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judgment

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n judgment the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event "they criticized my judgment of the contestants"
    • n judgment (law) the determination by a court of competent jurisdiction on matters submitted to it
    • n judgment the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly and to draw sound conclusions
    • n judgment the mental ability to understand and discriminate between relations
    • n judgment the cognitive process of reaching a decision or drawing conclusions
    • n judgment an opinion formed by judging something "he was reluctant to make his judgment known","she changed her mind"
    • n judgment the legal document stating the reasons for a judicial decision "opinions are usually written by a single judge"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The first movie to ever cost $100 million to make is Terminator 2: Judgment Day in 1991
    • Judgment A calamity regarded as sent by God, by way of recompense for wrong committed; a providential punishment. "Judgments are prepared for scorners.""This judgment of the heavens that makes us tremble."
    • Judgment (Philos) That act of the mind by which two notions or ideas which are apprehended as distinct are compared for the purpose of ascertaining their agreement or disagreement. See 1. The comparison may be threefold: (1) Of individual objects forming a concept. (2) Of concepts giving what is technically called a judgment. (3) Of two judgments giving an inference. Judgments have been further classed as analytic, synthetic, and identical.
    • Judgment (Philos) That power or faculty by which knowledge dependent upon comparison and discrimination is acquired. See 2.
    • Judgment The act of determining, as in courts of law, what is conformable to law and justice; also, the determination, decision, or sentence of a court, or of a judge; the mandate or sentence of God as the judge of all. "In judgments between rich and poor, consider not what the poor man needs, but what is his own.""Most heartily I do beseech the court
      To give the judgment ."
    • Judgment The act of judging; the operation of the mind, involving comparison and discrimination, by which a knowledge of the values and relations of things, whether of moral qualities, intellectual concepts, logical propositions, or material facts, is obtained; as, by careful judgment he avoided the peril; by a series of wrong judgments he forfeited confidence. "I oughte deme, of skilful jugement,
      That in the salte sea my wife is deed."
    • Judgment The conclusion or result of judging; an opinion; a decision. "She in my judgment was as fair as you.""Who first his judgment asked, and then a place."
    • Judgment (Theol) The final award; the last sentence.
    • Judgment The power or faculty of performing such operations (see 1); esp., when unqualified, the faculty of judging or deciding rightly, justly, or wisely; good sense; as, a man of judgment; a politician without judgment. "He shall judge thy people with righteousness and thy poor with judgment .""Hernia . I would my father look'd but with my eyes. Theseus . Rather your eyes must with his judgment look."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Left-handed people are better at sports that require good spatial judgment and fast reaction, compared to right-handed individuals
    • n judgment The faculty of judging.
    • n judgment Specifically— The intellectual power of perceiving relations between ideas, as the relations of similarity, difference, etc.
    • n judgment The act of judging. The act of affirming (or denying) a relation (as of similarity or difference) between two ideas.
    • n judgment The process of arriving at a conclusion or decision; the determination of a doubtful or debatable matter.
    • n judgment The product of the mental act of judging; the recognition of a relation between objects; a mental affirmation or proposition; the thought that a given general representation is really applicable to a certain object; the actual consciousness of belief. The Kantian logicians speak of judgments where other logicians speak of propositions, in order to show that they study thought, and not merely its expression in language.
    • n judgment The decision of a judge, or of one acting as a judge; an authoritative determination; specifically, the judicial decision of a cause in court; adjudication; award; sentence.
    • n judgment Specifically— the determination of the rights of the parties in a common-law action, as distinguished from a decree in chancery
    • n judgment the determination of the rights of the parties in any action, legal or equitable, under the reformed procedure
    • n judgment the document embodying such determination. When those rights have been conceded, or established by evidence, and it only remains to compel compliance with the judgment, the judgment is called final. If before enforcing the judgment it is necessary to take proceedings to determine the application of those rights—as, for instance, to take an accounting, or to turn lands or chattels into money for the purpose of division—the determination of the rights of the parties first had is an interlocutory judgment or decree; and after such further proceedings have been had the court gives a final judgment or decree, which can be immediately enforced.
    • n judgment An opinion formed or put forth; a conclusion drawn from premises; a decision based on observation or belief; an estimate; a view.
    • n judgment A divine allotment or dispensation; a decree or commandment of God; specifically, an event or experience regarded as a direct manifestation of the divine will, especially of the divine displeasure.
    • n judgment The final trial of the human race in the future state; the judgment-day.
    • n judgment See the adjectives.
    • n judgment Hence— In modern practice, the documents (usually the process complaint, answer, verdict or findings and judgment thereon) fastened and folded together, and filed as the record of the judgment.
    • n judgment Synonyms Judgment, Sagacity, Perspicacity; discrimination, penetration, wisdom, brains. Judgment, as compared with sagacity and perspicacity, is a general word: as, sound judgment in business; good judgment as to cloths. Sagacity is a power to discern the real facts of a situation, to see the course that is wisest to avoid failure or achieve success. (See astute.) Sagacity is especially the word applied to brutes that have a large discernment and a quickness of mind like those of man. Perspicacity is essentially the same as discernment, except that it is more vividly figurative, suggesting the actual use of the eyes in looking into things. See discernment. Verdict, Report, etc. See decision and inference.- Taste, Judgment (see taste); opinion, belief, conclusion.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Michelangelo's Last Judgment, which hangs on the walls of the Sistine Chapel, drew some harsh criticism from one of the Vatican's officials because of the nudity. So Michelangelo made some changes to his work: he painted in the face of the complaining clergyman and added a donkey's ears and a snake's tail.
    • Judgment act of judging: the comparing of ideas to elicit truth: faculty by which this is done, the reason: opinion formed: taste: sentence: condemnation: doom
    • ***

