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  • WordNet 3.6
    • n gill respiratory organ of aquatic animals that breathe oxygen dissolved in water
    • n gill any of the radiating leaflike spore-producing structures on the underside of the cap of a mushroom or similar fungus
    • n gill a United States liquid unit equal to 4 fluid ounces
    • n gill a British imperial capacity unit (liquid or dry) equal to 5 fluid ounces or 142.066 cubic centimeters
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: A greenish facial tint has long been associated with illness, as suggested by the phrase "green around the gills." As a person who is very envious is considered by many folks to be unwell, these people have been described as "green (or sick) with envy."
    • n Gill A leech.
    • n Gill A measure of capacity, containing one fourth of a pint.
    • n Gill A two-wheeled frame for transporting timber.
    • n Gill A woody glen; a narrow valley containing a stream.
    • Gill A young woman; a sweetheart; a flirting or wanton girl. "Each Jack with his Gill ."
    • Gill (Anat) An organ for aquatic respiration; a branchia. "Fishes perform respiration under water by the gills ."
    • Gill Malt liquor medicated with ground ivy.
    • Gill (Spinning) One of the combs of closely ranged steel pins which divide the ribbons of flax fiber or wool into fewer parallel filaments.
    • Gill The flesh under or about the chin.
    • Gill (Zoöl) The fleshy flap that hangs below the beak of a fowl; a wattle.
    • Gill (Bot) The ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma); -- called also gill over the ground, and other like names.
    • Gill (Bot) The radiating, gill-shaped plates forming the under surface of a mushroom.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Octopi and squid have three hearts. Their main systemic heart pumps blood throughout the circulatory system, and two branchial hearts provide some additional push at each of the paired gills.
    • n gill The breathing-organ of any animal that lives in the water.
    • n gill Specifically, an organ in aquatic animals for the aërification of the blood through the medium of water; the respiratory apparatus of any animal that breathes the air which is mixed with water; by extension, a branchia, as of any invertebrate and of the ichthyopsidan vertebrates. See branchiæ. The gills or branchiæ of a fish are a series of vascular arches by which the venous blood is brought in close relation with the water, and thus arterialized. They are situated on each side of the neck, and consist generally of rows of compressed filaments arising from the outer sides of the gill-arches, between which are the gill-slits through which water is poured in respiration to bathe the gills, the set of gills being usually contained in cavities shut in by the gill-covers and communicating with the mouth. There are usually four rows of gills in true fishes, but there may be fewer; in selachians there are generally five pairs; the details of the arrangement are very various. In Amphibia the gills are similar to those of fishes in their situation and general character, but they usually present externally as tufted organs on each side of the neck, and in many cases are caducous, being replaced by lungs. In Mollusca the character of the gills is very different, and their disposition is so variable that they are made a means of establishing many of the orders and subordinate groups of that division of the animal kingdom. In an oyster, for example, the gills are the folds or plaits which lie in layers around a considerable part of the circumference of the animal. (See cuts under Dendronotus, Doris, Lamellibranchiata, and Polyplacophora.) In Crustacea the gills are commonly appendages of some of the legs, very variable in number and situation, as podobranchiæ, pleurobranchiæ, etc. (See epipodite, and cut under Podophthalmia.) Among Insecta gills are filamentous or foliaceous external appendages of the trachea of aquatic insects which breathe in the water. In Arachnida the gills are the external parts of the breathing-organ, each gill consisting of a minute slit covered with a scale; there are two or four of these on the lower side of the abdomen, near the base. In Vermes gills are the respiratory organs, of whatever character, commonly fringing the sides of the body or forming tufts on the head.
    • n gill Some part like or likened to a gill. The wattles or dewlap of a fowl.
    • n gill One of a number of radiating plates on the under side of the cap or pileus of a mushroom.
    • n gill In entomology, the branchiæ or external breathing-organs of certain insectlarvæ.
    • gill To catch (fish) by the gills, as by means of a gill-net: as, gilled fish.
    • gill [In allusion to the parallel rows of filaments in a fish's gills.] In making worsted yarn, to make the fibers level and parallel with each other by drawing them through a gilling-machine.
    • gill To display the gills in swimming with the head partly out of water: as, mackerel go along gilling.
    • n gill A narrow valley; a ravine, especially one with a rapid stream running through it. The word is in common use in the lake district of England: as, Dungeon Gill, Gillin-Grove. In northwestern Yorkshire the valleys are called dales and gills.
    • n gill A corrugation or fold; a hollow, as in a sheet of metal.
    • n gill A frame with a pair of wheels used for conveying timber.
    • n gill Same as gill-frame.
    • n gill A liquid measure, one fourth of a pint in the British and United States systems. The United States gill contains 7.217 cubic inches, equal to 118.35 cubic centimeters. The British imperial gill contains just 5 ounces avoirdupois of distilled water at 62° F., weighed in air under a pressure equal to that of 30 inches of mercury at London, being equal to 142 cubic centimeters or 1.2 United States gills. Until about 1825 the gill was not considered as part of the regular system of English measures of capacity, and there was some want of uniformity in the use of the name. (See the extract from Carew.) In the north of England and parts of Scotland a half-pint was called a gill. The Scotch gill was 1/16 of a Scotch pint, and was therefore about equal to the English gill.
    • n gill A pint of ale.
    • n gill A girl; a sweetheart: used in familiarity or contempt, as either a proper or a common noun.
    • n gill [Short for gill-creep-by-the-ground, or gillrun-over-the-ground, homely names for the plant, in which gill is a familiar application of the feminine name.] The ground-ivy, Nepeta Glechoma.
    • n gill Same as gill-beer.
    • n gill An English penny or quarter bit.
    • n gill A fellow or ‘cove’: as, a queer gill.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gill gil one of the breathing organs in fishes and certain other aquatic animals: the flap below the bill of a fowl.
    • n Gill jil a measure=¼ pint
    • n Gill jil a girl, because of the commonness of the name Gillian, cf. 'Jack and Jill:' ground-ivy: beer flavoured with ground-ivy
    • n Gill gil a small ravine, a wooded glen
    • Gill Also Ghyll
    • ***


