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seven

Definitions

  • "Seven miles high!"
    "Seven miles high!"
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj seven being one more than six
    • n seven one of four playing cards in a deck with seven pips on the face
    • n seven the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Seven-branched Candlestick, Essen Seven-branched Candlestick, Essen
The Seven-Headed Dragon The Seven-Headed Dragon
The ogre had seven young daughters The ogre had seven young daughters
Seven women and one sailor Seven women and one sailor
BONAVITA'S FIGHT WITH SEVEN LIONS IN THE RUNWAY BONAVITA'S FIGHT WITH SEVEN LIONS IN THE RUNWAY
The seven big women fall over the crag The seven big women fall over the crag
Christ of the Seven Words Christ of the Seven Words
ACROSS THE SEVEN STARS THE SWEET GRAIL GLIDED PAST ACROSS THE SEVEN STARS THE SWEET GRAIL GLIDED PAST

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On average, a Canadian girl owns seven Barbie dolls, whereas an American girl owns eight
    • Seven A symbol representing seven units, as 7, or vii.
    • a Seven One more than six; six and one added; as, seven days make one week.
    • Seven The number greater by one than six; seven units or objects. "Of every beast, and bird, and insect small,
      Game sevens and pairs."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A dragonfly has a lifespan of for to seven weeks
    • seven One more than six; the sum of three and four: a cardinal numeral. Seven is a rare number in metrology, perhaps its only occurrences being in the seven handbreadths of the Egyptian cubit (for the probable explanation of which, see cubit), and in the seven days of the week, certainly early connected, at least, with the astrological assignment of the hours in regular rotation to the seven planets. This astrological association explains the identification by Pythagoras of the number seven with the opportune time (καιρός), as well as the fact that light was called seven by the Pythagoreans. That they termed it “motherless” may be due to the “seven spirits” of the Chaldeans—that is, the planets—being called “fatherless and motherless.” The astrological association further explains why the number seven has so frequently been suggested by the conception of divine or spiritual influence, and why it was made the number of intelligence by Philolaus. The common statement that seven implies perfection has no further foundation than that the cabalistic meanings of all odd numbers are modes of perfection. One is the first, and was with the Pythagoreans the number of essence (οὐσία). Two involves otherness, and was the number of opinion, “because of its diversity.” Three involves mediation, and was the number of beginning, middle, and end. Four naturally suggests a square, and so equity, and was commonly considered the number of justice; but it further carries the suggestion of system, and often has that signification. Five connects itself with the five fingers, used in counting, and thus is an ordinary synecdoche for a small group (“Five of you shall chase an hundred”—Lev. xxvi. 8); but the Pythagoreans, for some unknown reason, made it the number of marriage. Six played an important part in the sexagesimal system of the Chaldeans; but its Pythagorean meaning is doubtful. In the Apocalypse 666 is the number of the beast. Eight, being the first cube, would naturally suggest solidity; but according to Dr. Wordsworth it is the dominical or resurrection number. Nine, or three triads, was the number of the great gods of Egypt, and was considered efficient in all magical operations. Ten, for reasons connected with the history of the Pythagorean brotherhood, was consid ered by them as the great number of power. To eleven no particular significance is attached. Twelve was important in the Chaldean division of the circle, and was the number of the great gods. Thirteen, according to Dr. Mahan, is the number of schism. Seven was formerly used generally and vaguely to indicate a large number.
    • seven (b ) The constellation Ursa Major.
    • seven The Pleiades.
    • n seven The number greater by one than six; a group of things amounting to this number.
    • n seven The symbol representing this number, as 7, or VII, or vii.
    • n seven plural In Eng. hymnology, a species of trochaic meter having seven syllables to the line, and properly four lines to the stanza. Sevens double (7s, D.) has eight lines, and other varieties are marked by the number of lines, as 7s, 6l, or 7s, 3l. Sevens and fives is a trochaic meter having three lines of seven syllables with one of five. Sevens and sixes is a meter, usually of eight lines, in which trochaic lines of seven syllables alternate with iambic lines of six syllables. Other varieties occur. See meter, 3.
    • n seven A playing-card with seven spots or pips on it.
    • n seven To set in confusion.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Women on average live seven years longer than men do
    • adj., n Seven sev′n six and one
    • n Seven one of seven equal parts
    • ***

Quotations

  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Give me a child for the first seven years, and you may do what you like with him afterwards.”
  • St.Francis Xavier
    St.Francis Xavier
    “Give me the children until they are seven and anyone may have them afterwards.”
  • James Parton
    James Parton
    “Fidelity is seven-tenths of business success.”
  • Rudyard Kipling
    Rudyard%20Kipling
    “A man's mind is wont to tell him more than seven watchmen sitting in a tower.”
  • Jean De La Bruyere
    Jean%20De%20La%20Bruyere
    “Everything has been said, and we have come too late, now that men have been living and thinking for seven thousand years and more.”
  • Japanese Proverb
    Japanese Proverb
    “Fall seven times and stand up eight.”

