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brine

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v brine soak in brine
    • n brine a strong solution of salt and water used for pickling
    • n brine water containing salts "the water in the ocean is all saltwater"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Wild Flamingos are pink because they consume vast quantities of algae and brine shrimp
    • Brine Tears; -- so called from their saltness. "What a deal of brine Hath washed thy sallow cheecks for
      Rosaline!"
    • Brine The ocean; the water of an ocean, sea, or salt lake. "Not long beneath the whelming brine . . . he lay."
    • Brine To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay.
    • Brine To steep or saturate in brine.
    • Brine Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor resulting from the evaporation of natural or artificial waters.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The state of Utah used to be submerged under water and to this day brine shrimp can still be found in rain-filled hollows under rocks and boulders.
    • n brine Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt, like the water of the ocean; salt water. Artiflicial brine is used for the preservation of the flesh of animals, fish, vegetables, etc.
    • n brine The sea as a body of salt water; the ocean.
    • n brine Tears.
    • brine To steep in brine, as corn, in order to prevent smut.
    • brine To mix salt with; make briny: as, to brine hay.
    • n brine The eyebrow.
    • brine To bring: as, to brine it hither.
    • n brine In refriger., a solution of alkaline salts in water, which has a solidifying point below the temperature at which the solution is to be used.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Brine brīn salt water: the sea
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. bryne, a burning, salt liquor, brine, fr. brinnan, brynnan, to burn. See Burn
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. brýne, a burning; applied to salt liquor, from its burning, biting quality.

Usage

In literature:

The brine coils, 400 meters long, are in triplicate.
"Respiration Calorimeters for Studying the Respiratory Exchange and Energy Transformations of Man" by Francis Gano Benedict
Pork was salted, as it is to-day, for winter use, in barrels of brine.
"Quaker Hill" by Warren H. Wilson
Amid all the stone and salt and brine, a gush of pure fresh water at our feet was very welcome to us all.
"A Tramp's Wallet stored by an English goldsmith during his wanderings in Germany and France" by William Duthie
The adaptation of creatures to live in and near brine struck him as wonderful.
"Life of Charles Darwin" by G. T. (George Thomas) Bettany
Fish are preserved for winter use by cleaning them, rubbing them with salt, packing them in layers, and covering them with brine.
"Twenty-Five Cent Dinners for Families of Six" by Juliet Corson
Put the beef in the brine.
"The American Housewife" by Anonymous
If the beef ham is thick it may need to lie a month in salt or in brine.
"Dishes & Beverages of the Old South" by Martha McCulloch Williams
I've no hankering to sit with the Sob Sisters and pump brine over the past.
"The Prairie Child" by Arthur Stringer
Ham is generally not half-soaked; as salt as brine, and hard as flint; and it would puzzle the stomach of an ostrich to digest it.
"The Cook's Oracle; and Housekeeper's Manual" by William Kitchiner
It came flooding in, like the cool brine over scorched sands, smoothing, refreshing, purifying.
"Beside Still Waters" by Arthur Christopher Benson
It's as salt as brine!
"Donald and Dorothy" by Mary Mapes Dodge
Beat women naked an' wash 'em down in brine.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States, From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
Let it lie a fortnight in brine, then wash it, and boil it till the bones will easily come out.
"The Cook and Housekeeper's Complete and Universal Dictionary; Including a System of Modern Cookery, in all Its Various Branches," by Mary Eaton
Lay them in strong brine for three days, changing the brine every day.
"The Lady's Own Cookery Book, and New Dinner-Table Directory;" by Charlotte Campbell Bury
They gather way; springs up astern the fair and following breeze; The fellows strive in smiting brine and sweep the level seas.
"The Æneids of Virgil" by Virgil
I think of calling this one 'The Battle of the Brine.
"Punch or the London Charivari, Vol. 147, December 23, 1914" by Various
If a mammal skin is to be kept for some time, dried or in brine, split the tail full length along under side.
"Taxidermy" by Leon Luther Pray
But a good many Jack Homers have been at this pie and have pumped the brine away.
"The Harmsworth Magazine, v. 1, 1898-1899, No. 2" by Various
Pack cucumbers tight; add a small piece of red pepper, cover with brine and screw down cover.
"Stevenson Memorial Cook Book" by Various
In this way, the salt may be all dissolved, and thus make the brine used to slake the lime.
"The Elements of Agriculture" by George E. Waring
***

In poetry:

