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substance

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n substance the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists "DNA is the substance of our genes"
    • n substance a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
    • n substance the idea that is intended "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
    • n substance the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience "the gist of the prosecutor's argument","the heart and soul of the Republican Party","the nub of the story"
    • n substance what a communication that is about something is about
    • n substance considerable capital (wealth or income) "he is a man of means"
    • n substance material of a particular kind or constitution "the immune response recognizes invading substances"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Enamel is hardest substance in the human body
    • Substance Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness; as, the substance of which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little substance.
    • Substance Material possessions; estate; property; resources. "And there wasted his substance with riotous living.""Thy substance, valued at the highest rate,
      Can not amount unto a hundred marks."
      "We are destroying many thousand lives, and exhausting our substance, but not for our own interest."
    • Substance (Theol) Same as Hypostasis, 2.
    • Substance That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena, whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes anything what it is; real or existing essence. "These cooks, how they stamp, and strain, and grind,
      And turn substance into accident!"
      "Heroic virtue did his actions guide,
      And he the substance, not the appearance, chose."
    • Substance The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the main part; essential import; purport. "This edition is the same in substance with the Latin.""It is insolent in words, in manner; but in substance it is not only insulting, but alarming."
    • v. t Substance To furnish or endow with substance; to supply property to; to make rich.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Hair and fingernails are made from the same substance, keratin
    • n substance That which exists by itself, and in which accidents inhere; that which receives modifications, and is not itself a mode; that which corresponds, in the reality of things, to the subject in logic. Aristotle and Kant agree in making the conception of substance essentially the same as that of a subject of predication. But it is difficult to find a property by which substances may be recognized; for the above definition seems to afford none. Many philosophers hold that whatever is perdurable is substance. This, however, would include mechanical energy. Indeed, since every physical law can be stated in the form of an equation, and since that equation must have a constant term, it follows that every absolute uniformity of nature must consist in the perdurability of some quantity. Aristotle makes substances proper, called first substances, to be things individual; but this comports with few philosophical systems. Thus, in the medieval development of Aristotelianism, scientific propositions were regarded as universal statements concerning natures, so that the true subjects, or substances, were universal. Moreover, to make individuality the criterion of substance would seem to make space, as the source of individuality, the only first substance. At any rate, under that view, spatial positions would be substances in a preëminent sense. Others, remarking that the parts of space are not distinct in themselves, apart from their relations to material things, make self-existence, or the being distinct from all other things, not by virtue of modifications or characters, but by the thing's own nature, or arbitrary extrusion of itself, to be the chief mark of a substance, which would thus be most simply defined as an independent entity. Substance and essence are nearly synonymous, except that the latter cannot appropriately be used to designate an individual and lifeless thing.
    • n substance The real or essential part; the essence.
    • n substance In theology, the divine being or essence, common to the three persons of the Trinity.
    • n substance The character of being a substance, in sense 1; substantiality.
    • n substance The meaning expressed by any speech or writing, or the purport of any action, as contradistinguished from the mode of expression or performance.
    • n substance Substantiation; that which establishes or gives firm support.
    • n substance Any particular kind of corporeal matter; stuff; material; part; body: specifically, a chemical species.
    • n substance Wealth; means; good estate: as, a man of substance.
    • n substance Importance.
    • n substance The main part; the majority.
    • n substance Synonyms Pith, gist, soul.
    • substance To furnish with substance or property; enrich.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Teflon is the most slipperiest substance in the world
    • n Substance sub′stans that in which qualities or attributes exist, the existence to which qualities belong: that which constitutes anything what it is: the essential part: body: matter: property: foundation, ground, confidence.
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “The very substance of the ambitious is merely the shadow of a dream.”
  • English Proverb
    English Proverb
    “Be not deceived with the first appearance of things, for show is not substance.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Conceit, more rich in matter than in words, brags of his substance: they are but beggars who can count their worth.”
  • Aesop
    Aesop
    “Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.”
  • Bible
    Bible
    “Faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. [Hebrews 11:1]”
  • Franz Kafka
    Franz%20Kafka
    “My fear... is my substance, and probably the best part of me.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F., fr. L. substantia, fr. substare, to be under or present, to stand firm; sub, under + stare, to stand. See Stand
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. substantiasubstāre, to stand under—sub, under, stāre, to stand.

Usage

In literature:

Rather, they pervert the rightful substance of these to add to their own pomp.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
Indeed, all the primordial elements known in chemistry are known as so many different substances.
"The Christian Foundation, Or, Scientific and Religious Journal, Volume I, No. 7, July, 1880" by Various
The existence of nations oscillates between epochs when the substance and when the form prevails.
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
Mixing other substances with the flour also injures the quality of the bread in a very high degree.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Now the diamond is a very hard substance indeed.
"The Story of a Tinder-box" by Charles Meymott Tidy
Almost all solid substances will melt when they are heated.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
There are no "recognized elementary substances," if the expression means substances known to be elementary.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
One substance cannot be created by another substance.
"Ancient and Modern Celebrated Freethinkers" by Charles Bradlaugh, A. Collins, and J. Watts
In the case of Solomon, both the name and the substance point to Shiloh.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
The major part of the aliment ought to consist of vegetable substances.
"Vegetable Diet: As Sanctioned by Medical Men, and by Experience in All Ages" by William Andrus Alcott
Give another characteristic of organized substances.
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
What that is which constitutes the substance of this salvation, we learn from chap.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions. Vol. 2" by Ernst Hengstenberg
But we mean to prove, that water is by no means a simple or elementary substance.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
Cordite of either mark is a perfectly waterproof substance, containing only traces of water remaining from the manufacturing processes.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
As he grows in substance, increase and quicken his work.
"The Dog" by Dinks, Mayhew, and Hutchinson
In this country, most states prohibit the use of these substances in milk.
"Outlines of dairy bacteriology" by H. L. Russell
Numerous medicinal substances have the same effect.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
Give the substance of Jesus' reply to the murmurers.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
As we can conceive an extended substance without actual movement, so, he says, we can conceive a thinking substance without actual volition.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
There are streams which have a petrifying power, and convert the substances which they touch into marble.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
***

