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  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj medium (meat) cooked until there is just a little pink meat inside
    • adj medium around the middle of a scale of evaluation "an orange of average size","intermediate capacity","medium bombers"
    • n medium an occupation for which you are especially well suited "in law he found his true metier"
    • n medium an intervening substance through which signals can travel as a means for communication
    • n medium a means or instrumentality for storing or communicating information
    • n medium (usually plural) transmissions that are disseminated widely to the public
    • n medium the surrounding environment "fish require an aqueous medium"
    • n medium someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead "he consulted several mediums"
    • n medium a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle position "a happy medium"
    • n medium an intervening substance through which something is achieved "the dissolving medium is called a solvent"
    • n medium (bacteriology) a nutrient substance (solid or liquid) that is used to cultivate micro-organisms
    • n medium (biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed
    • n medium a liquid with which pigment is mixed by a painter
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Cost of raising a medium-size dog to the age of eleven: $6,400
    • Medium A means of transmission of news, advertising, or other messages from an information source to the public, also called a news medium, such as a newspaper or radio; used mostly in the plural form, i. e. news media or media. See 1st media2}.
    • Medium (Microbiology) A source of nutrients in which a microorganism is placed to permit its growth, cause it to produce substances, or observe its activity under defined conditions; also called culture medium or growth medium. The medium is usually a solution of nutrients in water, or a similar solution solidified with gelatin or agar.
    • Medium A substance through which an effect is transmitted from one thing to another; as, air is the common medium of sound. "Whether any other liquors, being made mediums, cause a diversity of sound from water, it may be tried.""I must bring together
      All these extremes; and must remove all mediums ."
    • Medium A trade name for printing and writing paper of certain sizes. See Paper.
    • Medium An average. "A medium of six years of war, and six years of peace."
    • a Medium Having a middle position or degree; mean; intermediate; medial; as, a horse of medium size; a decoction of medium strength.
    • Medium Middle place or degree; mean.
    • Medium See Mean.
    • Medium That which lies in the middle, or between other things; intervening body or quantity.
    • Medium (Paint) The liquid vehicle with which dry colors are ground and prepared for application.
    • Medium The mean or middle term of a syllogism; that by which the extremes are brought into connection.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The average medium size piano has about 230 strings
    • n medium That which holds a middle place or position; that which comes or stands between the extremes in a series, as of things, principles, ideas, circumstances, etc.; a mean.
    • n medium Technically— In mathematics, a mean. See mean.
    • n medium In logic, the mean or middle term of a syllogism.
    • n medium A size of paper between demy and royal. American printing-medium is 19 × 24 inches; American writing-medium, 18 × 23 inches; English printing-medium, 18 × 28 inches; English writing-medium, 17½ × 22 inches; American double medium, 24 × 38 inches; and American medium and a half, 24 × 30 inches.
    • n medium Anything which serves or acts intermediately; something by means of which an action is performed or an effect produced; an intervening agency or instrumentality: as, the atmosphere is a medium of sound.
    • n medium Specifically— In painting, any liquid vehicle, as linseed-oil, poppy-oil, varnish, or water, with which dry pigments are ground, or with which pigments are mixed by the painter while at work, in order to give them greater fluidity.
    • n medium In acoustics, a ponderable elastic substance, as air or other gas, water, etc., which transmits the energy of the sounding body in waves of condensation and rarefaction to the ear.
    • n medium In heat and light, that which transmits the energy of the heated or luminous body to a distance in undulatory waves; the ether.
    • n medium In bacteriology, the nutritive substance, either a liquid or a solid, in which or upon which the various forms of microscopic life are grown for study. The liquid media employed are infusions of hay, extract of beer-yeast, and broth of various kinds of meat. The solid media most used are eggs, slices of potatoes and carrots, agar-agar, and especially gelatin and the gelatinized serum of the blood of oxen. After being thoroughly sterilized by heat, they are usually placed in test-tubes, and inoculated with the form that it is desired to study; the cultures may then be observed through the glass.
    • n medium A person through whom, or through whose agency, another acts; specifically, one who is supposed to be controlled in speech and action by the will of another person or a disembodied being, as in animal magnetism and spiritualism; an instrument for the manifestation of another personality. Many of the so-called spiritual mediums claim the power of acting upon and through matter, by means of the spirits controlling them, in a manner independent of ordinary material conditions and limitations. In this sense the plural mediums is preferred.
    • n medium Something of mean or medium weight, size, etc.
    • medium Middle; middling; mean: as, a man of medium size. Synonyms See mean, n.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Dark roasted coffees actually have LESS caffeine than medium roasts. The longer a coffee is roasted, the more caffeine burns off during the process.
    • n Medium mē′di-um the middle: the middle place or degree: any intervening means, instrument, or agency: the substance in which bodies exist, or through which they move: in spiritualism, the person through whom spirits are said to make themselves seen or heard
    • adjs Medium mediocre
    • ***


