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system

Definitions

  • A System of Gambling 162
    A System of Gambling 162
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n system instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity "he bought a new stereo system","the system consists of a motor and a small computer"
    • n system an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized "his compulsive organization was not an endearing quality","we can't do it unless we establish some system around here"
    • n system the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole "exercise helped him get the alcohol out of his system"
    • n system a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
    • n system a complex of methods or rules governing behavior "they have to operate under a system they oppose","that language has a complex system for indicating gender"
    • n system an organized structure for arranging or classifying "he changed the arrangement of the topics","the facts were familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was original","he tried to understand their system of classification"
    • n system a procedure or process for obtaining an objective "they had to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"
    • n system a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going"
    • n system (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium "in a static system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface","a system generating hydrogen peroxide"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

OIL THE GEARING OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM OIL THE GEARING OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM
Third rail power system Third rail power system
Arc lamp feed system Arc lamp feed system
Electric welding system Electric welding system
Floor tank of can system Floor tank of can system
Eocene System in England Eocene System in England
The Optical System of a Lantern The Optical System of a Lantern
a.--Optical System of Lantern a.--Optical System of Lantern

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1967, the IMAX film system was invented by Canadian Ivan Grame Ferguson to premier at Expo 67.
    • System An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military system; the solar system. "The best way to learn any science, is to begin with a regular system, or a short and plain scheme of that science well drawn up into a narrow compass."
    • System (Biol) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as, the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.
    • System Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe. "The great system of the world."
    • System (Zoöl) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians.
    • System Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business.
    • System (Mus) The collection of staves which form a full score. See Score n.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The first subway system in America was built in Boston, Massachusetts in 1897
    • n system Any combination or assemblage of things adjusted as a regular and connected whole; a number of things or parts so connected as to make one complex whole; things connected according to a scheme: as, a system of canals for irrigation; a system of pulleys; a system of railroads; a mountain system; hence, more specifically, a number of heavenly bodies connected together and acting on each other according to certain laws: as, the solar system; the system of Jupiter and his satellites.
    • n system A plan or scheme according to which ideas or things are connected into a whole; a regular union of principles or facts forming one entire whole; an assemblage of facts, or of principles and conclusions, scientifically arranged, or disposed according to certain mutual relations so as to form a complete whole; a connected view of all the truths or principles of some department of knowledge or action: as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of education; a system of divinity; a system of botany or of chemistry; a system of railroading: often equivalent to method.
    • n system The scheme of all created things considered as one whole; the universe.
    • n system Regular method or order; plan: as, to have no system in one's business or study.
    • n system In astronomy, any hypothesis or theory of the disposition and arrangements of the heavenly bodies by which their phenomena, their motions, changes, etc., are explained: as, the Ptolemaic system; the Copernican system; a system of the universe, or of the world.
    • n system In the fine arts, a collection of the rules and principles upon which an artist works.
    • n system In Byzantine music, an interval conceived of as compounded of two lesser intervals, as an octave or a tetrachord.
    • n system In medieval and modern music, a series of tones arranged and classified for artistic use, like a mode or scale.
    • n system In modern musical notation, two or more staffs braced together for concerted music.
    • n system In ancient prosody, a group of two or more periods; by extension, a single period of more than two or three cola; a hypermetron. A system the metrical form of which is repeated once or oftener in the course of a poem is called a strophe.
    • n system In biology: An assemblage of parts or organs of the same or similar tissues. The principal systems of the body in this sense are the nervous, both cerebrospinal and sympathetic; the muscular, both voluntary and involuntary; the osseous, including the cartilages as well as the bones of the skeleton; the vascular. including the blood-vascular and lymphatic or absorbent; the tegumentary; the mucous, including the mucous membranes; and the serous, including the serous membranes. These systems may be subdivided, as the vascular into the blood-vascular and lymphatic systems; or some of them may be grouped together, as when the connective-tissue system includes the bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons, and general areolar or cellular tissnes of the body.
    • n system Hence— In a wider sense, a concurrence of parts or organs in some function. Most if not all such systems act physiologically by the concurrence of several other lesser systems: as, the digestive system; the respiratory system; the reproductive system.
    • n system Hence— In the widest sense, the entire body as a physiological unity or anatomical whole: as, to take food into the system; to have one's system out of order.
    • n system In ascidiology, the cœnobium of those compound tunicates which have a common cloaca, as the Botryllidæ.
    • n system One of the larger divisions of the geological series: as, the Devonian system; the Silurian system. The term is used by various geologists with quite different meanings, mostly, however, as the equivalent of series: thus, Cretaceous system (the Cretaceous series).
    • n system In natural history: In the abstract, classification; any method of arranging, disposing, or setting forth animals and plants, or any series of these, in orderly sequence, as by classes, orders, families, genera, etc., with due coördination and relative subordination of the several groups; also, the principles of such classification; taxonomy: as, the morphological system; a physiological system. There is but one adequate and natural system, namely, that which classifies animals and plants by structure alone, according to their degrees of genetic relationship, upon consideration of descent with modification in the course of evolutionary processes; it is the aim of every systematist to discover this true taxonomy and set it forth by classificatory methods.
    • n system In the concrete, any zoölogical or botanical classification; any actual arrangement which is devised for the purpose of classifying and naming objects of natural history; a formal scheme, schedule, or inventory of such objects, or a systematic treatise upon them: as, the Linnean or artificial system of plants; Cuvier's system of classification; the quinarian system. Such systems are very numerous, and no two agree in every detail either of classification or of nomenclature; but all have in view the same end, which is sought to be attained by similar methods, and upon certain principles to which most naturalists now assent.
    • n system See the qualifying words.
    • n system See the qualifying words.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: VHS stands for Video Home System.
    • n System sis′tem anything formed of parts placed together or adjusted into a regular and connected whole: an assemblage of bodies as a connected whole: an orderly arrangement of objects according to some common law or end: regular method or order: a full and connected view of some department of knowledge: an explanatory hypothesis or theory: the universe
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jose Ortega Y Gasset
    Jose%20Ortega%20Y%20Gasset
    “Biography is: a system in which the contradictions of a human life are unified.”
  • Charles Dickens
    Charles%20Dickens
    “Credit is a system whereby a person who can not pay gets another person who can not pay to guarantee that he can pay.”
  • Sir John Lubbock
    Sir%20John%20Lubbock
    “A wise system of education will at last teach us how little man yet knows, how much he has still to learn.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “An educational system isn't worth a great deal if it teaches young people how to make a living but doesn't teach them how to make a life.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “Build a system that even a fool can use, and only a fool will want to use it.”
  • Thomas B. Macaulay
    Thomas%20B.%20Macaulay
    “A system in which the two great commandments are to hate your neighbor and to love your neighbor's wife.”

