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horse

Definitions

  • Ye Olde Running Horse Inn, Leatherhead
    Ye Olde Running Horse Inn, Leatherhead
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v horse provide with a horse or horses
    • n horse solid-hoofed herbivorous quadruped domesticated since prehistoric times
    • n horse a padded gymnastic apparatus on legs
    • n horse a chessman shaped to resemble the head of a horse; can move two squares horizontally and one vertically (or vice versa)
    • n horse a framework for holding wood that is being sawed
    • n horse troops trained to fight on horseback "500 horse led the attack"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Rip-Sawing on a Horse Rip-Sawing on a Horse
THE HORSE THE HORSE
Passing of the horse Passing of the horse
WHERE A HORSE WAS SWALLOWED UP WHERE A HORSE WAS SWALLOWED UP
Riders on horses Riders on horses
Rding a wooden horse Rding a wooden horse
Horse and Man Horse and Man
A PROFITABLE HORSE TRADE A PROFITABLE HORSE TRADE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Horses can sleep while standing upright.
    • Horse heroin.
    • Horse horsepower.
    • Horse (Naut) A breastband for a leadsman.
    • Horse A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers were made to ride for punishment.
    • Horse A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.
    • Horse (Zoöl) A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus; especially, the domestic horse (Equus caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below. The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility, courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
    • Horse (Naut) A jackstay.
    • Horse (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horsesaid of a vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
    • Horse (Student Slang) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or examination; -- called also trot pony Dobbin.
    • Horse (Naut) An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
    • Horse Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a horse; a hobby.
    • Horse (Student Slang) Horseplay; tomfoolery.
    • Horse Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural termination; as, a regiment of horse ; -- distinguished from foot. "The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five thousand horse and foot."
    • Horse (Naut) See Footrope a.
    • Horse The male of the genus Equus, in distinction from the female or male; usually, a castrated male.
    • v. i Horse To get on horseback.
    • Horse To mate with (a mare); -- said of the male.
    • Horse To place on the back of another, or on a wooden horse, etc., to be flogged; to subject to such punishment.
    • Horse To provide with a horse, or with horses; to mount on, or as on, a horse. "Being better horsed, outrode me."
    • Horse To sit astride of; to bestride.
    • Horse To take or carry on the back; as, the keeper, horsing a deer.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Wyoming it is illegal to tattoo a horse with the intent of making it unrecognizable to its owner.
    • n horse A solidungulate perissodactyl mammal of the family Equidœ and genus Equus; E. caballus. It has a flowing mane and tail, comparatively small erect ears, comparatively large rounded hoofs, shapely head, arched neck, a callosity on the inner side of the hind leg below the hock, in addition to one on the fore leg above the so-called “knee,” and a peculiar voice called a “neigh.” These are the principal distinctive characters of the existing horses, of whatever variety, in comparison with the asses and zebras, which are commonly placed in the same genus (Equus). The horse has no distinctive coloration, but is never conspicuously striped in any regular pattern, and seldom shows even the dorsal and shoulder stripe characteristic of the ass, though there is often an indication of this marking in horses which have reverted to a feral state and tend to assume a dun color. The horse is now known only as a domesticated and artificially bred animal, though in both North and South America, in Australia, and in some parts of Asia the descendants of domesticated ancestors run wild in troops. The native country of the horse and the period of its subjection to man are unknown. Animals