Weightless magnetic ions; swarms of electric ions; the misty breath of the infinite energy breathing upon, condensing upon, them.
"The Metal Monster" by A. Merritt
There are other forms of electrical discharges not distinctly connected with the then existing condensation of moisture.
"Outlines of the Earth's History" by Nathaniel Southgate Shaler
That electricity is nothing more than the effects of the condensation and rarefaction of this medium by force.
"Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms" by T. Bassnett
A woman who spends her life in a reclining seclusion becomes very much of a clairvoyant, an electric condenser of emotions.
"Command" by William McFee
High tension electricity, generated by a frictional machine, provided with a condenser, was formerly much used for blasting.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 1" by Various
The Leyden jar is, however, only one form of the piece of electrical apparatus known as an electrical condenser, and many other forms exist.
"The Romance of War Inventions" by Thomas W. Corbin
Thus the Leyden jar is both a collector and a condenser of electricity.
"Inventions in the Century" by William Henry Doolittle
So a condenser of a certain size may hold any number of coulombs, according to the electrical pressure.
"Hawkins Electrical Guide, Number One" by Nehemiah Hawkins
If a kite be flown into a cloud, and made to give off electricity for some time, that cloud will begin to condense into rain.
"Meteorology" by J. G. M'Pherson
The electric condenser= is a device having a large electrical capacity consisting of parallel conductors separated by good insulators.
"Physics" by Willis Eugene Tower
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Witten, Electric-Magnetic Duality, Monopole Condensation, And Conﬁnement In N = 2 Supersymmetric Yang-Mil ls Theory, Nucl.
Aspects of duality
Electric-magnetic duality, monopole condensation, and conﬁnement in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mil ls theory.
Topological quantum field theories
Witten, “Electric - magnetic duality, monopole condensation, and conﬁnement in N = 2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory,” Nucl.
Factorization of Seiberg-Witten Curves with Fundamental Matter
We found that the reduction of the amplitude of the order parameter around the π-phase kinks is small but the loss of condensation energy amounts to that comparable to the energy of the kink state which consists of supercurrent energy and electric and magnetic ones.
It has become customary to think of quark conﬁnement as a dual superconductor, in which (chromo-) electric charges are conﬁned in a medium in which a magnetic charge is condensed.
New Results on Non-Abelian Vortices - further insights into monopole, vortex and confinement
Since r mesons are electrically charged, their condensation implies electric superconductivity.
"Strongly interacting matter in magnetic fields": an overview
In this dual-superconductor picture for the QCD vacuum, the squeezing of the color-electric ﬂux between quarks is realized by the dual Meissner effect as the result of condensation of color-magnetic monopoles, which is the dual version of electric-charge condensation.
Semi-analytical Proof of Abelian Dominance on Confinement in the Maximally Abelian Gauge
Thus, by the abelian gauge ﬁxing, QCD is reduced into an abelian gauge theory including both the electric current jµ and the magnetic current kµ, which is expected to provide the theoretical basis of the monopole-condensation scheme for the conﬁnement mechanism.
Semi-analytical Proof of Abelian Dominance on Confinement in the Maximally Abelian Gauge
In this dual-superconductor picture for the QCD vacuum, the squeezing of the color-electric ﬂux between quarks is realized by the dual Meissner effect as the result of condensation of color-magnetic monopoles.
Monopoles and Gluon Fields in QCD in the Maximally Abelian Gauge
In the dual Higgs theory, color conﬁnement is realized by the onedimensional squeezing of the color-electric ﬂux in the QCD vacuum through the dual Meissner effect caused by monopole condensation.
Monopoles and Gluon Fields in QCD in the Maximally Abelian Gauge
In addition, if one single abelian pro jection were involved in monopole condensation, then ﬂux tubes observed on lattice in Q − ¯Q conﬁgurations should have the electric ﬁeld belonging to the conﬁning U (1), and this is not the case15 .
What We Do Understand of Colour Confinement
With the two conjectures of abelian dominance and monopole condensation, QCD in the abelian gauge becomes the dual Higgs theory, and then color conﬁnement can be understood as one-dimensional squeezing of the color-electric ﬂux due to the dual Meissner effect.
Dual Higgs Theory for Color Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics
In this dual-superconductor picture for the QCD vacuum, as the result of condensation of color-magnetic monopoles, which is the dual version of the electric charge, the squeezing of the color-electric ﬂux between quarks is realized by the dual Meissner effect.
Dual Higgs Theory for Color Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics
Thus, by the abelian gauge ﬁxing, QCD is reduced into an abelian gauge theory including both the electric current jµ and the magnetic current kµ, which is expected to provide a theoretical basis of the monopole-condensation scheme for the conﬁnement mechanism.
Dual Higgs Theory for Color Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics
The QCD vacuum is regarded as a dual version of the superconductor and color conﬁnement is understood as the exclusion of the color-electric ﬁeld by monopole condensation.
Dual Higgs Theory for Color Confinement in Quantum Chromodynamics
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