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shut

Definitions

  • Laurie heroically shut his eyes while something was put into his arms
    Laurie heroically shut his eyes while something was put into his arms
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj shut not open "the door slammed shut"
    • adj shut used especially of mouth or eyes "he sat quietly with closed eyes","his eyes were shut against the sunlight"
    • v shut move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut "Close the door","shut the window"
    • v shut become closed "The windows closed with a loud bang"
    • v shut prevent from entering; shut out "The trees were shutting out all sunlight","This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: This sounds feasible, but isn't true! Crapper actually invented the automatic shut-off mechanism used in the modern toilet.
    • Shut A door or cover; a shutter.
    • Shut Closed or fastened; as, a shut door.
    • Shut (Phon) Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, always are.
    • Shut (Phon) Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, ptkbd, and hard g.
    • Shut Rid; clear; free; as, to get shut of a person.
    • n Shut The act or time of shutting; close; as, the shut of a door. "Just then returned at shut of evening flowers."
    • Shut The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
    • v. i Shut To close itself; to become closed; as, the door shuts; it shuts hard.
    • Shut To close so as to hinder ingress or egress; as, to shut a door or a gate; to shut one's eyes or mouth.
    • Shut To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together; as, to shut the hand; to shut a book.
    • Shut To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar; as, to shut the ports of a country by a blockade. "Shall that be shut to man which to the beast
      Is open?"
    • Shut To preclude; to exclude; to bar out. "Shut from every shore."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • shut To shoot, as the bar or bolt or other fastening of a door or gate, or of a chest, etc.; push to; adjust in position so as to serve as a fastening.
    • shut To make fast by means of a bolt, bar, or the like; hence, in later use, to close, with or without fastening; place in or over a place of entrance so as to obstruct passage in or out: as, to shut a door, gate, lid, cover, etc.: often followed by down, to, or up.
    • shut To prevent passage through; cover; obstruct; block: sometimes followed by up.
    • shut To close the entrance of; prevent access to or egress from: as, to shut a house; to shut a box; to shut one's ears: often followed by up.
    • shut To bring together the parts of. To bring together the outer parts or covering of, as when inclosing something: as, to shut the eyelids, or, as more commonly expressed, to shut the eyes (hence, also, to shut the sight).
    • shut To fold or bring together; bring into narrow compass from a state of expansion: as, to shut a parasol; to shut a book.
    • shut To bar or lock in; hence, to confine; hem in; inclose; environ; surround or cover more or less completely: now always followed by a preposition or an adverb, as in, into, among, up, down, etc.
    • shut To bar out; separate by barriers; put or keep out; exclude, either literally or figuratively; preclude: followed by an adverb or a preposition denoting separation.
    • shut To catch and pinch or hold fast by the act of shutting something: as, to shut one's fingers or one's dress in a door; to shut one's glove in a window.
    • shut To do; manage.
    • shut To weld (iron). Halliwell. See to shut up, and shutting, n.
    • shut To reduce to inaction or silence, especially the latter.
    • shut To unite, as two pieces of metal by welding.
    • shut To be a means of bolting, locking, or closing.
    • shut To close itself; be closed: as, the door shuts of itself; certain flowers shut at night and open in the day.
    • shut To be extravagant.
    • shut To desist; leave off; especially, to stop talking.
    • shut In sporting, to give out, as one horse when challenged by another in a race.
    • shut Made fast or close; closed; inclosed. See shut, verb
    • shut Not resonant or sonorous; dull: said of sound.
    • shut In orthoëpy, having the sound suddenly interrupted or stopped by a succeeding consonant, as the i in pit or the o in got.
    • shut Separated, precluded, or hindered; hence, free; clear; rid: followed by of: used chiefly in such phrases as to get shut of, to be shut of. Also shet.
    • n shut The act of shutting, in any sense of the word.
    • n shut The time of shutting.
    • n shut That which shuts, closes, or covers; a shutter.
    • n shut The point or line of shutting; specifically, the line where two pieces of metal are united by welding.
    • n shut A riddance.
    • n shut An imperfect welding in a forging, caused by the inadequate heat of one surface under working.
    • n shut The grayling Thymallus vulgaris. Day.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Shut shut to close, as a door: to forbid entrance into: to contract, close, or bring together the parts of: to confine: to catch in the act of shutting something
    • v.i Shut to close itself: to be closed
    • pr.p Shut shut′ting; pa.t. and pa.p. shut
    • p.adj Shut made fast, closed: not resonant, dull: formed by closing the mouth and nose passages completely, said of consonants, as t, d, p: having the sound cut off sharply by a succeeding consonant, as the i in pin, &c.: freed from (with of)
    • v.t Shut to cover with shutters
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest%20Hemingway
    “Always do sober what you said you'd do drunk. That will teach you to keep your mouth shut.”
  • Edwin Hubbel Chapin
    Edwin%20Hubbel%20Chapin
    “Bigotry dwarfs the soul by shutting out the truth.”
  • Thomas Fuller
    Thomas%20Fuller
    “A book that is shut is but a block.”
  • Tom Lehrer
    Tom Lehrer
    “I wish people that have trouble communicating would just shut up!”
  • Tom Lehrer
    Tom Lehrer
    “I feel that if a person has problems communicating the very least he can do is to shut up.”
  • Ruckett
    Ruckett
    “Though you are disappointed is hope; never let hope fail you! Though one door is shut, there are thousands still open to you.”

