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latitude

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n latitude scope for freedom of e.g. action or thought; freedom from restriction
    • n latitude the angular distance between an imaginary line around a heavenly body parallel to its equator and the equator itself
    • n latitude an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator
    • n latitude freedom from normal restraints in conduct "the new freedom in movies and novels","allowed his children considerable latitude in how they spent their money"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: If you were at 0° latitude and 0° longtitude, you would be standing in the Atlantic Ocean
    • Latitude (Geog) Distance north or south of the equator, measured on a meridian.
    • latitude etc. (of a heavenly body), the direction, latitude, longitude, etc., of the body as viewed from the sun.
    • Latitude Extent from side to side, or distance sidewise from a given point or line; breadth; width. "Provided the length do not exceed the latitude above one third part."
    • Latitude Extent or breadth of signification, application, etc.; extent of deviation from a standard, as truth, style, etc. "No discreet man will believe Augustine's miracles, in the latitude of monkish relations."
    • Latitude Extent; size; amplitude; scope. "I pretend not to treat of them in their full latitude ."
    • Latitude Room; space; freedom from confinement or restraint; hence, looseness; laxity; independence. "In human actions there are no degrees and precise natural limits described, but a latitude is indulged."
    • Latitude (Astron) The angular distance of a heavenly body from the ecliptic.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Patagonia at the southern tip of South America is the only populated land area south of 40 degrees South Latitude. By comparison, most of Europe, Asia, and two-thirds of North America are north of 40 degrees North Latitude.
    • n latitude Extent from side to side, or distance sidewise from a given point or line; breadth; width.
    • n latitude Extent within limits of any kind; scope; range; comprehensiveness: as, to be allowed great latitude of motion or action; latitude of meaning or of application.
    • n latitude Hence Extent of deviation from a standard; freedom from rules or limits: as, latitude of conduct.
    • n latitude The elevation of the pole of the heavens at a station, or the angle at which the plane of the horizon is cut by the earth's axis; the total curvature or bending of a meridian between the equator and a station; the angle which the plumb-line at any place makes with the plumb-line at the equator in the same plane; on a map, the angular distance of a point on the earth's surface from the equator, measured on the meridian of the point: as, St. Paul's, London, is in lat. 51° 30' 48″ N.; Cape Horn is in lat. 55° 59' S. Latitude is determined by different methods, according as circumstances may require. At sea the instrument exclusively used is the quadrant or sextant, the latter being simply a more accurately constructed and therefore more expensive form of the instrument. With this the altitude of the sun is observed when on the meridian, and from this altitude, with the aid of the declination taken from the Nautical Almanac, with certain corrections for dip, refraction, etc., the latitude is obtained. The same method is used on land (with the aid of an artificial horizon in place of the natural) in cases where no great accuracy is required, as in ordinary geographical reconnaissances. More accurate results are secured by increasing the number of observations by the method of circummeridian altitudes, several observations being taken just before and just after noon (or, if a fixed star is observed, before and after its culmination), from which, with suitable corrections, a mean result is attained more accurate than that furnished by a single observation. A much higher degree of accuracy is reached by the use of the zenith-telescope, which is a portable instrument, but considerably less so than the sextant, which the observer holds in his hand. With this instrument the latitude is determined by measuring micrometrically the difference of the meridional zenith-distances of two stars near the zenith, one northand the other south of it. The zenith-telescope is used for latitude determinations by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey at the stations belonging to the primary triangulation. The most accurate method of determining the latitude in a fixed observatory is by observing, with the meridian circle, the altitude of a circumpolar star at its transits above and below the pole. This method is independent of the declination of the star, and not necessarily liable to great errors of refraction. Another method sometimes employed in fixed observatories is to observe the transit of a star with a transit-instrument in the prime vertical, the time of the transit being observed with the instrument pointing east, and again with the same instrument pointing west, whence the altitude of the pole may be deduced. There are other methods of determining the latitude, but they are much less important than those mentioned.
    • n latitude In astronomy, the angular distance of a star north or south of the ecliptic, measured on that secondary to the ecliptic which passes through the body. Secondaries to the ecliptic are called circles of celestial latitude, and parallels to the ecliptic are called parallels of celestial latitude. Latitude is geocentric or heliocentric according as the earth or the sun is taken as the center from which the angle is measured.
    • n latitude The quantity of the interval between two latitudes, either in the geographical or the astronomical sense: as, to sail through 30° of latitude.
    • n latitude A place or region as marked by parallels of latitude: as, to fish in high latitudes (that is, in places where the latitude is a high number); the orange will not ripen in this latitude (that is, it will not do so in any place on the same parallel of latitude as the place spoken of); you are out of your latitude (that is, literally or figuratively, you have committed an error of navigation, so that the latitude you have assigned to the ship's place is not the true one).
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Latitude lat′i-tūd the distance of a place north or south from the equator, measured in degrees of the meridian: a place as indicated by latitude: the angular distance of a celestial body above the plane of the ecliptic (apparent when the point of view is on the earth's surface, geocentric when at the earth's centre, heliocentric when at the centre of the sun): :
    • n Latitude a name applied by contemporaries to a member of a school of liberal and philosophical theologians within the English Church in the later half of the 17th century: one who affects to regard specific creeds, methods of church government, &c. with indifference
    • n Latitude lat′i-tūd (fig.) extent of signification: freedom from restraint: scope
    • n Latitude lat′i-tūd (obs.) width
    • ***

