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  • An adult elephant with long tusks
    An adult elephant with long tusks
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj long having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains" "in long supply"
    • adj long primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified "a long road","a long distance","contained many long words","ten miles long"
    • adj long primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified "a long life","a long boring speech","a long time","a long friendship","a long game","long ago","an hour long"
    • adj long (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration "the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot' are long"
    • adj long holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices "is long on coffee","a long position in gold"
    • adj long planning prudently for the future "large goals that required farsighted policies","took a long view of the geopolitical issues"
    • adj long good at remembering "a retentive mind","tenacious memory"
    • adj long involving substantial risk "long odds"
    • adj long of relatively great height "a race of long gaunt men"- Sherwood Anderson","looked out the long French windows"
    • adv long for an extended time or at a distant time "a promotion long overdue","something long hoped for","his name has long been forgotten","talked all night long","how long will you be gone?","arrived long before he was expected","it is long after your bedtime"
    • adv long for an extended distance
    • v long desire strongly or persistently
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A long time. Wichita A long time. Wichita
Lady in long dress Lady in long dress
Pulled a Long Blue Gun 220 Pulled a Long Blue Gun 220
K kept it. L longed for it. M mourned for it K kept it. L longed for it. M mourned for it
She Whipped out a Long Knife. 189 She Whipped out a Long Knife. 189
A kitten hitches a ride on the back of a lady's long dress A kitten hitches a ride on the back of a lady's long dress

