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positivism

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n positivism a quality or state characterized by certainty or acceptance or affirmation and dogmatic assertiveness
    • n positivism the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Positivism A system of philosophy originated by M. Auguste Comte, which deals only with positives. It excludes from philosophy everything but the natural phenomena or properties of knowable things, together with their invariable relations of coexistence and succession, as occurring in time and space. Such relations are denominated laws, which are to be discovered by observation, experiment, and comparison. This philosophy holds all inquiry into causes, both efficient and final, to be useless and unprofitable.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n positivism Actual or absolute knowledge.
    • n positivism [capitalized] The Positive philosophy (which see, under positive).
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Positivism actual or absolute knowledge
    • Positivism the philosophical system originated by Comte (1798-1857)—its foundation the doctrine that man can have no knowledge of anything but phenomena, and that the knowledge of phenomena is relative, not absolute
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. positivus, fixed by agreement—ponĕre, to place.

Usage

In literature:

Positivism is really a religion.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great Philosophers, Volume 8" by Elbert Hubbard
However, the Beechers all had a deal of positivism in their characters.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 7" by Elbert Hubbard
The positivism of Comte consists of a philosophy and a polity, in which a religion is involved.
"A History of French Literature" by Edward Dowden
Positivism and Agnosticism 252 Sect.
"The Approach to Philosophy" by Ralph Barton Perry
Positivism, 54, 108 Possibilities, 151, 181-2, 292, 294.
"The Will to Believe" by William James
Science was born, and the warfare between scientific positivism and religious metaphysics was declared.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 07" by Various
I feel, remembering the blithe positivism of my early note, that I am here scarcely consistent.
"An Ocean Tramp" by William McFee
See also the article POSITIVISM.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Great Being of Positivism, 106, 112, 114.
"Modern Substitutes for Christianity" by Pearson McAdam Muir
In his philosophy he was mainly concerned to defend Christianity against modern Positivism.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 4" by Various
In philosophy he inclined to Positivism.
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
Opposed both to utilitarianism and positivism.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
Towards the close of the period there are noticeable traces of a new school superseding both Utilitarianism and Positivism.
"The Age of Tennyson" by Hugh Walker
Here the Positivism of the man was sure to bear fruit and produce some remarkable results.
"Problems in Greek history" by John Pentland Mahaffy
Positivism, after all, then, resorts to reasoning and theorizing!
"The Catholic World. Volume II; Numbers 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12." by E. Rameur
Erst wenn auch diese ueberwunden ist, kann der philosophische Standpunkt positiv entwickelt werden.
"Plato and the Other Companions of Sokrates, 3rd ed. Volume I (of 4)" by George Grote
Elihu's opinions oscillate we may say between Deism and Positivism, and on either side he is a special pleader.
"Expositor's Bible: The Book of Job" by Robert Watson
Positivism, weakness of, 14.
"A Century of Science and Other Essays" by John Fiske
Real Positivism must entirely avoid a natural Law of Nations.
"International Law. A Treatise. Volume I (of 2)" by Lassa Francis Oppenheim
Materialism and positivism soon came also to replace the visions of Herzen; for when Alexander II.
"Russia: Its People and Its Literature" by Emilia Pardo Bazn
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In news:

Capitalism, positivism, functionalism), it seems too simplistic to say that the US foreign policy is unilaterally trying to secure its own hegemonic status.
In his heyday, Auguste Comte (1798–1857) captivated some of the brightest minds of the nineteenth century with his alternative to religion, which he called positivism.
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In science:

For any monomial m in f of positiv degree, we can write m = m′ (xi − ai ) + aim′ for suitable ai ∈ k, and where m′ is of strictly less degree than m.
Noncommutative plane curves
Copenhagen-type positivism: there is something in our models, a random field, between the preparation and discrete event devices, and indeed constituting the whole experiment.
Models of measurement for quantum fields and for classical continuous random fields
Positivness condition can be weakened a little bit in the case of problem considered here: see below footnote in the subsection 5.2.
Feedback stabilization for Oseen fluid equations:A stochastic approach
Note that Lemma 8 shows that Λ∗(D) = EX [− log EY 1{Y ∈ A(X )}] which we have assumed is finite, so the denominator is positiv e P -a.s. and W is well-defined.
The Generalized Asymptotic Equipartition Property: Necessary and Sufficient Conditions
Haastert, ¨Uber Differentialoperatoren und D-Moduln in positiver Charakteristik.
Generators and defining relations for ring of differential operators on smooth affine algebraic variety in prime characteristic
In Ayer, A. J., editor, Logical Positivism, page 60.
Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection
This Markov chain is ergodic and positiv recurrent with invariant distribution π(i, j ) = Qβ (τ1 = i)/µβ for (i, j ) ∈ I .
The longest excursion of a random interacting polymer
The limit τ → ∞ may be reached in finite absolute time. 1 I have to remark that I consider this argumentation, as well as positivism, as invalid.
Generalization Of Lorentz-Poincare Ether Theory To Quantum Gravity
Einstein’ ideas written with a logical positivism flavour.
A brief note on how Einstein's general relativity has influenced the development of modern differential geometry
Bohr then followed the tenets of positivism, that implies that only measurable questions should be discussed by scientists.
Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics: a critical survey
Charakterisierung der Entropien positiver Ordnung und der Shannonschen Entropie.
Generalized Entropy from Mixing: Thermodynamics, Mutual Information and Symmetry Breaking
For example, in blood testing the positiv e sample might get diluted in one or more tests leading to potential misses of infected blood samples.
Boolean Compressed Sensing and Noisy Group Testing
Note the emphasis on ‘anticipating imagination.’ The positive sciences (e.g., biology) tend to begin with observations, but in sociology this approach has led to positivism. On the basis of a priori decisions, the stabilization of facts would then be given priority over the meanings of these facts.
Luhmann's Communication-Theoretical Specification of the 'Genomena' of Husserl's Phenomenology
Eschenburg, Freie isometrische Aktionen auf kompakten Lie-Gruppen mit positiv gekr¨ummten Orbitr¨aumen, Schriftenr.
Flats in Riemannian Submersions from Lie Groups
Schiemann, Ein Beispiel positiv definiter quadratischer Formen der Dimension 4 mit gleichen Darstel lungszahlen, Arch.
Lattice invariants from the heat kernel
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