# sampling

## Definitions

• Sample of the "Capital News and Feature Service"
• WordNet 3.6
• n sampling (statistics) the selection of a suitable sample for study
• n sampling measurement at regular intervals of the amplitude of a varying waveform (in order to convert it to digital form)
• n sampling items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population
• ***

## Quotations

“All that a city will ever allow you is an angle on it -- an oblique, indirect sample of what it contains, or what passes through it; a point of view.”

## Usage

### In literature:

It falls a certain height, strikes the sample at the lowest point, and swings on past.
"The Working of Steel" by Fred H. Colvin
I have been specially looking out for samples of this.
"The Wonder Island Boys: Exploring the Island" by Roger Thompson Finlay
Ain't there a store down near Fulton Market where we could buy a sample?
"Torchy, Private Sec." by Sewell Ford
Those given are but samples.
"The Measurement of Intelligence" by Lewis Madison Terman
"The Black Star Passes" by John W Campbell
A few ounces of this mixed milk is then taken for a sample, and carefully marked with the name of the cow.
"Agriculture for Beginners" by Charles William Burkett
How could you determine the total amount of solid matter dissolved in a sample of water?
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
Test the two samples and compare.
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
Younger than usual, possibly; yellow hair, blue eyes, constrained manner, everything to sample.
"The Best Short Stories of 1917" by Various
We brought along a few samples labeled the Mitchel hybrid heartnut.
"Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting" by Northern Nut Growers Association
What would have happened if the sample had been dug out during wetter or drier weather?
"Lessons on Soil" by E. J. Russell
A sample of the goods mentioned, a tablecloth of glass, is now on exhibition in this city.
"Scientific American, Volume XLIII., No. 25, December 18, 1880" by Various
It was the sample of pink chiffon that had dropped from the envelope.
"The Little Colonel: Maid of Honor" by Annie Fellows Johnston
They are fair samples of the things that occupy and engross men's hearts and lives.
"The Parables of Our Lord" by William Arnot
If you have time I'd like to have you look over some ore samples sent from our mine.
"The Highgrader" by William MacLeod Raine
Illustrated with diagrams of various weavings, and twelve samples of cloth for explanation and practice.
"Mechanical Drawing Self-Taught" by Joshua Rose
They'd want to get a sample of our people, and a sample of our weapons.
"The Ultimate Weapon" by John Wood Campbell
The bags of wool ultimately find their way to the woolen mill or sampling house.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
I'll give your tape a run-through, then we'll pull a sample and check it out.
"Alarm Clock" by Everett B. Cole
In the letter, there, I've given them my figures as to how the samples run.
"The Man from the Bitter Roots" by Caroline Lockhart
***

### In poetry:

“Which means: by drinking how and when I like,
And sticking to the one unsweetened sample,
I hope in course of time that it will strike
All men to follow up my good example.”
"Jimmy Wood" by Barcroft Henry Boake
Thou delicate blossom; thy short race is ended,
Thou sample of virtue and prize of the brave!
No more are thy beauties by mortals attended,
They now are but food for the worms and the grave.
"On The Death Of Rebecca" by George Moses Horton
These samples—for, alas! at last
These are but samples, and a taste
Of evils yet unmention’d—
In which ‘tis much if we succeed,
However well intention’d.
"Friendship" by William Cowper
I was so happy there; so fleeting was my stay,
What wonder if, assailed with vistas so divine,
I only lived to search and sample them the day
When between dawn and dusk the sultan's courts were mine !
"The Sultan's Palace" by Alan Seeger
And I want to see the Samples, on the old lower eighty,
Where John, our oldest boy, he was tuk and burried-- for
His own sake and Katy's--, and I want to cry with Katy
As she reads all his letters over, writ from The War.
"Griggsby's Station" by James Whitcomb Riley
I've what 'll last me all my life, to talk about an' think,
I've sampled various things to eat an' various more to drink;
I've strolled among them dark bazaars, which makes the pay to fly
(An' I 'ad my fortune told as well, but that was all my eye!)
"The Grand Tour" by Cicely Fox Smith