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia is the fear of long words
    • Long (Phonetics) A long sound, syllable, or vowel.
    • Long (Mus) A note formerly used in music, one half the length of a large, twice that of a breve.
    • Long At a point of duration far distant, either prior or posterior; as, not long before; not long after; long before the foundation of Rome; long after the Conquest.
    • prep Long By means of; by the fault of; because of.
    • Long Drawn out in a line, or in the direction of length; protracted; extended; as, a long line; -- opposed to short, and distinguished from broad or wide.
    • Long Drawn out or extended in time; continued through a considerable tine, or to a great length; as, a long series of events; a long debate; a long drama; a long history; a long book.
    • Long Far-reaching; extensive. "Long views."
    • Long Having a length of the specified measure; of a specified length; as, a span long; a yard long; a mile long, that is, extended to the measure of a mile, etc.
    • Long (Finance & Com) Having a supply of stocks or goods; prepared for, or depending for a profit upon, advance in prices; as, long of cotton. Hence, the phrases: to be, or go long of the market to be on the long side of the market, to hold products or securities for a rise in price, esp. when bought on a margin. Contrasted to short.
    • Long Occurring or coming after an extended interval; distant in time; far away. "The we may us reserve both fresh and strong
      Against the tournament, which is not long ."
    • Long (Phonetics) Prolonged, or relatively more prolonged, in utterance; -- said of vowels and syllables. See Short a., 13, and Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 22, 30.
    • Long Slow in passing; causing weariness by length or duration; lingering; as, long hours of watching.
    • Long The longest dimension; the greatest extent; -- in the phrase, the long and the short of it, that is, the sum and substance of it.
    • Long Through an extent of time, more or less; -- only in question; as, how long will you be gone?
    • Long Through the whole extent or duration. "The bird of dawning singeth all night long ."
    • Long To a great extent in space; as, a long drawn out line.
    • Long To a great extent in time; during a long time. "They that tarry long at the wine.""When the trumpet soundeth long ."
    • Long To belong; -- used with to unto, or for. "The labor which that longeth unto me."
    • Long To feel a strong or morbid desire or craving; to wish for something with eagerness; -- followed by an infinitive, or by for or after. "I long to see you.""I have longed after thy precepts.""I have longed for thy salvation.""Nicomedes, longing for herrings, was supplied with fresh ones . . . at a great distance from the sea."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: If a shark's mouth is open to long it will suffocate.
    • long Having great linear extent; not short; having notable or unusual extent; relatively much extended or drawn out: as, a long distance; long hair; a long arm.
    • long Having linear or continuous extent in space; measured from end to end; viewed in the direction of the greatest distance (that is, the distance exceeding that of the width, or a line drawn at right angles to the width).
    • long Tall: as, long Tom Coffin.
    • long Having duration or extent in time; lasting in continuance: following a term of measurement or reckoning, or used relatively: as, a discourse an hour long; the longest day of the year.
    • long Drawn out in duration; having unusual continuance; lasting; prolonged, as time, succession, etc.: as, long hours of labor; long illness; a long line of descendants; a long note.
    • long Specifically— In prosody, greater in duration (technically called quantity) than the unit of time, or so regarded. A long vowel, or sometimes a vowel in a long syllable, is marked as such by a straight line above it, thus, ā. In ancient orthoepy and prosody a long vowel is regarded as consisting regularly of the sum of two similar short vowels, thus, ā = ă + ă, and a diphthong is also necessarily long as the sum of two dissimilar short vowels, thus, au = ă + ŭ. In either case, if either element is already long, the excess is not counted. See the phrases long by nature and long by position, below, and II.
    • long In Eng. orthoëpy, noting one of the two or more principal pronunciations of each of the five true vowels, a, e, i, o, u, exemplified in the words fate, mete, site, note, mute, usually marked for pronunciation, as in this work, ā, ē, ī, ō, ū : opposed to the short sounds of the same letters in fat, met, sit, not, nut, frequently marked as ă ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ, but left unmarked in this work. The two sounds of the same letter now called long and short do not, for the most part, phonetically correspond to each other; but short is used specifically to note the more frequently employed of the shorter sounds of a certain letter, and long, by a similar limitation, for the more usual among the longer sounds of the same letter in our established orthography.
    • long Far-reaching; far-seeing: as, a long look ahead.
    • long Happening or occurring after a protracted interval; much delayed or postponed.
    • long Seeming prolonged; tedious; wearisome: as, long hours of waiting.
    • long The razorshell, Ensis americana.
    • n long Something that has length; also, the full extent: used in some elliptical expressions, as in English universities for the long vacation, and in the phrase the long and the short of it.
    • n long In prosody, a long time or syllable. In ancient prosody a long is a time greater than a short, or a syllable requiring a perceptibly greater time to pronounce than is required by a short. A short, comparable to an eighth-note in modern music, being assumed as the mora or unit of time, the regular or normal long is equivalent to two shorts, and is comparable to a quarter-note in music, consuming twice the time in pronunciation required by the regular or normal short, and resolvable under certain conditions into two shorts, just as two shorts may be contracted into one long. Thus, an iambus, or short followed by a long, may appear as a tribrach or three shorts; and a dactyl, or long followed by two shorts, is generally interchangeable with a spondee—that is, a long followed by another long. Besides the normal (dichronous or disemic) long, ancient writers also recognize longs equivalent to three, four, and five shorts, called trichronous (trisemic), tetrachronous (tetrasemic), and pentachronous (pentasemic) longs respectively, as well as others, called irrational, which can only be expressed fractionally: for instance, 1½ shorts. Such a long (one of 1½ moræ) could be used to represent a short. In ancient pronunciation the syllabic accent was a matter more of pitch or tone than of stress, and the metrical accent (ictus or beat) was independent of it, and regularly fell on a syllable long in time. In modern languages a difference between shorts and longs in actual time of utterance exists to a greater or less degree, but is partially or wholly subordinated to syllabic accent, which is principally or altogether a matter of stress. The ictus in modern poetry regularly coincides with this syllabic stress, and in this accordingly a long is a syllable taking the stress, or ictus, without regard to the time occupied in pronunciation.
    • n long In medieval musical notation, a note equivalent in time-value either to three or to two breves, according as the rhythm was “perfect” or “imperfect.” Its form was
    • long To a great extent in space; with much length: as, a line long drawn out.
    • long Far; to or at a distance, or an indicated distance.
    • long To a great extent in time; for an extended period; with prolonged duration: as, he has been long dead; it happened long ago, long before, or long afterward; a long-continued drought; a long-forgotten matter.
    • long For a length of time; for the period of: used with terms of limitation: as, how long shall you remain? as long as I can; all day long.
    • long To have a yearning or wistful desire; feel a strong wish or craving; hanker: followed by for or after before the object of desire, or by an infinitive.
    • long To long for; desire.
    • long Same as along: in the phrase long of, sometimes written ‘long of.
    • long To belong.
    • long An abbreviation of longitude.
    • long See -ling.
    • long Having a long time to run before maturing: as, a long bill; long (commercial) paper.
    • long Well-or over-supplied: as, to be long in some commodity or stock. See long of stock, under long.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Olympic pools are 50 meters long.
    • conj Long long by means (of), owing (to).
    • v.i Long long (Spens.) to belong.
    • adj Long long (comp. Long′er; superl. Long′est) extended: not short: extended in time: slow in coming: tedious: far-reaching
    • n Long (prosody) a long time or syllable:
    • v.i Long to desire earnestly
    • n Long the far past
    • v.i Long to field at long-stop
    • n Long long endurance or patience
    • n Long (coll.) the long summer vacation at the English universities, termed 'the Long.'—adv. to a great extent in space or time: through the whole: all along
    • ***


