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peer

Definitions

  • The professor peers out of his study window
    The professor peers out of his study window
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v peer look searchingly "We peered into the back of the shop to see whether a salesman was around"
    • n peer a person who is of equal standing with another in a group
    • n peer a nobleman (duke or marquis or earl or viscount or baron) who is a member of the British peerage
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A man peers over the top edge of one of the waterfalls; a woman and dog are nearby A man peers over the top edge of one of the waterfalls; a woman and dog are nearby
William peering round his brother in order to talk to Miss Cannon William peering round his brother in order to talk to Miss Cannon
The boys clambering over tables and chairs as Mrs. de Vere Carter peers around the door The boys clambering over tables and chairs as Mrs. de Vere Carter peers around the door

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Peer A comrade; a companion; a fellow; an associate. "He all his peers in beauty did surpass."
    • Peer A nobleman; a member of one of the five degrees of the British nobility, namely, duke, marquis, earl, viscount, baron; as, a peer of the realm. "A noble peer of mickle trust and power."
    • Peer One of the same rank, quality, endowments, character, etc.; an equal; a match; a mate. "In song he never had his peer .""Shall they consort only with their peers ?"
    • v. t Peer To be, or to assume to be, equal.
    • Peer To come in sight; to appear. "So honor peereth in the meanest habit.""See how his gorget peers above his gown!"
    • Peer To look narrowly or curiously or intently; to peep; as, the peering day. "Peering in maps for ports, and piers, and roads.""As if through a dungeon grate he peered ."
    • v. t Peer To make equal in rank.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • peer To look narrowly or sharply: commonly implying searching or an effort to see: as, to peer into the darkness.
    • peer To appear; come in sight.
    • peer To appear; seem.
    • n peer One of the same rank, qualities, endowments, character, or the like; an equal; a match.
    • n peer A companion; a fellow; an associate.
    • n peer A nobleman of an especial dignity. Specifically— In Great Britain and Ireland, a holder of the title of one of the five degrees of nobility—duke, marquis, earl, viscount, baron; also, one of the two English archbishops, or one of those twenty-four bishops who are entitled to sit in the House of Lords. The former class are distinguished as lords temporal, the latter as lords spiritual. The House of Peers of House of Lords consists of— all peers of the Untied Kingdom (corresponding to peers of England prior to 1707 and peers of Great Britain from 1707 to January 1st, 1801) who are of full age; the representative Scottish peers (see peer of Scotland), elected for each parliament; the Irish representative peers (see peer of Ireland), elected for life; and the lords spiritual. Many of the peers of Scotland and of Ireland, however, are also peers of England, Great Britain, or the United Kingdom, and sit in the House of Lords under the titles thus held.
    • peer To play the peer; be a peer or equal; take or be of equal rank.
    • peer To make equal to or of the same rank with.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Peer pēr an equal in rank, ability, character, &c.: an associate: a nobleman: a member of the House of Lords
    • v.i Peer pēr to look narrowly or closely: to peep: to appear
    • ***

Quotations

  • Georg C. Lichtenberg
    Georg%20C.%20Lichtenberg
    “A book is a mirror: If an ass peers into it, you can't expect an apostle to look out.”
  • Edgar Allan Poe
    Edgar%20Allan%20Poe
    “Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there, wondering, fearing, doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.”
  • Robert Downey Jr.
    Robert Downey Jr.
    “A lot of my peer group think I'm an eccentric bisexual, like I may even have an ammonia-filled tentacle somewhere on my body. That's okay.”
  • Daniel Defoe
    Daniel Defoe
    “Pride the first peer and president of hell.”
  • Daniel Defoe
    Daniel Defoe
    “Wealth, howsoever got, in England makes lords of mechanics, gentlemen of rakes; Antiquity and birth are needless here; 'Tis impudence and money makes a peer.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. per, OF. per, F. pair, fr. L. par, equal. Cf. Apparel Pair Par (n.) Umpire
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M. E. piren—Low Ger. piren, orig. pliren, to draw the eyelids together.

Usage

In literature:

The man in the saddle leant over, peering into the face of the Inspector.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
Reaching the door, he peered over the edge.
"The Promise" by James B. Hendryx
Ay, by this hoary beard of mine, I swear, Not one of my twelve Peers shall thither go.
"La Chanson de Roland" by Léon Gautier
Now Tom peered up at the dark sky, squinting into the sun.
"Gold in the Sky" by Alan Edward Nourse
The stoop was gone from his shoulders, and the peering, peaked look from his eyes.
"The Northern Iron" by George A. Birmingham
He stared about in the darkness, he peered up the staircase into the gloom.
"Lorraine" by Robert W. Chambers
There was no answer as he peered around the room, holding the match toward first one corner and then another.
"The Return of Peter Grimm" by David Belasco
Behind her was old Grandpa, peering into the dim closet.
"The Rich Little Poor Boy" by Eleanor Gates
Failing that, he hinted that the President of the Board of Agriculture ought to be a Peer.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
When the second dawn came, the Bunch were all tautly and wearily alert again, peering ahead, across dun desert.
"The Planet Strappers" by Raymond Zinke Gallun
The boys peered into the blackness without being able to distinguish anything.
"A Voyage with Captain Dynamite" by Charles Edward Rich
Once she went around the rear of the car and peered down.
"Stubble" by George Looms
In all the world he has no peer, and ye may well rejoice in the beauty and manliness of your king.
"Hero-Myths & Legends of the British Race" by Maud Isabel Ebbutt
But Pete gripped him by the shoulder, and peered into his face in the dark.
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
Oliver had so grown in prowess since his first encounter with Roland that he was now the peer of his friend in every point.
"With Spurs of Gold" by Frances Nimmo Greene
A weasel ran restlessly over a hillock and peered down upon them with hard, bright eyes.
"The Watchers of the Trails" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Clyde peered ahead to the limit of her restricted area of vision, for the lights of a station or a town.
"Desert Conquest" by A. M. Chisholm
He stood now at the summit, peering to see where we had gone.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, May, 1930" by Various
Beyond, from a lift, a boy in green and gilt, peered greedily.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
The sounds grew louder, and he turned about and peered down the darkening valley.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
***

