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  • Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise
    Woodworking Bench used at Pratt Institute, Showing Self-Adjusting Upright Vise
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj self (used as a combining form) relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self "self-knowledge","self-proclaimed","self-induced"
    • n self your consciousness of your own identity
    • n self a person considered as a unique individual "one's own self"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Great Self-restraint Great Self-restraint
The self-made man The self-made man
Automatic self-binding reaper Automatic self-binding reaper
Self-intensifying process used in liquefying air Self-intensifying process used in liquefying air
Self-possession of Fabricius, the Ambassador, under rather Trying Circumstances Self-possession of Fabricius, the Ambassador, under rather Trying Circumstances
A self-sustaining or balanced aquarium A self-sustaining or balanced aquarium

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: On February 10, 1964 the first self-adhesive stamps were issued
    • Self Having its own or a single nature or character, as in color, composition, etc., without addition or change; unmixed; as, a self bow, one made from a single piece of wood; self flower or plant, one which is wholly of one color; self-colored.
    • Self Hence, personal interest, or love of private interest; selfishness; as, self is his whole aim.
    • Self Personification; embodiment. "She was beauty's self ."
    • Self Same; particular; very; identical. "On these self hills.""To shoot another arrow that self way
      Which you did shoot the first."
      "At that self moment enters Palamon."
    • Self The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of capacities and character; a person as a distinct individual; a being regarded as having personality. "Those who liked their real selves .""A man's self may be the worst fellow to converse with in the world.""The self, the I, is recognized in every act of intelligence as the subject to which that act belongs. It is I that perceive, I that imagine, I that remember, I that attend, I that compare, I that feel, I that will, I that am conscious."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Coffee trees are self-pollinating.
    • self Same; identical; very same; very.
    • self Own; personal.
    • self Single; simple; plain; unmixed with any other: particularly noting colors: as, self-colored.
    • self A pronominal element affixed to certain personal pronouns and pronominal adjectives to express emphasis or distinction, or to denote a reflexive use. Thus, for emphasis, I myself will write; I will examine for myself; thou thyself shalt go; thou shalt see for thyself; the writing itself shall be exhibited. “I myself will decide” not only expresses my determination to decide, but my determination that no other shall decide. Reflexively, I abhor myself; he admires himself; it pleases itself. Himself, herself, themselves are used in the nominative case as well as in the objective. When the elements are separated by an adjective, self becomes a mere noun: as, my own self, our two selves, his very self; so one's self for oneself. See III.
    • n self A person in his relations to that very same person. Self differs from ego as being always relative to a particular individual, and as referring to that person in all his relations to himself and not merely as given in consciousness.
    • n self A thing or class of things, or an attribute or other abstraction, considered as precisely distinguished from all others: as, the separation of church and state is urged in the interest of religion's self.
    • n self Personal interest and benefit; one's own private advantage.
    • n self In horticulture, a flower with its natural plain color; a self-colored flower, as distinguished from one which has become “rectified” or variegated. Compare self-colored. [Self is the first element in numerous compounds, nearly all modern. It may be used with any noun having an associated verb, or with any participial adjective (in -ing- or -ed or -en), or other adjective implying action. It indicates either the agent or the object of the action expressed by the word with which it is joined, or the person on behalf of whom it is performed, or the person or thing to, for, or toward whom or which a quality, attribute, or feeling expressed by the following word belongs, is directed, or is exerted, or from which it proceeds; or the subject of, or object affected by, such action, quality, attribute, feeling, and the like; and the meaning is frequently negative, implying that the relation exists toward self only, not toward others: as, self-acting, etc. Most of these compounds are of obvious meaning; only the more important of them are given below (without etymology, except when of early formation). In words compounded with self, the element self has a certain degree of independent accent, generally less than that of the following element, but liable to become by emphasis greater than the latter.]
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The 1st unattended, 24-hour self-service laundromat in the United States was opened by Nelson Puett in 1949 on North Loop in Austin, Texas.
    • n Self self one's own person: one's personal interest: one's own personal interest, selfishness: a flower having its colour uniform as opposed to variegated
    • adj Self very: particular: one's own: simple, plain, unmixed with any other
    • n Self the act of doing so
    • ***


