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color

Definitions

  • MILES OF COLORED CLIFFS
    MILES OF COLORED CLIFFS
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj color having or capable of producing colors "color film","he rented a color television","marvelous color illustrations"
    • v color change color, often in an undesired manner "The shirts discolored"
    • v color add color to "The child colored the drawings","Fall colored the trees","colorize black and white film"
    • v color affect as in thought or feeling "My personal feelings color my judgment in this case","The sadness tinged his life"
    • v color give a deceptive explanation or excuse for "color a lie"
    • v color decorate with colors "color the walls with paint in warm tones"
    • v color modify or bias "His political ideas color his lectures"
    • n color the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation
    • n color an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading "he hoped his claims would have a semblance of authenticity","he tried to give his falsehood the gloss of moral sanction","the situation soon took on a different color"
    • n color a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect "a white color is made up of many different wavelengths of light"
    • n color the timbre of a musical sound "the recording fails to capture the true color of the original music"
    • n color interest and variety and intensity "the Puritan Period was lacking in color","the characters were delineated with exceptional vividness"
    • n color (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction "each flavor of quarks comes in three colors"
    • n color a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race (especially Blacks)
    • n color any material used for its color "she used a different color for the trim"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Colored Sculptures in the Palace Colored Sculptures in the Palace
English sgraffito, or scratched, ware—one of the most colorful types of pottery unearthed at Jamestown English sgraffito, or scratched, ware—one of the most colorful types of pottery unearthed at Jamestown
Colorful Spanish maiolica found which appear to have been made before 1650 Colorful Spanish maiolica found which appear to have been made before 1650
Oil Colors Oil Colors
The Color Box The Color Box
The color Spectrum The color Spectrum