congeneric with the present horse, if not conspecific, have left their remains with those of the mammoth and other extinct animals in the bone-caves of both the old and new worlds, but the genus Equus appears not to have been fully established before the close of the Pliocene. The evolution of the modern forms has been traced back through the whole Tertiary period, by the discovery of such genera as Hipparion and Pliohippus of the Pliocene, Anchitherium, Miohippus, and Mesohippus of the Miocene, and Orohippus and Eohippus of the Eocene. In the course of this evolutionary series is observed a very gradual and unbroken geologic pedigree, going back to a small animal, not larger than a fox, with several separate toes on each foot. The size has steadily increased, and other progressive modifications, especially of the limbs, have resulted in the existing horse in all its numberless artificial breeds, races, and strains, combining in various degrees the qualities of size, strength, speed, and bottom. Two breeds—namely, the large, powerful, black breed of Flanders, and the Arabian — have contributed more than all others to develop the present varieties. The former laid the foundation of size, strength, and vigor for draft-horses and for those formerly used in war; while, when mailed armor was laid aside, and the horse began to be used for the chase, the latter conferred the speed and endurance which distinguish the hunter. The ladies’ palfrey is largely derived from the Spanish genet, a small, beautiful, fleet variety of the Moorish barb. The race-horse has less of Flemish and more of Arabian blood. Other leading varieties are the Suffolk Punch and Clydesdale, both chiefly of Flemish blood, and best for draft and agriculture; and several varieties of ponies, as Galloway, Shetland, etc. Carriage, riding, and other horses combine the above breeds in varying degrees, as speed, endurance, strength, or size, etc., may be required. Horses are said to have “blood” or “breeding” in proportion as they have a greater or less strain of Arab blood. The wild horse of Tatary is called a tarpan, that of northern Africa a koomrah, and that of America a mustang, the last being descended from imported Spanish parents. The male of the horse is a stallion; when gelded, a gelding; the female is a mare; the young, a foal—if a male, a colt, if a female, a filly. The colt and filly become “of age” when the “corner-nippers” (outer incisors) attain functional development. The age of the horse may be determined by the marks on the front teeth, which change with the wearing down of the crowns by use. When the mark disappears. as it generally does in the eighth or ninth year, the horse is “aged.” The period of gestation is eleven months, and foals are generally dropped in the spring. Horses vary greatly in size, some standing more than twice as high as others. Very small horses are called ponies, as those bred in Shetland.
    • n horse plural In zoology, the horse family, or Equidæ; the species of the genus Equus and related genera. These include all the existing asses of the restricted genus Asinus, and the quagga, dauw, and zebra, of the restricted genus Hippotigris, together with all the extinct forms of the Tertiary period which, however different from the modern horse, are connected closely by intermediate links. See Equidœ.
    • n horse The male of the horse kind, in distinction from the female or mare; a stallion or gelding.
    • n horse A body of troops serving on horseback: cavalry: in this sense a collective noun, used also as a plural: as, a regiment of horse.
    • n horse A frame, block, board, or the like, on which something is mounted or supported, or the use of which is in any way analogous to that of a horse. Compare etymology of easel.
    • n horse Specifically— A vaulting-block in a gymnasium.
    • n horse A wooden frame on which soldiers are made to ride as a punishment: sometimes called a timber mare.
    • n horse A saw-horse.
    • n horse A clothes-horse.
    • n horse A currier’ board, used in dressing hides.
    • n horse In printing, a sloping board, with its support, placed on the bank close to the tympan of a hand-press, on which is laid the paper to be printed.
    • n horse A support for the cables of a suspension-bridge.
