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deacon

Definitions

  • He rushed out and throwed the rope around Deacon Sypher
    He rushed out and throwed the rope around Deacon Sypher
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n deacon a cleric ranking just below a priest in Christian churches; one of the Holy Orders
    • n deacon a Protestant layman who assists the minister
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A-talkin' with Deacon Henzy A-talkin' with Deacon Henzy

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Deacon (Eccl) An officer in Christian churches appointed to perform certain subordinate duties varying in different communions. In the Roman Catholic and Episcopal churches, a person admitted to the lowest order in the ministry, subordinate to the bishops and priests. In Presbyterian churches, he is subordinate to the minister and elders, and has charge of certain duties connected with the communion service and the care of the poor. In Congregational churches, he is subordinate to the pastor, and has duties as in the Presbyterian church.
    • Deacon The chairman of an incorporated company.
    • Deacon To read aloud each line of (a psalm or hymn) before singing it, -- usually with off.
    • Deacon With humorous reference to hypocritical posing: To pack (fruit or vegetables) with the finest specimens on top; to alter slyly the boundaries of (land); to adulterate or doctor (an article to be sold), etc.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n deacon Eccles., one of a body of men, either forming an order of the ministry or serving merely as elected officers of individual churches, whose chief duty is to assist a presbyter, priest, or other clergyman, especially in administering the eucharist and in the care of the poor. In the apostolic church, one of an order of ministers or church-officers, inferior to apostles and presbyters, whose duty it was to serve at the Lord's Supper, or agape, and to minister alms to the poor. It is generally believed that the institution of this office is recorded in Acts vi. 1-6, where, although the word deacon (διάκονος, minister) is not used of the seven persons appointed, the corresponding words “to minister or serve” (διακονει%148ν) and “ministration” (διακονία) are employed. By an analogy with the Mosaic hierarchy, St. Clement of Rome in the apostolic age called the deacons Levites, and this use of the word Levite long remained frequent.
    • n deacon In Scotland, the president of an incorporated trade, who is the chairman of its meetings and signs its records. Before the passing of the Burgh Reform Act the deacons of the crafts or incorporated trades in royal burghs formed a constituent part of the town council, and were understood to represent the trades, as distinguished from the merchants and guild brethren. The deacon-convener of the trades in Edinburgh and Glasgow still continues to be a constituent member of the town council.
    • n deacon [Allusion not clear.] A green salted hide or skin weighing less than 8 pounds.
    • deacon To make or ordain deacon.
    • deacon To read out, as a line of a psalm or hymn, before singing it: sometimes with off: from an ancient custom of reading the hymn one or two lines at a time, the congregation singing the lines as read. This office was frequently performed by a deacon. The custom is nearly as old as the Reformation, and was made necessary by the lack of hymn-books when congregational singing was introduced. See line, v. t.
    • deacon To arrange so as to present a specious and attractive appearance; present the best and largest specimens (of fruit or vegetables) to view and conceal the defective ones: as, to deacon strawberries or apples.
    • deacon To sophisticate; adulterate; “doctor”: as, to deacon wine or other liquor.
    • n deacon A hunter's name for the young of the elk or wapiti, Cervus canadensis.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Deacon dē′kn in Episcopal churches, a member of the order of clergy under priests: in some Presbyterian churches, an officer, distinct from the elders, who attends to the secular affairs of the church: in Congregational and some other churches, an officer who advises the pastor, distributes the elements at the Communion, and dispenses charity: in Scotland, the master of an incorporated company
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. diakne, deakne, deken, AS. diacon, deacon, L. diaconus, fr. Gr. dia`konos a servant or minister, a minister of the church; of uncertain origin. In sense 2 prob. confused with dean,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. diaconus—Gr. diakonos, a servant.

Usage

In literature:

A little dispute, if not quite a schism, has existed between Simon, the priest, and deacon John.
"A Journal of a Young Man of Massachusetts, 2nd ed." by Benjamin Waterhouse
The tears flowed down the deacon's cheek, tears of dread and of sympathy.
"The Art of Disappearing" by John Talbot Smith
Old Deacon Timothy Todd used to do the collecting.
"Dwellers in Arcady" by Albert Bigelow Paine
I had hoped to open in the church, but the good deacons would not permit this.
"Tuskegee & Its People: Their Ideals and Achievements" by Various
I run over to Deacon Rank's and got the car.
"Anderson Crow, Detective" by George Barr McCutcheon
I'm just amazed and upset, Deacon Parmenter.
"Harper's Young People, February 3, 1880" by Various
It was on these latter occasions that Deacon Oaks was in conspicuous evidence.
"Uncle Terry" by Charles Clark Munn
The old deacon couldn't stand such talk.
"Samantha at Coney Island" by Marietta Holley
My father was a deacon, a man of true piety and eminently respectable.
"The Busted Ex-Texan and Other Stories" by W. H. H. Murray
Those who prefer can leave a check with Deacon Meekham at the door, or with me at the hotel.
"The Wit of Women" by Kate Sanborn
I can climb any tree in Deacon Meakin's woods.
"The Brass Bound Box" by Evelyn Raymond
Joe, working one day in the deacon's feed and grain store, had proposed doing something in a way that would, he thought, save him work.
"Joe Strong on the Trapeze" by Vance Barnum
The deacon Symmachus was chosen for his successor, and his pontificate lasted more than fifteen years.
"The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI" by Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies
THERE are times and seasons when sleep is never appropriate, and with these may be classed the sleep of the good old Cincinnati deacon.
"The Book of Anecdotes and Budget of Fun;" by Various
The deacon's wife awaited them.
"The Martian Cabal" by Roman Frederick Starzl
Deacon Luxton was in a state of mind.
"In a Little Town" by Rupert Hughes
In his walks he was always accompanied by a hickory cane and a bulldog whose countenance and philosophy were like unto those of the Deacon.
"'Charge It'" by Irving Bacheller
I am going to ride over to Deacon Little's.
"Hetty's Strange History" by Helen Jackson
Deacon Decker was an old playmate of Russell Sage, but didn't do so well as Russ did.
"A Guest at the Ludlow and Other Stories" by Edgar Wilson (Bill) Nye
I hae heard that they dinna dog its members round Sunday and work days, as our deacons do.
"Christine" by Amelia Edith Huddleston Barr
***

