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shift

Definitions

  • right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067
    right Shoulder Shift--arms!' 067
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v shift make a shift in or exchange of; then we switched" "First Joe led"
    • v shift move and exchange for another "shift the date for our class reunion"
    • v shift lay aside, abandon, or leave for another "switch to a different brand of beer","She switched psychiatrists","The car changed lanes"
    • v shift change gears "you have to shift when you go down a steep hill"
    • v shift move from one setting or context to another "shift the emphasis","shift one's attention"
    • v shift change in quality "His tone shifted"
    • v shift change phonetically as part of a systematic historical change "Grimm showed how the consonants shifted"
    • v shift use a shift key on a keyboard "She could not shift so all her letters are written in lower case"
    • v shift move abruptly "The ship suddenly lurched to the left"
    • v shift change place or direction "Shift one's position"
    • v shift move sideways or in an unsteady way "The ship careened out of control"
    • v shift move very slightly "He shifted in his seat"
    • v shift move around "transfer the packet from his trouser pockets to a pocket in his jacket"
    • n shift the act of changing one thing or position for another "his switch on abortion cost him the election"
    • n shift the act of moving from one place to another "his constant shifting disrupted the class"
    • n shift a loose-fitting dress hanging straight from the shoulders without a waist
    • n shift a woman's sleeveless undergarment
    • n shift the key on the typewriter keyboard that shifts from lower-case letters to upper-case letters
    • n shift a qualitative change
    • n shift an event in which something is displaced without rotation
    • n shift a crew of workers who work for a specific period of time
    • n shift (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other "they built it right over a geological fault","he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"
    • n shift the time period during which you are at work
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1850, Michigan's state constitution included the following line: "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, unless for the punishment of crime, shall ever be tolerated in this state." This inadvertently legalized slavery as an appropriate punishment for crime. It wasn't until 1963 that the grammar was fixed to outlaw slavery. The change required shifting the comma following "servitude" to the position after "slavery."
    • Shift (Mining) A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a fault.
    • Shift (Mus) A change of the position of the hand on the finger board, in playing the violin.
    • Shift In building, the extent, or arrangement, of the overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed in courses so as to break joints.
    • Shift Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's under-garment; a chemise.
    • Shift The act of putting one thing in the place of another, or of changing the place of a thing; change; substitution.
    • Shift The act of shifting.
    • Shift The change of one set of workmen for another; hence, a spell, or turn, of work; also, a set of workmen who work in turn with other sets; as, a night shift .
    • Shift To change the clothing of; -- used reflexively. "As it were to ride day and night; and . . . not to have patience to shift me."
    • Shift To change the place of; to move or remove from one place to another; as, to shift a burden from one shoulder to another; to shift the blame. "Hastily he schifte him[self].""Pare saffron between the two St. Mary's days,
      Or set or go shift it that knowest the ways."
    • Shift To change the position of; to alter the bearings of; to turn; as, to shift the helm or sails. "Carrying the oar loose, [they shift it hither and thither at pleasure."
    • Shift To divide; to distribute. "Some this, some that, as that him liketh shift ."
    • Shift To divide; to distribute; to apportion. "To which God of his bounty would shift Crowns two of flowers well smelling."
    • Shift To exchange for another of the same class; to remove and to put some similar thing in its place; to change; as, to shift the clothes; to shift the scenes. "I would advise you to shift a shirt."
    • Shift To make a change or changes; to change position; to move; to veer; to substitute one thing for another; -- used in the various senses of the transitive verb. "The sixth age shifts Into the lean and slippered pantaloon.""Here the Baillie shifted and fidgeted about in his seat."
    • Shift To practice indirect or evasive methods. "All those schoolmen, though they were exceeding witty, yet better teach all their followers to shift, than to resolve by their distinctions."
    • Shift To put off or out of the way by some expedient. "I shifted him away.""Shift the scene for half an hour;
      Time and place are in thy power."
    • Shift To resort to expedients for accomplishing a purpose; to contrive; to manage. "Men in distress will look to themselves, and leave their companions to shift as well as they can."
