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cast

Definitions

  • Settlers trading with the Indians—bartering casting counters and other trade goods for furs. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
    Settlers trading with the Indians—bartering casting counters and other trade goods for furs. (Conjectural sketch by Sidney E. King.)
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v cast eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth "After drinking too much, the students vomited","He purged continuously","The patient regurgitated the food we gave him last night"
    • v cast formulate in a particular style or language "I wouldn't put it that way","She cast her request in very polite language"
    • v cast choose at random "draw a card","cast lots"
    • v cast throw forcefully
    • v cast get rid of "he shed his image as a pushy boss","shed your clothes"
    • v cast put or send forth "She threw the flashlight beam into the corner","The setting sun threw long shadows","cast a spell","cast a warm light"
    • v cast form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold "cast a bronze sculpture"
    • v cast select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet "He cast a young woman in the role of Desdemona"
    • v cast move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment "The gypsies roamed the woods","roving vagabonds","the wandering Jew","The cattle roam across the prairie","the laborers drift from one town to the next","They rolled from town to town"
    • v cast deposit "cast a vote","cast a ballot"
    • v cast assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors "Who cast this beautiful movie?"
    • n cast a violent throw
    • n cast the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel
    • n cast the act of throwing dice
    • n cast object formed by a mold
    • n cast bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal
    • n cast container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens
    • n cast the visual appearance of something or someone "the delicate cast of his features"
    • n cast the actors in a play
    • n cast the distinctive form in which a thing is made "pottery of this cast was found throughout the region"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Brass casting counters excavated on Jamestown Island. Many were made in Germany before 1575 for use by merchants on counting boards. In the New World they were used for the Indian trade Brass casting counters excavated on Jamestown Island. Many were made in Germany before 1575 for use by merchants on...
BENGALESE OF LOW CASTE BENGALESE OF LOW CASTE