  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “The only way to reach your long range goals is through achieving your short range objectives.”
  • Marianne Moore
    Marianne Moore
    “Superior people never make long visits.”
  • Josh Billings
    “Life is short, but it's long enough to ruin any man who wants to be ruined.”
  • Samuel Butler
    “Life is one long process of getting tired.”
  • Babe Didrikson Zaharias
    Babe Didrikson Zaharias
    “Luck? Sure. But only after long practice and only with the ability to think under pressure.”
  • Saying
    “Things refuse to be mismanaged long.”


A long row to hoe - Something that is a long row to hoe is a difficult task that takes a long time.
By a long chalk - (UK) If you beat somebody by a long chalk, you win easily and comfortably.
Cast a long shadow - Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events.
Cut a long story short - This idiom is used as a way of shortening a story by getting to to the end or the point.
Draw a long bow - If someone draws a long bow, they lie or exaggerate.
Honest as the day is long - Someone who is as honest as the day is long is very trustworthy or honest.
How long is a piece of string - If someone has no idea of the answer to a question, they can ask 'How long is a piece of string?' as a way of indicating their ignorance.
In the long run - This means 'over a long period of time', 'in the end' or 'in the final result'.
It's as broad as it is long - (UK) Used to express that it is impossible to decide between two options because they're equal.
Kick something into the long grass - If an issue or problem is kicked into the long grass, it is pushed aside and hidden in the hope that it will be forgotten or ignored.
Long face - Someone with a long face is sad or depressed about something.
Long in the tooth - If someone is long in the tooth, they are a bit too old to do something.
Long shot - If something is a long shot, there is only a very small chance of success.
Long time no hear - The speaker could say this when they have not heard from a person, either through phone calls or emails for a long time.
Long time no see - 'Long time no see' means that the speaker has not seen that person for a long time.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. long, lang,; akin to OS, OFries., D., & G. lang, Icel. langr, Sw. lång, Dan. lang, Goth. laggs, L. longus,. √125. Cf. Length Ling a fish, Linger Lunge Purloin


In literature:

The eye wanders delighted down long vistas and over sunlit glades.
"The Scalp Hunters" by Mayne Reid
He was wondering if the long-expected, and long-feared moment of crisis in their brief married life had arrived.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
But it seemed such a long, long while, and I was just crazy to see you, to get home.
"A Little Girl of Long Ago" by Amanda Millie Douglas
And then, you see, it all happened long, long ago.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
What a long, long day it had been!
"A Little Girl in Old Boston" by Amanda Millie Douglas
Its long tail, unlike the tail of the ox, the buffalo, and the bison, is covered with long, silky hair, reaching to the ground.
"Chatterbox, 1906" by Various
Come 'long, lilly gal, come 'long.
"Nights With Uncle Remus" by Joel Chandler Harris
When cut up into long strips, and dried in the sun till it becomes black and hard, it will keep for a long time.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
It was a long shot, much too long for any of the Indians, but not too long for Henry.
"The Eyes of the Woods" by Joseph A. Altsheler
Uncle Walter was engaged to a lady, long, long ago, when he was a young man.
"Lucy Maud Montgomery Short Stories, 1909 to 1922" by Lucy Maud Montgomery
But why are the old ways, the old evil neglect and apathy, so long, so terribly long in dying?
"Robert Elsmere" by Mrs. Humphry Ward
The house was a long, low-roofed cottage, with a wide door and narrow windows.
"Allison Bain" by Margaret Murray Robertson
I reckon one side was three hundred yard long of the wall and the house was that long.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States from Interviews with Former Slaves, Arkansas Narratives, Part 4" by Work Projects Administration
The long line of the fleet passed on in silence, save for the musical swishing of the paddles.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
It seemed as though old bitternesses were being removed, and he began to long with a great longing to do something.
"The Day of Judgment" by Joseph Hocking
It must have been there a long, long time, but somehow or other she had never noticed it before, and she began a-thinking.
"Children's Literature" by Charles Madison Curry
So long, little Mona, s'long?
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
When the task was nearly over Long Jim took a good long look at them.
"The Keepers of the Trail" by Joseph A. Altsheler
At last the long winter ended.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
The stem is long and slender, rather woolly; the rim of the cap is fringed with long, strigose hairs.
"The Mushroom, Edible and Otherwise" by M. E. Hard

In poetry:

God prosper long our noble Queen,
And long may she reign!
Maclean he tried to shoot her,
But it was all in vain.
"Attempted Assassination of the Queen" by William Topaz McGonagall
With many a tale of deeds unguessed,
Deeds of the early years,
We brought him to his long, long rest
Among the pioneers.
"When Old Man Carey Died" by John O Brien
I am so young, so young,
And the years stretch out so long,
The weeks and the months so endless;
The long life does me wrong.
"What She Said" by Katharine Tynan
Loud wak'd the sound, then fainter grew,
And long and sadly mourn'd;
And softly sigh'd a long adieu,
And never more return'd.
"Night Scenes Of Other Times" by Joanna Baillie
"Were we not friends from childhood?
Have I not loved thee long?
As long as thou, the solemn night,
Whose silence wakes my song.
"The Night-Wind" by Emily Jane Bronte
The youth in the woods spent the whole day long,
The whole day long;
For there he had heard such a wonderful song,
Wonderful song.
"The Melody" by Bjornstjerne Bjornson

In news:

When the stories are long I let students read for as long as they can.
CANTON — Nature's Storehouse has been in downtown Canton as long as I can remember, specializing in healthy, natural foods long before it was hip to do that.
Cheryl Strayed has come a long way since finishing a book about walking a long way.
It wasnt there long, just long enough for me to snap a few pictures.
Organizer Kelli Burau is coordinating the effort with her husband, coach Chad Burau, and Crystal Long, the wife of Luke Long.
A long long time ago, in May of 2007 when the S&P was 46% higher, there were $461 billion in deals sitting on the 500's table, including 13 private offers worth $255 billion.
The year in sports just now winding behind us is most happily to be remembered for the rise of football at the University of Cincinnati, not long ago and for a very long time the most neglected team in town.
Philip Rivers has long been known as one of the NFL's premier long-ball passers.
The long and short of long haul.
" The Nude Projection Series" by George Long will be featured during an opening reception this Saturday, April 14, 6 - 9 pm at the George Long Gallery, 4516 Magazine Street through May 31.
"I made a commitment to my church a long, long time ago that I would give 10 percent of my income to the church," Romney said.
Dr Bradley is Director of MRI at Long Beach Memorial Medical Center in Long Beach, CA, and Professor of Radiology at the University of California, Irvine, in Orange, CA.
How long is too long to wait at a red light.
"I've loved Tod 's for a long time, they've always been very generous, and I've worn their stuff for a long time," Scarlet told WWD.
LONG BRANCH — There's no word yet on whether a body that washed up Saturday in Long Branch is that of a Paterson boy missing for a week.