    • Shift (Naut) To slip to one side of a ship, so as to destroy the equilibrum; -- said of ballast or cargo; as, the cargo shifted .
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The magnetic North Pole shifts by about 7 meters a day.
    • shift To divide; partition; distribute; apportion; assign: as, to shift lands among coheirs.
    • shift To transfer or move, as from one person, place, or position to another: as, to shift the blame; to shift one's quarters; to shift the load to the other shoulder.
    • shift To cause or induce to move off or away; get rid of, as by the use of some expedient.
    • shift To remove and replace with another or others; put off and replace; change: as, to shift one's clothes; to shift the scenes on a stage.
    • shift To clothe (one's self) afresh or anew; change the dress of.
    • shift To alter or vary in character, form, or other respect; change.
    • shift To put away; disengage or disencumber one's self of, as of a burden or inconvenience.
    • shift To make division or distribution.
    • shift To change. To pass into a different form; give place to something different: as, the scene shifts.
    • shift To change place, position, direction, or the like; move.
    • shift To change dress, particularly the under-garments.
    • shift To use changing methods or expedients, as in a case of difficulty, in earning a livelihood, or the like; adopt expedients; contrive in one way or another; do the best one can; seize one expedient when another fails: as, to shift for a living; to shift for one's self.
    • shift To pick up or make out a livelihood; manage to succeed.
    • shift To practise indirect methods.
    • shift In playing the violin or a similar instrument, to move the left hand from its first or original position next to the nut.
    • shift Synonyms To vary, veer chop.
    • n shift Change; alteration or variation in kind, character, place, position, direction, or the like; the substitution of one thing, kind, position, direction, or the like for another.
    • n shift In playing the violin or a similar instrument, any position of the left hand except that nearest the nut. When the hand is close to the nut, so that the first finger produces the next tone to that of the open string, it is said to be in the first position; when it is moved so that the first finger falls where the second was originally, it is in the second position or at the half-shift. The third position is called the whole shift, and the fourth position the double shift. When the hand is not in the first position, it is said to be on the shift.
    • n shift The substitution of one thing or set of things for another; a change: as, a shift of clothes.
    • n shift A woman's under-garment; a chemise.
    • n shift In mining, a slight fault or dislocation of a seam or stratum, accompanied by depression of one part, destroying the continuity.
    • n shift A squad or relay of men who alternate with another squad or relay in carrying on some work or operation; hence, the time during which such a squad or relay works: as, to be on the day shift; a night shift; the day is divided into three shifts of eight hours each.
    • n shift Turn; move; varying circumstance.
    • n shift An expedient, device, or contrivance which may be tried when others fail; a resource.
    • n shift A petty or indirect expedient; a dodge; a trick; an artifice.
    • n shift In building, a mode of arranging the tiers of bricks, timbers, planks, etc., so that the joints of adjacent rows shall not coincide.
    • n shift Synonyms Device, Resort, etc. (see expedient), stratagem.
    • n shift Subterfuge, etc. (see evasion), dodge, ruse, wile, quirk.
    • n shift In pianoforte-making, the action of the shifting pedal (which see).
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A car that shifts manually gets 2 miles more per gallon of gas than a car with automatic shift.
    • v.t Shift shift to change in form or character: to put out of the way: to dress in fresh clothes
    • v.i Shift to change about: to remove: to change one's clothes: to resort to expedients for some purpose: in violin-playing, to move the left hand from its original position next to the nut
    • n Shift a change: in violin-playing, any position of the left hand except that nearest the nut: a squad or relay of men: a contrivance: an artifice: last resource: a chemise or woman's undermost garment (orig. signifying a change of body-linen)
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Naisbitt
    John Naisbitt
    “We are shifting from a managerial society to an entrepreneurial society.”
  • Emily Dickinson
    Emily%20Dickinson
    “Fame is a fickle food upon a shifting plate.”
  • Marianne Williamson
    Marianne Williamson
    “When an idea reaches critical mass there is no stopping the shift its presence will induce.”
  • Daniel J. Boorstin
    Daniel%20J.%20Boorstin
    “We need not be theologians to see that we have shifted responsibility for making the world interesting from God to the newspaperman.”
  • Barbara De Angelis
    Barbara%20De%20Angelis
    “A man's brain has a more difficult time shifting from thinking to feeling than a women's brain does.”
  • Edwin Hubbel Chapin
    Edwin%20Hubbel%20Chapin
    “Whatever touches the nerves of motive, whatever shifts man's moral position, is mightier than steam, or calorie, or lightening.”