Idioms

Open-and-shut - A question or issue that is open-and-shut is easily proved or settled.
***
Put up or shut up - 'Put up or shut up' means you do something you are talking about or not to talk about it any more.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shutten, schutten, shetten, schitten, AS. scyttan, to shut or lock up (akin to D. schutten, G. schützen, to protect), properly, to fasten with a bolt or bar shot, across, fr. AS. sceótan, to shoot. √159. See Shoot

Usage

In literature:

But what he finished sharply with was: `Shut the door quietly after you.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
Say, old man," he laughed, "you won't feel bad if we shut you out the fust heat, eh?
"The Bishop of Cottontown" by John Trotwood Moore
Suddenly he became remote again, all understanding of him shut away by that slight insolence of bearing.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
She opened the door, passed out, and shut it with a snap.
"The Man Who Lost Himself" by H. De Vere Stacpoole
Scrambling over the queer stone stile, he descended the rugged pathway, where the thick brushwood and high trees shut out sky and sunlight.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
At other times, he kept it tight shut.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
The Uncas swerved and sped over to shut the merchantman off; at that same instant the reason of the whole thing was seen.
"A Prisoner of Morro" by Upton Sinclair
She went back to the Grange as one in a dream and shut herself up in the white southeast room to think.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1904" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
No; but with my eyes shut, if you like.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
I shut out the living cry then, I will shut out the dead cry now.
"Tongues of Conscience" by Robert Smythe Hichens
Before she could shut an eye and say, 'Little youth, you please me, and I wish you well,' they put her in.
"Casa Braccio, Volumes 1 and 2 (of 2)" by F. Marion Crawford
Not too big, "Just room for the two of us and we shut the world outside," as Gilbert took pleasure in saying.
"To Love" by Margaret Peterson
The hall-door shut heavily as Tait and the women in the kitchen sat and listened.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
Now shut up until I've finished, like I told you.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
It should be one of those that shut tight.
"The Wide, Wide World" by Susan Warner
As he shut his jaws he looked a man who could keep a secret, and knew his own mind.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
But on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday he was at his post, and remained there till the door was shut almost in his face.
"The Combined Maze" by May Sinclair
I pulled up her clothes, she lay with eyes shut, breathing heavily, holding the gold in her hand.
"My Secret Life, Volumes I. to III." by Anonymous
He shut his lips grimly, and pushed his hat down over his eyes.
"Hope Mills" by Amanda M. Douglas
Against that temptation I kep' my lips shut.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
***

In poetry:

The little angels kneel by Heaven's door
And listen, but they cannot hear the lark:
"Alas!" they cry, "that those who loved us once
Have shut our singing-bird into the dark."
"The Lark" by Ethel Clifford
Angels of Life and Death alike are his;
Without his leave they pass no threshold o'er;
Who, then, would wish or dare, believing this,
Against his messengers to shut the door?
"The Two Angels. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The First)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
With eyes fast shut, in sunless chambers lying,
With folded arms unmoved upon the breast,
Beyond the noise of sorrow and of crying,
Beyond the dread of dreaming, shall we rest?
"The House of Sleep" by Robert Fuller Murray
Share not thy joy with me, O friend the best,
Thou may'st forget me then--I shall not care;
But shut me from thy grief the bitterest,
And mine own grief would be too great to bear.
"The Friends" by Charles Hanson Towne
Then, though you cannot shut a stricken face
Away from you, this hope will come about
That Christ hath sent again throughout the place
Some signs of Love to worst and weaken doubt.
"Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-Four" by Henry Kendall
From morn to eve: and the stern night cried Peace!
And shut the strife in darkness: all was still,
Then slowly crept a triumph on the dark—
And I heard Beauty singing up the hill.
"The Return" by John Freeman