Quotations

  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe
    Johann%20Wolfgang%20Von%20Goethe
    “Art is long, life short, judgment difficult, opportunity transient.”
  • William Wycherley
    William Wycherley
    “Thy books should, like thy friends, not many be, yet such wherein men may thy judgment see.”
  • William Shakespeare
    William%20Shakespeare
    “Children wish fathers looked but with their eyes; fathers that children with their judgment looked; and either may be wrong.”
  • Desiderius Erasmus
    Desiderius%20Erasmus
    “Nothing is as peevish and pedantic as men's judgments of one another.”
  • Proverb
    Proverb
    “Short judgments make long friends.”
  • Wayne Dyer
    Wayne%20Dyer
    “Real magic in relationships means an absence of judgment of others.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. jugement, F. jugement, LL. judicamentum, fr. L. judicare,. See Judge (v. i.)
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. juger—L. judicārejus, law, dicĕre, to declare.

Usage

In literature:

If they are wrong, other judgments, judgments of approval presumably, ought to be in their place.
"The Will to Believe" by William James
Nor have we any right to call it an ignoble judgment, if he determine to put them in order, as for sleep.
"The Crown of Wild Olive" by John Ruskin
How could he, if alive, execute such judgment on his brother as God here executes?
"Commentary on Genesis, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
At the same time, with admirable judgment, he offered to submit the case to the Supreme Court, and to abide by its decision.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Happily, this delusion is nearly at an end; and some of them are beginning to act on their own judgments.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
So dangerous a point was the name of a general assembly in king James's jealous judgment.
"Biographia Scoticana (Scots Worthies)" by John Howie
It condemns, mortifies and opposes whatever, in man's judgment, is good and well-pleasing.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
What, in your judgment, is the range of individual differences?
"Introduction to the Science of Sociology" by Robert E. Park
The effect which all this erudition had upon the Abbe de Longuerue's taste, judgment, and imagination, is worth our attention.
"Practical Education, Volume II" by Maria Edgeworth
Has Scott used up his energy, his sense, and even his military judgment in defending Washington before the inauguration?
"Diary from March 4, 1861, to November 12, 1862" by Adam Gurowski
If Euphemius is afraid of men, the Pope is more afraid, but it is of the judgment of God.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
It is with much regret, and partly against my own judgment, that I republish the following chapters in their present form.
"Modern Painters Volume I (of V)" by John Ruskin
Hell is a long way off, and many things may happen before the Day of Judgment.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
The judgment upon Israel is only a single portion of a great judgment upon all nations.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions, v. 1" by Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg
We are born weak, we need strength; we are born destitute of all things, we need assistance; we are born stupid, we need judgment.
"Émile" by Jean Jacques Rousseau
And there is no love affair to disturb your judgment?
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
Salvation does not come without judgment.
"Christology of the Old Testament: And a Commentary on the Messianic Predictions. Vol. 2" by Ernst Hengstenberg
How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. III" by Martin Luther
McGraw always does things that way, makes up his mind about the most important matters in a minute and then stands by his judgment.
"Pitching in a Pinch" by Christy Mathewson
Let not your judgment, royal sir, be question'd.
"A Select Collection of Old English Plays" by Robert Dodsley
***

In poetry:

For them no more shall reveille
Sound at the break of dawn,
But may their sleep peaceful be
Till God's great judgment morn.
"Confederate Memorial Day" by Anonymous Americas
How calm the Judgment hour shall pass
To all who do obey
The Word of God, and trust the Blood,
And make that Word their stay!
"I Will Pass Over You" by Daniel Webster Moody
Thy justice shall maintain its throne,
Though mountains melt away;
Thy judgments are a world unknown,
A deep, unfathomed sea.
"Psalm XXXVI: High in the Heav'ns" by Isaac Watts
Then who can say, the Painter here,
Hath shew'd nor Art, nor Skill?
For sure, if Judgment's reckon'd aught,
He has perform'd not ill.
"On the Adam and Eve, Badly Painted in the Headway of the Invincible" by Cornelius Arnold
For these four things come on apace,
Which we should know full well,
Both death and judgment, and, in place
Next to them, heaven and hell.
"An Introduction To The Ensuing Discourse." by John Bunyan
"Then wheel my horse against the foe!"
He's down and overpast, my lord.
You war against the sunset-glow,
The judgment follows fast, my lord!
"Heriot's Ford" by Rudyard Kipling

In news:

Maximillian Schell in Judgment at Nuremberg.
The 80-year-old filmmaker will attend a screening of and Q&A about "Judgment at Nuremberg," the film which earned him a best actor Oscar 50 years ago.
They have always existed, the people who are harsh in judgment and unkind.
Jerome Ersland may have a mental disorder that affected his judgment when the pharmacist fatally shot a robber.
Even an employer who avoids trial and prevails on summary judgment will ring up a defense bill of $100,000.
Whatever ground Google picked up in its summary judgment victory against Viacom, the company wants to make sure there's no back-door intrusion in the Hotfile case.
Loud muffler can be judgment.
New research shows that, though religious skeptics exhibit the worst ethical judgment, narcissistic believers aren't far behind.
Judgment Day is nigh .
Judgment Day Draws Nigh for Obamacare.
Susan Beck's Summary Judgment: Google and Facebook Denials in FTC Cases Strike Orwellian Note.
The overseers lend their expertise and judgment to the trustees and management on a wide range of topics, including development, marketing, finance, real estate, government relations, education outreach, and ancillary activities.
Against my better judgment, I have purchased a peony bush.
We must wait to pass judgment .
Allow me to pass judgment Joe Mason PhillyBurbs.com.
***

In science:

For a reasoned and informed judgment a deeper investigation is thus warranted.
Degenerate Configurations, Singularities and the Non-Abelian Nature of Loop Quantum Gravity
These roles range from the careful assessment of the evidence against specific scientific hypotheses to the judgment of whether an estimated model displays decent goodness of fit to the empirical data.
Tailor-made tests for goodness of fit to semiparametric hypotheses
Veni program, whereas the relation between the referee’s judgment is expected to be stronger in these two cases. Figure 21 shows the averages quality indicators by instrument.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
However, differences in the referees’ judgments are substantial and significant (table 21).
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Success correlates with referee judgments, but if we restrict the analysis to the best 550 applicants, this is not the case anymore in the OC and the Veni program.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Differences in past performance and in referee’s judgments disappear, or the relationships change their sign.
Past Performance as Predictor of Successful Grant Applications: A Case Study
Van Raan A.F.J. (2006) Comparison of the Hirsch-index with standard bibliometric indicators and with peer judgment for 147 chemistry research groups.
Tailor Based Allocations for Multiple Authorship: a fractional $gh$-index
Tversky, Judgment Under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases, Cambridge University Press, 1982.
If more than Analytical Modeling is Needed to Predict Real Agents' Strategic Interaction
During an assessment, such as sensory analysis, it is very common that experts are biased in their judgments.
Comparing Two Contaminated Samples
Thurstone, L. L. (1927b). A law of comparative judgments.
Selectivity in Probabilistic Causality: Drawing Arrows from Inputs to Stochastic Outputs
The minimum of the central M-feature is particularly sensitive to this subjective judgment (see Fig.1).
The narrow, inner CO ring around the magnetic Herbig Ae star, HD 101412
We noted earlier the sensi tivity of this portion of the pro file to subjective judgments of t he continuum location.
The narrow, inner CO ring around the magnetic Herbig Ae star, HD 101412
Two human judges may not agree on each other’s judgments.
Bengali text summarization by sentence extraction
On the other hand, automatic evaluation (machine based) is always consistent with a judgment.
Bengali text summarization by sentence extraction
There are several cases depending on how the transition s Note that there may be implicit α-renaming involved in the derivations of a transition judgment.
Characterisations of Testing Preorders for a Finite Probabilistic pi-Calculus
***