  • Ambrose Bierce
    “A body of water occupying about two-thirds of a world made for man, who has no gills.”


Green around the gills - If someone looks green around the gills, they look ill.
Stuffed to the gills - If someone is stuffed to the gills, they have eaten a lot and are very full.


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Dan. giælle, gelle,; akin to Sw. gäl, Icel. gjölnar, gills; cf. AS. geagl, geahl, jaw


In literature:

Our first eight beat the Gillings College first eight last June.
"Ruth Fielding At College" by Alice B. Emerson
Mrs. Fairfax, of Gilling Castle, and her two handsome daughters were also at Rome.
"Personal Recollections, from Early Life to Old Age, of Mary Somerville" by Mary Somerville
It's very simple when you once know how, but you can't do it with your gill-covers clamped down.
"Forest Neighbors" by William Davenport Hulbert
He told the sickening, white-gilled little skulker what he thought of him.
"The Dop Doctor" by Clotilde Inez Mary Graves
These are gills, through which it can breathe the air which is in the water.
"Friends in Feathers and Fur, and Other Neighbors" by James Johonnot
Fresh fish have firm flesh, rigid fins, bright, clear eyes, and ruddy gills.
"Twenty-Five Cent Dinners for Families of Six" by Juliet Corson
The common Mushroom is distinguished by its general shape, its pink or brown gills, its white flesh, brown spores, and solid stem.
"Scouting For Girls, Official Handbook of the Girl Scouts" by Girl Scouts
Repeat, until you have used the juice of half a lemon, and two gills of oil.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
The net used is what is known as a gill-net.
"Tales of the Fish Patrol" by Jack London
Shred two or three shalots, and boil them a few minutes in a gill of water, and half a gill of vinegar.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Jack, bring a Bottle, pour them each a Gill.
"Ponteach" by Robert Rogers
Just before you take it up add a gill of thick cream.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
The heart was situated deep in just back of the gills.
"Tales of Fishes" by Zane Grey
Soak the contents of a tin of Nelson's Beef Tea in a gill of water for ten minutes.
"Nelson's Home Comforts" by Mary Hooper
Published by L. Upcott Gill, 170 Strand, W. C., London.
"Boy Scouts Handbook" by Boy Scouts of America
Gill (Thomas), the blind man, 608.
"Notes and Queries, Index of Volume 5, January-June, 1852" by Various
So old Solomon Gills tried not to sorrow for his going.
"Tales from Dickens" by Charles Dickens and Hallie Erminie Rives
Sour cabbage 24-1/2 gills = 122-1/2 oz.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various
In the order Agaricini the hymenium is found on the under surface of the mushroom cap, covering pleats or gills, technically called lamellae.
"Student's Hand-book of Mushrooms of America, Edible and Poisonous" by Thomas Taylor
Mr Thomas Gills had at one time been a clerk in the office of the departed Linklater.
"Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 62, No. 383, September 1847" by Various

In poetry:

But Father, dear Father, come home with me now
They won’t give you any more gills
For Mother’s been trying to poison herself
With a box of Pink Pale People’s Pills.
"Father Come Home" by Billy Bennett
Then self-conceit would press your skill,
To toddle up Parnassus hill,
Then ignorance did lift a quill,
To write your verse;
Ye thought your neebors o'er a gill,
Would it rehearse.
"Address To Doggerels" by Susannah Hawkins
The corn-craik was chirmin' her lane eerie cry,
Whan aff we gaed skelpin' to ca' hame the kye;
An' up the green gill, as we drave them alang,
We rous'd a' the echoes wi' daffin' an' sang.
"Pairtin' An' Meetin'" by Janet Hamilton
But Nannie, dear lassie, was sune a young wife,
An' listed to fecht the stern battle o' life;
In the bonny green gill we'll sing never mair—
We pairted, an' wow but oor pairtin' was sair.
"Pairtin' An' Meetin'" by Janet Hamilton
I love the angle,— to watch and wait
For the perch so subtle and still,
Till deep in his hole he has gorged the bait,
And gluttony fixes a tyrant's fate
With a good gimp-hook in his gill:
"Tangley Pond" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
She sang o' Gill Morice, an' young Gregor's ghost,
The twa bonnie babes in the wud that were lost,
An' Bothwell's fair dochter, the young Leddy Jean,
That was droon'd in the Clyde ae weird hallowe'en.
"Grannie's Tale: A Ballad o'Memorie" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