Idioms

Work the system - If people work the system, they exploit the state or similar setup to their advantage.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. systema, Gr., fr. to place together; sy`n with + to place: cf. F. système,. See Stand
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. systēmasyn, together, histēmi, I place.

Usage

In literature:

Methods of Financing the Plantation System.
"History of the United States, Volume 6 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
Thus we see the sun in a stationary system occupying exactly the centre of that system.
"Aether and Gravitation" by William George Hooper
It seeks to sever the lakes from the gulf, and the mighty Mississippi and its vast arterial tributary system.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol 2, No 6, December 1862" by Various
The system was not so impossible as it would be at present.
"The Political History of England - Vol. X." by William Hunt
Is it not impossible to realize that our Sun, with its entire system, is lost in the Heavens at such a distance from his peers in Space?
"Astronomy for Amateurs" by Camille Flammarion
The General Electric had been and was by leave of the "System"; in fact, was one of the very foremost examples of its methods.
"Frenzied Finance" by Thomas W. Lawson
The system of chaining used for the lectern-system required modification and extension to suit this new arrangement of shelves.
"The Care of Books" by John Willis Clark
The task is peculiarly simplified in the case of the greatest planet of our system by the beautiful system of moons with which he is attended.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
Baif elaborated a system for regulating French versification by quantity.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 2" by Various
Whence but from the system that produces them, through the men who control that system!
"The American Empire" by Scott Nearing
The theistic system is a reflection of the social system.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
Each state in the United States has its own independent system of education; there is no national system.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
The system is a very flexible one; and yet its characteristics are practically the same in all parts of the country.
"India, Its Life and Thought" by John P. Jones
The grain growing States had to emancipate their slaves, to rid themselves of a profitless system.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
For simplicity, let us consider the case in which there are two planetary bodies only in the system in addition to the primary.
"The Energy System of Matter" by James Weir
This latter system radiates from the central idea of Concubitancy, and it is this system that is now to be discussed.
"The Fijians" by Basil Thomson
Length of canal and river system, 995 miles.
"Alden's Handy Atlas of the World" by John B. Alden
A new foundation had to be laid on which a new system of legality might be reared.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 7" by Various
A system of such conceptions would be called Transcendental Philosophy.
"Transcendentalism in New England" by Octavius Brooks Frothingham
The new system was still erratic.
"The Romance of a Great Store" by Edward Hungerford
***

In poetry:

But while she reels thus to and fro
The sickest of the sick am I
And from my system would I throw
It's last contents, or even die.
"Descriptive Voyage From New York To Aspinwall" by James Madison Bell
Our little systems have their day;
They have their day and cease to be:
They are but broken lights of thee,
And thou, O Lord, art more than they.
"In Memoriam A. H. H.: Preface" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
'Tis through Love that atom pairs with atom,
In a harmony eternal, sure;
And 'tis Love that links the spheres together—
Through her only, systems can endure.
"Fantasie -- To Laura" by Friedrich von Schiller
“The white suns sail the waveless seas of Space,
Where once their bulk was but a starry flow,
Down the long curves each System keeps its place
Around some mightier glow.
"Ad Astra" by George Essex Evans
Am I helpless? No! His hand
Wields the sceptre of all time;
Worlds and systems shake or stand,
Waiting on His nod sublime:
Yet there's none too mean to share
All His kindness, all His care.
"God with Us" by John Bowring
Your cry, so much like those of old,—
"Our time 's not come!" Then cease to scold,
For, when it does, we still will hold
This system given,—
Beware!—we warn you well!—
The frowns of Heaven!
"On The Fugitive Law" by Benjamin Cutler Clark