In science:

In other words, the SFR on long time scales, as recorded in nearby stars, should record long term changes in the Milky Way SFR activity.
The Spiral Structure of the Milky Way, Cosmic Rays, and Ice Age Epochs on Earth
Theorem 7 Let ϕ ∈ Φ(long) be a positive long root.
Abelian ideals in a Borel subalgebra of a complex simple Lie algebra
Corollary 13 The maximal dimension of an abelian ideal in b can be expressed as g − 1 + bN⊥α − N⊥α where α ∈ Π(long) is a long simple root such that the difference bN⊥α − N⊥α is maximal.
Abelian ideals in a Borel subalgebra of a complex simple Lie algebra
It is known that at any finite temperature at d = 2, there is no true long range order except possible long-range orientational order.
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
Because of the long-rang Coulomb interaction in Eqn.23, it is important to keep all the long-range interactions in the lattice model Eqn.19.
Mutual Composite Fermion and composite Boson approaches to balanced and imbalanced bilayer quantum Hall system: an electronic analogy of the Helium 4 system
In 1D, the quantum fluctuations prevent the formation of true long-range order but in the critical regime ∆ ≤ 1 the model [Eq.(1)] displays a quasi-long-range order (QLRO) with power-law decaying spin-spin correlation functions in the ground state (GS).
Scaling of the spin stiffness in random spin-1/2 chains : Crossover from pure-metallic behaviour to random singlet-localized regime
The disorder strength in the long length scale model determines the type of ordering at long length scales.
Liquid crystals in random porous media: Disorder is stronger in low--density aerosils
In this case, the coupled atmosphereocean model is ergodic, and thus for any observable of the coupled atmosphere-ocean flows, its time average approximates the statistical ensemble average, as long as the time interval is sufficiently long.
Stochastic Dynamics of a Coupled Atmosphere--Ocean Model
The long chain, long distance limit corresponds to ω, k → 0.
Directed polymers and Randomness
To investigate the effects of such long-range correlations, we explicitly construct spring constant distributions with long-range correlations in model A.
Nonaffine Correlations in Random Elastic Media
Long-range correlations in Sℓ will lead to long range correlations in G(q) ∼ q−2∆S (qξ ), and G (ℓ, 0) will grow more rapidly than ℓ for 1 ≪ ℓ ≪ ξ .
Nonaffine Correlations in Random Elastic Media
Long range correlations in the connectivity implies long-range correlations in the elastic moduli, so we must apply the framework developed in Sec.
Nonaffine Correlations in Random Elastic Media
For too small values of δ we observe large variations in the long-time behavior of r and s, for too large δ, the values of r and s are stable over long times, but their values do depend on δ .
Synchronization of R{\"o}ssler Oscillators on Scale-free Topologies
Observe that, as remarked in the Introduction, since the function F is long-tailed, the function H g σ is similarly long-tailed, with uniform convergence in the definition (1) over all σ ∈ T and g ∈ Gc .
The probability of exceeding a high boundary on a random time interval for a heavy-tailed random walk
In the log-log coordinates, the rms fluctuation function F (n) and the scale n has a powerlaw dependence with scaling exponent α = 0.64, which indicates the presence of the positive correlations and the weak long-range (long-memory) power-law correlations.
Detrended fluctuation analysis on the correlations of complex networks under attack and repair strategy