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pronghorn

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n pronghorn fleet antelope-like ruminant of western North American plains with small branched horns
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Pronghorn (Zoöl) An American antelope (Antilocapra Americana), native of the plain near the Rocky Mountains. The upper parts are mostly yellowish brown; the under parts, the sides of the head and throat, and the buttocks, are white. The horny sheath of the horns is shed annually. Called also cabrée cabut prongbuck, and pronghorned antelope.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • pronghorn Having horns with a prong or snag, as the prongbuck: as, the pronghorn antelope.
    • n pronghorn The prongbuck or cabrit. This remarkable animal is an isolated American type, like the saiga of the Old World; it has no near relatives living, and is supposed to be in the line of descent from some stock more or less like the fossil Sivatherium of India. It is not an antelope in any proper sense, though universally so called in the regions it inhabits — the first literary use of the name dating about 1812. The pronghorn was first scientifically described from material furnished by Lewis and Clarke to George Ord, who called it Antilope americana in 1815, but very soon instituted the genus Antilocapra (which see, and Antilocapridæ, for technical characters). The male stands about 3 feet high at the croup and withers; the limbs are very slender; the general form is that of a deer, but rather stouter (contrary to a general impression); the eyes are extremely large and full, and placed directly under the base of the horns; these in the male are from 6 or 8 inches to a foot in length, curved variously, but always with the characteristic prong or snag — in the female mere hairy cones tipped with a horny thimble an inch long. The horns are shed anuually, late in the fall or early in winter. The pelage is close, without any flowing tufts, but coarse and brittle, and nearly worthless; the hide makes a valuable buckskin when dressed. The venison is excellent, resembling mutton rather than deermeat. There is an extensive set of cutaneous sebaceous glands, eleven in number, which during the rut exhale a strong hircine odor. The prongdoe regularly drops twins, usually late in spring or early in summer, and the kids are not spotted (as the young of Cervidæ usually are), but resemble their parents. The bucks and does are alike of a tawny or yellowish-brown color, with a large white disk on the buttocks, a white crescent and triangle on the fore part of the neck, and the under parts and inner sides of the limbs white; the forehead, muzzle, a spot on the neck over the gland, and the horns and hoofs are mostly black or blackish. During most of the year the animals go in bands, sometimes numbering thousands, but oftener of much less extent. They range over all the region of the great plains, from British America far into Mexico, excepting where they have of late years been driven off by the settlement of the country. Unlike the bison, the pronghorn does not appear to have ever ranged east of the Mississippi. It is noted for its fleetness, and for a singular mixture of timidity and curiosity, which renders it susceptible of being “flagged,” or decoyed within rifle-range by the exhibition of any unusual object, as a handkerchief tied to a pole. The gait is buoyant and easy, and when bounding at full speed the animal is probably the fleetest of any American game. But it lacks bottom, and its astonishing bursts of speed cannot be long sustained. Almost any pack of hounds can overtake it, if the game has not too much advantage at the start. The pronghorn is subject to an epidemic disease of unknown character, which in some years has destroyed many thousands. This fact, together with the incessant persecution it suffers, has very appreciably diminished its numbers as well as contracted its range of late years, though it appears to be still very far from the point of extermination.
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Usage

In literature:

From these horns he gets the name of Pronghorn.
"The Burgess Animal Book for Children" by Thornton W. Burgess
The navvy, lurching by, gores him with his flaming pronghorn.
"Ulysses" by James Joyce
The pronghorn antelope has a most peculiar signal system of his own.
"The Yellow Horde" by Hal G. Evarts
The Antelope, or Pronghorn, is one of the most peculiar animals in the world.
"Wild Animals at Home" by Ernest Thompson Seton
The bright-eyed pronghorns swerved; and the band split wide, and the horse dashed through.
"The Preacher of Cedar Mountain" by Ernest Thompson Seton
It was a trick he had tried more than once on deer and pronghorn antelope.
"Into the Primitive" by Robert Ames Bennet
For some years after 1880 I think the pronghorn in our neighborhood positively increased in numbers.
"Hunting in Many Lands" by Various
The pronghorn also would find suitable habitat in this area, but would have to be reintroduced there.
"The Recent Mammals of Tamaulipas, Mexico" by Ticul Alvarez
The Pronghorn is a gregarious creature running in bands of six up to hundreds.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
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In news:

Pronghorn Antelope (U-S Fish and Wildlife Service).
The pronghorn's ancient travel route is receiving modern protection.
I am the proud beneficiary of my first ever pronghorn meat, given to me by a friend of a friend.
Bend, OR: 50% off ski package at Pronghorn Club & Resort.
For more information or to book, please visit Pronghorn Club & Resort, or call 866 372-1003.
Wyoming's Safe Passages Protect People and Pronghorn .
Central Oregon's Pronghorn uses the hybrid-club mentality after tough financial lie.
In fact, I'd never even seen a live pronghorn .
With an alleged top speed of 60 miles an hour, the pronghorn antelope is second only to the cheetah.
The Path of the Pronghorn Antelope .
As western states debate removing the gray wolf from the Endangered Species List, WCS researcher Dr Kim Berger speaks out on behalf of an unsuspecting wolf ally: the pronghorn antelope.
Got there just in time to get a few hours sleep before the 2012 season opener on Pronghorn Antelope .
Through Sunday, there were 34 pronghorn grazing the Poverty Flats portion of the refuge.
At least two pronghorn were illegally killed recently in Morton County.
Based on the scene, it`s possible more pronghorn were killed.
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