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trilobite

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n trilobite an extinct arthropod that was abundant in Paleozoic times; had an exoskeleton divided into three parts
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Trilobite (Paleon) Any one of numerous species of extinct arthropods belonging to the order Trilobita. Trilobites were very common in the Silurian and Devonian periods, but became extinct at the close of the Paleozoic. So named from the three lobes usually seen on each segment.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n trilobite Any member of the Trilobita: so called from the three lobes or main divisions of the body—cephalic, thoracic, and abdominal. See Trilobita. Trilobites are of much popular as well as scientific interest; some of them occur in profusion in Paleozoic formations, and trilobites as a group are among the longest and most widely known of fossils, not yet entirely divested of a problematical character. In the Linnean system all of the few forms then known were considered one species, named Entomolithus paradoxus, and a sort of likeness to chitons caused Latreille to range these organisms near those mollusks. Trilobites are the most characteristic fossils of their class throughout the Paleozoic rocks. More than 500 species have been described, and upward of 70 genera have been named and referred to several higher groups. Upward of 300 species, of about 50 genera, mostly of the Cambrian and Silurian, are described as British; 350 species, of 42 genera, are recorded from the lower Paleozoic rocks of Bohemia; the Devonian forms are comparatively few; and the series closes with some small Carboniferous species, mostly of two genera. The oldest genus is named Agnostus. Some of the trilobites are of comparatively gigantic size, as species of Paradoxides, 2 feet long. An ordinary trilobite, a species of Dalmanites, is figured above. The body of a trilobite is generally of a flattened oval figure, whose upper side presents, besides the obvious transverse division into three parts, a median longitudinal elevation from one end to the other. The head, composed of several coalesced segments, and presenting certain sutures, constitutes a cephalic shield rounded in front, with an axial raised section, the glabellum, on each side of which are large compound eyes (not unlike those of the horseshoe-crab), and whose lateral limbs or borders are prolonged backward to a varying distance on each side of the thorax (in some cases produced beyond all the rest of the body). The second division of the body consists of a varying number (up to twenty-six) of separate thoracic segments, which were more or less freely movable upon one another, so that some trilobites could roll themselves up in a ball, like a sowbug (isopod) of the present day. The raised axis of the thoracic division is the tergum, and parts on each side of it are the pleura. The third division of the body is the abdomen or pygidium, of a variable number (up to twenty-eight) of segments, in general resembling the thoracic segments, and with an axial raised portion, but united together. Of the under surface of a trilobite almost nothing was known until recently, and much still remains to be accurately determined. A well-developed lip-plate or hypostome had been recognized, but nothing further was known until 1870, when the under side of a species of Asaphus, showing indistinct appendages, was described by Billings. Other investigators have pursued this subject, by means of sections of fossils, with the result of showing the presence of articulated appendages, or legs, and of other organs regarded as gills. The embryology of trilobites, so far as known, agrees most nearly with what has been accurately determined in the ease of the horseshoe-crab. What may be inferred of the mode of life of trilobites is that probably their habits were like those of these crabs.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Trilobite trī′lō-bīt one of an order of fossil crustacea entirely confined to the Paleozoic rocks
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Quotations

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “A great calamity is as old as the trilobites an hour after it has happened.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. trilobite,. See Trilobate

Usage

In literature:

It was one of the early crustaceans called Trilobites.
"A Pair of Blue Eyes" by Thomas Hardy
The Trilobite was the most arresting figure in the Cambrian sea, and its fortunes deserve a paragraph.
"The Story of Evolution" by Joseph McCabe
You know better than I do his admirable labours on the development of trilobites, and his most important work on his Lower or Primordial Zone.
"More Letters of Charles Darwin" by Charles Darwin
Trilobites, change of genera and species of.
"More Letters of Charles Darwin Volume II" by Charles Darwin
How far off yet is the trilobite!
"Essays, Second Series" by Ralph Waldo Emerson
A great calamity, for instance, is as old as the trilobites an hour after it has happened.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 1, Issue 2, December, 1857" by Various
Group of Cambrian Trilobites.
"The Ancient Life History of the Earth" by Henry Alleyne Nicholson
Eye of trilobites, 135.
"On the Genesis of Species" by St. George Mivart
The trilobites, as he so well dubbed them, ah in control again.
"Aladdin & Co." by Herbert Quick
Compare this fossil trilobite of normal proportions with these others which have suffered distortion.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
This structure gives to these creatures the name of trilobites.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
One of the most abundant fossil animals in ancient rocks is called a trilobite.
"Earth and Sky Every Child Should Know" by Julia Ellen Rogers
On the fifth day James Trilobite Eton said we were now getting near the point where we would find what we sought.
"Cordwood" by Edgar Wilson (Bill) Nye
They contain trilobites of many species, and other marine fossils.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
I hold in my hand a fossil trilobite of normal proportions.
"The Glaciers of the Alps" by John Tyndall
Such an eye had the trilobite.
"The Religion of Geology and Its Connected Sciences" by Edward Hitchcock
It abounds in beautiful masses of coral, shells, and trilobites.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
The Trilobites are an extinct group, but closely allied to some modern Crustaceans.
"The Chain of Life in Geological Time" by Sir J. William Dawson
We have several fine trilobites, corals, and other fossils.
"St. Nicholas Vol XIII. No. 8 June 1886" by Various
Trilobites have been discovered in Rikuzen.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 2" by Various
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In poetry:

What of this lore of buried thinkers?
What of these classic depths and heights?
Better one strong, bright, living creature
Than a myriad trilobites!
"A Taunt" by Maurice Thompson

In news:

I'd like to take my kids hunting for trilobite fossils at some nearby cliffs.
The 3-foot-long, lobe-winged, shrimp-like creature came equipped with two barbed feelers and an armor-plated mouth — parts paleobiologists once thought were ideal for finding and crunching tasty trilobites.
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