In news:

Work inculdes systems ops, help desk and system development.
IBM System z and mainframe systems.
Company's new offerings will include rainwater harvesting products, new compact membrane system and greywater residential recycling system.
The joint development effort will combine Caliper 's Vectra™ multiplexed tissue-imaging system with HistoRx' Aqua® image-analysis system.
FUEL SYSTEM, GASOLINE: CARBURETOR SYSTEM.
The new cooling system replaces many small systems that were running inefficiently, causing maintenance issues and downtime, the company says.
Effective as of today, March 12, the former Mecnov NDT Systems division will operate as Contour Dynamics Inspection Systems.
IntraCom Systems, LLC, the Los Angeles based developer of VCOM, the leading software IP Matrix Intercom System, announced today the availability of its new 2RU VCOM Touchpanel.
A home control system and other eco features can drastically reduce the size of a solar system and aid this installation from Envision Solution.
Researchers at the Mineta Transportation Institute (MTI) hope to open discussion of the safety of US public transit systems with a study of attacks targeting bus systems in Israel, published on Thursday.
JAUNT Regional Transportation System will use FleetFocus Integrated with Trapeze Demand Response Scheduling System.
A full selection of AKG mikes, including one of the new WMS 4000 wireless systems and dbx's DriveRack system processing units.
State of California plans to use payroll system that has caused problems in Los Angeles school systems.
There are two physical differences between Low pressure systems and High pressure systems.
System 7, the long-awaited upgrading of Apple Computer Inc.'s Macintosh operating system, is scheduled to be introduced next Monday.
***

In science:

Remarkably, we will show that it is possible to obtain information about whether the states of two quantum systems are identical or different without determining the states of the individual systems and that this process can be applied when we have only a single pair of systems.
Comparison of two unknown pure quantum states
A gateway between two resource discovery systems translates operations from one system into operations in another system.
A Scalable Architecture for Harvest-Based Digital Libraries - The ODU/Southampton Experiments
There are many possible definitions of a complex system. I will use the following one. A system is complex if its behavior crucial ly depends on the details of the system.
Complex Systems: a Physicist's Viewpoint
Since the CTRW describes a large class of physical and chemical systems, mainly disordered systems, we expect that ACTRW will be a valuable tool when aging effects are investigated in these systems.
Aging Continuous Time Random Walks
In the earlier papers on systems theory it is argued that the increasing complexity of an evolving system can reach a threshold where the system is so complicated that it is impossible to follow the dynamics of the individual elements, see for example, Weaver .
From Knowledge, Knowability and the Search for Objective Randomness to a New Vision of Complexity
To model a system of finite thickness, two types of bonds are placed randomly onto a N × N × L lattice, with L running from 1 to N modelling a 2D system (L = 1) and 3D system (L = N ), respectively.
Dimensional Crossover in the Effective Second Harmonic Generation of Films of Random Dielectrics
Accordingly, the systems treated `a la (a) and (b) are often called, respectively, ‘finite-dimensional’ and ‘infinite-dimensional’ systems: or for short, ‘finite’ and ‘infinite’ systems.
On the Persistence of Homogeneous Matter
Definition 1 Mapping φ : M → N is cal led a morphism of Hamiltonian systems if for any solution z(t), t ∈ [0, T ] of the system H S its image under the mapping φ is a solution of the system H S ′ on the interval t ∈ [0, T ].
Order Reduction of Optimal Control Systems
The relationship of symplectic triple systems with Freudenthal triple systems and with a class of ternary algebras defined by Faulkner will be given, and this will lead to the classification of the simple symplectic triple systems over algebraically closed fields.
New simple Lie superalgebras in characteristic 3
The symplectic triple systems are strongly related to other triple systems too, in particular to Freudenthal triple systems and to Faulkner ternary algebras [Fau71] (or balanced symplectic algebras [FF72]).
New simple Lie superalgebras in characteristic 3
Characteristic 3 is special too for orthogonal triple systems, because it turns out that any such system is a Lie triple system, that is, the odd part of a Z2 -graded Lie algebra.
New simple Lie superalgebras in characteristic 3
As in the coupled systems (5) the coupling strength ε plays simultaneously the role both of the dissipation and of the intensity of the drive system signal, the suppression of the proper chaotic dynamics of the response system takes place for the more larger values of the parameter ε.
Generalized synchronization onset
Such a system generalizes both Monge-Amp`ere equations and Cauchy-Riemann systems and is called Jacobi-system (see ).
Monge-Ampere equations and generalized complex geometry. The two-dimensional case
The following proposition answers the question about a relation between the notions of a transitive system, an indecomposable system, irreducibility of the corresponding system of orthogonal pro jections.
Systems of $n$ subspaces and representations of $*$-algebras generated by projections
An explicit form for systems of four proper subspaces, with a negative defect, is given in this section by passing to orthogonal systems and choosing suitable isomorphic systems.
Systems of $n$ subspaces and representations of $*$-algebras generated by projections
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