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moon

Definitions

  • The Brother of the Moon
    The Brother of the Moon
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v moon expose one's buttocks to "moon the audience"
    • v moon be idle in a listless or dreamy way
    • v moon have dreamlike musings or fantasies while awake "She looked out the window, daydreaming"
    • n moon any natural satellite of a planet "Jupiter has sixteen moons"
    • n Moon the natural satellite of the Earth "the average distance to the Moon is 384,400 kilometers","men first stepped on the moon in 1969"
    • n moon the natural satellite of the Earth "the average distance to the Moon is 384,400 kilometers","men first stepped on the moon in 1969"
    • n moon any object resembling a moon "he made a moon lamp that he used as a night light","the clock had a moon that showed various phases"
    • n Moon United States religious leader (born in Korea) who founded the Unification Church in 1954; was found guilty of conspiracy to evade taxes (born in 1920)
    • n Moon the light of the Moon "moonlight is the smuggler's enemy","the Moon was bright enough to read by"
    • n moon the period between successive new moons (29.531 days)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The man in the moon The man in the moon
Summer Moon Summer Moon
East o' the Sun & West o' the Moon East o' the Sun & West o' the Moon
THE MOON THE MOON
"Blow Up the Trumpet in the New Moon." "Blow Up the Trumpet in the New Moon."
Position of the New Moon at the Equinoxes Position of the New Moon at the Equinoxes
A kitten looks round from a window, while the moon shines outside A kitten looks round from a window, while the moon shines outside
"CAPTAIN SOLOMON ... WAS WATCHING THE MOON" "CAPTAIN SOLOMON ... WAS WATCHING THE MOON"