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: There were no red colored M&Ms from 1976 to 1987
    • Color A distinguishing badge, as a flag or similar symbol (usually in the plural); as, the colors or color of a ship or regiment; the colors of a race horse (that is, of the cap and jacket worn by the jockey. "In the United States each regiment of infantry and artillery has two colors, one national and one regimental."
    • Color A property depending on the relations of light to the eye, by which individual and specific differences in the hues and tints of objects are apprehended in vision; as, gay colors; sad colors, etc.
    • Color (Law) An apparent right; as where the defendant in trespass gave to the plaintiff an appearance of title, by stating his title specially, thus removing the cause from the jury to the court.
    • Color Any hue distinguished from white or black.
    • Color Shade or variety of character; kind; species. "Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this color ."
    • Color That which covers or hides the real character of anything; semblance; excuse; disguise; appearance. "They had let down the boat into the sea, under color as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship.""That he should die is worthy policy;
      But yet we want a color for his death."
    • Color That which is used to give color; a paint; a pigment; as, oil colors or water colors .
    • Color The hue or color characteristic of good health and spirits; ruddy complexion. "Give color to my pale cheek."
    • v. i Color To acquire color; to turn red, especially in the face; to blush.
    • Color To change or alter the hue or tint of, by dyeing, staining, painting, etc.; to dye; to tinge; to paint; to stain. "The rays, to speak properly, are not colored ; in them there is nothing else than a certain power and disposition to stir up a sensation of this or that color."
    • Color To change or alter, as if by dyeing or painting; to give a false appearance to; usually, to give a specious appearance to; to cause to appear attractive; to make plausible; to palliate or excuse; as, the facts were colored by his prejudices. "He colors the falsehood of Æneas by an express command from Jupiter to forsake the queen."
    • Color To hide. "That by his fellowship he color might
      Both his estate and love from skill of any wight."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Hens can distinguish between all the colors of the rainbow.
    • n color Objectively, that quality of a thing or appearance which is perceived by the eye alone, independently of the form of the thing; subjectively, a sensation, or the class of sensations, peculiar to the organ of vision, and arising from stimulation of the optic nerve. The proper stimulus to the sensation of color is light radiated from a luminous body or reflected from the surface of a non-luminous body; but it can be induced by other means, as by an electric shock. When a ray of white light is analyzed, as by a prism, into parts each of a definite wave-length, the parts show the colors red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet, which form a continuous spectrum, each color shading gradually into the next. (See light and spectrum.) These colors have been termed primary or simple, though in fact they do not excite simple color-sensations. If the colors of the spectrum are recombined, white light reappears. Similarly, if two colors which lie near together in the spectrum, both on the same side of light of wave-length 0.524 micron, are mixed (for example, if two rays of colored light are thrown upon the same spot so as to be reflected from it together), the intermediate colors are nearly produced. If, however, the colors, being on different sides of that point, are taken further and further apart in the spectrum, the mixture becomes gradually whiter (less saturated) until two colors are found which produce pure white light. If the colors are still further removed, a purple results. Those pairs of colors which when mixed produce white or gray light are called complementary colors; such are red and green-blue, orange and blue, yellow and indigo-blue, green-yellow and violet. The sensations produced by the different parts of the spectrum, however, vary with the intensity of the light: thus, orange when highly illuminated looks more yellow than when darker, and the main effect of increasing the illumination of a color is to add a yellow color-sensation, called the color of brightness. If, instead of mixing spectral colors, colored pigments are mixed, very different results are obtained: thus, while spectral blue and yellow produce white, blue and yellow pigments produce green. This is due to the fact that the blue pigment absorbs neatly all the yellow and red light, while the yellow pigment absorbs the blue and violet light, so that only the green remains to be reflected. Colors vary in chroma, or freedom from admixture of white light; in brightness or luminosity; and in hue, which roughly corresponds to the mean wavelength of the light emitted. The numbers which measure these quantities, as well as any other system of three numbers for defining colors, are called constants of color. Pure white light and darkness are not ordinarily regarded as colors; but white and black objects are commonly spoken of as colored, although the former reflect and the latter absorb all the rays of light without separating them into colors properly so called.
    • n color In painting: The general effect of all the hues entering into the composition of a picture.
    • n color An effect of brilliancy combined with harmony: said either of a work in different colors or of a work in monochrome, or of an engraving: as, the picture has no color; the engraving is full of color.
