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  • WordNet 3.6
    • n forerunner something that precedes and indicates the approach of something or someone
    • n forerunner a person who goes before or announces the coming of another
    • n forerunner anything that precedes something similar in time "phrenology was an antecedent of modern neuroscience"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Before the first French cafe in the late 1700's, coffee was sold by street vendors in Europe, in the Arab fashion. The Arabs were the forerunners of the sidewalk espresso carts of today.
    • Forerunner A messenger sent before to give notice of the approach of others; a harbinger; a sign foreshowing something; a prognostic; as, the forerunner of a fever. "Whither the forerunner in for us entered, even Jesus.""My elder brothers, my forerunners, came."
    • Forerunner (Naut) A piece of rag terminating the log line.
    • Forerunner A predecessor; an ancestor.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n forerunner One who or that which foreruns; an annunciator; a harbinger: as, John the Baptist was the forerunner of Christ.
    • n forerunner An ancestor or predecessor.
    • n forerunner A prognostic; a premonitory token; a sign foreshowing something to follow: as, popular tumults are the forerunners of revolution.
    • n forerunner Nautical, a piece of bunting or other material inserted in a log-line to mark the point at which the glass must be turned.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Forerunner a runner or messenger sent before: a sign that something is to follow
    • ***


  • Eric Butterworth
    “Attitudes are the forerunners of conditions.”
  • George Gardner
    George Gardner
    “Thought is, perhaps, the forerunner and even the mother of ideas, and ideas are the most powerful and the most useful things in the world.”


In literature:

The forerunner of Luther (in my opinion) was JOHN GEYLER; a man of singular intrepidity of head and heart.
"A Bibliographical, Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany, Volume Two" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
Bayle has been hailed as a forerunner of Voltairean scepticism.
"Theodicy" by G. W. Leibniz
The year 1688 had passed peacefully enough for the colony, but it was only the calm which is the forerunner of the storm.
"The Makers of Canada: Bishop Laval" by A. Leblond de Brumath
Sarah was a bit dismayed by the behavior of these rough forerunners of civilization.
"A Man for the Ages" by Irving Bacheller
The pale forerunners of dawn had appeared.
"The Stolen Singer" by Martha Idell Fletcher Bellinger
This was the forerunner of the grease-and the oil-lamp.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
One of the most famous of these is the legend of Theophilus, the forerunner of Faust.
"The Evolution of Love" by Emil Lucka
But of this expedient she availed herself rather less than any of her forerunners.
"The Tales Of The Heptameron, Vol. I. (of V.)" by Margaret, Queen Of Navarre
The great Boston fire of 1872 had a forerunner in the same city.
"The Bay State Monthly, Volume 3, No. 4" by Various
The fog in which they had run out from the Capes was the forerunner of a storm which increased as the day advanced.
"Navy Boys Behind the Big Guns" by Halsey Davidson
This illusion might be a forerunner of the death to which she was hastening, the Angel of Death himself steering her to destruction!
"A Dozen Ways Of Love" by Lily Dougall
Besides, when a word has been for a long time the signal of persecution and the forerunner of death, one hesitates to employ it.
"The Heavenly Father" by Ernest Naville
They are the forerunners of the autumn immigrants.
"A Bird Calendar for Northern India" by Douglas Dewar
Stupor, apoplexy and convulsions are the forerunners of a fatal termination.
"The People's Common Sense Medical Adviser in Plain English" by R. V. Pierce
It seemed like the forerunner of annihilation.
"The Swindler and Other Stories" by Ethel M. Dell
He was a forerunner, but hardly a contemporary.
"Some Diversions of a Man of Letters" by Edmund William Gosse
Then came the little pause which is forerunner to the first blow, when two men measure each other, seeking each to read the other's purpose.
"Judith of Blue Lake Ranch" by Jackson Gregory
Was this a forerunner of what the rest of her sophomore days were destined to be?
"Jane Allen: Right Guard" by Edith Bancroft
Forerunners of the waking spirit of the world!
"The Flutter of the Goldleaf; and Other Plays" by Olive Tilford Dargan and Frederick Peterson
Headache, as the first symptom of inflammation of the brain, is often the forerunner of convulsions, delirium, and sudden death.
"Old-Time Makers of Medicine" by James J. Walsh

In poetry:

"I rue it! . . . His guileless forerunners,
Whose brains I could blandish,
To measure the deeps of my mysteries
Applied them in vain.
"The Mother Mourns." by Thomas Hardy
The grass, forerunner of life, has gone,
But plants that spring in ruins and shards
Attend until your dream is done:
I have seen hemlock in your yards.
"To Iron-Founders And Others" by Gordon Bottomley
Thus does a fate benign present itself,
Who wills not that to good, good should succeed,
Or pain forerunner be of pain,
But turning round, the wheel,
Now rising, now depressed,
As day and night succeed alternately.
"The Heroic Enthusiasts - Part The Second =Fifth Dialogue=." by Giordano Bruno