In poetry:

THOSE AT THE TOP SAY: PEACE
AND WAR
Are of different substance.
But their peace and their war
Are like wind and storm.
"From A German War Primer" by Bertolt Brecht
Let fools an heav'n of shades pursue,
But I for substance am:
The heav'n I seek is likeness to,
And vision of the Lamb:
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. V." by Ralph Erskine
Forth from His chamber goeth He,
That royal home of purity,
A giant in twofold substance one,
Rejoicing now His course to run.
"Come, Thou Redeemer of the Earth" by Augusta Treverorum
Shadows and illusions meet us,
Visions cheat our longing eyes;
But the substance hope has promis'd,
Shall repay each sacrifice.
"To Hope" by Elizabeth Bath
If any God should will
To wipe from mind
The memory of this ill
Which is Mankind
In soul and substance now—who would not bless
Even to tears His loving-tenderness?
"Rebirth" by Rudyard Kipling
He gropes in shadows for a happy beam
That shall delight his bosom; into mist
Dissolves the substance that ambition kissed,
While greatness grows the garland of a dream;
A birth, a life, a death; man is no more!
"Despondency" by Freeman Edwin Miller

In news:

Crenshaw County Sheriff's Investigators say her child was born last month and doctors reported she tested positive for a controlled substance .
Urenio Caldera, 30, pled guilty April 10 and was sentenced to six years in the Illinois Department of Corrections by Judge Ronald White for the offense of delivery of a controlled substance 15-100 grams of cocaine.
Article "Owensboro Woman Charged with Controlled Substance Fraud" Is Not Available At This Time.
Yes, Mitt Romney trounced President Barack Obama stylistically, but he won on substance, too, a feat made easier because he had a basic truth on his side, namely four years of failed policy.
Time 's titillating cover overshadows article's substance.
'Total Recall' is totally devoid of substance.
So sell it through pharmacies just as other controlled substances are sold.
Beth Ditto Talks Style, Substance, and Her New MAC Line.
Stars Who Have Struggled With Substance Abuse Problems.
When substance abuse touches many families, the family just "wants it to stop," but is that really enough.
Gonopolsky is among cardiac patients testing an energy-enhancing substance meant to improve stamina.
With one n, mana is the substance of the soul, or by another definition, what magic is made of.
On May 17, 2012, the Rayne Police Department arrested Jamie Pitts, 30, of the 400 block of East A School, Rayne, on nine counts of Forgery of a Controlled Dangerous Substance.
0A woman was arrested in cole county for and is awaiting formal charges for Possession of a Controlled Substance with Intent to Distribute.
An afternoon traffic stop led to the arrest of two men for allegedly being in possession of a controlled substance.
***

In science:

T ) dT dV / Pn i=1 Ni dT is the same for all substances at the same volume.
The thermodynamics governing 'endoreversible' engines
The mass tensor T j k is the sum of a material (stricto sensu ) energy tensor and of the energy tensors of all the fields, except the metric tensor gj k, which is the substance of spacetime.
No motions of bodies produce GW's
Linder and Miquel’s claims to the contrary hold no substance at all.
Comment on `Tainted evidence: cosmological model selection versus fitting', by Eric V. Linder and Ramon Miquel (astro-ph/0702542v2)
For any substance, the surface conditions differ from those inside the bulk, and the degree of this difference depends on many parameters, and some of them are extrinsic.
Route to Room-Temperature Superconductivity from a Practical Point of View
In substance, the estimate was demonstrated by Kesten in the proof of, Lemma (4.64), but we include the proof here in order to state the result in a form that is more readily applicable in our situation.
Convergence of simple random walks on random discrete trees to Brownian motion on the continuum random tree
Dielektrizit¨atskonstanten und Leitf¨ahigkeiten der Mischk¨orper aus Isotropen Substanzen, Ann Phys (Leipzig) 24:636–679. [Engl Trans: Computation of Different Physical Constants of Heterogeneous Substances. I.
Fractal and Multifractal Scaling of Electrical Conduction in Random Resistor Networks
If a similar procedure was followed for a ferromagnetic substance, when the external field is removed, there would be a rapid change to a remnant value, but this value is a constant in time.
Contributions to Random Energy Models
This means that each node corresponds to a particular substance and that the links denote its connections to other substances.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
In the present context this is the number of substances which are connected to precisely k other substances.
The Blind Watchmaker Network: Scale-freeness and Evolution
Diffusion constantly modifies the distance between each specific pair of spin ions in substances and, consequently, one should probably allow for variations both in space and time of Jij and/or hi in a model.
First-order phase transition in a 2D random-field Ising model with conflicting dynamics
Therefore, impurities tend to be strongly correlated, which is not observed in most substances.
First-order phase transition in a 2D random-field Ising model with conflicting dynamics
Dzyaloshinskii, Thermodynamic theory of “weak” ferromagnetism in antiferromagnetic substances, Sov.
First Principles Studies of Multiferroic Materials
We now give some concrete substances to illustrate emergence behaviors of the general models I(D) and II(D).
Emergence in Random Noisy Environments
Piscounov. A study of the diffusion equation with increase in the amount of substance, and its application to a biological problem.
Recent progress in coalescent theory
This does not change the substance of Theorem 3.1.
Definability and stability of multiscale decompositions for manifold-valued data
***