  • Benjamin Franklin
    “Most people return small favors, acknowledge medium ones and repay greater ones -- with ingratitude.”
  • Albert Einstein
    “They come into being not through demonstration but through revelation, through the medium of powerful personalities.”
  • Hans Keller
    Hans Keller
    “I never was an opera fan -- about twenty-five musically supreme masterpieces in this curious medium apart.”
  • Plato
    “Opinion is the medium between knowledge and ignorance.”
  • Wes ''Scoop'' Nisker
    Wes ''Scoop'' Nisker
    “Poetry is the special medium of spiritual crazy wisdom, the form of expression that comes closest to creating a bridge between words and what is wordless.”
  • Edward Blishen
    Edward Blishen
    “Life is amazing: and the teacher had better prepare himself to be a medium for that amazement.”


Happy medium - If you reach a happy medium, you are making a compromise; reaching a conclusion or decision.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. medium, the middle, fr. medius, middle. See Mid, and cf. Medius
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

A medium sized pumpkin will make 4 medium sized pies.
"Desserts and Salads" by Gesine Lemcke
There's a big husky in overalls walkin' by with plenty of medium oil on his face and a monkey wrench in his hand.
"Kid Scanlan" by H. C. Witwer
There's to be a duck of a medium and I am just dying to have my fortune told.
"The Paliser case" by Edgar Saltus
The heat of reptiles is from four to fifteen degrees more than that of their medium.
"Essays: Scientific, Political, & Speculative, Vol. I" by Herbert Spencer
A medium is an abnormal person and is a good medium in proportion to the degree of abnormality.
"Elementary Theosophy" by L. W. Rogers
The best type of truck is one of medium weight, and of the best construction obtainable.
"The Note-Book of an Attache" by Eric Fisher Wood
I now felt certain that the medium was an important figure in the plot which I was trying to defeat.
"The International Spy" by Allen Upward
I've never consulted a real medium, but now that I know Peter is gone, I shall do so.
"The Come Back" by Carolyn Wells
Fruit medium size, olive green, with small gray specks.
"Soil Culture" by J. H. Walden
May not the elasticity of a universal medium account for most of the intricate phenomena of bodies?
"A Morning's Walk from London to Kew" by Richard Phillips
An account of the money drawn from the public by taxes, annually, being the medium of three years before the year 1776.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
Mediums looks from both ends; and, if they're good at it, they soon find out which end's right.
"Mad Shepherds" by L. P. Jacks
Fruit medium to large.
"The Apple" by Various
This medium is one of them.
"Eleven Possible Cases" by Frank R. Stockton
True mixed woods, sometimes referred to as karst woods, occur at medium elevations.
"Area Handbook for Albania" by Eugene K. Keefe
He was medium tall, and he wore a cap that might have been white once.
"The Caves of Fear" by John Blaine
In writing for the orchestra it is advisable to rely on a medium-sized body of strings.
"Principles of Orchestration" by Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov
Apply a medium shade uniformly and let thoroughly dry and then shade with light and darker tones.
"Candy-Making Revolutionized" by Mary Elizabeth Hall
These special deadfalls were called otter traps, but really when once set were open for most any animal of a medium size passing that path.
"Deadfalls and Snares" by A. R. (Arthur Robert) Harding
They are peculiarly the grazier's animal, as they improve rapidly and mature early on medium feed.
"Domestic Animals" by Richard L. Allen

In poetry:

Thou goest to Jehovah's sacred place,
To hear the language of thy gracious Lord,
And commune with him, tho' not face to face,
Yet through the medium of his blessed word.
"Things, Which A Person Ought To Meditate Upon, On The Lord's-Day," by Rees Prichard
With active zeal, which no cold medium knew,
Nor party ruled, nor prejudice confined,
But, to thy heart's spontaneous impulse true,
Thou gay'st thy country ALL thy mighty mind.
"Sheridan" by Thomas Gent
"The spirits do not like the light,"
The medium said, and turned the switch;
The little lady on my right
Clutched at my hand with nervous twitch.
(She seemed to be a pretty bitch.)
"The Seance" by Robert W Service
"A shape I see," the medium cried,
"Whose face and name I do not know . . ."
"'Tis Robert Service," soft replied
A voice - "I passed a month ago,
And I've come back to let you know.
"The Seance" by Robert W Service
I. Visions of fleeting pleasure! spare, oh! spare me!
Hence! shades of many a bliss, and many a sorrow;
In vain from this cool medium would ye tear me,
With joys indeed to-day—but, what to-morrow?
"To-morrow" by Sydney Owenson
Of course, most of the hands that was workin’ around,
Would ride with long stirrups, and straight up and down.
Some rode with ‘em medium, some rode with ‘em short.
In fact there was stirrups, and len’ths of all sorts.
"How a Cow Puncher Rode" by Bruce Kiskaddon