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: At one time, there was a law in India that forbade lower-caste people from casting their shadows on a member of the Brahman (the upper class).
    • Cast 3d pers. pres. of Cast, for Casteth.
    • Cast A chance, opportunity, privilege, or advantage; specifically, an opportunity of riding; a lift. "We bargained with the driver to give us a cast to the next stage.""If we had the cast o' a cart to bring it."
    • Cast (Falconary) A flight or a couple or set of hawks let go at one time from the hand. "As when a cast of falcons make their flight."
    • Cast A motion or turn, as of the eye; direction; look; glance; squint. "The cast of the eye is a gesture of aversion.""And let you see with one cast of an eye.""This freakish, elvish cast came into the child's eye."
    • Cast A stoke, touch, or trick. "This was a cast of Wood's politics; for his information was wholly false."
    • Cast A tendency to any color; a tinge; a shade. "Gray with a cast of green."
    • Cast A throw of dice; hence, a chance or venture. "An even cast whether the army should march this way or that way.""I have set my life upon a cast,
      And I will stand the hazard of the die."
    • Cast A tube or funnel for conveying metal into a mold.
    • Cast An impression or mold, taken from a thing or person; amold; a pattern.
    • Cast Contrivance; plot, design.
    • Cast Form; appearence; mien; air; style; as, a peculiar cast of countenance. "A neat cast of verse.""An heroic poem, but in another cast and figure.""And thus the native hue of resolution
      Is sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought."
    • Cast Four; that is, as many as are thrown into a vessel at once in counting herrings, etc; a warp.
    • Cast That which is formed in a mild; esp. a reproduction or copy, as of a work of art, in bronze or plaster, etc.; a casting.
    • Cast That which is throw out or off, shed, or ejected; as, the skin of an insect, the refuse from a hawk's stomach, the excrement of a earthworm.
    • Cast The act of casting in a mold. "And why such daily cast of brazen cannon."
    • Cast The act of casting or throwing; a throw.
    • Cast The assignment of parts in a play to the actors.
    • Cast The distance to which a thing is or can be thrown. "About a stone's cast ."
    • Cast The thing thrown. "A cast of dreadful dust."
    • Cast To bring forth prematurely; to slink. "Thy she-goats have not cast their young."
    • Cast To calculate; to compute. "Who would cast and balance at a desk."
    • Cast To cause to fall; to shed; to reflect; to throw; as, to cast a ray upon a screen; to cast light upon a subject.
    • Cast To compute; to reckon; to calculate; as, to cast a horoscope. "Let it be cast and paid.""You cast the event of war, my noble lord."
    • Cast To consider; to turn or revolve in the mind; to plan; as, to cast about for reasons. "She . . . cast in her mind what manner of salution this should be."
    • Cast To contrive; to plan. "The cloister . . . had, I doubt not, been cast for [an orange-house]."
    • Cast To defeat in a lawsuit; to decide against; to convict; as, to be cast in damages. "She was cast to be hanged.""Were the case referred to any competent judge, they would inevitably be cast ."
    • Cast To direct or turn, as the eyes. "How earnestly he cast his eyes upon me!"
    • Cast To dismiss; to discard; to cashier. "The state can not with safety cast him."
    • Cast To drop; to deposit; as, to cast a ballot.
    • Cast To fix, distribute, or allot, as the parts of a play among actors; also to assign (an actor) for a part. "Our parts in the other world will be new cast ."
    • Cast To form into a particular shape, by pouring liquid metal or other material into a mold; to fashion; to found; as, to cast bells, stoves, bullets.
    • Cast To impose; to bestow; to rest. "The government I cast upon my brother.""Cast thy burden upon the Lord."
    • Cast To receive form or shape in a mold. "It will not run thin, so as to cast and mold."
    • Cast To send or drive by force; to throw; to fling; to hurl; to impel. "Uzziah prepared . . . slings to cast stones.""Cast thy garment about thee, and follow me.""We must be cast upon a certain island."
    • Cast (Print) To stereotype or electrotype.
    • Cast To throw down, as in wrestling.
    • Cast To throw off; to eject; to shed; to lose. "His filth within being cast .""Neither shall your vine cast her fruit.""The creatures that cast the skin are the snake, the viper, etc."
    • Cast To throw out or emit; to exhale. "This . . . casts a sulphureous smell."
    • Cast To throw up, as a mound, or rampart. "Thine enemies shall cast a trench [bank] about thee."
    • Cast To throw, as a line in angling, esp, with a fly hook.
    • Cast To turn (the balance or scale); to overbalance; hence, to make preponderate; to decide; as, a casting voice. "How much interest casts the balance in cases dubious!"
    • Cast (Naut) To turn the head of a vessel around from the wind in getting under weigh. "Weigh anchor, cast to starboard."
    • Cast To vomit. "These verses . . . make me ready to cast ."
    • Cast To warp; to become twisted out of shape. "Stuff is said to cast or warp when . . . it alters its flatness or straightness."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The brightest star in history was the supernova of 1054, which formed the Crab Nebula. It was brighter than Venus and bright enough to be seen in daylight and to cast a shadow at night. We know about it through the astronomic records of China and Japan.