Idioms

Graveyard shift - If you have to work very late at night, it is the graveyard shift.
***
Shifting sands - If the sands are shifting, circumstances are changing.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. shiften, schiften, to divide, change, remove. AS. sciftan, to divide; akin to LG. & D. schiften, to divide, distinguish, part Icel. skipta, to divide, to part, to shift, to change, Dan skifte, Sw. skifta, and probably to Icel. skīfa, to cut into slices, as n., a slice, and to E. shive, sheave, n., shiver, n

Usage

In literature:

Is said of the wind when it frequently shifts from one point to another.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Cleigh scrutinized the cards and shifted one.
"The Pagan Madonna" by Harold MacGrath
His gaze shifted and he passed on, swaggering.
"Desert Dust" by Edwin L. Sabin
He shifted the stick from right to left.
"Mountain Blood" by Joseph Hergesheimer
He stirred at length, with an uneasy shifting of the damaged shoulder.
"Captain Desmond, V.C." by Maud Diver
For perhaps a minute there was silence; in characteristic change of thought absolute Armstrong shifted.
"The Dominant Dollar" by Will Lillibridge
The body seems to shift of its own accord.
"The Glow-Worm and Other Beetles" by Jean Henri Fabre
The hour of sailing had been shifted.
"Hurricane Island" by H. B. Marriott Watson
He concentrated on the crystal, shifting the view to scan toward the nearest village.
"The Weakling" by Everett B. Cole
Hence, though political boundaries may shift, ethnic boundaries scarcely budge.
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
He bent at the knees, shifted his weight to the balls of his feet.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
She thanked him with lips, not eyes, and he assisted her to shift the almost helpless man into his room and bunk.
"A Man to His Mate" by J. Allan Dunn
Most of the players shifted their bets accordingly, the queen to win, the five and deuce to lose.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
Again the expression shifted like water smitten by an evil wind.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
That business about the shifting current and the light.
"Smugglers' Reef" by John Blaine
Slowly sentiment began to shift in favor of Cornwall.
"Chit-Chat; Nirvana; The Searchlight" by Mathew Joseph Holt
Then, with a shade of annoyance, the man shifted in his chair.
"A Breath of Prairie and other stories" by Will Lillibridge
We won't try to cut you up into three shifts yet awhile.
"Calumet 'K'" by Samuel Merwin
There must be no shifting of the body as the pull of gravitation ceased.
"Astounding Stories, May, 1931" by Various
Isom's old wife must have shifted in her grave at sight of the prodigal repast which Ollie soon spread on the kitchen table.
"The Bondboy" by George W. (George Washington) Ogden
***

In poetry:

There is no mercy in the shifting year,
No beauty wraps me tenderly about.
I turn to little words- so you, my dear,
Can spell them out.
"Little Words" by Dorothy Parker
All—"We've no wish to hear the tidings, how the people's fortunes
shift;
What your daily doings are;
Who are wedded, born, divided; if your lives beat slow or swift.
"Friends Beyond" by Thomas Hardy
She moved and mourned as she heard,
Sighed and shifted her place,
As the wells of her slumber were stirred
By the music and wind of the word,
Then turned and covered her face.
"Perinde AC Cadaver" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
Fire and wild light of hope and doubt and fear,
Wind of swift change, and clouds and hours that veer
As the storm shifts of the tempestuous year;
Cry wellaway, but well befall the right.
"A Year's Burden -- 1870" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
The drift of our thought goes on
Like the breath of the shifting wind;
And we hear faint echoes afar;
And we breathe the fragrance wan
Of the years we leave behind;
And we know not what we are.
"Looking Southward" by E J Rupert Atkinson
With you, my heart is quiet here,
And all my thoughts are cool as rain.
I sit and let the shifting year
Go by before the windowpane,
And reach my hand to yours, my dear . . .
I wonder what it's like in Spain.
"The Thin Edge" by Dorothy Parker

In news:

The American Academy of Pediatrics Monday announced its first major shift on circumcision in more than a decade, concluding that the health benefits of the procedure clearly outweigh any risks.
Lee, who has been working the night shift for the city section since January 2006, will move full-time to City Room, the Times ' local news blog.
The end of open admissions in 2000 and the recent recession have led to significant shifts in competitiveness and demographics at the City University of New York's top five four-year colleges.
Territories have moved, breeding seasons have shifted, and some organisms may already have gone extinct.
Conventional motorcycle gearboxes are pretty quick already, and most can be upshifted without the clutch if you really want to shift fast, so a dual- clutch transmission offers a smaller improvement.
Despite a cold shift in temperature Saturday morning, 16 teams took to the field at Kellet Ballpark for the Sherry Ann Suttmiller "SAS" Memorial Softball Tournament.
Nothing new in weather shift interrupting another season.
Weekend shifts can collide with homework.
Agencies come and go, but Mercedes-Benz doesn't shift many gears in its campaign for 2000.
Michigan win led to a decisive shift in media coverage.
The last rounds of federal redistricting presented some intriguing dilemmas around the country for both congressional incumbents and shifting constituent demographics.
The Helsinki-based company has made their bold prints a fashion staple since the Sixties, when their shift dresses helped fuel the new Mod movement.
America's color lines are shifting.
Can bike courier services survive court's shift to e-filing.
He's our number one go-to guy when it comes to filling in a shift.
***

In science:

Static shift— We first consider the case when the shift remains equal to its exact value.
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
The first step in this procedure is quite similar as in the case ν = 1 to shift the derivation to the left of W and to shift all zero order terms to the right.
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
In case of the counter-rotation of black hole, as J increases in magnitude, the inner sonic point branch shifts towards a higher entropy region and the entire system shifts towards the outer side which is more stable.
Unification to the "Pseudo-General-Relativistic" analysis of accretion disks around rotating black holes and neutron stars
The implies a shift to a lower characteristic halo mass in such regions and a shift in the horizontal scale in Figures (2) and (3a) to domains in which galaxy formation is less efficient.
The Probability Distribution Function of Light in the Universe: Results from Hydrodynamic Simulations
The shift operator Tǫµ generate a shift of argument, Tǫµf (x) = f (x + ǫ ˆµ).
Dirac-Kaehler fermion with noncommutative differential forms on a lattice
The periodicity of the states under the shifts in s1/2 was discussed above, and the one related with s2/2 similarly follows from the relation (53) in Appendix A, expressing the equivalence of a magnetic translation with a shift in momentum.
Anlaytic mean-field Hall crystal solution at nu=1/3: composite fermion like sub-bands and correlation effects
Such metrics ρ are not shift-invariant; rather, the probability distribution on the space of these metrics is shift-invariant.
Random complex zeroes, II. Perturbed lattice
On the other hand, shift-invariance of (ξk, l)k, l is achieved via shift-invariance of zeroes of ψ ; the latter was verified using the Gaussian distribution.
Random complex zeroes, II. Perturbed lattice
Also note that if the columns of P are constant, then the corresponding Markov shift is just a Bernoulli shift.
On Markovian behaviour of $p$-adic random dynamical systems
Remark 7 Our previous results for b = p can be generalized directly to the case when b ≡ 1 mod |hxi| . 2 For b = p we found that if a satisfies (19) and pap, ppa > 0, then the Markov shift θ has to be a Bernoulli shift.
On Markovian behaviour of $p$-adic random dynamical systems
This shift is the largest correction to the Stark shift in a perturbative expansion and arises from the counter-propagating terms in the state evolution which are discarded when the RWA is made .
Creating excitonic entanglement in quantum dots through the optical Stark effect
The errors in ∆t, the shift in days, and ∆m, the shift in magnitude, are the errors determined from the χ2 -fit at the 1σ level and are shown in brackets in Table 4.
A Study of the Type II-P Supernova 2003gd in M74
To this end, let θ(i) denote the shift of the SRW by i, that is, considering {Sn+i} instead of {Sn}, and let T (k) (A) denote the first hitting time of a set A ∈ Z2 by the shifted random walk S (k) n := Sn ◦ θ(τk ).
How large a disc is covered by a random walk in n steps?
Shifted Chebyshev Polynomials of the First Kind We shall make use of two families {Γk (x)}k and {Πk (x)}k of shifted Chebyshev polynomials c.f. [cd].
Orthogonal Polynomials and Fluctuations of Random Matrices
Thus, prior to test the QED theory of the hydrogen Lamb shift, some theoretical results have to be applied to extract the experimental values of the Lamb shift from the data of the measurements.
Precision physics of simple atoms: QED tests, nuclear structure and fundamental constants
***