The grass is bitter with brine,
Sea-stunted the rushes stir–
In my father's woods the fir
Smells sweeter than wine.
"On An Island" by Anna Johnston MacManus
You will go faltering after
The bright, imperious line,
And split your throat on laughter,
And burn your eyes with brine.
"Braggart" by Dorothy Parker
The good old ship had settled far
Beneath her cargo line,
Her riven sides were drinking deep
The draughts of ocean brine.
"'The Seabolt's Volunteers'" by Henry Lawson
For a while the salt brine leaves me
O'er my terraced rocks to fall,
And my broad swift-gliding waters
Olden memories recall.
"Ugonde's Tale" by John Douglas Sutherland Campbell
And drink the jewel-drunken wine and bend
her head in mimic awe
To see the huge proconsul draw the salted tunny
from the brine?
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
Oh, the logs they crack and whine,
And the water drops from the eaves;
But it is not rain but brine
Where my dead darling grieves.
"The Wraith" by Paul Laurence Dunbar

In news:

GreenHunter Energy Inc announced today that it had purchased three brine disposal wells and associated facilities in Ohio and Kentucky.
Cider-brined Turkey with Sage Gravy (THE ASSOCIATED PRESS).
Salts can lower the melting point of water, explaining how brines could conceivably flow on Mars' frigid surface.
CIDER-BRINED TURKEY WITH SAGE GRAVY .
Recipe for Cider Brined Turkey with Sage Gravy .
It also helps to brine or marinate chicken first and to grill it with the skin on.
Grilled brined halibut with vine-ripened tomato salad.
Brine Treatment Permits Issued Illegally .
The ruling is consistent with determinations made by the current Ohio EPA director that brine and fracking fluids should not be managed by wastewater treatment plants unless they employ certain technology.
The Owens Dry Lake is about 110 square miles, a portion of which is covered by a remnant brine pool LA is responsible for mitigating dust on about 42 square miles of the terrain.
Add all remaining ingredients, except bourbon, to brine container.
Brine for five days, then add bourbon to brine.
Remove ham from brine and inject ¼ cup of brine, then return to brine for five more days.
Combine the brine ingredients and soak the sweetbreads for two hours.
FMC Minera del Altiplano, a leader in the mining of lithium ores and brines, wanted to automate its production processes but lacked sufficient capacity to keep pace with continuous operational improvements.
***

In science:

We calculate the Hamaker constant of the system and show how, within a modified Cahn theory, accurate predictions of the first-order transition temperatures can be obtained for n-alkanes (pentane and hexane) on water and even on brine.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
By now, it has become apparent that such a long-range critical wetting transition is a generic feature of all n-alkanes of medium chain length on water or brine, respectively [2, 3, 8].
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
In the next section, we will outline the main features of a complete and consistent mean-field theory of the wetting behavior of n-alkanes of medium chain length (pentane and hexane) on pure water and on brine, respectively, for various concentrations of salt.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
Figure 1 shows the calculated first-order and critical transition temperatures for pentane and hexane, respectively, on brine in the concentration range 0 ≤ cNaCl ≤ 2.5 mol/L.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
NaCl [mol L−1 ] Fig. 1: First-order and critical transition temperatures for pentane and hexane, respectively, on brine as a function of salinity.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
In the present work, we also predict the transition temperatures for pentane on brine as a function of salt concentration, which have not been measured yet.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
The discovery of such a system would also demonstrate that the parallelism of the two lines found in the system of hexane on brine is a coincidence rather than a necessity.
Transition temperatures and contact angles in the sequential-wetting scenario of n-alkanes on (salt) water
They are thin sheets (50–100˚A) of amphiphilic molecules immersed in a fluid, usually water or brine (water and salt).
Amphiphilic Membranes
More recently, there have been careful experiments on the quaternary system Ma-octylbenzenesulfonate (OBS)/n-pentanol/brine .
Amphiphilic Membranes
As I have mentioned above, the experimental results of ref. on the quaternary OBS/n-pentanol/brine system could not be interpreted without difficulties in the framework of the phenomenological theory of the asymmetric/symmetric transition of ref. [105].
Amphiphilic Membranes
First, the seawater is heated in a container known as a brine heater.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
This is usually achieved by condensing steam on a bank of tubes carrying sea water through the brine heater.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
Thus heated, the water is passed to another container known as a "stage", where the surrounding pressure is lower than that in the brine heater.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
Desalination stills now control pressure, temperature and brine concentrations to optimize the water extraction efficiency.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
The hypersaline brine has the potential to harm ecosystems, especially marine environments in regions with low turbidity and high evaporation that already have elevated salinity.
Extraction of Freshwater and Energy from Atmosphere
***