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mineral

Definitions

  • the High Castle of The Miners--haÎt-qaÎt--at The Confluence of Wady Genneh and Wady Maghara
    the High Castle of The Miners--haÎt-qaÎt--at The Confluence of Wady Genneh and Wady Maghara
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj mineral composed of matter other than plant or animal "the inorganic mineral world"
    • adj mineral relating to minerals "mineral elements","mineral deposits"
    • n mineral solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

The Miner's Hitch The Miner's Hitch

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: 4% of an apples is made up of minerals and vitamins, and over 80% is made up of water
    • Mineral A mine.
    • Mineral An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature, having a definite chemical composition and usually a distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of minerals.
    • Mineral Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the most general classification of things into three kingdoms (animal, vegetable, and mineral).
    • Mineral Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.
    • Mineral Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Alcohol beverages have all 13 minerals necessary for human life
    • n mineral Any constituent of the earth's crust; more specifically, an inorganic body occurring in nature, homogeneous and having a definite chemical composition which can be expressed by a chemical formula, and further having certain distinguishing physical characters. A mineral is in almost every case a solid body, and, if it has been formed under suitable conditions, it has, besides its definite chemical composition, a definite molecular structure, which is exhibited externally in its crystalline form and also internally in its cleavage, its behavior with respect to light (optical properties),heat-propagation, electricity, etc. Furthermore, it has other characters, which may belong to it even when amorphous (though sometimes modified by crystallization), as specific gravity, hardness, fracture, tenacity, luster, color, fusibility, etc. A certain variation in physical characters is consistent with the identity of a mineral species, but if the same substance, as calcium carbonate in calcite and in aragonite. occurs in two or more groups of crystals which cannot he referred to the same fundamental form, each is ranked as a distinct species. A difference in specific gravity and in some other physical characters usually accompanies the difference in crystallization. How great a variation in chemical composition, as by isomorphous replacement, is consistent with the identity of a single mineral species is a point about which opinion differs: some authors treat the garnets (all of which have the same form and the same general formula) as a group of related species, and others as varieties of a single species. Chemical compounds formed in the laboratory or in the arts are not regarded as minerals; but where such compounds as are already known as occurring in nature are thus formed they are usually called artificial minerals. Much attention has been devoted of recent, years to the artificial reproduction of minerals, but almost solely as a matter of scientific interest, and as throwing light on the processes of nature.
    • n mineral A mine.
    • mineral Having the nature or character of a mineral as defined above; obtained from a mineral or minerals; belonging to the class of minerals; consisting of minerals: as, a mineral substance; the mineral kingdom. Coal dug from the earth is sometimes called mineral coal, to distinguish it from charcoal, which is artificially prepared by chairing wood.
    • mineral Impregnated with minerals or mineral matter: as, mineral waters; a mineral spring.
    • n mineral In mining, ore.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Mineral deposits in caves: The ones growing upward are stalagmites, the ones growing downward are stalactites.
    • n Mineral min′ėr-al an inorganic substance found in the earth or at its surface: any substance containing a metal
    • adj Mineral relating to minerals: having the nature of minerals: impregnated with minerals, as water: denoting inorganic substances
    • v.i Mineral to collect minerals
    • ***

Quotations

  • Jalal-Uddin Rumi
    Jalal-Uddin%20Rumi
    “I died a mineral, and became a plant. I died a plant and rose an animal. I died an animal and I was man. Why should I fear? When was I less by dying?”
  • Marguerite Gardiner Blessington
    Marguerite Gardiner Blessington
    “Genius is the gold in the mine; talent is the miner who works and brings it out.”
  • J. Paul Getty
    J.%20Paul%20Getty
    “The meek shall inherit the earth, but not its mineral rights.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. minéral, LL. minerale, fr. minera, mine. See Mine (v. i.)

Usage

In literature:

By the term mixed mineral manures is meant a mixture of mineral fertilisers, not including phosphates.
"Manures and the principles of manuring" by Charles Morton Aikman
Minerals; lime and sandstone, salines, and a mineral spring.
"A New Guide for Emigrants to the West" by J. M. Peck
A miner who passed the cabin heard your voices and told me something was wrong.
"That Girl Montana" by Marah Ellis Ryan
The stone quarries and minerals are little worked.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 3" by Various
The valley narrows as it reaches eastward, and in a narrow chasm three miles from Johnstown "flats" is the little settlement of Mineral Point.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
These works form the nucleus of the village, which is almost entirely occupied by coal-miners and iron-furnacemen.
"Lives of the Engineers The Locomotive. George and Robert Stephenson" by Samuel Smiles
Finally he had to work lying down on one elbow, swinging his pick over his head with the other arm in a way a miner alone could have used it.
"The Mines and its Wonders" by W.H.G. Kingston
In 1903 another miners' union, the Western Federation of Miners, conducted a great strike in the mines of Cripple Creek.
"The New Nation" by Frederic L. Paxson
Knowing now that we had a true hard mineral, it remained to be determined what mineral it was.
"A Text-Book of Precious Stones for Jewelers and the Gem-Loving Public" by Frank Bertram Wade
This is one of the Berg-leute, mountain people; he comes from the Freiberg silver district, and is attired in the full dress of a miner.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
Them hills look to me to be mineralized, but I ain't honin' to camp here.
"The Trail of the Goldseekers" by Hamlin Garland
The old miner's teeth were tight clenched, but there were gaps in them through which the whisky Sandy administered trickled.
"Rimrock Trail" by J. Allan Dunn
We had our first sight of the genuine miners.
"Gold" by Stewart White
As the inorganic or mineral part of the soil is usually the largest, we will consider it first.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
The miners were to take the mines.
"Violence and the Labor Movement" by Robert Hunter
Johnnie beat de tom-tom till all de miners hear.
"With Wolseley to Kumasi" by F.S. Brereton
Machines for working stones, clay, and other minerals.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
Mineral springs exist in many places.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 3" by Various
He was an enigma to the miners.
"First Fam'lies of the Sierras" by Joaquin Miller
Individual mineral substances, as distinguished from rocks, which last are usually an aggregation of simple minerals.
"Principles of Geology" by Charles Lyell
***