    • cast To throw, either literally or figuratively: as, to cast a stone at a bird; to cast light on a subject; to cast a shadow; to cast a slur on one's reputation.
    • cast To throw with violence or force; fling; hurl: usually with some adjunct, such as away, down, into, off, out, etc. See phrases below.
    • cast Specifically To throw to the ground, as in wrestling; especially, to throw a horse or other animal to the ground, as in training, or for a surgical operation or slaughter.
    • cast To decide or bring in a verdict against, as in a lawsuit; condemn as guilty; hence, to defeat.
    • cast To disband or break up (a regiment or company); hence, to dismiss; reject; cashier; discard.
    • cast To shed or throw off; part with; lose: as, trees cast their fruit; a serpent casts his skin; “to cast the rags of sin,” ; “casted slough,”
    • cast To throw out or up; eject; vomit.
    • cast To form by throwing up earth; raise.
    • cast To emit or give out.
    • cast To bestow; confer (upon) or transfer (to).
    • cast To turn; direct: as, to cast a look or glance of the eye.
    • cast Reflexive: To think or propose to (one's self); intend.
    • cast To consider; think out; hence, to plan; contrive; arrange.
    • cast Theat.: To distribute or allot the parts among the actors: said of a play: as, to “cast the ‘Merchant of Venice,’”
    • cast To assign a certain part or rôle to; as, to cast an actress for the part of Portia.
    • cast To find or ascertain by computation; compute; reckon; calculate: as, to cast accounts; to cast a nativity.
    • cast To bring forth abortively.
    • cast To found; form into a particular shape or object, as liquid metal, by pouring into a mold.
    • cast To form by founding; make by pouring molten matter into a mold.
    • cast In falconry, to place (a hawk) upon his perch.
    • cast To winnow (grain) by throwing in the air, or from one side of a barn or threshing-floor to the other.
    • cast To wreck: as, the ship was cast away on the coast of Africa.
    • cast Nautical, to unloose or let go: as, to cast off a vessel in tow. In hunting, to leave behind, as dogs; set loose or free.
    • cast In knitting, to finish (the work) at any part by working off the stitches, so that it remains firm and permanent. In printing, to compute the space required for each column or division of, as a table, a piece of music, or the like, so that the matter furnished may properly fit the space at command.
    • cast To speak or give vent to. Addison.
    • cast To eject; vomit.
    • cast To twit or upbraid with; recall to one's notice for the purpose of annoying: with to.
    • cast To raise; throw up.
    • cast Synonyms Fling, etc. See hurl.
    • cast To throw; shoot.
    • cast To throw up; vomit.
    • cast To turn or revolve something in the mind; ponder; consider; scheme.
    • cast To make calculations; sum up accounts.
    • cast To warp; become twisted or distorted.
    • cast To lose color; fade.
    • cast To receive form or shape in a mold.
    • cast Nautical: To fall off or incline, so as to bring the side to the wind: applied particularly to a ship riding with her head to the wind when her anchor is first loosened in getting under way. To tack; put about; wear ship.
    • cast In hunting, to search for the scent or trail of game.
    • cast Of bees, to swarm.
    • cast Of the sky, to clear up.
    • cast In hunting, to go about in different directions in order to discover a lost scent.
    • cast To consider; search in the mind for some contrivance by which to accomplish one's end; scheme.
    • cast To return toward some ancestral type or character; show resemblance to a remote ancestor.
    • cast Thrown aside as useless; rejected; cast-off: as, cast clothes.
    • cast Condemned: as, “a cast criminal,”
    • cast Cashiered; discarded.
    • cast Faded in color.
    • cast Made by founding or casting: as, cast-iron or -steel. See cast-iron.
    • cast Rank; vile.
    • n cast The act of casting. Specifically— In fishing: The act of throwing the line on the water. The act of throwing a net.
    • n cast The leader with flies attached, used in angling.
    • n cast A throw; the distance to which a thing may be thrown; reach; extent.
    • n cast Specifically A throw of dice; hence, a state of chance or hazard.
    • n cast Occasion; opportunity.
    • n cast A contrivance; plot; design.
    • n cast A stroke; a touch; a trick.
    • n cast Motion or turn (of the eye); direction, look, or glance; hence, a slight squint: as, to have a cast in one's eye.
    • n cast A twist or contortion.
    • n cast Bent; tendency.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The largest bell in the world is the Tsar Kolokol in the Kremlin in Moscow. It’s 20’ 2” high and 21’ 8” in diameter. Cast in 1735, it weighs 222.56 tons and has never been wrung. It cracked before it was installed.
    • v.t Cast kast to throw or fling: to throw off, shed, drop: to throw down: to throw together or reckon: to mould or shape:
    • v.i Cast to warp:—pa.t. and pa.p. cast
    • n Cast act of casting: a throw of anything, as the sounding-lead, a fishing-line: the thing thrown, esp. in angling: the distance thrown: a motion, turn, or squint, as of the eye: a chance: a mould: the form received from a mould: manner, stamp, or quality: a shade of colour, a degree of guilt, &c.: the assignment of the various parts of a play to the several actors: the company of actors to whom such have been assigned
    • adj Cast worthless, rejected
    • adj Cast (B.) cast off
    • n Cast anything thrown aside
    • Cast lots, to determine an event by some arrangement of chances
    • v.t Cast kast (B.) to consider, to cast or throw up
    • ***