    • n horse A board on which the workman sits in grinding the bevels and edges of tools in their manufacture. Also horsing.
    • n horse In mining, a mass of rock inclosed within a lode or vein, usually of the same material as the “country,” or rock adjacent to the lode on each side.
    • n horse In metallurgy, same as bear, 7.
    • n horse An implement or a device for some service suggesting or supposed to suggest that of a horse. Specifically— A clamp for holding screws for filing.
    • n horse Nautical: A foot-rope.
    • n horse A jack-stay, on the forward or after side of a mast, on which a sail or yard is hoisted.
    • n horse A traveler for the sheet-block of a fore-and-aft sail, consisting of a horizontal bar of wood or iron.
    • n horse The iron bar between the posts of a fife-rail to which the leading-blocks are fastened.
    • n horse A translation or similar forbidden aid used by a pupil in the preparation of his lessons; a “pony”; a “trot”; a “crib”: so called as helping the pupil to get on faster.
    • n horse Among British workmen, work charged for before it is executed.
    • n horse A term of opprobrium. Compare ass, similarly used.
    • n horse [Horse, as the first element of a compound. indicates a large or coarse thing of its kind: as, horse-chestnut, horse-crab, horse-mackerel, horse-play, etc.]
    • n horse Hence— Any competitor for or recipient of a prize, honors, or office concerning whom nothing certain is known, or whose identity is at first concealed, as for reasons of strategy; one who is unexpectedly brought forward as a candidate, or for nomination in a convention: much used in American politics.
    • n horse The cavalry and infantry — that is, the whole army: as, they were routed, horse, foot, and dragoons.
    • n horse As used adverbially, indiscriminately; without favor.
    • n horse Take horse; mount: used absolutely, as a signal or command.
    • n horse To be covered, as a mare.
    • n horse In mining, to divide into branches for a distance: said of a vein.
    • horse To provide with a horse; supply horses for, as a body of cavalry, etc.
    • horse To sit astride; bestride.
    • horse To cover: said of the male.
    • horse To mount or place on or as on the back of a horse; set on horseback; hence, to take on one's own back.
    • horse To mount on another's back preparatory to flogging.
    • horse Nautical, to “ride” hard; drive or urge at work unfairly or tyrannically: as, to horse a ship's crew.
    • horse To make out or learn by means of a translation or other extrinsic aid: as, to horse a lesson in Virgil.
    • horse To get on horseback; mount or ride on a horse.
    • horse To charge for work before it is executed.
    • horse In calking, to embed firmly in the seams of a ship, as oakum, with a horsing-iron and a mallet: often with up.
    • horse An obsolete form of hoarse.
    • n horse The researches of Ewart, Osborn, and others show the probability that the modern horse, like the dog, has been derived from several sources. Prjevalsky's horse is considered to be one of these, while two other forms are recognized—the Celtic pony and the Norse horse.
    • n horse One of the inclined timbers in a staircase which support the steps.
    • n horse In mining: A lenticular bod of shale or old channel fillings which cuts out coal-seams.
    • n horse In chess, same as knight.
    • n horse In astronomy, the constellation of Pegasus (see flying horse); also, the equine part of Sagittarius (represented as a centaur).
    • n horse A Danish silver coin of the value of 1 s. 2 d.
    • horse To hang (as skins) over a wooden horse or stand.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: It's illegal in Wilbur, Washington, to ride an ugly horse.
    • n Horse hors a well-known quadruped:
    • v.t Horse to mount on a horse: to provide with a horse: to sit astride: to carry on the back: to urge at work tyrannically: to construe by means of a crib
    • v.i Horse to get on horseback: to charge for work before it is done
    • adj Horse of reddish-bronze colour
    • adj Horse shaped like a horse-shoe
    • v.t Horse to strike with a horse-whip: to lash
    • n Horse hors (collectively) cavalry: that by which something is supported, as 'clothes-horse,' &c.: a wooden frame on which soldiers were formerly made to ride as a punishment—also Timber-mare: a boy's crib, a translation
    • ***