Idioms

Seven sheets to the wind - If someone is seven sheets to the wind, they are very drunk.
***
Sixes and sevens - If something is all at sixes and sevens, then there is a lot of disagreement and confusion about what should be done.
***
Twenty-four seven - Twenty-four seven or 24/7 means all the time, coming from 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. seven, seoven, seofen, AS. seofon, seofan, seofen,; akin to D. zeven, OS., Goth., & OHG. sibun, G. sieben, Icel. sjau, sjö, Sw. sju, Dan. syv, Lith. septyni, Russ. seme, W. saith, Gael. seachd, Ir. seacht, L. septem, Gr., Skr. saptan,. √305. Cf. Hebdomad Heptagon September

Usage

In literature:

Arrived at Hillsburgh at half past seven, having had nothing to eat since breakfast at seven.
"A Journey to America in 1834" by Robert Heywood
The first one, Edward Langham, was Robert's tutor, and about seven years older than himself.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
Laban was quite willing to do so, and the seven years seemed to Jacob but a few days, for the love he had to Rachel.
"Child's Story of the Bible" by Mary A. Lathbury
If he could only induce whomsoever took him out to take him through Seven-Dials, he was supremely happy.
"The Life of Charles Dickens, Vol. I-III, Complete" by John Forster
At the age of about seven I attended my first school.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
It was seven o'clock when I left.
"Diaries of Sir Moses and Lady Montefiore, Volume I" by Sir Moses Montefiore
The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches; and the seven lamp-stands are the seven churches.
"The New Testament of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ." by Various
A Norwegian mile is about seven English miles.
"Up The Baltic" by Oliver Optic
On this account I rose only between six and seven, and sometimes after seven.
"The Life of Trust: Being a Narrative of the Lord's Dealings With George Müller" by George Müller
Seven years' bad luck!
"The Pagan Madonna" by Harold MacGrath
Even here, so far from the washed-out towns, seven bodies have been found.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Prepare at least seven tube cultivations upon solid media and deposit them in Bulloch's apparatus.
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
Mount Eden is the nearest elevation to the city, and is seven or eight hundred feet in height.
"Foot-prints of Travel" by Maturin M. Ballou
Of the thirty-seven graduates, twenty-seven own their own homes.
"Tuskegee & Its People: Their Ideals and Achievements" by Various
Do you mean to say he has robbed your bank of seven thousand dollars?
"The Scarlet Feather" by Houghton Townley
That was seven years ago.
"The Battle with the Slum" by Jacob A. Riis
Anyhow, it was a pity Miss Smith-Dickenson was thirty-seven.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
I had seven brothers and two sisters.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves." by Work Projects Administration
Each canoe held seven Iroquois.
"Boys' Book of Indian Warriors" by Edwin L. Sabin
Once there was a Raja called Manikbasa Raja, or the Ruby King, who had seven wives and seven children.
"Indian Fairy Tales" by Anonymous
***

In poetry:

Says I: 'Why was it only four,
Not five or six or seven?
I think I would have made it more,—
Even eleven.
"What Kisses Had John Keats?" by Robert W Service
No moon in the still heaven,
In the black water none,
The sins on her soul are seven,
The sin upon his is one.
"The Dole Of The King's Daughter (Breton)" by Oscar Wilde
"For in may come my seven bauld brothers,
Wi' torches burning bright;
They'll say,--'We hae but ae sister,
And behold she's wi a knight!'"
"Clerk Saunders" by Andrew Lang
Seven long days did her slumber last,
And, oh, but her dream was sweet,
She thought she wandered in God's far land,
The bliss of her hopes complete !
"The Woman Who Went To Hell [An Irish Legend]" by Dora Sigerson Shorter
Like Enoch, walk thou humbly with thy God,
For ever vigilant, for ever wise:
For ev'ry where, at church, at home, abroad,
Thy Saviour sees thee with his seven eyes.
"Advice To Ev'ry Master Of A Family, To Govern His House In A Religious Manner" by Rees Prichard
'Now here is the token of gold that was broken;
Seven long years it was kept for your sake;
You gave it to me as a true lover's token;
No longer I'll wear it, asleep or awake.'
"The Nobleman's Wedding" by William Allingham

