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preclusive

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj preclusive made impossible
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • a Preclusive Shutting out; precluding, or tending to preclude; hindering.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • preclusive Tending to preclude; shutting out; preventive: generally followed by of.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Preclusive tending to preclude: hindering beforehand
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. præcludĕre, -clusumpræ, before, claudĕre, to shut.

Usage


In news:

Where a judgment has been entered in Superior Court in favor of the defendant law firm and codefendant attorney, the judgment should be affirmed on the grounds of issue preclusion and improper venue.
Where a Housing Court judge awarded damages and costs following a remand, the amount awarded must be recalculated given the preclusive effect of an earlier District Court judgment.
Claim preclusion, issue preclusion, Noerr-Pennington Doctrine, Res Judicata, trade secrets The plaintiff sued its former employee for theft of trade secrets.
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In science:

This results in an upward chaining, split validity, off-path preclusion inheritance formalism.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Downward chaining prevents such changes, and thus seems inadequate, so we decide for upward chaining. (Already preclusion itself underlines upward chaining: In the Tweety diagram, we have to know that the path from bottom up to penguins is valid.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
For instance, in the Tweety diagram, the arrow c 6→ d is an on-path preclusion of the path a → c → b → d, but the paths a → c and c → b, together with c 6→ d, is an (split validity) off-path preclusion of the path a → b → c.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Most definitions demand for the preclusion to be effective - i.e. to prevent τ from being accepted - that the total path σ is valid.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
In Diagram 2.5, taken from [Sch97-2], the path x → w → v is valid, so is u → x, but not the whole preclusion path u → x → w → v .
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Thus, split validity preclusion will give here the definite result uy .
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
With total validity preclusion, the diagram has essentially the form of a Nixon Diamond.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
This interpretation results in split validity preclusion: the comparison between information sources A′ and A is absolute, and does NOT depend on the U from which both may be accessible - as can be the case with total validity preclusion.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
The conclusion says little about the inner structure of the path, which is very important in inheritance networks, e.g. for preclusion.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
One of the central ideas of inheritance is preclusion, which, in the case of split validity preclusion, works by an absolute comparison between nodes.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Thus, if we accept split validity preclusion, it is natural to see valid positive paths as comparisons between information of different strengths.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Conversely, if we accept absolute comparison of information, we should also accept split validity preclusion - these interpretations support each other.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Whatever type of preclusion we accept, preclusion clearly compares information strength, and allows us to decide for the stronger one.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
We decide acceptance of composed paths as in Definition 2.2, where preclusion uses accepted paths for deciding.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
Here, the reason why u does not accept y as information, but ¬y, is the preclusion via x.
Remarks on Inheritance Systems
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