School Gill St Bernard's School.
Vince Gill recently released his latest album, 'Guitar Slinger, ' which is the first collection of new tunes from the singer and guitar genius in five long years.
Vince Gill's 'Guitar Slinger '.
Vince Gill Discusses His Aptly Titled New Album, 'Guitar Slinger '.
Vince Gill's "Guitar Slinger " In Stores Now.
You can hear Vince Gill every day on KIXS 108.
The fourth time was the charm for the Oregon and Washington gill-net fleet in the lower Columbia River.
800 THE BIG 1 (843-2441) Facebook: Become a Fan Twitter: Follow Me Youtube: Watch The Marc Amazon show is produced by Rob Roberts, Randy Slack and Brian Gill.
A Life by Stephen Gill Oxford University Press, (Clarendon Press), 525 pp.
John Gill makes a case for silence at the Knox County Commission.
Defending champion Gael Monfils saved a match point to edge Gilles Simon 4-6, 7-6 (4), 6-4 in an all-French match Saturday and reach the Open Sud de France final.
The unofficial winning fish of the Juneau Spring King Salmon Derby is 38.4 lb fish (cleaned and gilled) as of May 31.
Aaron Broussard's travel completes tawdry picture of abuses and corruption in Jefferson Parish: James Gill.
Designers Alexa Adams and Flora Gill backstage at Ohne Titel Spring 2013 at Milk Studios on September 10, 2012 in New York City.
Ohne Titel 's Flora Gill and Alexa Adams, Waris Ahluwalia, and Sophie Theallet.

In science:

Doss and Gill (1992) provided a machinery for bringing weak convergence results in the F domain over to the Q = F −1 domain, via compact differentiability of the inverse functional transform.
Quantile pyramids for Bayesian nonparametrics
Gilles Brassard, Peter Høyer, Michele Mosca, and Alain Tapp.
Quantum algorithms for testing properties of distributions
Gilles Brassard, Peter Høyer, and Alain Tapp.
Quantum algorithms for testing properties of distributions
Gill, Orientable regular maps with Euler characteristic divisible by few primes, Submitted. [GLS98] D Gorenstein, R Lyons, and R Solomon, The classification of the finite simple groups.
(2,m,n)-groups with Euler characteristic equal to -2^as^b
Figure 6 shows all the papers written by Gilles and their citation links among themselves.
Publication Induced Research Analysis (PIRA) - Experiments on Real Data
Christian, Refutation of Richard Gill’s Argument Against my Disproof of Bell’s Theorem, arXiv:1203.2529 J.
Whither All the Scope and Generality of Bell's Theorem?
GILLES CHABRIER: The groups of Rafael Rebolo and Gibor Basri, who suggested the possible binarity, are examinating this possibility but, as far as I know, they don’t have a definitive answer yet.
Theory of low-mass stars, brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets
GILLES CHABRIER: As we’ve shown in a recent paper (ApJ 468 L21), they can be explained by halo white dwarfs, providing some stringent conditions are met. I will illustrate this point in my white dwarf talk.
Theory of low-mass stars, brown dwarfs and extra-solar giant planets
We obtain simple polynomial expressions for the (“Gill-Massar”) traces of the products of the inverse of the quantum Helstrom information matrix and these Fisher information matrices.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
Then, the result of an analysis for m = 3, N = 2 leads us to conjecture that for optimal measurements for al l m and N, the Gill-Massar trace achieves a minimum of (2N − 1)(m − 1) in the pure state limit.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
Let us first observe that Gill and Massar [2, eq.(26)] asserted that the upper (quantum [Helstrom] Cram´er-Rao) bound N Hq, was not, in general, achievable in a multiparameter setting.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
For N = 2, it is easy to see, in the context of the results above, that this (“Gill-Massar”) trace result is simply 3.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
N − 1. (In an earlier version of this paper, quantph/0002063, the results given — including Fig. 1, plotting the Gill-Massar trace — for N = 7 were “anomalous”, in this regard.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
It is easy to see, then, that in these six cases the Gill-Massar bound [2, eq. (27)] of N is violated — as Theorem III of their paper recognizes will occur for non-separable measurements.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements
Gill remarked in an e-mail message of Feb. 18, 2000 that “this is all very interesting.
Increased Efficiency of Quantum State Estimation Using Non-Separable Measurements