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caricature

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v caricature represent in or produce a caricature of "The drawing caricatured the President"
    • n caricature a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Caricature A picture or other figure or description in which the peculiarities of a person or thing are so exaggerated as to appear ridiculous; a burlesque; a parody. "The truest likeness of the prince of French literature will be the one that has most of the look of a caricature .""A grotesque caricature of virtue."
    • Caricature An exaggeration, or distortion by exaggeration, of parts or characteristics, as in a picture.
    • v. t Caricature To make or draw a caricature of; to represent with ridiculous exaggeration; to burlesque. "He could draw an ill face, or caricature a good one, with a masterly hand."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n caricature A representation, pictorial or descriptive, in which beauties or favorable points are concealed or perverted and peculiarities or defects exaggerated, so as to make the person or thing represented ridiculous, while a general likeness is retained.
    • n caricature Synonyms Caricature, Burlesque, Parody, Travesty. The distinguishing mark of a caricature is that it absurdly exaggerates that which is characteristic, it may be by picture or by language. A burlesque renders its subject ludicrous by an incongruous manner of treating it, as by treating a grave subject lightly, or a light subject gravely. Burlesque may be intentional or not. A parody intentionally burlesques a literary composition, generally a poem, by imitating its form, style, or language. In a parody the characters are changed, while in a travesty they are retained, only the language being made absurd. (See travesty.) In a burlesque of a literary work the characters are generally changed into others which ludicrously suggest their originals.
    • caricature pret. and pp. caricatured, ppr. caricaturing. [⟨ caricature, n.; = French caricaturer = Sp. caricaturar.] To make or draw a caricature of; represent in the manner of a caricature; burlesque.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Caricature kar′i-ka-tūr a likeness of anything so exaggerated or distorted as to appear ridiculous
    • v.t Caricature to turn into ridicule by overdoing a likeness: to burlesque. Formerly spelt Caricatū′ra
    • ***

Quotations

  • George Meredith
    George%20Meredith
    “Caricature is rough truth.”
  • Harold Rosenberg
    Harold%20Rosenberg
    “The values to which the conservative appeals are inevitably caricatured by the individuals designated to put them into practice.”
  • Friedrich Schlegel
    Friedrich%20Schlegel
    “Every uneducated person is a caricature of himself.”
  • H. L. Mencken
    H.%20L.%20Mencken
    “Every man sees in his relatives, and especially in his cousins, a series of grotesque caricatures of himself.”
  • Ernest Hemingway
    Ernest%20Hemingway
    “When writing a novel a writer should create living people; people not characters. A character is a caricature.”
  • Joseph Conrad
    Joseph%20Conrad
    “A caricature is putting the face of a joke on the body of a truth.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
It. caricatura, fr. caricare, to charge, overload, exaggerate. See Charge (v. t.)

Usage

In literature:

The picture of an ideal Japanese hero is to our eyes a caricature.
"Evolution Of The Japanese, Social And Psychic" by Sidney L. Gulick
The servants are dressed in red, a perfect caricature.
"Marie Bashkirtseff (From Childhood to Girlhood)" by Marie Bashkirtseff
Thackeray did a grand work in caricaturing the pretenders to gentility and high blood.
"Brave Men and Women" by O.E. Fuller
But his terrible clairvoyance passed for caricature.
"The French Impressionists (1860-1900)" by Camille Mauclair
For all costumes are caricatures.
"Miscellanies" by Oscar Wilde
Even in caricatures the artist has been obliged to represent him as very handsome.
"France in the Nineteenth Century" by Elizabeth Latimer
Yet, in spite of these ingenious caricatures there are some good poems, or perhaps we should say some good passages, in Mr. Prevost's volume.
"Reviews" by Oscar Wilde
Caricature, motive in drama, 206.
"The Age of Shakespeare" by Algernon Charles Swinburne
There were several nice caricatures penciled among the cheap frescoes of the walls.
"Lippincott's Magazine of Popular Literature and Science, Vol. 11, No. 22, January, 1873" by Various
We might perhaps imagine that the Egyptian artists have caricatured their adversaries.
"Patriarchal Palestine" by Archibald Henry Sayce
I may seem to be drawing a caricature, but I have not reached the worst.
"Proportional Representation Applied To Party Government" by T. R. Ashworth and H. P. C. Ashworth
That there is no exaggeration or caricature cannot, of course, be said.
"The English Novel" by George Saintsbury
Exaggeration, insinuation, and caricature are altogether foreign to his spirit.
"The Reconstructed School" by Francis B. Pearson
If a philosopher is not a man, he is anything but a philosopher; he is above all a pedant, and a pedant is a caricature of a man.
"Tragic Sense Of Life" by Miguel de Unamuno
Scrap books with droll caricatures and facetiae.
"Around The Tea-Table" by T. De Witt Talmage
Poor Walker destroyed it (being in crayons) rather than let the caricature of his ugliness appear at the sale of his effects.
"The Journal of Sir Walter Scott" by Walter Scott
Yet I labor day by day travestying it, caricaturing the beautiful thoughts that come into my mind.
"Red Pottage" by Mary Cholmondeley
To carve such a creature is to perpetuate a caricature.
"The Life of Reason" by George Santayana
If they be agnostics, the dogmas which they reject are frequently theological caricatures.
"The Life of the Spirit and the Life of To-day" by Evelyn Underhill
The bonnet was, in truth, a daring caricature of the prevailing fashion, just sufficiently serious in expression to be wearable.
"The Daughters of Danaus" by Mona Caird
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In news:

Buckley, a man so idiosyncratic he could only be described as a caricature of himself, died on Wednesday.
When you're doing caricatures you pick certain features and exaggerate them to make them recognizable or to poke fun.
Obama's ears are a treasure trove, and that's what I concentrate on when I'm trying to capture his face in caricature.
Those words were uttered on Monday by none other than Chris Christie, the New Jersey governor and national GOP darling often caricatured for his hard-charging, unapologetic style.
The video campaign, which began in October, features the fictional Aunt Des: a redheaded, acrylic-nailed caricature of a Greek-American New Jerseyite who's hell-bent on recovering the dishes.
In past columns, I have mentioned that most people who oppose Christianity do not reject true Christianity, rather they paint a caricature of Christianity and then reject that.
But stepping back from ideology, it is remarkable that the GOP nominated a capitalist caricature to respond to an economic crisis created, in part, by capitalist caricatures.
Pilgrim explains how the exaggerated features serve their discriminatory purpose by emphasizing the differences of the depicted race, thereby reinforcing the idea that the caricaturized race is inferior.
His portrait is one of the 1,000 or so caricatures that decorate nearly every spare inch of wall space on three of the restaurant's four floors.
C onservatives caricature 24/7 Barack Obama's reliance on the teleprompter.
They have become the caricature of this former thing.
With a wild roster of superheroes to become, schlub Nelson Jent gets stuck on a racist caricature in the latest issue of China Miéville's surreal comic book Dial H, out Wednesday from DC Comics.
Just five days before the election, a combative Elizabeth Warren yesterday sought to fire up her liberal Democrat base by caricaturing US Sen Scott Brown as a pro-rich, anti-women, lock step Republican.
Now it is the latest caricature of African bad governance, and it no longer resonates with the people.
Caricature of newspaper columnist Franklin Pierce Adams by William Auerbach-Levy (c.1930).
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In science:

These models can be viewed as caricatures of complex systems of interacting particles, such as nuclei, multi-electron atoms, or quantum dots.
Spectral statistics of the k-body random-interaction model
It is a caricature of the Sherrington & Kirkpatrick (SK) spin glass model .
Convergence to equilibrium for finite Markov processes, with application to the Random Energy Model
As a caricature of models with a spatial structure like the Ising model, mean field models such as the Curie–Weiss model have been introduced to give a simple partial description of physical phenomena, namely the existence of spontaneous magnetization at low temperature.
A representation of Gibbs measure for the random energy model
Zero temperature Glauber dynamics of a driven ferromagnetic random field Ising model (RFIM) provides an interesting caricature of hysteresis, Barkhausen noise, and return point memory in several complex systems 1 .
Hysteresis in Ferromagnetic Random Field Ising Model with an Arbitrary Initial State
Roughly speaking, one may view ˜νn,j,γ as an artificial “caricature version” of P(n), which is easier to compare with νn,j than P(n) itself.
Edge-reinforced random walk on a ladder
Thus, the RLPM can be regarded as a caricature of vulcanized rubber or as a model of chemical gels or other soft random solids.
Elastic heterogeneity of soft random solids
In the case of a free particle, for example, it may be considered as the caricature of an electron in one dimensional motion.
Decoherence within a simple Model for the Environment
This class of states can be easily understood by the caricature of its wavefunction shown in Fig 5: here each spin has chosen its valence bond partner in a regular manner, so that there is a long-range ‘crystalline’ order in the arrangement of valence bonds.
Order and quantum phase transitions in the cuprate superconductors
The dynamics is, therefore, reduced to its caricature: it lives only on the graph whose vertices are all the relevant attractors and the edges are the pairs of communicating attractors (see Section 2 for precise definition).
Dynamics of trap models
The humorous effect is caused not only by ”wit” discussed above, but also by the ”comic” (exaggerated movements of a clown, grimaces, caricatures, parodies and so on).
Computer Model of a "Sense of Humour". I. General Algorithm
What I try here is to explain how we physicists imagine and describe a social system; to list standard tools of statistical physics used in sociophysical papers. I will do it frankly; if a caricature appears at the output, let it be at least clear.
Around the gap between sociophysics and sociology
The red arrows show caricatures of the evolution of matter in typical RHIC collisions.
Quark Soup al dente: Applied Superstring Theory
However, as a rough approximation, these estimates are asserting that a certain2 “norm” kφkS 1 (I×R2 ) of the wave map is bounded by A, and for which a certain key “controlling norm” kφkS 1 ∗ (I×R2 ), which is divisible, 2This is a very crude caricature of the situation.
Global regularity of wave maps VI. Abstract theory of minimal-energy blowup solutions
In [4, 5], Tsirelson’s equation is seen as a cosmological caricature: ηk−1 represents the state of the universe at time k − 1 and ξk the action of the evolution process at time k .
Testing the finiteness of the support of a distribution: a statistical look at Tsirelson's equation
Our goal here is to give a statistical look at this cosmological caricature.
Testing the finiteness of the support of a distribution: a statistical look at Tsirelson's equation
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