In poetry:

'Tis not to dig the grave,
Where the dying miner delves;
'Tis not to toil for others
But to labour for yourselves.
"Our Summons" by Ernest Jones
When, just as I lifted up my head
From the furnace-door, there right in front
(I had miss'd the signal standing red),
Was a mineral train that had stopp'd to shunt.
"Rid of His Engine" by Alexander Anderson
He was mad, he was, on mining and around about the town
Prospected every reef. But worse than that -
He'd talk for half a day, in a most annoying way,
On "The mineral resources of the Flat."
"Hopeful Hawkins" by C J Dennis
Those hearts of ours -- how wise! how wise!
They can lift their thoughts till they touch the skies;
They can sink their shafts, like a miner bold,
Where wisdom's mines hide their pearls and gold.
"A Reverie" by Abram Joseph Ryan
And when all his arrangements had been made,
He was lowered down by a miner that felt a little afraid,
But most fortunately Jenny Carrister came up at the time,
Just as Jack Allingford was lowered into the mine.
"Jenny Carrister, The Heroine of Lucknow-Mine" by William Topaz McGonagall
Then she asked the man at the windlass if he'd had any luck,
But he picked up a piece of candle and then a match he struck;
Then Jenny asked the miner, What is that for?
And he replied to blast the mine, which I fear and abhor.
"Jenny Carrister, The Heroine of Lucknow-Mine" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Ex- coal miner Chris Knight's newest CD out this week.
He's an Honorary Texan, a Kentucky Colonel, a former coal miner, and now, one of country's greatest songwriters.
Zooey Deschanel to play Loretta Lynn in Broadway production of ' Coal Miner 's Daughter'.
INTERVIEWS Loretta Lynn Taps Zooey Deschanel For Broadway's ' Coal Miner 's Daughter'.
Zooey Deschanel to Play Loretta Lynn in ' Coal Miner 's Daughter'.
Gay West Virginia Coal Miner Calls for Legislative Action.
Coal Miner 's Daughters.
Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow join Loretta Lynn in the title song from the Academy Award winning film, COAL MINER 'S DAUGHTER.
Coal Miner 's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn.
" Coal Miner 's Daughter" by Loretta Lynn.
" Coal Miner s Daughter" was recorded by Loretta Lynn on October 1st, 1969.
5 Mine in Brookwood, Ala. Thirteen coal miners died.
The government passed laws nearly 30 years ago to clean up deadly coal dust in mines and knock out the leading killer of miners.
Hundreds are marching to Blair Mountain in West Virginia to commemorate the coal miners who fought for their rights there 90 years ago – and to secure our future.
Families of dead miners gather to remember 2010 disaster at Pike River.
***

In science:

Da¸ browska, “Diffusi on cooling of thermal neutrons in basic rock minerals by Monte Carlo simulation of the pulsed neutron experiments,” App.
Threshold of a random laser based on Raman gain in cold atoms
Each cell is a reflective PVC tube that is filled with liquid scintillator (mineral oil doped with about 5% pseudocumene).
Data Quality and Performance of the NOvA Prototype Detector
Pb, may be determined independently, by measuring the lead-205 content in the coexisting minerals, the realgar and the orpiment). Thus, if the mineral would be available from a couple of different depths, this could solve all the otherwise serious background problems. If this is realistic remains to be seen.
The Neutrino - Its Past, Present and Future
Since the storage times may be very long the absolute sensitivity can also be very high, so that even the already available quantity of the mineral might appear sufficient, at the same time the requirements on chemistry also being strongly relaxed.
The Neutrino - Its Past, Present and Future
These features are almost certainly due to silicate minerals: they are respectively ascribed to the Si-O stretching and O-Si-O bending modes in some form of silicate material (e.g. olivine Mg2xFe2−2x SiO4 ).
Interstellar Grains -- The 75th Anniversary
With time, post-condensation thermal annealing (i.e. ageing) of non-equilibrium condensates will also lead to thermodynamic equilibrium minerals.
A comparison of chemistry and dust cloud formation in ultracool dwarf model atmospheres
This route could have been accessible to rod-like mineral colloids (Davidson and Gabriel 2005; see Hamley 2003).
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
To increase the concentration of complementary organic pairs in a given location, consider a possible magnetic d.o.f. of the organic-bound mineral particles (Sect.1).
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Further, from observations of (bio-mineralized) fractal greigite framboids (Preisinger and Aslanian 2004), it seems to be compatible with a nested organization; it can also be found in the magnetosomes of many bacteria (Reitner et al 2005; Simmons et al 2006).
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
The formation of colloidal magnetic minerals like greigite in the mound scenario makes it relevant to look for a control mechanism via an H-field, such as provided by rocks at the base of the mound.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Genetic Takeover and the Mineral Origin of Life.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Prebiotic synthesis on minerals: Bridging the prebiotic and RNA worlds.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Mineral Liquid Crystals from Self-Assembly of Anisotropic Nanosystems.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Mineral surfaces and the prebiotic selection and organization of biomolecules.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
Mineral Surfaces, Geochemical Complexities, and the Origins of Life.
Field-control, phase-transitions, and life's emergence
***