In news:

Heat 1 tablespoon of the olive oil over medium heat in a heavy 10-inch nonstick skillet and add the bell pepper.
In a medium bowl, combine the salt, honey, peppercorns and chives .
5 medium potatoes, peeled and diced.
Medium carrot, halved lengthwise and thinly sliced (about 3/4 cup).
Salt pork or bacon, diced 2 medium onions, diced 5 Tbsp.
A medium-hot vegetarian chili that freezes well.
Did Meatpacking District's members-only club finally find its happy medium.
Salt 2 medium-size green peppers, coarsely chopped 1 c. Canned corn or 1 c. Frozen kernel corn 1-2 Tbsp.
Social media has become the de-facto medium for humans to communicate about events as they are occurring.
Stir in collards, cover and cook over medium heat, until greens are tender.
1 medium Spanish onion, peeled, halved and thinly sliced.
Check website calendar for historic and photography tours, medium and healing services and other events offered weekly.
Method may have introduced the smallest bottle yet, with a 10-ounce pump that contains enough detergent to clean 25 loads — if you wash only medium-sized loads.
NetApp and Cisco this week revealed ExpressPod, a new converged infrastructure for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) based on its predecessor, FlexPod.
But one passage in Medium Raw, his latest collection of essays, is so eerily accurate I hope it's reprinted in culinary-school textbooks.

In science:

When the medium dispersion in the signal frequency range is negligible, the time gained in the medium increases proportional to medium length.
On Superluminal Propagation and Information Velocity
Furthermore, the refocused signal in a random medium is self-averaging, that is, independent of the realization of the random medium.
Time Reversal for Classical Waves in Random Media
This wave splits into a reflected wave E r in medium 0, and a transmitted wave E t in medium 1 that makes an angle θ1 with the normal.
Constructing Fresnel reflection coefficients by ruler and compass
Therefore the simple notion of a binding potential well does not exist for light: for instance, a dielectric sphere embedded in a uniform medium cannot bind photons, regardless of whether its dielectric constant is larger or smaller than that of the surrounding medium.
Coherent Random Lasing and "Almost Localized" Photon Modes
Onset of the instability of a multiple-scattering speckle pattern in a random medium with Kerr nonlinearity is significantly affected by the noninstantaneous character of the nonlinear medium response.
Instability of speckle patterns in random media with noninstantaneous Kerr nonlinearity
Such may not be the case if the medium is nonlinear, as the sine-Gordon model considered in where the incident wave was shown to generate, above some amplitude threshold, a sequence of nonlinear modes propagating in the medium.
Nonlinear supratransmission as a fundamental instability
Since early studies of well-observed GRB afterglows, interaction with a uniform medium has generally been preferred over interaction with a wind medium (PK02 and references therein).
The Diversity of Gamma-Ray Bursts and the Surroundings of Massive Stars
One possible effective medium approximation is to calculate the electric fields within each particle as if that particle is embedded in an effective medium with dielectric constant ǫe .
Dimensional Crossover in the Effective Second Harmonic Generation of Films of Random Dielectrics
The solution being strongly catalytic means that the moments of the u-field grow much faster in the random medium ξ than in the average medium hξ i, at a double-exponential rate.
Intermittency in a catalytic random medium
While many samples may contribute to the tenfold increase in SN data, we assume sufficient uniformity that we only worry about an offset between local and medium redshift SN, and medium and high redshift.
Is Dark Energy Dynamical? Prospects for an Answer
For a toy model we consider coherent magnitude offsets of 0.02 between the low and medium redshift samples and 0.04 between the medium and high samples.
Is Dark Energy Dynamical? Prospects for an Answer
This is a key step for efficient numerical computations, as it prescribes the “right” correlations between a particular realization of the medium and the corresponding solution for this medium.
Equation-free, multiscale computation for unsteady random diffusion
If the medium is spatially homogeneous, then Λij ≡ δij + γij determines the displacements of all points in the medium: Ri (x) = Λij xj or ui (x) = γij xj .
Nonaffine Correlations in Random Elastic Media
However, in an inhomogeneous medium this limit can be greatly exceeded because photons tend to diffuse trough the low density medium.
On the Fueling of Massive Black Holes and the Properties of their Host Spheroids
Consequently, the propagation speed of light in the medium will depend on the state of its circular polarization, so that light prepared in a state of linear polarization will suffer a rotation of the plane of that polarization upon transmission through the medium.
Observing Dark Matter via the Gyromagnetic Faraday Effect