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shock

Definitions

  • Oh, shocking!!
    Oh, shocking!!
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shock inflict a trauma upon
    • v shock subject to electrical shocks
    • v shock collect or gather into shocks "shock grain"
    • v shock collide violently
    • v shock strike with horror or terror "The news of the bombing shocked her"
    • v shock surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off "I was floored when I heard that I was promoted"
    • v shock strike with disgust or revulsion "The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends"
    • n shock a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body "subjects received a small electric shock when they made the wrong response","electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks"
    • n shock the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat "the armies met in the shock of battle"
    • n shock a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses "the old car needed a new set of shocks"
    • n shock an unpleasant or disappointing surprise "it came as a shock to learn that he was injured"
    • n shock a sudden jarring impact "the door closed with a jolt","all the jars and jolts were smoothed out by the shock absorbers"
    • n shock an instance of agitation of the earth's crust "the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch"
    • n shock the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally "his mother's death left him in a daze","he was numb with shock"
    • n shock a bushy thick mass (especially hair) "he had an unruly shock of black hair"
    • n shock a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field "corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks","whole fields of wheat in shock"
    • n shock (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor "loss of blood is an important cause of shock"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

I'm shocked I'm shocked
A delighted herald and shocked sisters look on A delighted herald and shocked sisters look on
Beauty is shocked as the beast transforms into the prince Beauty is shocked as the beast transforms into the prince
A man reacts with shock as his wig and hat are stolen A man reacts with shock as his wig and hat are stolen