In news:

Lunch, dinner: seven days Open late: Friday & Saturday till 11.
DEA Raids Seven Pot Clubs In LBC.
Bring seven titles from Frommer's Day by Day travel guidebook series - more.
NAPPANEE — Kevin Yoder and his family lost five buildings, 45 trees, seven horses and a couple of steers when the tornado struck his property south of Nappanee five years ago this week.
Can you name the seven lively arts.
A LITTLE OVER SEVEN YEARS AGO, Alan Bressler first popped the question to a young woman he cared about deeply.
There are far more psychopaths than just these seven.
Seven-year-old Serenity Brydon visits a makeshift memorial to the vicitims.
Absalon/US Presswire Orioles slugger Mark Reynolds has seven homers (all in last two series) and 14 RBI vs Yankees' pitching this season in 51 ABs.
Thirty-seven years earlier, Jeff Deitz was taken in by the charms of the track and a horse.
With the National League Championship going seven games, the Detroit Tigers didn't know until - 6:35 am.
Mokane — Junior pitcher Abby Bartley pitched seven innings and struck out seven Lady Hornet batters in South Callaway's 2-0 win over Fulton at home on Tuesday night.
A large bomb hidden in a roadside culvert blew apart a van carrying construction workers home tonight in rural County Tyrone, Northern Ireland, killing seven men instantly and wounding seven others, the police said.
NU has scored seven points or fewer in the second half in seven of its past eight losses (the exception was against Northwestern).
Rihanna is making plans for her most ambitious tour to date – seven shows in seven countries in seven days.
***

In science:

EGS with respect to all seven parameters ei, siσ, di, λ(1) iσ .
Interplay of Disorder and Correlations
Rozali, “Matrix theory and U-duality in seven dimensions,” Phys.
IIA/B, Wound and Wrapped
The dependence on N of the first seven moments of SN (t).
Multiparticle trapping problem in the half-line
Let ∆ be a triangulation of a seven dimensional manifold and ∆∗ the dual, again.
Spinfoam models for M-theory
We thus obtain seven generators for the module.
Algebraic approach to time-delay data analysis for LISA
XPath’s model of an XML document is that of an ordered tree of nodes, where nodes can be of seven types.
Using Tree Automata and Regular Expressions to Manipulate Hierarchically Structured Data
This procedure is performed independently for each of the seven measured temperatures.
Structural Relaxation and Mode Coupling in a Simple Liquid: Depolarized Light Scattering in Benzene
Because one direction is compact, we need seven bosonic zero modes, which are the ones summarized in Table 1 of section 3.3.
Gauge theory description of compactified pp-waves
For simulation A1, we take seven teen snapshots of the magnetic field separated in time by an interval 0.4lB/u, where u is the rms turbulent velocity.
Thermal conduction and particle transport in strong MHD turbulence, with application to galaxy-cluster plasmas
Farb, Every mapping class group is generated by three torsions and by seven involutions, arXiv:math.
Generating the surface mapping class group by two elements
Thereby, we avoid the subtlety of Ref. which is associated with the compatibility of dimensional reduction (from eight to seven dimensions) and generalized self–duality (in seven dimensions).
G_2 invariant 7D Euclidean super Yang-Mills theory as a higher-dimensional analogue of the 3D super-BF theory
Three white dwarfs and seven QSOs are listed in Table 9.
The Globular Cluster System of NGC 5128 I. Survey and Catalogs
The present paper is composed of seven sections.
Exact Ground-State Energies of the Random-Field Ising Chain and Ladder
We also note that none of the seven clusters for which, within the uncertainties, kTX, tot=kTX, ann have previously been identi fied as containing a cool core (e.g.
A Hubble Space Telescope Lensing Survey of X-ray Luminous Galaxy Clusters: IV. Mass, Structure and Thermodynamics of Cluster Cores at z=0.2
Pinkall and Thorbergsson found in [PT89] the homeomorphism classes of the compact 3-dimensional manifolds that admit taut embeddings, and their list consists of seven manifolds.
Taut representations of compact simple Lie groups
***