In news:

Astros' Harrell briskly shuts out Padres.
Hostess wins court approval to shut down.
Skunk shuts down TV station.
A popular Nevada brewery announced Friday that it will be shutting down operations at the end of February.
The Senate denied Obama the money to shut down the prison, in part because Democrats didn't want to be seen as soft on terrorism.
Bankruptcy judge gives Hostess Brands preliminary OK to shut operations, pending final court hearing next week.
Officials are probing building-code violations at some of the city's swankiest fashion-photography studios, all thanks to a rival trying to shut down the competition, The Post has learned.
Exeter shuts-outs Yosemite Badgers 55-0.
Congresswoman Chellie Pingree's office says a firearm manufacturing company is shutting down its operations in Windham next year.
Buzz will be shut down "in a few weeks," Google said in a blog post Friday, as the company redirects its social focus toward its new Google+ network.
Bywater Shuts Down Titans.
Bon-Ton to shut down Carson's store in Calumet, Ill.
Wait until the great Atlantic Conveyor shuts down.
The youth orchestra is shutting down early this year because the SSO has run out of money.
Chris Brown's Lawyer Shut Him Up In The Courtroom.
***

In science:

Sedov-Taylor bubble into the surrounding gas, which shuts off star formation and reduces SMBH accretion until such time as the gas makes its way back to the central regions.
Thermal instabilities in cooling galactic coronae: fuelling star formation in galactic discs
The IBL will be installed in the ATLAS experiment during the LHC shut-down in 2013-14.
Prototype ATLAS IBL Modules using the FE-I4A Front-End Readout Chip
The overflow shuts off after periastron; near apastron the remaining overflow material settles into a quasi-steady accretion disc.
Supernova Remnants, Pulsars and the Interstellar Medium - Summary of a Workshop Held at U Sydney, March 1999
An important point which should be mentioned, is that in most of the analyses of the H ± signals, it is always assumed that it decays only into standard particles and that the SUSY decay modes are shut.
The Higgs Working Group: Summary Report
Based on an investigation of Abell 2390 at z = 0.2279 and a comparison to the cluster MS 1621.5+2640 at z = 0.4274 Abraham et al. (1996) and Morris et al. (1998) suggest that the star formation process is shut down by a combination of gas stripping followed by gas exhaustion via star formation.
Near-infrared adaptive optics observations of galaxy clusters: Abell 262 at z=0.0157, J1836.3CR at z=0.414, and PKS 0743-006 at z=0.994
This amplification is eventually shut down by backreaction of the produced fluctuations.
The Development of Equilibrium After Preheating
This amplification is eventually shut down by backreaction of the produced fluctuations.
Preheating, Thermalization and Supergravity
Star formation may thus sometimes trigger further star formation in nearby gas, but the star-forming clouds are soon also destroyed by these same effects, and star formation is then shut off.
Summary: Modes of Star Formation
They were shut out when the EUV started to rise.
The disc instability model of dwarf-novae and low-mass X-ray binary transients
The tidal dissipation lowers the value of Σmin so it takes longer for the disc to empty down to the critical density where a cooling front will start to propagate shutting off the outburst.
The disc instability model of dwarf-novae and low-mass X-ray binary transients
The higher luminosity could also shut down the acceleration process at lower energies.
Gamma-Ray Summary Report
Physics World “Post-deadline” 2001 Quantum loophole shut Phys.
The "Chaotic Ball" model,local realism and the Bell test loopholes
As another new development, the data of the JADE experiment, at the previous PETRA collider which was shut down in 1986, are currently re-analysed, with the experimental and theoretical experience and tools of today.
Experimental Tests of Asymptotic Freedom
We did several experiments: • Piezos shut down.
AMBER Task Force February 2008 run report
To check that the piezos were not generating any vibrations, we shut them down.
AMBER Task Force February 2008 run report
***