Quotations

  • William Faulkner
    William%20Faulkner
    “When my horse is running good, I don't stop to give him sugar.”
  • Christopher Morley
    Christopher%20Morley
    “Few girls are as well shaped as a good horse.”
  • Angel Cordero Jr.
    Angel Cordero Jr.
    “If a horse has four legs, and I'm riding it, I think I can win.”
  • D. H. Lawrence
    D.%20H.%20Lawrence
    “The horse, the horse! The symbol of surging potency and power of movement, of action, in man.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “Take care to sell your horse before he dies. The art of life is passing losses on.”
  • Rebecca West
    Rebecca%20West
    “Motherhood is the strangest thing, it can be like being one's own Trojan horse.”

Idioms

Back the wrong horse - If you back the wrong horse, you give your support to the losing side in something.
***
Beating a dead horse - (USA) If someone is trying to convince people to do or feel something without any hope of succeeding, they're beating a dead horse. This is used when someone is trying to raise interest in an issue that no-one supports anymore; beating a dead horse will not make it do any more work.
***
Change horses in midstream - If people change horses in midstream, they change plans or leaders when they are in the middle of something, even though it may be very risky to do so.
***
Close the stable door after the horse has bolted - If people try to fix something after the problem has occurred, they are trying to close the stable door after the horse has bolted. 'Close the barn door after the horse has bolted' is alternative, often used in American English.
***
Could eat a horse - If you are very hungry, you could eat a horse.
***
Dark horse - If someone is a dark horse, they are a bit of a mystery and we don't know how they will react or perform.
***
Don't look a gift horse in the mouth - This means that if you are given something, a present or a chance, you should not waste it by being too critical or examining it too closely.
***
Eat like a horse - Someone who eats like a horse, eats a lot.
***
Flogging a dead horse - (UK) If someone is trying to convince people to do or feel something without any hope of succeeding, they're flogging a dead horse. This is used when someone is trying to raise interest in an issue that no-one supports anymore; beating a dead horse will not make it do any more work.
***
From the horse's mouth - If you hear something from the horse's mouth, you hear it directly from the person concerned or responsible.
***
Get back on the horse that bucked you - When you start drinking again after being hungover from drinking the previous night.
***
Hay is for horses - This idiom is used as a way of telling children not to say the word 'hey' as in hey you or hey there.
***
Healthy as a horse - If you're as healthy as a horse, you're very healthy.
***
Hold your horses - If someone tells you to hold your horses, you are doing something too fast and they would like you to slow down.
***
Horse of a different color - (USA) If something is a horse of a different color, it's a different matter or separate issue altogether.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. hors,; akin to OS. hros, D. & OHG. ros, G. ross, Icel. hross,; and perh. to L. currere, to run, E. course, current, Cf. Walrus
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. hors; Ice. horss, Old High Ger. hros (Ger. ross).

Usage

In literature:

My horse had made but a light journey; and nine miles more would be nothing to him.
"The Wild Huntress" by Mayne Reid
Daoud and his guard passed by a second yard, where still more Muslim soldiers were grooming their slender Arab horses.
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
At a shouted command from Omar, who sat on his horse in the center, the circle began to rotate, the horses running faster and faster.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
It was a sorrowful experience, for a fallen horse is a horse in ruins and makes a most woful appeal upon one's sympathies.
"The Trail of the Goldseekers" by Hamlin Garland
That any horse may be taught to do anything that a horse can do if taught in a proper manner.
"A New Illustrated Edition of J. S. Rarey's Art of Taming Horses" by J. S. Rarey
His horse was an old stock-horse, and as soon as the beast turned, it turned too, quickly, and in its own length.
"In the Musgrave Ranges" by Jim Bushman
He crept back to his horse and walked it till he found a deer track the horse could follow, then mounted and trotted northward.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
But there were horses in the stalls, horses that lolled on a dropped hip, with heads down and eyes closed.
"Louisiana Lou" by William West Winter
An' last, this horse tradin', an' wild horse catchin'.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
This is a-a-a horse, nigger, a-a-a horse!
"Old Man Curry" by Charles E. (Charles Emmett) Van Loan
In five minutes his horse was stabled and cared for.
"The Night Riders" by Ridgwell Cullum
The horse's head was pulled up, and there were signs of departure.
"Whispering Smith" by Frank H. Spearman
A horse had fallen with its rider, the two lying together, the man pinned under the horse.
"Rim o' the World" by B. M. Bower
It was the fault of his horse.
"The Golden Woman" by Ridgwell Cullum
I want to borrow a good horse from Bill here.
"The Twins of Suffering Creek" by Ridgwell Cullum
Still the horse was not running fast.
"Dwellers in the Hills" by Melville Davisson Post
It seemed to him that a horse had neighed.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
Weir's horse floundered and went down, men and horses rolled together in the sand.
"Stepsons of Light" by Eugene Manlove Rhodes
A horse had been placed at his disposal, and his portmanteau was to be sent after him.
"Villa Eden:" by Berthold Auerbach
Tip-Top took the curve like a cart horse.
"The Garden of Eden" by Max Brand
***

In poetry:

I said, Madam,
Can it be
You trying to make a
Pack-horse out of me?
"Madam And Her Madam" by Langston Hughes
"Nay," Solomon replied,
"The wise and strong should seek
The welfare of the weak,"
And turned his horse aside.
"King Solomon and the Ants" by John Greenleaf Whittier
"Le winged horse avec acclaim
Was voted mon possession;
Je rode him tous les jours to fame;
Je led the whole procession.
"New England Magazine" by Ellis Parker Butler
On the deep road through the rocks,
As I rode,
I could reach his horse's locks;
Through the echo-hurling rocks,
As I rode.
"The Headless Horseman" by Madison Julius Cawein
There came a tramp of horses' feet:
He raised his startled eyes,
And felt his pulses throb and beat
With sorrow and surprise.
"The Feud: A Border Ballad" by Adam Lindsay Gordon
Johne toke the munkes horse be the hed,
For sothe as I yow say,
So did Muche the litulle page,
For he shulde not stirre away.
"Robin Hood And The Monk" by Andrew Lang

