sound, which becomes harsh and blatant when the tones are forced; used with discretion, its effect is often solemn and majestic.
    • Trombone (Zoöl) The common European bittern.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n trombone A large musical instrument of the trumpet family. It has a long tube twice bent upon itself, and one of the loops is double, so that the outer tube, or slide, can be slipped over the inner like a sheath. When the slide is extended, the length of the tube is increased and its proper tone lowered. Since a full set of harmonics can be produced from any of many positions of the slide, the compass is long, and the intonation may be made very precise. The tone is peculiarly rich and solemn. Exceedingly fine harmonic effects may be produced by combining trombones of different sizes and fundamental pitches, which are called alto, tenor, and bass trombones respectively. The trombone is thought to have been known in ancient times. It is now a regular constituent of the orchestra and of the military band. For the latter it is sometimes made with valves or keys instead of a slide, but its characteristic tone and its flexibility of intonation are thus lost.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Trombone trom′bōn a deep-toned brass musical wind instrument of the trumpet kind, consisting of a tube bent twice on itself
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It., aug. of tromba, a trumpet: cf. F. trombone,. See Trump a trumpet
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
It.; augm. of tromba, a trumpet.

Usage

In literature:

It sounds just like a penny whistle, while mine's as solid as a big trombone.
"The Black Bar" by George Manville Fenn
LORETZ ON THE TROMBONE.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Volume 11, No. 24, March, 1873" by Various
The trombone was the most loved of all.
"Across Unknown South America" by Arnold Henry Savage Landor
At the far end of the passage we heard a sound like a trombone.
"Freaks on the Fells" by R.M. Ballantyne
Schwarz, his trombone pierced by a ball, swore aloud and dragged his frantic horse into line.
"Special Messenger" by Robert W. Chambers
The trombone solo was a shout of victory: it imparted new life to the sunken orchestra.
"The Goose Man" by Jacob Wassermann
Bellowed forth by a trombone-lunged newsboy, it crashes against the eye, the ear and the brain simultaneously.
"Little Lost Sister" by Virginia Brooks
Gudel at intervals played the trombone.
"The Son of Monte Christo" by Jules Lermina
The slide trombone that Wood would blow?
"Something Else Again" by Franklin P. Adams
The trombone might have been the cause of that suspicion.
"The Dodge Club" by James De Mille
Dick Stove's trombone horn had been curtailed in order to hide the marks of decay upon its bell.
"Hanover; Or The Persecution of the Lowly" by David Bryant Fulton
We can get him upstairs without the assistance of this human trombone, I know.
"Cleek, the Master Detective" by Thomas W. Hanshew
Speed, or he'll put his foot on the trombone.
"The Maids of Paradise" by Robert W. (Robert William) Chambers
They came round the corner with the trombone going as well as possible.
"Red Men and White" by Owen Wister
When he gets tired of that he blows the trombone.
"Secret Memoirs: The Story of Louise, Crown Princess" by Henry W. Fischer
His voice was as thrilling as a trombone, and his words did not matter.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
I needed just such a crazy tone effect and always imagined the trombone too low for it.
"Melomaniacs" by James Huneker
She would buy a trombone and retire into the wilderness to practise it.
"The Cup of Fury" by Rupert Hughes
It was the man who played the trombone in the orchestra.
"Dorothy's Tour" by Evelyn Raymond
Teutonic extravagance affected her with a slight sense of discomfort as of being placed too near trombones.
"Carnival" by Compton Mackenzie
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In poetry:

Tremendous:- as a lion's show
The grand menagerie paintings hide:
Hear the drum beat, the trombones blow!
The poor old Lion lies inside! . . .
"Lines To A Friend Visiting America" by George Meredith
And when the wailing trombones go
    Along the street before the dead
In that Moravian custom quaint,
    They smile because a soul has fled.
"The Widow's House" by Sarah Orne Jewett
But the nights av Saint Patherick's Days in Athlone
Folks dare not go by the ould graveyard alone,
For they say that McCarty sits on his tombstone
And plays this sad tune on a phantom trombone:
"The Ballad Of McCarty’s Trombone" by Joseph C Lincoln

In news:

Actor Gary Sinise and New Orleans musicians Troy "Trombone Shorty" Andrews and Harry Connick Jr will lead the parade of the Krewe of Orpheus on the evening of Lundi Gras, the day before Fat Tuesday.
'Treme' Star Wendell Pierce Talks the Next Season, Music in New Orleans and Learning to Play Trombone.
As a condition of his funding, the school required him to play trombone in the school's band, participate in plays and maintain a B average.
Playing the trombone in the back is Chad Simmers.
He has played trombone since he was in fifth-grade at Smith Road Elementary.
New Orleans' Trombone Shorty looking forward to Mobile show.
Troy " Trombone Shorty" Andrews has played all around the world in recent months, but says he's looking forward to an upcoming show in Mobile.
Recent news and coverage of Sad Trombone .
The trombone 's disappearance so devastated the boy, the friend said, he had to leave school early.
His trombone was stolen Thursday but Phila.
Tonight's top shows: Trombone Shorty, Boris.
Trombone Shorty at XRIJF.
The crowd dropped two blocks back from the stage at East Ave and Alexander St. Police estimate 45,000 to 50,000 people turned out to watch Trombone Shorty perform Saturday night.
Tune-Yards, Yasiin Bey(Mos Def), Jim James, & Trombone Shorty.
New Music Wedneday Tinariwen, Alex Clare, Trombone Shorty, Fountains of Wayne.
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In science:

This method is used on the trombone and the slide whistle. • Making the air column vibrate at desired harmonics without changing the physical length of the column of air.
Music in Terms of Science
The brass instruments like trumpet, trombone, and French horn all have closed pipes with long cylindrical sections and should therefore only be able to produce odd harmonics.
Music in Terms of Science
In the JLC/NLC design the injection and pre-acceleration systems form a ‘trombone’ structure at the head of each linac; the trombones could be extended to accommodate longer linacs, with the addition of transport lines.
Summary of Discussion Question 4: Energy Expandability of a Linear Collider
The UBC Lidar operates at 50 Hz and took the data shown in red. The best fit to more than a hundred nights of data is shown as a straight line. Inputting this power spectrum into models of NFIRAOS focus and trombone control indicates a residual of 11 nm, which fits in the NFIRAOS error budget.
Using Site Testing Data for Adaptive Optics Simulations
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