In poetry:

James Patrick O'Hara the Justice of Peace,
He bossed the P.M. and he bossed the police;
A parent, a deacon, a landlord was he—
A townsman of weight was O’Hara, J.P.
"O'Hara, J.P." by Henry Lawson
E'en when the bishop's mild ordaining hand
Had stricter rule imposed with gown and band,
Our deacon yet of strictness little smacked,
Nor made he vast pretence to what he lacked.
"Pretence. Part I - Table-Talk" by John Kenyon
He never had an enemy,
But once a year to meetin',
When he and Deacon Maybee fought
On questions of free seatin';
Or which should be the one t' rebuke
Pastor for kissin' sister Luke.
"The Deacon And His Daughter" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
Preacher, he in his stirrups riz,
His visage kind ov cheerin';
An' keerful look'd along the road,
Over sugarbush an' clearin';
Thar wa'n't a deacon within sight;
Sez he, "My brother, guess you're right."
"Old Spense" by Isabella Valancy Crawford
No sweeter voice in all the choir
Praised God in innocence and truth,
The Deacon in his straight-backed pew
Had dreams of her he lost in youth,
And thought of fair-faced Hebrew maids--
Of Rachel, and of Ruth.
"The Deacon's Daughter" by Marietta Holley
Upon the painted porch without
Two women stood, and whispered low,
They thought "she'd go out with the day,"
They said, "the Deacon's wife went so."
And then they gently pitied him--
"It was a dreadful blow."
"The Deacon's Daughter" by Marietta Holley

In news:

( COURTESY DEACON LIPUT / September 12, 2012 ).
1 2 DAN DEACON America Domino.
The remnants of Hurricane Isaac may have rained out most Labor Day weekend barbecues in St Louis, but Dan Deacon 's show at the Firebird turned his brand of orchestral and electro noise into a steamy, collaborative party.
The album surges relentlessly forward, as energetic and fun as anything Deacon 's done.
Dan Deacon starts weird parties.
Use whatever word you like to describe Dan Deacon, but know it is not the be-all, end-all of his being.
Deacon, an electronica artist out of Baltimore, began the 90-minute show by instructing patrons to download an app to their phones and then raise them up the air.
Dan Deacon 's new American sounds.
Dan Deacon released his latest album, "America," Aug 27 via Domino Records.
Dan Deacon 's new album is titled "America" (Domino).
And that's where this journey through "America" ends, with Deacon 's final wish on the album: "Hope I get it right tomorrow.".
While he may have trouble mustering optimism for the country's political future, there is plenty about America that Deacon does love.
Dan Deacon 's 'America' is a state-of-the-art electronic, pop symphony.
Twelve runners nominate for the Portland Mile, including 2011 winner Deacon Speakin.
Deacon accused of sex abuse faced similar charges in 1992.
***

In science:

Preliminary trigonometric parallaxes have been reported by Deacon & Hambly (2001, 5.2 ± 1.0 pc) and Neuhauser et al. (2002, 4.6 ± 0.3 pc), although the latter uses a faint set of reference stars, assumes a proper motion rather than solving for it, and utilizes only three frames.
The Solar Neighborhood X: New Nearby Stars in the Southern Sky and Accurate Photometric Distance Estimates for Red Dwarfs
With these flux limits, and depending on various assumed initial mass functions (IMF) and birthrates, the DH06 discovery estimates for the UKIDSS LAS survey are from 321 to 1375 early T dwarfs, 657 to 2014 late T dwarfs, and 25 to 100 Y dwarfs, which Deacon and Hambly operationally define as ob jects with T < 770K .
Four Faint T Dwarfs from the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey (UKIDSS) Southern Stripe
To take advantage of our good level of completeness and facilitate simple comparison with the theoretical predictions using the methods of Deacon & Hambly (2006), we specifically consider the spectral type range T4 and later.
Fifteen new T dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
For comparison, we undertook a series of simulations based on those presented in Deacon & Hambly (2006).
Fifteen new T dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
Unlike the Deacon & Hambly (2006) simulations we set no limit on the H -band detection, since ob jects not detected in the H -band will still be identified as part of our Y J selection.
Fifteen new T dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
In addition, constraints on the brown dwarf birth-rate should be attainable by building on the LAS L and early T dwarf searches mentioned briefly in Section 2.1 (e.g. fig 3 of Deacon & Hambly; fig 10 of Burgasser 2004).
Fifteen new T dwarfs discovered in the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
In Pinfield et al. (2008) comparison of the DR2 sample of >T4 dwarfs with the simulations of Deacon & Hambly (2006) allowed weak constraints to be placed on the substellar field IMF, favouring α 6 0 for an IMF of the form Ψ(M ) ∝ M −α .
Forty seven new T dwarfs from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
The simulations we will use are based on those of Deacon & Hambly (2006) and we refer the reader to that work for a detailed description.
Forty seven new T dwarfs from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
Deacon & Hambly (2006) and Pinfield et al. (2008) have used the individual ob ject mass function for normalisation.
Forty seven new T dwarfs from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
It also does not appear to rely solely on our comparison to the simulations based on Deacon & Hambly (2006).
Forty seven new T dwarfs from the UKIDSS Large Area Survey
***