Quotations

  • Malabar Proverb
    Malabar Proverb
    “Anger is as a stone cast into a wasp's nest.”
  • Italian Proverb
    Italian Proverb
    “A little man often cast a long shadow.”
  • Grant M. Bright
    Grant M. Bright
    “How long after you are gone will ripples remain as evidence that you were cast into the pool of life?”
  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “The freeman, casting with unpurchased hand the vote that shakes the turrets of the land.”
  • Robert Frost
    Robert%20Frost
    “Let him that is without stone among you cast the first thing he can lay his hands on.”
  • Baltasar Gracian
    Baltasar%20Gracian
    “Never have a companion that casts you in the shade.”

Idioms

Cast a long shadow - Something or someone that casts a long shadow has considerable influence on other people or events.
***
Cast aspersion - If you cast aspersion, you try to blacken someone's name and make people think badly of them.
***
Cast doubt on - If you make other people not sure about a matter, then you have cast doubt on it.
***
Cast iron stomach - A person with a cast iron stomach can eat or drink anything without any ill effects.
***
Cast pearls before swine - If you cast pearls before swine, you offer something of value to someone who doesn't appreciate it- 'swine' are 'pigs'.
***
Cast sheep's eyes at - If you cast sheep's eyes at at someone, you look lovingly or with longing at them.
***
Cast your mind back - If somebody tells you to cast your mind back on something, they want you to think about something that happened in the past, but which you might not remember very well, and to try to remember as much as possible.
***
Cast your net widely - If you cast your net widely, you use a wide range of sources when trying to find something.
***
Casting vote - The casting vote is a vote given to a chairman or president that is used when there is a deadlock.
***
Die is cast - If the die is cast, a decision has been made that cannot be altered and fate will decide the consequences.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. Dan. kaste, Icel. & Sw. kasta,; perh. akin to L. gerere to bear, carry. E. jest,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Scand.; as Ice. kasta, to throw.

Usage

In literature:

In the Temple house caste is kept most carefully.
"Lotus Buds" by Amy Carmichael
For Hinduism is Caste and Caste is Hinduism.
"Where Half The World Is Waking Up" by Clarence Poe
Moulds for Casting Lead Parts.
"The Automobile Storage Battery" by O. A. Witte
Men cast 86,970 yeas, 186,115 nays; women cast 22,204 yeas, 861 nays.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
When the latter was sailing on the river he was cast into the water by a robber.
"The Chinese Fairy Book" by Various
Assurances were given by the majority in both parties that their votes would be cast in favor of ratification.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume VI" by Various
One sharp glance she cast behind, then darted away as if eager to bury herself in the hemlock gloom.
"Mabel's Mistake" by Ann S. Stephens
As a preliminary to this it is necessary to cast and confine the animal.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Or was it true, as his lamented father had said, that he had been cast under the spell of the devil's wiles?
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
The next precinct cast its vote No, and the next precinct cast its vote 7 yes and 10 no and a poll was demanded and the vote was a tie.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
The maid cast a sidelong look at her mistress, which made her pretty but coarse face positively ugly.
"Absolution" by Clara Viebig
The glances her suitors had cast at him hurt her to remember.
"The German Classics of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries" by Various
To answer these conditions it is necessary that it should be formed of cast iron.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 2, No. 12, May, 1851." by Various
He ranked the little man opposite him in both caste and in professional attainments.
"Frigid Fracas" by Dallas McCord Reynolds
Firm as if cast in bronze he stood before the judge's table.
"The German Classics, v. 20" by Various
When Timar arrived within a cast of the mill, he took a coil of the anchor-rope in his right hand; a hook was fastened to its end.
"Timar's Two Worlds" by Mór Jókai
He took in a character at a glance, and threw a pun at you as dexterously as a fly-fisher casts his fly over a trout's nose.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
The world had cast me out as infected with the plague, but here I found a brotherly reception, honour, and comfort.
"Tales from the German" by Various
I am as true as Heaven to thee; then do not cast away the heart so truly thine.
"Comic Tragedies" by Louisa M. Alcott
Then the lot was cast.
"Old Farm Fairies:" by Henry Christopher McCook
***

In poetry:

Never will you depart
Though often cast away,
Unburied in my heart
Wraithlike you stray.
"Strange Captivity" by Marya Zaturenska
Once in a golden hour
I cast to earth a seed.
Up there came a flower,
The people said, a weed.
"The Flower" by Alfred Lord Tennyson

Alone we stand to solve the doubt,
Alone to work salvation out,
Casting our helpless hands about
"Unattained" by Elizabeth Oakes Smith
But she cast them from her,
Haughty and indignant,
On the floor she threw them
With a look of scorn.
"Tales Of A Wayside Inn : Part 1. The Musician's Tale; The Saga of King Olaf XVI. -- Queen Thuri And " by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
O love that casts out fear,
O love that casts out sin,
Tarry no more without,
But come and dwell within!
"O Love That Casts Out Fear" by Horatius Bonar
Christian, seek not yet repose,
Cast thy dreams of ease away;
Thou art in the midst of foes:
Watch and pray.
"Christian, seek not yet repose," by Charlotte Elliott

In news:

Cast your mind back to the day when all restaurants pretended to be French?or wished they were.
A man who appeared in 30 episodes of the hit A&E show says network and 'Dog' Chapman breached an agreement to make him a full cast member.
Home: FS Seminars: FS SEMINAR- Sight Casting Bonefish .
Each year, New Mexicans gather around a giant burning effigy, casting off their bad memories into the consuming bonfire.
BBC News reports that Belgian authorities have seized a shipment of forged Tintin comic books that feature the cast of the classic comic on a sex tour in Thailand.
As the show shoots its fourth season in Italy, Matteo Renzi says the cast also will not be allowed to shoot inside historical buildings.
AnnaLynne McCord and the full cast of 90210 on September 26th filming on a football_field_with the guys wearing cheerleader outfits in Manhattan Beach, CA.
Most voters in Colorado cast their ballots before Election Day, but that may not mean an earlier evening for the state's ballot-counters.
GAINESVILLE- By a 3-2 margin Tuesday night they cast a decisive vote on whether the planned trail should run through Haile Plantation neighborhoods.
For weeks – nay, months – I played along with the coy refusals by writer/director Christopher Nolan and the cast members of Inception to reveal too much about its premise.
Thor (Chris Hemsworth) has been cast down to Earth after reigniting an ancient war.
When Thor (Chris Hemsworth) is cast down to Earth, the first person he meets is scientist Jane Foster (Natalie Portman).
Casting for Underground Railroad film.
The longest-running Shear Madness cast member talks about building a life around acting and playing the same role a thousand times over.
The first North American tour of Wicked recently welcomed Kim Zimmer, Cliffton Hall, Patti Murin and Dee Roscioli to the cast.
***

In science:

An examination of limiting cases casts further doubt on the validity of the reasoning that led Tegmark to claim such a rapid decoherence rate due to long-range forces.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility
The other point is that we have to cast away the redundant solutions of the equations somehow.
Singular sets and parameters of generalized triangle orbifolds
The viability of a spherical for GRB 980425 casts significant doubt on the hypothesis that GRB 980425 was intimately related to beamed cosmological bursts.
Trans-Relativistic Supernovae, Circumstellar Gamma-Ray Bursts, and Supernova 1998bw
This point of view is also reinforced by the fact that, assuming that only b has to vanish in order to globally cast (1) into Levi-Civita, we are lead to the intriguing result that there is no dragging outside rotating cylinders.
On the gravitomagnetic effects in cylindrically symmetric spacetimes
This result, together with the fact that transformations (7) and (8) cast (1) into a static cylindrical LeviCivita’s line element if b = 0, would indicate that the rotation of the source does not affect the gyroscope.
On the gravitomagnetic effects in cylindrically symmetric spacetimes
To realize this without undue computational expense we cast the initial data in specialized fisheye coordinates which bring a distant outer boundary to a closer coordinate location without sacrificing physical resolution in the strong field regions .
Modeling gravitational radiation from coalescing binary black holes
The absence of criticality, together with the exponential divergence has cast some doubt on whether the OFC model on a fixed lattice is critical.
A Nonconservative Earthquake Model of Self-Organized Criticality on a Random Graph
This kind of casting implies that the lifted strategy will fail at least for all term types different from the domain of s.
Typed Generic Traversal With Term Rewriting Strategies
Recommendations, however, are not delivered within a vacuum, but rather cast within an informal community of users and social context.
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Distributed Recommendation Infrastructure and Interoperability: Taking recommendation out of specific systems and casting it in a broader, distributed information infrastructure is a direction for future research .
A Connection-Centric Survey of Recommender Systems Research
Our goal in this article is to cast the problem in a form suitable for a systematic analytic treatment.
Trapping of a random walk by diffusing traps
Much doubt was cast on the reliability of this surface brightness profile by van Leeuwen et al (2000), on the basis of a proper motion study, but more recently the results have been reconciled (van Leeuwen & Le Poole 2002).
A Simple Dynamical Model for Omega Cen
However, following Kranendonk and Frenkel (1988), we note that its location for extreme values of the volume fraction 30 casts some doubt upon the adequacy of the Percus-Yevick approximation.
Clusters in Simple Fluids
This casts doubts about the renormalizability of the model but as we shall see supersymmetry saves the day.
Noncommutative Supersymmetric Theories
However the cosine factors do not allow us to use this mechanism which casts doubt about the renormalizability of the noncommutative supersymmetric O(N ) nonlinear sigma model in 1 + 1 dimensions.
Noncommutative Supersymmetric Theories
***