Quotations

  • Charles Lamb
    Charles%20Lamb
    “The teller of a mirthful tale has latitude allowed him. We are content with less than absolute truth.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. latitude, L. latitudo, fr. latus, broad, wide, for older stlatus,; perh. akin to E. strew,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—L. latitudo, -inislatus, broad.

Usage

In literature:

To get out of this latitude he steered to the south-west, hoping to find a milder temperature farther on.
"Notable Voyagers" by W.H.G. Kingston and Henry Frith
So thick are these layers of ice that they may be likened to the rocks found in lower latitudes.
"Wealth of the World's Waste Places and Oceania" by Jewett Castello Gilson
The full moonlight of the lower latitudes was incomparable with the Arctic night.
"The Heart of Unaga" by Ridgwell Cullum
In dry, hot weather the curing proceeds rapidly, while in cooler latitudes or cloudy weather the curing may require a week.
"Crops and Methods for Soil Improvement" by Alva Agee
Hence the highest columns are observed with north-east winds in northern latitudes, and with south-east in the southern hemisphere.
"Barometer and Weather Guide" by Robert Fitzroy
On January 30, 1774, we sailed from New Zealand, and reaching latitude 67 deg.
"The World's Greatest Books, Volume 19" by Various
North Latitude on the other side of the Pole.
"Pushbutton War" by Joseph P. Martino
The limits in latitude will be 1 deg.
"The Story of Eclipses" by George Chambers
On the fourth day, I found we were in the latitude of Cape Finisterre, and that we had run 168 miles in the preceding 24 hours.
"A Boy's Voyage Round the World" by The Son of Samuel Smiles
Its latitude has indeed in that case been stated 2 deg.
"The Voyage of the Vega round Asia and Europe, Volume I and Volume II" by A.E. Nordenskieold
It lies in latitude 34 degrees 22 minutes South, and longitude 186 degrees 55 minutes West.
"Captain Cook" by W.H.G. Kingston
In many instances the tobacco of temperate latitudes yields a more salable leaf when grown under cover.
"Commercial Geography" by Jacques W. Redway
He had himself been to Spitzbergen, and as far north as the 80th parallel of latitude.
"Stray Leaves from an Arctic Journal;" by Sherard Osborn
It is in about the same latitude as South Carolina.
"Asiatic Breezes" by Oliver Optic
They were above the latitude of 50 deg.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
From our noon observation we were in latitude 55 deg.
"A New Voyage Round the World, in the years 1823, 24, 25, and 26, Vol. 2" by Otto von Kotzebue
It is placed in the latitude of 23 deg.
"The Pirates of Panama" by A. O. (Alexandre Olivier) Exquemelin
The southern extremity of the country is in latitude 31 deg.
"The Empire of the East" by H. B. Montgomery
Sometimes, at informal summer resorts, there is a little latitude allowed here.
"Social Life" by Maud C. Cooke
Lenkoran, in the same latitude as Palermo and Smyrna, with an annual temperature of 61 deg.
"The International Monthly, Volume 3, No. 2, May, 1851" by Various
***

In poetry:

Q. Mayn't some from hence take latitude
And room their lusts to please?
If Christ do all, then very good,
Let us take carnal ease.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. I." by Ralph Erskine
My outer world and inner make a pair.
But would the two be always of a kind?
Another latitude, another mind?
Or would I be New England anywhere?
"New England Mind" by Robert Francis
Each degree of Latitude
Strung about Creation
Seeth one or more of us
(Of one muster each of us),
Diligent in that he does,
Keen in his vocation.
"A School Song" by Rudyard Kipling
These Pillars of our history,
In fame forever young,
Are known in every latitude
And named in every tongue,
And down through all the Ages
Their story shall be sung.
"The Lee Memorial Ode" by James Barron Hope
Is put to fair devising in the curb
Of ordered limit; and all-changeful Hermes
Is Terminus as well. Yet we perturb
Our souls for latitude, whose strength in bound and term is.
"The Cloud's Swan-Song" by Francis Thompson
An' if I took an' died out there, my soul'd never stay
In them sunny Southern latitudes to wait the Judgment Day,
All across the seas from England I should hear the ol' life call,
An' the bloomin' Western Ocean it'd get me after all.
"The Packet Rat" by Cicely Fox Smith