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The adult electric eel can produce a five hundred volt shock, which is enough to stun a horse
    • Shock (Zoöl) A dog with long hair or shag; -- called also shockdog.
    • Shock (Com) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.
    • Shock A pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye, or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in number from twelve to sixteen; a stook. "And cause it on shocks to be by and by set.""Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks ."
    • Shock A quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow, collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or onset. "These strong, unshaken mounds resist the shocks Of tides and seas tempestuous.""He stood the shock of a whole host of foes."
    • Shock A sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering event. "A shock of pleasure."
    • Shock (Med) A sudden depression of the vital forces of the entire body, or of a port of it, marking some profound impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe injury, overpowering emotion, or the like.
    • Shock A thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a shock of sandy hair.
    • a Shock Bushy; shaggy; as, a shock hair. "His red shock peruke . . . was laid aside."
    • Shock (Elec) The sudden convulsion or contraction of the muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from a charged body.
    • v. i Shock To be occupied with making shocks. "Reap well, scatter not, gather clean that is shorn,
      Bind fast, shock apace."
    • v. t Shock To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook; as, to shock rye.
    • Shock To give a shock to; to cause to shake or waver; hence, to strike against suddenly; to encounter with violence. "Come the three corners of the world in arms,
      And we shall shock them."
      "I shall never forget the force with which he shocked De Vipont."
    • v. i Shock To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter. "They saw the moment approach when the two parties would shock together."
    • Shock To strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgust; to cause to recoil; as, his violence shocked his associates. "Advise him not to shock a father's will."
    • Shock (Physiol) To subject to the action of an electrical discharge so as to cause a more or less violent depression or commotion of the nervous system.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: An electric eel can produce a shock of up to 650 volts.
    • n shock A violent collision; a concussion; a violent striking or dashing together or against, as of bodies; specifically, in seismology, an earthquake-shock (see earthquake).
    • n shock Any sudden and more or less violent physical or mental impression.
    • n shock Specifically. In electricity a making or breaking of, or sudden variation in, an electric current, acting as a stimulant to sensory nerves or other irritable tissues.
    • n shock A sudden attack of paralysis; a stroke.
    • n shock A strong and sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a startling surprise accompanied by grief, alarm, indignation, horror, relief, joy, or other strong emotion: as, a shock to the moral sense of a community.
    • n shock Synonyms Shock, Collision, Concussion, Jolt. A shock is a violent shaking, and may be produced by a collision, a heavy jolt, or otherwise; it may be of the nature of a concussion. The word is more often used of the effect than of the action: as, the shock of battle, a shock of electricity, the shock from the sudden announcement of bad news. A collision is the dashing of a moving body upon a body moving or still: as, a railroad collision; collision of steamships. Concussion is a shaking together; hence the word is especially applicable where that which is shaken has, or may be thought of as having, parts: as, concussion of the air or of the brain. Collision implies the solidity of the colliding objects: as, the collision of two cannon-balls in the air. A jolt is a shaking by a single abrupt jerking motion upward or downward or both, as by a springless wagon on a rough road. Shock is used figuratively; we speak sometimes of the collision of ideas or of minds: concussion and jolt are only literal.
    • shock To strike against suddenly and violently; encounter with sudden collision or brunt; specifically, to encounter in battle: in this sense, archaic.
    • shock To strike as with indignation, horror, or disgust; cause to recoil, as from something astounding, appalling, hateful, or horrible; offend extremely; stagger; stun.
    • shock = Syn. 2. To appal, dismay, sicken, nauseate, scandalize, revolt, outrage, astound. See shock, n.
    • shock To collide with violence; meet in sudden onset or encounter.
    • shock To rush violently.
    • shock To butt, as rams.
    • n shock In agriculture, a group of sheaves of grain placed standing in a field with the stalk-ends down, and so arranged as to shed the rain as completely as possible, in order to permit the grain to dry and ripen before housing. In England also called shook or stook.
    • n shock A similar group of stalks of Indian corn or maize, not made up in sheaves, but placed singly, and bound together at the top in a conical form. Such shocks are usually made by gathering a number of cut stalks around a center of standing corn.
    • n shock A unit of tale, sixty boxes or canes, by a statute of Charles II.
    • n shock Synonyms and Stack, etc. See sheaf.
    • shock To make up into shocks or stooks: as, to shock corn.
    • shock To gather sheaves in piles or shocks.
    • n shock A dog with long rough hair; a kind of shaggy dog.
    • n shock A thick, disordered mass (of hair).
    • shock Shaggy.
    • shock A dialectal variant of shuck.
    • n shock A mirror of the poorest quality, made of ordinary window-glass.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A camel can lose up to 30 percent of its body weight in perspiration and continue to cross the desert. A human would die of heat shock after sweating away only 12 percent of body weight.
    • n Shock shok a violent shake: a sudden dashing of one thing against another: violent onset: an offence: a condition of prostration of voluntary and involuntary functions caused by trauma, a surgical operation, or excessive sudden emotional disturbance:
    • v.t Shock to shake by violence: to offend: to disgust: to dismay
    • v.i Shock to collide with violence
    • n Shock shok a heap or pile of sheaves of corn
    • v.t Shock to make up into shocks or stooks
    • n Shock shok a dog with long, shaggy hair: a mass of shaggy hair
    • n Shock shok (coll.) a sudden attack of paralysis, a stroke: an electrical stimulant to sensory nerves, &c.: any very strong emotion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Pearl S. Buck
    Pearl%20S.%20Buck
    “Perhaps one has to be very old before one learns to be amused rather than shocked.”
  • James Baldwin
    James%20Baldwin
    “Most of us are about as eager to be changed as we were to be born, and go through our changes in a similar state of shock.”
  • Andre Agassi
    Andre Agassi
    “It's shocking how little there is to do with tennis when you're just thinking about nothing except winning every point.”
  • Cole Porter
    Cole Porter
    “In olden days a glimpse of stocking was looked on as something shocking but now, God knows, anything goes.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “It's all that the young can do for the old, to shock them and keep them up to date.”
  • Walter Benjamin
    Walter%20Benjamin
    “Gifts must affect the receiver to the point of shock.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. D. schok, a bounce, jolt, or leap, OHG. scoc, a swing, MHG. schoc, Icel. skykkjun, tremuously, F. choc, a shock, collision, a dashing or striking against, Sp. choque, It. ciocco, a log. √161. Cf. Shock to shake
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Prof. Skeat explains M. E. schokken, to shock, as from O. Fr. choc, a shock, choquer, to give a shock—Old High Ger. scoc, a shock, shaking movement. Cf. A.S. scóc, pa.t. of sceacan, to shake.