    • n color Any distinguishing hue, or the condition of having a distinguishing hue—that is, a hue different from that which prevails among objects of the kind concerned, whether the prevailing hue be positive, as green, or neutral or negative, as white or black; hence, in a picture or view, or in a fabric or other material dyed or painted, any hue, especially a pure tint (often implying a vivid one), other than black and white; in human beings, from the standpoint of the white races, a hue or complexion other than white, and especially black; in botany, any hue except green. See colored, 2.
    • n color The natural hue of the face; a red or reddish tint; flush; blush; complexion in general.
    • n color That which is used for coloring; a pigment; paint.
    • n color plural A flag, ensign, or standard, such as is borne in a military body, or by a ship: so called from being usually marked by a particular combination of colors: sometimes used as a singular noun. See flag.
    • n color A distinctive marking by color or colors, as of a badge or dress; specially colored insignia; hence, any symbol or mark of identification: as, the colors of a party; the colors of a boxer; the colors of a rider or an owner in a horserace.
    • n color An ornament of style.
    • n color Kind; sort; variety; character; description.
    • n color Appearance; aspect.
    • n color That which serves to hide the real character of something and give a false appearance; mere appearance; false show; pretense; guise.
    • n color Reason; ground; especially, good reason; excuse.
    • n color An apparent or prima facie right, pretext, or ground: especially used in legal phraseology, and commonly implying falsity or some defect of strict right: as, to extort money under color of office; to hold possession under color of title.
    • n color In mining, a particle or scale of gold, as shown when auriferous gravel or sand is panned or washed out with the batea or horn-spoon.
    • n color In phrenology, one of the perceptive faculties, its supposed function being that of giving the power of perceiving colors or of distinguishing their shades.
    • n color In heraldry See tincture.
    • n color Animation; vividness.
    • n color In music: The various rhythmic, melodic, or harmonic characteristics in a composition which constitute its individuality, as variations in rhythm, melodic decorations or figures, intentional discords, etc. The use of the term is traceable to the early use of colored lines to assist in the interpretation of the neumæ, and also of colored notes and other signs in the mensural-music.
    • n color The timbre or quality of a musical tone. See timbre.
    • n color Redness of the complexion.
    • n color A general system of light and shadow upon which the modeling and tinting of details is executed; chiaroscuro.
    • n color Distinct characteristics, peculiarities, or individuality: said of a place, a country, a period, etc.
    • n color Hence— Analogous characteristics in a literary composition.
    • n color The colors red, yellow, and blue, from the mixture of which it was erroneously supposed (from the facts of the mechanical mixture of pigments) all other colors could be produced.
    • n color The red, green, and violet light of the spectrum, from the mixture of which all other colors can be produced. Also called fundamental colors.
    • n color Any very brilliant or decided color.
    • n color In painting, color in which each hue is lighted or shaded only with a modification of itself, and not with a totally different hue. Thus, a brick wall painted in pure color will be red in both sunlight and shadow, as distinguished from a representation of such a wall as red in the sun, and blue, gray, or brown in the shade.
    • n color A painting done in such pigments.
    • n color Synonyms Shade, Tint, etc. See hue.
    • n color Plea, pretext, semblance, disguise.
    • color To give or apply a color to; change or alter the color or hue of; dye; tinge; paint; stain.
    • color Figuratively— To cause to appear different from the reality; give a specious appearance to; set in a fair light; palliate; excuse; make plausible.
    • color To give a special character or distinguishing quality to, analogous to color in a material object.
    • color To become red in the face; flush; blush: as, he colored from bashfulness: often followed by up.
    • n color plural In faro, a system of play by which the cards bet upon are selected according to the color of the first winner or first loser.
    • n color plural The commission of ensign in the British military service; usually a pair of colours.
    • n color In calico-printing, any mordant or pigment that is printed on cloth, made into a paste by means of some thickening substance, as starch, gum, etc.
    • n color Color which has no reflections.
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Greenleaf Whittier
    John%20Greenleaf%20Whittier
    “Beauty seen is never lost, God's colors all are fast.”
  • Marc Chagall
    Marc Chagall
    “All colors are the friends of their neighbors and the lovers of their opposites.”
  • Leigh Hunt
    Leigh%20Hunt
    “Colors are the smiles of nature.”
  • Paul Klee
    Paul%20Klee
    “Color possesses me. I don't have to pursue it. It will possess me always, I know it. That is the meaning of this happy hour: Color and I are one. I am a painter.”
  • Pablo Picasso
    Pablo%20Picasso
    “Why do two colors, put one next to the other, sing? Can one really explain this? no. Just as one can never learn how to paint.”
  • John Ruskin
    John%20Ruskin
    “The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most.”