In news:

As a farce, this play adds nothing new except perhaps greater latitude in naughty talk.
PPG Aerospace Awarded Citation Latitude Cockpit Window Contract by Cessna.
Change in latitude, change in attitude for Pavlik.
Romney wishes Supreme Court gave 'more latitude ' on immigration.
Mitt Romney would have preferred court "give more latitude to the states".
Prefer if Supreme Court gave states "more latitude ".
Supreme Court should 'give more latitude to the states.
"We're really proud of the Latitude 's durability.".
Northrop Grumman (Stand 2321) announced here at EBACE that Cessna has chosen its navigation systems for the Citation Latitude business jet.
Florida law allows wide latitude for self defense shootings.
Browse comprehensive car pricing info, current rebates & incentives, safety ratings, car photos, specs & more on the all new 2012 Jeep Patriot Latitude Sport Utility.
2012 Jeep Compass Latitude SUV.
Behold one of the most beautiful satellite views of a mid- latitude cyclone you will ever see, courtesy NASA (taken Monday).
On May 27, 2011, the premiere Jimmy Buffett tribute group (Changes In Latitude ) performed at the Colonial Theatre in downtown Pittsfield WSBS was a part of this exciting event.
What's the difference between Dell's Latitude E6320 and Latitude E6520 models.
***

In science:

We show a small section of the two layers at latitude θ (θ is the angle from the pole) in the (r, θ) plane.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
This expression for Ω is such that there is a strong radial shear concentrated in the tachocline below the SCZ, with a positive vertical gradient in the differential rotation - which corresponds to the helioseismologically determined profile at mid to low latitudes.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
In our Model 1 however, magnetic buoyancy is also involved in the flux transport process - over a much wider extent in latitude and also at a much faster rate.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
We shall see in Section 3.2 that indeed with decreasing η, stronger fields are found at lower latitudes within the overshoot layer.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
Top Panel: Variation of the maximum toroidal field Bmax (solid line) and the low-latitude toroidal field Beq (dashed line) within the overshoot layer with the quenching field B0, Bc is fixed at 105 G.
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
Variation of the low-latitude toroidal field Beq within the overshoot layer, with the diffusivity η .
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
In Figure 7 we plot the variation of the toroidal field within the overshoot layer near the equator (at 100 latitude) with respect to the diffusivity η .
Characteristics Of A Magnetic Buoyancy Driven Solar Dynamo Model
There it can be seen that for a time t ≈ 5 tA after the start of the calculation, the distance r sin θ of the ring from the stellar rotation axis decreases as the ring moves toward higher latitudes along the periphery of the convective core.
Magnetic Fields in Massive Stars. II. The Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes Through the Radiative Interior
The lack of equilibria for flux rings that originate at latitudes λ0 > 0◦ can be understood by examining the r- and θ-components of the equation of motion (5).
Magnetic Fields in Massive Stars. II. The Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes Through the Radiative Interior
This state is stable against infinitesimal displacements of the ring in the radial direction, but unstable when the perturbations are meridionally directed, causing the ring position to shift from latitude 0◦ .
Magnetic Fields in Massive Stars. II. The Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes Through the Radiative Interior
Panel (A) shows the normalized radial coordinate (r/R∗) (solid line) and latitude (λ/90◦) (dotted line) of the ring.
Magnetic Fields in Massive Stars. II. The Buoyant Rise of Magnetic Flux Tubes Through the Radiative Interior
The most striking property is a column of slow rotation deep in the convective core leading to a significant angular velocity gradient both in radius and latitude.
Looking Deep Within an A-type Star: Core Convection Under the Influence of Rotation
Turning to the contour plot of Figure 4, we note that the radial enthalpy flux is non uniform, centered in the middle part of the convective core with extrema near the mid latitudes.
Looking Deep Within an A-type Star: Core Convection Under the Influence of Rotation
This case exhibits a nonuniform radial enthalpy flux that peaks at mid latitudes.
Looking Deep Within an A-type Star: Core Convection Under the Influence of Rotation
We first note that the overshooting varies with latitude.
Looking Deep Within an A-type Star: Core Convection Under the Influence of Rotation
***