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phosphate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n phosphate carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid
    • n phosphate a salt of phosphoric acid
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Chocolate not only does not promote tooth decay, it might prevent it. According to the American Dental Association, milk chocolate contains ingredients, such as calcium and phosphate, that might modify acid production in the mouth that leads to cavities. Some oils in chocolate might also prevent tooth decay. Chocolate does contain sugar, of course, but these are simple sugars that are less harmful than the complex sugars contained in other foods.
    • n Phosphate (Chem) A salt of phosphoric acid.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n phosphate A salt of phosphoric acid.
    • n phosphate A name given to various mineral deposits which consist largely of calcium or iron and alumina phosphates, and are used in the manufacture of commercial fertilizers.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Phosphate a salt formed by the combination of phosphoric acid with a base
    • ***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L.,—Gr.,—phōsphoros, light-bearer—phōs, light, phoros, bearing, from pherein, to bear.

Usage

In literature:

This same thing is true of phosphates and other mineral resources.
"The Attempted Assassination of ex-President Theodore Roosevelt" by Oliver Remey
She drank pretty freely of acid phosphate, and that removed the feeling entirely.
"Fred Fearnot's New Ranch" by Hal Standish
Quantities of phosphate rock, limestone, and gypsum were to be dug, also salt, aluminum, mica, topaz, and gold.
"History of the United States, Volume 5" by E. Benjamin Andrews
Salicylic acid and salicylate of sodium have proved useful in certain cases; also phosphate of sodium.
"Special Report on Diseases of the Horse" by United States Department of Agriculture
OF THE SULPHURIC AND PHOSPHORIC ACIDS; OR THE COMBINATIONS OF OXYGEN WITH SULPHUR AND PHOSPHORUS; AND OF THE SULPHATS AND PHOSPHATS.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
And what the devil are you in phosphates?
"Woman on Her Own, False Gods & The Red Robe" by Eugène Brieux
It forms a very rich phosphatic guano, containing in many cases between 70 and 80 per cent of insoluble phosphate of lime.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Salt and phosphates of lime are exported.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
C. (to complete the precipitation of the phosphates, etc.).
"The Elements of Bacteriological Technique" by John William Henry Eyre
The material mined is mainly a phosphate of lime (tricalcium phosphate).
"The Economic Aspect of Geology" by C. K. Leith
The most common source of phosphorus, usually referred to as phosphoric acid, is acid phosphate.
"The Pecan and its Culture" by H. Harold Hume
A precipitate thrown down by boiling and redissolved by nitric acid is probably phosphate of lime.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Obscure they are, fixed, in the bone, locked up in phosphate of lime.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 15, No. 90, April, 1865" by Various
They yield the phosphates in large measure.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
It is a great favorite, and in some respects the finest natural source of phosphatic manure in the world.
"The Galaxy, Volume 23, No. 2, February, 1877" by Various
Describe the composition of phosphate of lime, and the chemical changes which take place in altering it to super-phosphate of lime.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
I have used for many years, and with most satisfactory results, a good potato phosphate.
"The Gladiolus" by Matthew Crawford
Phosphatic concretions are often present in certain limestones, clays, shelly sands and marls.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
Basic copper phosphates are of frequent occurrence in the mineral kingdom.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
It won't take so very much phosphate; will it?
"The Girls of Hillcrest Farm" by Amy Bell Marlowe
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In poetry:

And One, long since a pillar of the Court,
As mud between the beams thereof is wrought;
And One who wrote on phosphates for the crops
Is subject-matter of his own Report.
"The Last Department" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Syngenta and Novozymes to partner for phosphate use efficiency.
Iron- Phosphate Battery Receives UL 2054 Certification and CE Mark.
Chris Wilde, director of business development for Utah Phosphate Co.
Bearings Cut Downtime at Major Phosphate Plant.
Roy McChesney speaks out against the expansion of the Mosaic Phosphate mine Thursday morning during a hearing in the commission chambers GRANT JEFFERIES/Bradenton Herald.
The sign sits amid high grass for HRK Holdings LLC at the former Piney Point phosphate plant.
Cursed Be the Phosphate.
Fertilize your lawns phosphate– free .
Phosphate structural and process considerations.
Phosphate esters are naturally compatible.
Mosaic Profit Off 18% Amid Lower Phosphate Volume.
Mosaic 's North American phosphate output dropped 9.1 percent to 2 million tons while sales were 16 percent lower at 2.7 million tons.
Because phosphate rock is roughly 11 percent phosphorus, that means companies produced about 21 million tons of the element in 2011.
Under the new law, only certain phosphorous fertilizers with less than.67 percent by weight phosphate content can be applied without penalty.
Take phosphate binders with every meal.
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In science:

However, simple condensation theory predicts no variation at all. (ii) In the region of significant experimental interest, i.e.,for concentrations of DNA phosphates from 0.1 to 0.5 M, the calculated osmotic coefficients are close to 0.3 in reasonably close agreement with the experimental value 0.24 .
Osmotic Properties of Charged Cylinders: Critical Evaluation of Counterion Condensation Theory
We used photons extracted from pairs generated by spontaneous parametric downconversion (SPDC) in a periodically-poled potassium titanyl phosphate (PPKTP) crystal; however, either an attenuated laser or LED could have been used instead.
Secure self-calibrating quantum random bit generator
The most important is the electrostatic repulsion between the highly charged phosphate groups of the strands, which is screen by counterions in solution.
Experimental and theoretical studies of sequence effects on the fluctuation and melting of short DNA molecules
The geometry of the sugar phosphate backbone is not invariant by reversal, and its orientation is conventionally defined with a standard labeling of the carbon atoms on the sugar ring from 5′C to 3′C.
Experimental and theoretical studies of sequence effects on the fluctuation and melting of short DNA molecules
Milner-White EJ, Russell MJ (2005) Nests as sites for phosphates and ironsulfur thiolates in the first membranes: 3 to 6 residue anion-binding motifs.
Magnetism, FeS colloids, and Origins of Life
The erythrocytes were separated by centrifugation and washed with phosphate buffer saline (PBS).
Optical tweezer for probing erythrocyte membrane deformability
The monomers are either bound to GTP or GDP (Guanosine tri/bi-phosphate).
Khintchine-Pollaczek formula for random walks whose steps have one geometric tail
In this paper, we will assume the use of periodically poled potassium tytanil phosphate (PPKTP) waveguide sources, which have been shown to produce highly indistinguishable photon pairs, and to enable efficient heralded single photon emission .
Efficient generation of single and entangled photons on a silicon photonic integrated chip
In a watery environment a small amount of input energy can break this bond; the phosphate can then bind with water, which forms a strong bond.
The role of context and culture in teaching physics: The implication of disciplinary differences
An O-P bond in ATP is referred to as a “highenergy phosphate bond” because: A. The bond is a particularly stable bond. B. The bond is a relatively weak bond. C. Breaking the bond releases a significant quantity of energy. D. A relatively small quantity of energy is required to break the bond.
Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP
If I were to rationalize [the physics professor’s] model, then I would have to say ATP breaks down into ADP plus something. There's a bond formed between the phosphate and something that makes it more stable.
Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP
Wu, Remarks on the modified Potassium Dihydrogen Phosphate Model of a Ferroelectric, Phys.
Random Tilings: Concepts and Examples
DNA consists in two strands of base-pairs wound helically around a phosphate backbone.
Biologic
The DNA molecule consists of two strands which are formed by the linked phosphate groups and deoxyribose (or sugar) rings.
Modeling DNA Conformational Transformations on the Mesoscopic Scales
The third type is the displacements of a nucleotide as a whole (nucleic base + sugar + phosphate group).
Modeling DNA Conformational Transformations on the Mesoscopic Scales
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