In poetry:

Yet this is sure, the loveliest star
That clustered with its peers we see,
Only because from us so far
Doth near its fellows seem to be.
"Afternoon At A Parsonage" by Jean Ingelow
Although there were some fourtie heav'ns, or more,
Sometimes I peere above them all;
Sometimes I hardly reach a score,
Sometimes to hell I fall.
"The Temper" by George Herbert
"I dought neither speak to prince or peer,
Nor ask of grace from fair ladye:"
"Now hold thy peace," the lady said,
"For as I say, so must it be."
"Thomas The Rhymer" by Anonymous British
Some sense and more estate kind Heaven
To this well-lotted peer has given:
What then? he must have rule and sway,
And all is wrong till he's in play.
"The Ladle. A Tale" by Matthew Prior
"Take courage"—courage! ay, my purple peer
I will take courage; for thy Tyrian rays
Refresh me to the heart, and strangely dear
And healing is thy praise.
"Honours -- Part I" by Jean Ingelow
Last of the giants, in whose soul shone clear
The sacred torch of greatness and of right,
A stricken world, that cannot boast thy peer,
Mourns o'er thy grave amidst the new-born night.
"Theodore Roosevelt" by Howard Phillips Lovecraft

In news:

Angela Davis peers from a "Wanted by the FBI" poster.
Nick Hocker, a 2012 Oxford High graduate, ranked seventh in the state among his peers.
As an hourly -based planner and advisor, I often get laughed at by some of my peers.
OHFA recognized by peers for its work in affordable housing industry .
He peered into a mound of garbage and separated one "green" from another.
Contributors are invited to submit their manuscripts in English to the Editor for critical peer review.
The study was published February in the Medicine & Science in Sports & Excercise, a peer reviewed journal.
Her research has focused on social vulnerability during childhood and peer relationships at school.
A fixture of the New York School, McNeil refused to pose with his peers in a 1950 photo shoot for Time magazine.
A Citation Analysis of the Impact of Blinded Peer Review.
Alice Sky, 15, of Herndon, was found guilty by a jury of her peers on the charge of involuntary manslaughter.
This is where the quick thinking and generosity of in-the-business peers comes in.
Has JPMorgan Succumbed to Peer Pressure.
Social networks and peer communities are changing how products are sold.
Why the Future of Business is Sharing examines how strong peer-to-peer networks are changing the way products go to market.
***

In science:

Magniette, Performance Evaluation of Sandboxing Techniqes for Peer-to-Peer Computing. 16.
Fine-Grained Authorization for Job Execution in the Grid: Design and Implementation
For certain types of graphs, including complete graphs, expander graphs and peer-to-peer networks, such Markov chains are rapidly mixing, so that gossip algorithms converge very quickly.
Geographic Gossip: Efficient Averaging for Sensor Networks
Chord: A scalable Peer-To-Peer lookup service for internet applications.
Decentralized Search with Random Costs
The effectiveness of the MCP is described, discussed and evaluated. We ultimately put forward two versions of the MCP (Simple and Extended) which can be applied given the considerations of peer mobility, peer density, content size and technologies available to a peer.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
As an example in a local storage on peer A, the peer has two entries: B = 1, C = 1.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
If the peers are entering and exiting the radio coverage area rapidly, then we have more chance of communicating a message to the majority of peers by repeating it rapidly.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
However by not replying the receiving peer still gains because it knows that it has seen another peer.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Predominantly the aim of the MCP is to provide a system on which content sharing can take place within collections of ad-hoc networks of peers, where all peers available possess various resource capabilities.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Actual simulation of 1000 peers, each peer had a maximum communication range of 10 meters.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Where a break is found within the unidirectional pipe due to sharing (Figure 41) or velocities being in excess of one another it may become impossible for a peer to share its messages with the network. If the interval between peers is too extensive the same problem occurs.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Uniform unidirectional mobility: Percentage of peers who successfully received content broadcast by the original seller peer for a series of intervals between 2 and 12 meters and changing period. 10 and 12 meter intervals share the same results.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
The number of peers receiving an originally seeded message by a peer followed a gradual increase.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Regular grid mobility: Percentage of peers who successfully received content broadcast by the original seller peer for a series of intervals between 4 and 12 meters and changing period. 10 and 12 meter intervals share the same results.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
Bidirectional Grid, percentage of peers receiving original message for regular and irregular mobility where there is a changing set percentage of sharing peers.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
The speed of peers affected content sharing if the peers traveled faster than the range of receiving peers.
Content Sharing for Mobile Devices
***