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Sea of Tranquility on the moon is deeper than the highest mountain on Earth
    • Moon (Fort) A crescentlike outwork. See Half-moon.
    • Moon A secondary planet, or satellite, revolving about any member of the solar system; as, the moons of Jupiter or Saturn.
    • Moon The celestial orb which revolves round the earth; the satellite of the earth; a secondary planet, whose light, borrowed from the sun, is reflected to the earth, and serves to dispel the darkness of night. The diameter of the moon is 2,160 miles, its mean distance from the earth is 240,000 miles, and its mass is one eightieth that of the earth. See Lunar month, under Month. "The crescent moon, the diadem of night."
    • Moon The deliberately exposed naked buttocks.
    • Moon The time occupied by the moon in making one revolution in her orbit; a month.
    • v. i Moon To act if moonstruck; to wander or gaze about in an abstracted manner. "Elsley was mooning down the river by himself."
    • Moon To expose one's naked buttocks to (a person); -- a vulgar sign of contempt or disrespect, sometimes done as a prank.
    • Moon To expose to the rays of the moon. "If they have it to be exceeding white indeed, they seethe it yet once more, after it hath been thus sunned and mooned ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Uranus has 27 moons
    • n moon A heavenly body which revolves around the earth monthly, accompanying the earth as a satellite in its annual revolution, and shining by the sun's reflected light. Next to the sun, the moon is the most conspicuous and interesting of celestial objects. The rapidity of its motion, the variety of its phases, and especially the striking phenomena of eclipses, compelled the attention of the earliest observers; and the fact that lunar observations can be made available to determine the longitude has given the theory of the moon's motion the first rank in economic importance, while the mathematical problems involved have proved most interesting and fertile from the scientific point of view. Of all the heavenly bodies (meteors excepted) the moon is nearest to us. Its mean distance is a little more than sixty times the radius of the earth, or 238,800 miles. The dimensions of the moon as compared with those of the earth are far greater than those of any other satellite in proportion to its primary. Its diameter is 2,162 miles (about 0.273 of the earth's equatorial diameter), and its volume, or bulk, is 0.0204, or about one forty-ninth of that of the earth. Its mean density, however (about 3.4 times that of water), is only about three fifths of that of the earth, and its mass about one eightieth. The inclination of its orbit to the ecliptic is 5°8' 40“. It completes its revolution around the earth in an average period of 27d. 7h. 43m. 11.5s., which constitutes the sidereal month; the ordinary, or synodical, month, from new moon to new moon again, is a little more than two days longer — 29d. 12h. 44m. 2.7s. (See month.) The moon's orbital motion is subject to considerable inequalities, due to the disturbing action of the sun, and the investigation of these inequalities makes up the major part of the “lunar theory.” The moon revolves on its axis once in a sidereal month, thus always presenting nearly the same face to the earth — a circumstance which has led to the fallacy of a denial of its rotation. (See rotation.) Its disk appears to the naked eye diversified by dark and bright patches, giving rise to the “man in the moon” of popular fancy (see under man); but on examination with a powerful telescope these are lost sight of, and replaced by a crowd of interesting objects. such as mountains and valleys, craters and clefts, on a scale unknown upon the earth: the surface-structure seems to be mainly volcanic, resembling very closely in certain respects, and differing most markedly in others from, that which is characteristic of volcanic regions on the earth's surface. The moon has no clouds, shows no indications of an atmosphere or of the presence of water, and is believed to have a temperature which at its maximum does not rise above the melting-point of ice. See libration.
    • n moon A satellite of any planet: as, the moons of Jupiter; Uranian moons.
    • n moon The period of a synodical revolution of the moon round the earth; a month.
    • n moon Something in the shape of a moon, especially of a half-moon or crescent. Specifically
    • n moon In brickmaking, an implement of the nature of a slicebar, for slicing or loosening fires in the grates of brickkilns. It is somewhat longer than half the width of the kiln, and has a nearly circular blade perforated in the middle, which is shoved in on the top of the grate and under the fire, to clear out ashes and brighten up the fire.
    • n moon The golden-crested wren, Regulus cristatus. Also moonie, muin. See cut under goldcrest.
    • n moon The moon-daisy or moon-flower. Also moons
    • moon To adorn with a moon or moons; furnish with crescents or moon-shaped marks.
    • moon To expose to the rays of the moon.
    • moon To wander or gaze idly or moodily about, as if moonstruck.
    • n moon An obsolete spelling of moan.
    • n moon Moonlight.
    • moon In opposum-hunting, to locate (the hiding-place of the animal) by bringing the tree in which it is supposed to lurk into clear view between one's self and the moon.
    • moon To shave (skins) with a moon or moon-knife. See mooning, 1.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If you pile up the cans of Yeo's products, you would be able to reach the moon.
    • n Moon mōōn the secondary planet or satellite which revolves round the earth monthly, shining with reflected light: a satellite revolving about any other planet; a month: anything in the shape of a moon or crescent:
    • v.t Moon to adorn with moons or crescents
    • v.i Moon to wander about or gaze vacantly at anything
    • adj Moon lighted by the moon: occurring during moonlight
    • n Moon a noodle
    • n Moon mōōn (fort.) a crescent-shaped outwork
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robert Townsend
    Robert Townsend
    “If you shoot for the stars and hit the moon, it's OK. But you've got to shoot for something. A lot of people don't even shoot.”
  • William Blake
    William%20Blake
    “If the Sun and Moon should doubt, They'd immediately Go out”
  • Les Brown
    Les%20Brown
    “Shoot for the moon. Even if you miss it you will land among the stars.”
  • Confucius
    Confucius
    “Ignorance is the night of the mind, but a night without moon or star.”
  • Native American Proverb
    Native American Proverb
    “Don't judge any man until you have walked two moons in his moccasins.”
  • Olive Schreiner
    Olive%20Schreiner
    “Men are like the earth and we are the moon; we turn always one side to them, and they think there is no other, because they don't see it -- but there is.”