In news:

A bronze plaque from the Temple of Wadd depicts some of the earliest forerunners to Arabic, written in the Roman era.
He began his banking career in 1927 at the National City Company, the forerunner of Citibank.
Orwellian State or Forerunner of Media Reform in Latin America.
Acer is the Windows 8 tablet forerunner with its preview of the Iconia W700-6465 - one of our first tastes of what Microsoft has up its sleeve for what pundits are calling the "post-PC era.".
A dozen years in, the Chicago-based ensemble known as Shekinah Glory Ministry (SGM) continues to be a forerunner for urban praise and worship music.
The 1955 Flajole Forerunner was donated to the museum.
A forerunner in early-'90s positive-message hip-hop, Arrested Development had a string of Billboard hits on 3 Years, 5 Months & 2 Days in the Life Of, now considered a classic.
As the two characters face a reemerging threat to the galaxy, we finally gain insight into the mysterious Forerunner race hinted at since Combat Evolved.
Sure, Noodle Bar has its forerunners.
OurWeekly > classifieds > garmin-forerunner-305-gps- heart-and-soul -price-keep-eye.
A menu that stars seafood, plus a weathered nautical decor, echo the cafe's forerunner, Tom's Clam Cove in Syracuse.
The '67 GT handling isn't as good as its forerunners', but above average "performance" cars'.
She was 81 and had helped spearhead an industrial and domestic revolution by inventing the forerunner of the disposable diaper.
Soon what could be considered the forerunner of modern reality TV, ' Survivor ' will reach a landmark 25 seasons as the series next travels to the Philippines to test the mettle of its 18 contestants.
'The Hunger Games' has echoes of some great films of its type: the reality-show forerunners.

In science:

As a forerunner, Goto et al. (2004) identi fied a population of red, late-type galaxies rapidly changing morphology at z ∼ 0.17.
Are Passive Spiral Galaxies Truly "Passive" and "Spiral"? : Near-Infrared Perspective
The effect of the forerunner can be negligible in some limit cases – for example, in the case where the half-life of the parent nucleus is very long, or in the case where the fraction of its contribution is very small.
Fragments formation in proton-induced fission at 660 MeV of 238-U
In fact, the works [2, 9, 13] have already given the early forerunner of Hom-Lie algebras, which also studied the q -deformations of the Witt and the Virasoro algebras.
Hom-Lie superalgebra structures on finite-dimensional simple Lie superalgebras
After roughly t = 1.1 Gyrs, the forerunners of the group of particles we follow reach the vicinity of the opposite side of the bar from which they emanated (i.e. the right side, near L1 ).
Manifold-driven spirals in N-body barred galaxy simulations
This result is a weak version (and, in fact, a forerunner ) of Theorem 7.1.
The random geometry of equilibrium phases
This method may be thought as a forerunner of SPH scheme, which is a particle scheme frequently used in the astrophysics community, but it would be more appropriate to consider it as a forerunner of the Direct Simulation Monte Carlo method (DSMC) developed later by Bird (see Bird, 1994).
Gas flow in close binary star systems
The photon box thought experiment can be considered a forerunner of the EPR-experiment: by performing suitable measurements on the box it is possible to “prepare” the photon, long after it has escaped, in either of two complementary states.
Complementarity in the Bohr-Einstein Photon Box
Einstein’s thought experiment can be considered a forerunner of the EPRexperiment.
Complementarity in the Bohr-Einstein Photon Box
I thank Frank Sottile and Mark Haiman, who independently suggested that there should be some geometric explanation for the forerunner of interval pattern avoidance found in the characterization of Gorenstein Schubert varieties.
Interval pattern avoidance for arbitrary root systems
M jachkin, V .I ., Brace, W ., Sobolev, G .A., and Dieterich, J ., 1975. Two mode ls for earthquake forerunners, Pure App l . Geophys . 113, pp. 169 -180.
The background seismicity rate of the Greek territory, considered as a unified seismogenic area, for the period 1964 - 2010. Is Greece in course for a large seismic event?
This gives the following specialization of Theorem 5.1, which is the space level forerunner of the categorical Theorem 3.11.
Chaotic categories and equivariant classifying spaces
As was also observed in [13, Theorem 5], elementary covering space theory gives the following result, which is the space level forerunner of the categorical Theorem 3.12.
Chaotic categories and equivariant classifying spaces
The P S model was proposed before any grand unification scheme and so it constitutes really the forerunner of the GUT idea that quarks and leptons should belong to common representations of the gauge group.
Quaternions for Guts
Moser points out that the moment problem was the forerunner of modern spectral theory.
Multipeakons and the Classical Moment Problem