In news:

With the spreading of the Horse Herpes outbreak, rodeo queens at an event in Farmington Utah were forced to ride out for the opening event–on stick horses.
Learning to train horses — by riding, Julie Winkel soothes one of her horses, Bo, after a run through the horse jumping circuit on Sunday.
They would have no place to take those horses, you can't give away a horse right now, horses that are given away often times go to illegal slaughter.
Horses have been injected with drugs and vaccines to slow reproduction and rounded up for adoption, but the BLM currently has more horses in captivity — more than 45,000 — than are left roaming the range.
Horses have been injected with drugs and vaccines to slow reproduction and rounded up for adoption, but the BLM currently has more horses in captivity—more than 45,000—than are left roaming the range.
Horses have been injected with drugs and vaccines to slow reproduction and rounded up for adoption, but the BLM currently has more horses in captivity – more than 45,000 – than are left roaming the range.
Quarter horses are smaller but more muscular than thoroughbreds and can run short distances faster than other horses .
The agency has claimed it screened buyers and no horses in its care went to slaughter, but did nothing to verify what happened to the horses it sold to Davis and others.
Sumter horse owner mourns 9 horses killed in barn fire.
A lay inspector goes over a horse in the inspection area at the Tennessee Walking Horse National Celebration in Shelbyville, Tenn.
Responding to a report by ProPublica that detailed the possibility wild horses were being slaughtered, the American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign delivered a letter with 25,130 signatures to Interior Secretary Ken Salazar demanding action.
The horse world is full of people who think they know everything about horses and horsemanship.
She enjoyed showing horses and horse shows.
In another case of possible horse abuse in northern Nevada, Sheriff's deputies took 34 horses from a home on Hillsboro Road in Fallon Friday.
Who decides where the Horse Mania horses go.
***

In science:

The form of the reality map can be tuned to move continuously from purely ob jective to purely sub jective games, and to incorporate both positive and negative feedback.1 Consider a probabilistic event, such as a coin toss or the outcome of a horse race.
The Reality Game
In the case of a horse race, for instance, a jockey riding a strongly favored horse may make more money if he secretly bets on the second most favored horse and then intentionally loses the race.
The Reality Game
All the king’s horses and all the king’s men cannot put the wave function back together again.
A Quantum Past
This upper bound is tight for gambling in a horse race, which is an extreme case of stock markets.
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
This upper bound is tight when specialized to gambling in horse races.
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
Let o(xi |xi−1 ) denote the odds of a horse xi given the previous outcomes xi−1, which is the amount of capital that the gambler gets for each unit capital that the gambler invested in the horse.
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
Yi, which is a noisy observation of the horse race outcome Xi .
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
The winning horse Xi is represented as a Markov process with two states.
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
The side information, Yi, is a noisy observation of the winning horse, Xi .
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
Note that the upper bound in Theorem 3 is tight for gambling in horse races (Corollary 1).
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
Consider the horse race setting in Section III-A where the gambler has causal side information.
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
For the special case where the side information is independent of the horse race outcomes, the penalty is L1 (Y n → X n).
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
In the special case, where the side information is independent of the horse outcome, namely, p(yn ||xn−1 ) = p(yn ), then L2 (Y n → X n) = L1 (Y n → X n ).
Interpretations of Directed Information in Portfolio Theory, Data Compression, and Hypothesis Testing
For Ecm r = 89 keV, the proton partial width is calculated from the measured (p,α) resonance strength [154] and the derived value agrees with the result of the recent Tro jan Horse study [150].
Charged-Particle Thermonuclear Reaction Rates: II. Tables and Graphs of Reaction Rates and Probability Density Functions
Pizzone discussed the “Trojan Horse Method” (THM) used to determine the cross section for the 6Li(d,α)4He reaction.
Fusion11 Conference Summary
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