Idioms

Don't know whether to wind a watch or bark at the moon - If you don't know what to do, you don't know whether to wind a watch or bark at the moon.
***
Hung the moon - If you refer to someone as having hung the moon, you think they are extremely wonderful, or amazing, or good.
***
Many moons ago - A very long time ago.
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Once in a blue moon - If something happens once in a blue moon, it happens very rarely indeed.
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Over the moon - If you are over the moon about something, you are overjoyed.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. mone, AS. mōna,; akin to D. maan, OS. & OHG. māno, G. mond, Icel. māni, Dan. maane, Sw. måne, Goth. mēna, Lith. menů, L. mensis, month, Gr. mh`nh moon, mh`n month, Skr. mās, moon, month; prob. from a root meaning to measure (cf. Skr. , to measure), from its serving to measure the time. √271. Cf. Mete to measure, Menses Monday Month
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. móna; cf. Ger. mond, L. mensis, Gr. mēnē.

Usage

In literature:

And in like manner of the moon and planets.
"Myths and Marvels of Astronomy" by Richard A. Proctor
With the full moon I can do it before daylight.
"Northern Lights" by Gilbert Parker
But if during a waning moon, a hard year; and the nearer the end of the moon, so much the worse.
"Moon Lore" by Timothy Harley
It was perceptibly larger; in the clear refractive sky of the tropics it seemed as if it were nearly a quarter the size of the moon.
"Tales of Space and Time" by Herbert George Wells
The brilliance of the moon arises solely from the light of the sun, which falls on the not self-luminous substance of the moon.
"The Story of the Heavens" by Robert Stawell Ball
It really serves as a moon to our moon, but its phases follow each other in reverse order.
"To Mars via The Moon" by Mark Wicks
At a comparatively early period, however, the phases of the moon attracted attention, and became the basis of calendars.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
Precisely as much as the moon pulls the terrestrial tidal wave backward, the tidal wave pulls the moon forward.
"A Popular History of Astronomy During the Nineteenth Century" by Agnes M. (Agnes Mary) Clerke
On the night of January 7, 1610, Galileo discovered the four moons of Jupiter.
"The Astronomy of Milton's 'Paradise Lost'" by Thomas Orchard
It is indeed precisely similar with regard to the moon.
"Astronomy of To-day" by Cecil G. Dolmage
Very soon after he found that Venus was changing from a full moon to a half moon appearance.
"Pioneers of Science" by Oliver Lodge
Beneath them the air was clear; from somewhere above a hidden moon forced a pale light through the clouds.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science February 1930" by Various
THE MOON, most interesting of telescopic objects, 156; telescopic views of moon reversed, 157.
"Pleasures of the telescope" by Garrett Serviss
She replied that the moon, the stars, and the sea had gone to his head.
"Peter the Brazen" by George F. Worts
And with death came also the sun, moon and stars.
"Eskimo Folktales" by Unknown
They did not want to turn back, yet whither were they to go, towards the moon?
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
The fire had sunk, the moon was rising, and through a gap between the trunks one could see a dark gulf, out of which thin mist rolled.
"Partners of the Out-Trail" by Harold Bindloss
May I invite you to be my guest on a little week-end jaunt to the Moon?
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science July 1930" by Various
Misty Moon, Misty Moon!
"Jimbo" by Algernon Blackwood
I couldn't see well; there were stars, but no moon.
"A Diary Without Dates" by Enid Bagnold
***

In poetry:

. . . . Rosa! the Moon soothes thine unearthly rest,
And Peace pervades the snows upon thy breast!
(Macugnaga.)
"Monta Rosa " by Roden Berkeley Wriothesley Noel
Old Man, your pearls are not for us,
Your rubies die too soon:
Have you the pearls of Sirius,
Or opals of the moon
"Jewels: A Young Man to a Merchant" by Herbert Ashley Asquith
OLD Man, your pearls are not for us,
Your rubies die too soon:
Have you the pearls of Sirius,
Or opals of the moon?
"Jewels: A Young Man to a Merchant" by Herbert Ashley Asquith
Beside the Moldau's rushing stream,
With the wan moon overhead,
There stood, as in an awful dream,
The army of the dead.
"Voices Of The Night : The Beleaguered City" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Where pleasantly the moon-beam shone
Upon the poplar trees,
Whose shadow on the stream below
Play'd slowly to the breeze.
"Jaspar" by Robert Southey
Beneath the stars and summer moon
A pair of wedded lovers walk,
Upon the stars and summer moon
They turn their happy eyes, and talk.
" Stars and Moon" by Coventry Patmore