### In news:

Dip into the southern sky to sample some of these constellations' starry treats.
More than 500 people stopped by The Centre after work on Thursday to support the March of Dimes — and to sample food from 19 Evansville restaurants.
Jeremy Mathis (center) and others get ready to take samples from the CTD just brought back aboard from its trip to the bottom.
To study stress in a group of wild savannah baboons, the researchers collected 4,000 fecal samples from 125 adult male baboons over nine years in Amboseli, Kenya.
Globe Trekker Ian Wright samples a traditional hangover remedy in Baja California, Mexico PBS.
A box of milk costs \$2, and samples (including the one of chocolate cake available during this visit) are free.
Hit songs sampled by N.W.A.
Shuttle Discovery's astronauts breezed through their third and final spacewalk Sunday, replacing an empty gas tank at the international space station and collecting a sample of dusty debris.
Have sample products ready to send.
Last week, the San Francisco Chronicle food critic Michael Bauer ran a review of the lunch he sampled at a public school in the city.
He gave the shark an ID tag and took samples from it so that scientists can learn more about it.
Sample the original sounds of Konono No.
There's a link for a free sample, however they are out right now.
Starting Sunday check it for a new opportunity to score the free sample.
I've sampled several versions at restaurants and friends' homes, and maybe you have, too.
***

### In science:

We are interested in describing the corresponding allelic partition of our sample, e.g., how many allelic types are we likely to observe in a sample of size n, how many allelic types have a given multiplicity k ≥ 1 (i.e., are present in exactly k individuals of this sample), etc.
Recent progress in coalescent theory
We are likely to sample the same point more than once: in fact, as discussed above, sampling according to eβ√N Xσ is approximately the same as sampling from a Poisson point process P with intensity Ax−1−1/β2 with weight proportional to x.
Recent progress in coalescent theory
This approach may lead to an ill-conditioned sample matrix Y, but the orthogonalization in Step 3 of Algorithm 4.1 can easily identify the numerical rank of the sample matrix and ignore the excess samples.
Finding structure with randomness: Probabilistic algorithms for constructing approximate matrix decompositions
This is the case despite the fact that the sample variance will be ﬁnite for any number of samples, as it will approach inﬁnity as the number of samples is increased.
Heavy-tailed random error in quantum Monte Carlo
The accepted Q2 range depends on the data taking period; for the notag φ sample in 1999-2000 it extends to smaller values than for the tag φ sample and for the ρ samples, due to the special elastic φ trigger.
Diffractive Electroproduction of rho and phi Mesons at HERA
Figure 8: Distributions of the VM production and decay angles φ (a), cos θ (b) and ψ = φ−ϕ (c) for the ρ notag sample; of the ζ variable for the ρ notag (d) and tag (e) samples; of the |t| variable for the ρ (f) and φ (g) notag samples and for the tag samples (h)-(i).
Diffractive Electroproduction of rho and phi Mesons at HERA
To be robust to the loss of a contiguous block of D samples, we must sample at D + 1 times the Nyquist rate, yielding DN additional samples.
A simple proof that random matrices are democratic
Since the nested sampling points are independent samples, they can be re-used to generate samples from the posterior PDF by re-sampling them.
Bayesian coherent analysis of in-spiral gravitational wave signals with a detector network
The energy resolution for a sampling electromagnetic calorimeter varies with the sampling frequency approximately as pdSc /fs, where dSc is the scintillator thickness in mm and fs is the sampling fraction for minimum ionizing particles (MIPs).
Performance of prototypes for the ALICE electromagnetic calorimeter
We make two assumptions: ﬁrst, that if we impose the same magnitude limit on the cluster galaxy sample from the Millennium Run simulation as we do for the vdL07 catalogue, the resulting sample of simulated clusters can be compared directly with clusters of the same mass from our observational sample.
Cluster Galaxies Die Hard
That the colour selected sample has a lower success fraction than the samples based on spectroscopy is not surprising, but it is surprising that there are so few pulsators in the sample from Saffer et al. (1994).
A survey for pulsating subdwarf B stars with the Nordic Optical Telescope
If we take many, many random numbers from an interval of all real numbers symmetric with respect to a unit and calculate the sample mean in each case, then the distribution of these sample means will be approximately normal in shape and centered at 1 provided the size of samples was large.
Random Walks Estimate Land Value
To produce the ob jective error-bars shown, we have calculated the σ (see text) for each sample by averaging only over sites and eigenstates within each sample, and then used the sample-to-sample variations of σ to estimate the statistical errors.
The many-body localization transition
For these purposes one should redo the analysis of a sample of stars using a ﬁner sampling in each dimension and check that there i s minimal alteration in the outputs for the new sampling.
Stellar distances from spectroscopic observations: a new technique
Then one samples (through MCMC sampling) paths from each SDE in the sequence using the best sample from the previous SDE in the sequence as the initial condition for the MCMC sampling.
A drift homotopy Monte Carlo approach to particle filtering for multi-target tracking
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