Idioms

Color bar - Rules that restrict access on the basis of race or ethnicity are a color bar.
***
Horse of a different color - (USA) If something is a horse of a different color, it's a different matter or separate issue altogether.
***
Rose-colored glasses - If people see things through rose-colored (coloured) glasses, they see them in a more positive light than they really are.
***
Show your true colors - To show your true colors is to reveal yourself as you really are.
***
With flying colours (colors) - If you pass something with flying colours (colors), you pass easily, with a very high mark or grade.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. color, colur, colour, F. couleur, L. color,; prob. akin to celare, to conceal (the color taken as that which covers). See Helmet

Usage

In literature:

A beautiful and most gorgeous bird, not in colors, but in the oddity of the markings, the colors only including black, white, gray and chestnut.
"The Bird Book" by Chester A. Reed
The natural color of the camel's hair, and rose color too, are much used.
"Rugs: Oriental and Occidental, Antique & Modern" by Rosa Belle Holt
Orange, purple and green are called secondary colors, and are produced by the combination of the primary colors.
"Crayon Portraiture" by Jerome A. Barhydt
The dung becomes gradually softer and lighter in color until it is cream colored and little thicker than milk.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
This only, observe, if you have an eye for color; but you may presume that you have this, if you enjoy color.
"The Elements of Drawing" by John Ruskin
An additional color (or perhaps a solution without particular color) extensively employed in the designs has totally disappeared.
"Ancient art of the province of Chiriqui, Colombia" by William Henry Holmes
The eye color of the mutant female is a dark eosin color, that of the male yellowish eosin.
"A Critique of the Theory of Evolution" by Thomas Hunt Morgan
The colors of marble are mingled for us just as if on a prepared palette.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume III (of 3)" by John Ruskin
All brilliant colors may be subdued by adding to them their complementary color.
"Philippine Mats" by Hugo H. Miller
Use lighted candles, white, or the color of your flowers, if carrying out a certain color scheme in the dining-room.
"Breakfasts and Teas" by Paul Pierce
I am calculating on your using all your ability in studying the influence of color on color, and in mixing pure colors to make gray.
"The Painter in Oil" by Daniel Burleigh Parkhurst
This species differs from the following, to which it seems most nearly allied, in form, color, as in the capillitium, and color of the spores.
"The North American Slime-Moulds" by Thomas H. (Thomas Huston) MacBride
Why not use the funds of the Society to instruct and elevate our colored population at home?
"Thoughts on African Colonization" by William Lloyd Garrison
It should then be colored on both sides, partly flesh color and partly underclothes.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Dey didn't have any scuse to do so, cause whites and colored fared alike at Marster's.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, North Carolina Narratives, Part 2" by Work Projects Administration
The second, like the first, had all colored line officers; the third was officered regardless of color.
"The Black Phalanx" by Joseph T. Wilson
She should wear only becoming colors, and she might affect a certain color to her advantage.
"The Colored Girl Beautiful" by E. Azalia Hackley
Spots of gray on colored backgrounds are tinged with the complementary colors.
"Psychology" by Robert S. Woodworth
So if grades of tone or different colors are desired almost any wish may be met by combination of color.
"Candy-Making Revolutionized" by Mary Elizabeth Hall
While much toilet soap is white or natural in color, many soaps are also artificially colored.
"Soap-Making Manual" by E. G. Thomssen
***

In poetry:

Dear God,
I am not a shore, or hill,
An ocean must take still
The colors of the heavens' will.
"A Prayer: Vespers" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
Next to nothing for weight,
And since they grew duller
From contact with earth,
Next to nothing for color.
"Gathering Leaves" by Robert Frost
"I paint the hills with color,
And in my magic dome
I light the star of evening
To steer the traveller home.
"Earth Voices" by Bliss William Carman
I am like those withered petals
We see on a winter day,
That gladly gave their color
In the happy summer away.
"Francie" by Rose Hawthorne Lathrop
I wore the flowers in my hair,
Their color on my dress;
Dear Love! whenever apples bloom
In Heaven, do they bless
"Apple-Blossoms" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
Their perfumes speak of gladness,
Their colors of delight,
They neutralize dull sadness,
Turn darkness into light.
"The Unwritten Letter" by Jared Barhite

In news:

They may color the picture using crayons, magic markers or colored pencils.
When we watch kids color, we generally accept any color as long as it is within the lines, even if it means purple apples, green people, orange hair, and what child would ever color a sheep white.
You didn't color things with whatever color you grabbed out of the crayon box – a duck should be yellow or white, not blue with green feet, for example.
Women are taking hair coloring into their own hands with no-drip foam kits and color innovations.
First-grade coloring contest winners of the coloring contest for Community Banking Week.
Here's what a color psychologist might say about the most common front door colors .
When decorating one's tree in a specific color scheme, however, it's important to use more than just one color, she noted.
White, which was also popular in the 1980s, is making a comeback as a modern, high-tech color thanks in part to Apple Inc.'s all-white stores and glossy white gadgets, said Jane Harrington, PPG's manager of color styling for car companies.
"Why not actually create something that everybody knows the name, but also it comes in different colors so that boys, girls, doesn't matter, they can pick what color they want and it will make them a little more comfortable to buy it".
After messy opening scenes involving crayon-scrawling and paint-splashing, three primary- colored monsters announce their favorite colors (their own, of course).
Slate is the newest color on the scene, but white has always remained the most purchased color in kitchen appliances.
We'd like to change the building's puke-yellow color to a better, non-puke color .
It has been proposed they change the middle school colors, which are yellow and black, to be black and red to match the high school colors .
Most of us are "trichromats" with three different types of cones, each able to distinguish roughly 100 shades of color, for a total response of 100 x 100 x 100 = roughly 1 million different colors, says Veronique Greenwood in Discover.
Fall and winter are usually reserved for darker, earth tone colors -- but this year, stylists are taking the color schemes up a notch.
***

In science:

It is known that one can color the vertices of Σ with r colors in such a way that vertices connected by an edge have distinct colors.
Semigroups, rings, and Markov chains
Unlike our previous examples, which colored vertices, the random cluster model colors edges of a given graph G = (V, E ) with colors from {0, 1}.
The Randomness Recycler: A new technique for perfect sampling
Recall that a proper coloring of a graph assigns each vertex a color such that no edge has both endpoints colored the same color.
The Randomness Recycler: A new technique for perfect sampling
The class Color calculates all color factors from the list of Cfuncs and the appropriate strings of color matrices which have been established in the class Color Generator().
AMEGIC++ 1.0, A Matrix Element Generator In C++
The color/anti-color of a particle are defined with respect to the physical time order of the process so as to allow a unique definition of color flow also through intermediate particles.
Generic User Process Interface for Event Generators
The large and small circles separate the colors of galaxies at the color 0.5 mag bluer than the color-magnitude sequence in B − I, where large ones are in red.
History of mass assembly and star formation in clusters
Example 4 Another natural candidate for local observation is the heatbath chain (Glauber dynamics) on k-colorings of a graph: at any step, we have a (legal) k-coloring; we select a random node v and a random color α, and we re-color v with color α if this gives a legal k-coloring.
Determining the Genus of a Map by Local Observation of a Simple Random Process
Action of the external color field will cause transitions between these 9 different color states.† To study these qualitatively new aspects, we consider here the SU(2) version of the color interaction.
Superpenetration of a high energy Q barQ bound state through random color fields
The diagonal components of the kernel K0,0 (d, d; n) can be interpreted by the construction as the probability that a color singlet rigid dipole of size d is found as color singlet after going through n uncorrelated random color zones.
Superpenetration of a high energy Q barQ bound state through random color fields
The problem is to color the vertices, using q colors, so that two vertices connected by an edge have different colors.
Constraint Satisfaction by Survey Propagation
Even though the color distribution of globular clusters in the inner regions is bimodal with a wide color range, most of the globular clusters with X-ray sources have red colors, with 1.0 < V − I < 1.5.
Optical Counterparts of X-Ray Point Sources Observed by CHANDRA in NGC5128: 20 New Globular Cluster X-Ray Sources
With colored stubs, it is natural to consider the color-specific stub content of a node, its colored degree.
Random Graph Models with Hidden Color
Furthermore, by testing B − V and V − R colors separately, we see that the bimodal behavior is dominated by the V − R color index, since there is evidence for two V − R color groups at S L = 97.7% while for B − V alone it is inexistent.
Reopening the TNOs Color Controversy: Centaurs Bimodality and TNOs Unimodality
Figure 6 shows a (U –V )–(V –I ) color-color diagram— the combination of colors that offers the widest wavelength baseline for our data.
The Globular Cluster System of NGC 5128 I. Survey and Catalogs
Any cutting pairs linking the two components involve a decrease in color on the top and an increase in color on the bottom, so cannot lead to a valid coloring.
A Hopf algebra quantizing a necklace Lie algebra canonically associated to a quiver
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