Usage

In literature:

Quite in confidence, Mrs Ramsden, I feel that she may be somewhat of a shock to the neighbourhood!
"Flaming June" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
Upon these occasions I never saw Shock, and old Brownsmith never came near us.
"Brownsmith's Boy" by George Manville Fenn
Children take kindly to this means of reducing fever; there is no shock and they are quieted by it.
"The Eugenic Marriage, Volume IV. (of IV.)" by Grant Hague
The name uttered was Henshaw, and the person who rose in answer to it was a tall, burly man with a shock of curly black hair.
"That Affair Next Door" by Anna Katharine Green
I think Emerson is shockingly unjust.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
Shock at the change, yes.
"Planet of the Damned" by Harry Harrison
To see Beverley's name in big letters gave him a shock.
"The Lion's Mouse" by C. N. Williamson and A. M. Williamson
Just shock on shock coming to a delicate child.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
Supposing that the plant does not give answers to external shock, what time elapses between the shock and the reply?
"Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose" by Sir Jagadis Chunder Bose
It was also the first specimen of its kind which Irish Bridget had ever seen, and the shock was severe.
"The Lady of the Basement Flat" by Mrs. George de Horne Vaizey
But the stage itself was a shock to her idea of a Western stage.
"Laramie Holds the Range" by Frank H. Spearman
When one's young human nature shocks one.
"Chance" by Joseph Conrad
Such a shock, coming now, would most probably kill John Harman.
"How It All Came Round" by L. T. Meade
I saw that it shocked Aunt Priscilla.
"A Little Girl in Old Boston" by Amanda Millie Douglas
But he knows that he did not love her deeply, and the consciousness will always give him a little shock.
"Floyd Grandon's Honor" by Amanda Minnie Douglas
The more rapid the shock imparted to the air, the greater is the fractional part of the energy of the shock converted into wave motion.
"Fragments of science, V. 1-2" by John Tyndall
You shock me more and more!
"Fairy Fingers" by Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie
As shocking as the look of the bound body without its head.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
The method of shocking the Peanuts will be understood from figure 5, which represents a shock as it stands in the field.
"The Peanut Plant" by B. W. Jones
I want Miss Ross to understand; she must be quite shocked to see such confusion.
"Lover or Friend" by Rosa Nouchette Carey
***

In poetry:

(Kok!. . . . . . Korrock!)
Oh! I've had a shock!
I hope and trust it's only just
A frog behind a rock.
"Hist!" by C J Dennis
Thus Truth engrounds me on the rock,
Upon Life's shore,
'Gainst which the winds and waves can shock,
Oh, nevermore!
"Christ My Refuge" by Mary Baker Eddy
For us, was sorrow's startling shock,
The tear, the loss, the pain,
For her, the uncomputed bliss
Of never-ending gain.
"Miss Jane Penelope Whiting," by Lydia Howard Huntley Sigourney
Dreaming of shaded village streets, and home,
Forgetting the cruel sea
Till the shock came--so woke I, yet I know
'Twas Love, I loved, not he.
"The Criminal's Betrothed" by Marietta Holley
Were I quieted away,
Far from din and shock?
Were I spared the need to say
Silly things in talk?
Utter hush I would not mind . . .
Happy they!—I'm blind.
"The Afflicted" by Robert W Service
Firm as the granite rock,
Full to the cannon's shock,
With a faith none dare mock, Earth's ties all sundered;
Every man firm in his place
Staring death in the face,
Battling for home and race Marched our six hundred.
"The Charge At Port Hudson" by Anonymous Americas

In news:

Douglas Hodge sees the value of shock in 'Cyrano de Bergerac '.
Wife-beating study shocks Buddhist Bhutan 's 'happiness' chief.
Shockingly, I know, it appears that the Michigan Tech women's basketball team is wicked smart.
'Big Brother 14': The Biggest Blindside of the Season Shocks the House.
That's one of those things you could see coming, but which still shocks you—kind of like the rash of killings after the Stand Your Ground laws.
You get this blast of spring-like weather only to be shocked into.
Kanye West 's girlfriend seems to have decided on a shocking see-through leopard print bodysuit as her costume, and she shared a pic taken while she was trying it on with her 16 million Twitter followers.
Before you get a case of sticker shock, keep this in mind: Shipping is free.
Needless to say, we were shocked and saddened to hear of the removal of the bookmobile service from our county.
" Crocodile Hunter" Steve Irwin won't be charged with any offense for holding his 1-month-old son while feeding one of his crocs, a public display that shocked viewers around the world.
This will come as a shock to many fans and followers of the game, considering that the short-shorts are the iconic signature of Croft 's ensemble.
Miley Cyrus shocks fans with cropped haircut (photos/video).
Jon Cryer on First Lead Actor Win: 'I'm as Shocked as You People'.
In the press room, "Two and a Half Men" star Jon Cryer takes questions from the press and speaks about his "shock" over winning the Emmy for best actor in a comedy.
Researchers find it shocking that 11 percent of American girls between 15 and 19 claim to have same-sex encounters.
***

In science:

The entropy of the shocked intracluster gas increases as a result of the shock wave.
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
We need to specify the size of the shock wave b, and the shock velocity vg .
A Moderate Cluster Cooling Flow Model
In Fig. 13 (a) are presented the quantities associated with the shock accelerations as functions of shock speed Vs for the compression ratio r = 4.
Application of random walk theory to the first order Fermi acceleration in shock waves
Thus, our approach gives a theoretical base to use the multi-step approximation in the shock acceleration with any shock speed.
Application of random walk theory to the first order Fermi acceleration in shock waves
For the first set of models, we assume that the gas flow is perfectly adiabatic but with adiabatic (non-radiating) shocks, so most of the entropy increase occurs in the accretion shock transition.
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
For a given dark halo, when the accretion shock is strong, the entropy just behind the shock is the same for all levels of pre-heating.
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
Recent studies of SNR shocks have shown electron temperatures far below proton temperatures, Te << Tp, in shocks faster than 1000 km s−1 (Raymond, Blair & Long 1995; Laming et al.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
We also assume that the shock speed and preshock density are constant along the shock front.
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
We have assumed the the post-shock flow speed of a gasdynamic shock, 3/4 VS .
Far Ultraviolet Spectra of a Non-Radiative Shock Wave in the Cygnus Loop
In case of Rankine-Hugoniot shock, the energy is radiated away through the shock surface and ˙M+ > ˙M− and T+ > T− .
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
However, in my discussion, whenever I mention the shock, will mean Rankine-Hugoniot shock.
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
For the counter-rotating case (J = −0.1), xo may remain unchanged, but xi has to be shifted outside to form a shock at x = 17.25 (that keeps the shock location (almost) unchanged).
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
Dotted curve is drawn for stable shock case and short-dashed curve is for unstable no-shock case (if the same matter had fallen without forming a shock).
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
Eventually the transmitted shock sweeps through the entire cloud, and densities more than 10 times higher than the initial core density occur as the transmitted shock interacts with the shock driven into the back of the cloud.
The turbulent destruction of clouds - I. A k-epsilon treatment of turbulence in 2D models of adiabatic shock-cloud interactions
Therefore, for a fixed LP type solution around small x, polytropic shocks can be constructed with a downstream shock in the range of xmin1 < xsd < xmax, and across such a shock, the LP type solution at small x can be matched with different asymptotic flows at large x.
Self-Similar Polytropic Champagne Flows in H II Regions
***