  • Thomas Carlyle
    “The most fearful unbelief is unbelief in your self.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The trouble with self-made men is that they tend to worship their creator.”
  • Napoleon Hill
    “If you do not conquer self, you will be conquered by self.”
  • Plato
    “The first and the best victory is to conquer self.”
  • Sheldon Kopp
    Sheldon Kopp
    “All of the significant battles are waged within the self.”
  • John Sterling
    John Sterling
    “The worst education which teaches self-denial, is better than the best which teaches everything else, and not that.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. self, seolf, sylf,; akin to OS. self, OFries. self, D. zelf, G. selb, selber, selbst, Dan. selv,. Sw. sjelf, Icel. sjālfr, Goth. silba,. Cf. Selvage


In literature:

Independence and self-reliance are the basis of self-respect and self-control.
"Practical Ethics" by William DeWitt Hyde
To live for self is to die, to die to self is to live.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
To her life always meant self-restraint, self-repression, self-deadening, if need be.
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
And therfore according to y^e devine proverb, y^t a wise man seeth y^e plague when it cometh, & hideth him selfe, Pro.
"Bradford's History of 'Plimoth Plantation'" by William Bradford
Each and every state of my consciousness is a state of my self, and as such, sure evidence of my self's existence.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
She returned a little breathless and self-congratulatory.
"The Kingdom Round the Corner" by Coningsby Dawson
I could not spare valuable time for self-government foolishness to-night.
"Beatrice Leigh at College" by Julia Augusta Schwartz
He had also great coolness and self-possession in emergencies.
"Autobiography of Frank G. Allen, Minister of the Gospel" by Frank G. Allen
It was not self-denial, but she thought it suitable.
"Hopes and Fears scenes from the life of a spinster" by Charlotte M. Yonge
These forces are the self-propelling and self-healing forces of the creative mood.
"The Lost Art of Reading" by Gerald Stanley Lee
L. Giving up wrong pleasure is not; neither is it self-sacrifice, but self-culture.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
In not one single thing is the will of self to be done: Jesus, as He did the will of the Father only, must rule, and not self.
"Holy in Christ" by Andrew Murray
His self-respect is wavering in the balance.
"The Explorer" by W. Somerset Maugham
And he smiled in self-derision.
"The Rough Road" by William John Locke
Suddenly we are estranged from the self, as we know it, and are greater beings.
"Child and Country" by Will Levington Comfort
It produces a dreamy, self-satisfied, indolent, selfish, and non-progressive people.
"History of Education" by Levi Seeley
There was no self-abandonment, nor self-forgetfulness.
"Robert Orange" by John Oliver Hobbes
What wild imaginations one forms where dear self is concerned!
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
Self-analysis laid his pride in the dust and made him writhe in self-condemnation.
"Banked Fires" by E. W. (Ethel Winifred) Savi
How often they were coupled with self-interest, self-seeking, self-everything!
"The "Genius"" by Theodore Dreiser

In poetry:

What strange self-flatt'ry blinds their eyes!
But there's a hast'ning hour,
When they shall see with sore surprise
The terrors of thy power.
"Psalm XXXVI: High in the Heav'ns" by Isaac Watts
Unhurt my urn Till that great turn
When mighty Nature's self shall die;
Time cease to glide, With human pride,
Sunk in the ocean of eternity.
"Ocean: An Ode. Concluding With A Wish." by Edward Young
With faith that comes of self-control,
The truths that never can be proved
Until we close with all we loved,
And all we flow from, soul in soul.
"In Memoriam 131: O Living Will That Shalt Endure" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
"My child! my child!" with terror's start
She shrieks, in accents wild and shrill;
And at her agony of heart,
The very tempest's self grew still!
"The Swan" by William Hayley
She too, in earlier, purer days,
Had watched thee gleaming faint and far -
But wandering in self-chosen ways
She lost Thee quite, Thou lovely star.
"The Epiphany" by John Keble
Not Innocency’s self shall walk
These breathless ways and shall not see
The wine-stained lips and dangerous eyes,
The swart-faced folk of Arcady;
"Half Moon" by Robin Hyde

In news:

Such a self-characterization may seem like false humility.
Really, Mr Self- Anointed One.
An anthropology of the new male self-improvement mags.
The self-cleaning spout dispenses neat and controlled ribbons of product.
Brokers for the Argus Self Storage Sales Network Close 3 Sales in October.
Affiliates of the Argus Self Storage Network, which has 36 broker affiliates in nearly 40 markets, brokered three self-storage sales in October.
He thinks that 47 percent of Americans won't vote for his sweet wonderful little self because they're a bunch of bums who contribute nothing to the nation.
Dorothy was born on Dec 15, 1926, to Archie Q Self and Ella Callen (England) Self in Sweetwater, Texas.
Every kind of "self-" but self-critical.
Inside Self-Storage has released its 2011 Buyer's Guide, a directory containing hundreds of self-storage product and service suppliers.
Jeffrey Greenberger, an official presenter for the upcoming Inside Self-Storage Reno Expo, will host a Legal Learning webinar regarding self-storage climate control on Tuesday, July 11th.
Self-esteem and threats to our sense of self are also drivers when it comes to lying to co-workers, rather than strangers, says Jennifer Argo, a professor of social marketing at the University of Alberta.
Do people turn violent because of self-hate or self-love.
A man who pleaded guilty to burglarizing several self-storage units at Meier's Self Storage and committing other theft in Hammond, Ind.
For some, including myself, Self-Portrait had been secure in that position, but at least Self-Portrait was an album that you could hate, a record you could feel something over, even if it were nothing but regret.

In science:

Self-sustaining classicality in the above sense needs nonlinearity in the form of an attractive self-interaction acting on the wave function.
Quantum randomness emerging under gravitational nonlinearity
We note that, in the case of self-dual measure on the ensemble of matrices J, and v = w, the self-dual coupling occurs for v = √q, which is indeed the critical point also for the ordinary Potts model on a geometrically self-dual planar graph.
General duality for abelian-group-valued statistical-mechanics models
Zakharov V E and Shabat A B, Exact Theory of Two-Dimensional Self-Focusing and OneDimensional Self-Modulation of Waves in Nonlinear Media, Soviet Phys.
Nonlinear Schrodinger, infinite dimensional tori and neighboring tori
In a previous paper we found that in the random field Ising model at zero temperature in three dimensions the correlation length is not self-averaging near the critical point and that the violation of self-averaging is maximal.
Scale Invariance and Self-averaging in disordered systems
In the random Potts model the correlation length is not self-averaging near the critical temperature but the violation of self-averaging is weaker than in the random field case.
Scale Invariance and Self-averaging in disordered systems
We found surprisingly that the CL is not self-averaging and that the violation of self-averaging is maximal in the vicinity of the critical point.
Scale Invariance and Self-averaging in disordered systems
The violation of self-averaging is much weaker than for the random field model in three dimensions where we found c1 = 1, i.e the maximum possible violation of self-averaging.
Scale Invariance and Self-averaging in disordered systems
That TF is α-self-similar is an immediate consequence of the fragmentation and self-similar properties of F .
The genealogy of self-similar fragmentations with negative index as a continuum random tree
In the context of kinematic self-similarity, homothety is referred to as self-similarity of the first kind.
Kinematic self-similar solutions in general relativity
S (r)2 dΩ2, where α is the index of self-similarity and the self-similar variable is given by ξ = r .
Kinematic self-similar solutions in general relativity
S (t)2 dΩ2, where α is the index of self-similarity and the self-similar variable is given by ξ = t.
Kinematic self-similar solutions in general relativity
We now show an example of them in the case of self-similarity of the second kind, where a kinematic self-similar vector is tilted to the fluid flow.
Kinematic self-similar solutions in general relativity
In the D = 6 case, the graviton multiplet contains a self dual tensor field, while the tensors from the tensor multiplets are anti-self dual.
Generalized dimensional reduction of supergravity with eight supercharges
The self adjointness of the Laplace operator is ensured if these two matrices satisfy the following conditions [139] : (i) CD† is self-adjoint. (ii) The 2B × 4B matrix (C, D) must have maximal rank.
Functionals of the Brownian motion, localization and metric graphs
So we prefer the term self-similar rather than right-consistent for the composition structure (Cn ) obtained by uniform sampling from S ∩ [0, 1] for a self-similar random set S .
Self-similar and Markov composition structures