In news:

Blue Moon Caramel Apple Spiced Ale.
PARIS – There was an Armstrong who walked on the moon and another, Louis, who sang sweet jazz.
Moon, who averaged 7.2 pointsand 4.6 rebounds per game in 2008-09, will give the Cavs some depth on the bench.
Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church, university officials said today.
In the Shadow of the Moon.
Robert's attempt at a full moon poem.
Here's Khara's prompt: Write a full moon poem.
The data from Gemini North verified and refined previous orbital characteristics for the dwarf planet and its largest moon while revealing the pair's precise diameters.
Jason Cook explains how geysers made Pluto's largest moon an "ice machine".
Slowly but Cheaply, a New Way to the Moon.
Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church rescued the University of Bridgeport from bankruptcy, a coalition of local citizens and students has been warning that the school had become a front for Mr Moon's global church recruiting activities.
I thought it was the Blue Moon night, but the blue moon is tomorrow night (Friday 8/31).
Zaimph Moon's Pool (excerpt) Moon's Pool.
Scientists announced Wednesday the discovery of the smallest moon yet around the icy orb, bringing the tally of known moons to five.
Pluto and its five moons, with new moon (P5) circled in green.
***

In science:

Yes indeed! The Earth rotates, the Moon and the Planets rotate, and rotation is an ubiquitous state of motion in the Universe.
Eppur, si muove !
The binary separation is of the order 1 light-s (Earth-Moon distance) and mass-transfer is driven by gravitational radiation.
Modeling of Oxygen-Neon Dominated Accretion Disks in Ultracompact X-ray Binaries: 4U1626-67
More recently it has been used to study the shape of outer planet moons, see Hubbard and Anderson, Dermott and Thomas .
The physics of rotational flattening and the point core model
The perturbations from the other planets, Moon, stars, galaxy and universe (see sec. 8 and Ref. [10,11]) are not included in the final results.
New Relativistic Equations of Motion and Their Comparison with the Equations from the General Relativity
Exact limit depends on the sky background, which strongly varies with the Moon phase.
"Pi of the Sky" - all-sky, real-time search for fast optical transients
Planet Total Albedo The surface albedo A can vary from 0.05 (for oceans or a Moon-like surface) to 0.4.
Coronographic Methods for the Detection of Terrestrial Planets
Moon, On the altitude of nodes in random trees.
Congruence properties of depths in some random trees
For αǫ intermediate between the earth’s and moon’s thin shell values, we treat the moon as a point test mass.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Figure 1: Plot of allowed region for the coupling α, as a function of the nonlinear term ǫ, with the mass of the field set to the inverse earth-moon distance.
New Regions for a Chameleon to Hide
Consider Saturn’s 500km diameter moon Enceladus orbiting at a distance of just under 4 Saturn radii with a period of 1.37 days.
ALMA Capabilities for Observations of Spectral Line Emission
ALMA should be capable of imaging the water in these plumes, as it can easily resolve the moon’s disk, providing data on these events long after Cassini ceases its observations.
ALMA Capabilities for Observations of Spectral Line Emission
Recent solutions using LLR data give (−0.8 ± 1.3) × 10−13 for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon.
Experimental Tests of General Relativity
By far the most stringent constraints on a test of the inverse-square law to date come from very precise measurements of the Moon’s orbit about the Earth.
Experimental Tests of General Relativity
Origin of the earth and moon, edited by R.M.
Ice Lines, Planetesimal Composition and Solid Surface Density in the Solar Nebula
We cannot repeat an experiment changing just one variable; the hands of the clock will have moved, and the moons of Jupiter.
Local Causality and Completeness: Bell vs. Jarrett
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