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  • WordNet 3.6
    • n backgammon a board game for two players; pieces move according to throws of the dice
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n backgammon A game of chance and skill, played by two persons on a “board” marked off into twenty-four spaces called “points”. Each player has fifteen pieces, or “men”, the movements of which from point to point are determined by throwing dice. Formerly called tables.
    • v. t backgammon In the game of backgammon, to beat by ending the game before the loser is clear of his first “table”. When played for betting purposes, the winner in such a case scores three times the wagered amount.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n backgammon A game played by two persons upon a table or board made for the purpose, with pieces or men, dice-boxes, and dice. The board is in two parts, usually hinged together, on which twenty-four spaces, called points, are marked. Each player has fifteen men, with which movements are made in accordance with the numbers turned up by the dice, the object of each player being to advance his men to the last six points, and then “throw them off,” or remove them entirely from the board.
    • n backgammon A single bout at backgammon won by a player before his opponent has advanced all of his men from the first six points.
    • backgammon To beat by winning a backgammon. See backgammon, n., 2.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Backgammon bak-gam′un a game played by two persons on a board with dice and fifteen men or pieces each.
    • ***


  • Douglas William Jerrold
    Douglas William Jerrold
    “The only athletic sport I ever mastered was backgammon.”
  • Henry David Thoreau
    “All voting is a sort of gaming, like checkers or backgammon, with a slight moral tinge to it, a playing with right and wrong.”


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Origin unknown; perhaps fr. Dan. bakke, tray + E. game,; or very likely the first part is from E. back, adv., and the game is so called because the men are often set back,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
M.E. gamen, play; and named from the fact that the pieces are sometimes taken up and obliged to go back—that is, re-enter at the table. Always called Tables till the 17th century.


In literature:

Martin and Levi were bent over a backgammon board in Sandy's study.
"A Son of the Hills" by Harriet T. Comstock
Riding, boating, shooting were Mr. Gladstone's pastimes in the day; billiards, singing, backgammon, and a rubber in the evening.
"The Life of William Ewart Gladstone, Vol. 1 (of 3)" by John Morley
Mrs. Nancy rarely felt lonely when playing backgammon.
"Peak and Prairie" by Anna Fuller
The squire noiselessly laid down the dice and shut the backgammon-board.
"Lippincott's Magazine, Vol. 22, September, 1878" by Various
Others were playing dominoes, draughts, backgammon, and cribbage, the boards and appliances all their own work.
"The French Prisoners of Norman Cross A Tale" by Arthur Brown
E'er rose to backgammon his tail-fly or trigger!
"The Book of Humorous Verse" by Various
The newspapers were read through; it still rained heavily without; he could not ask his wife to play a game at backgammon.
"The Last Penny and Other Stories" by T. S. Arthur
BACKGAMMON, a game played with draughtsmen and a special board, depending on the throw of dice.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1" by Various
He shirked the duties of the parade; he detested the fume of tobacco; he had no taste either for backgammon or for field sports.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
In the coffeehouses the grand sources of amusement are dice and drafts, along with backgammon and billiards.
"Pilgrimage from the Alps to the Tiber" by James Aitken Wylie
Do you enjoy cards or backgammon?
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
I don't suppose anybody ever heard of a backgammon tournament before, but it's going to be great fun.
"A Bookful of Girls" by Anna Fuller
The two ladies were playing backgammon.
"Lippincott's Magazine, September, 1885" by Various
Lettice and Catherine had not long to take it it turns to stay out with him, playing backgammon, at the time of evening prayers.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 3, August, 1850." by Various
She went on, speaking low that nothing should reach the backgammon-players.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
Nor do games such as Chess, Draughts, Halma and Backgammon.
"What Shall We Do Now?: Five Hundred Games and Pastimes" by Dorothy Canfield Fisher
Backgammon, too, was an unlucky game to be played with one of a temper such as his.
"Harper's New Monthly Magazine, Volume 1, No. 2, July, 1850." by Various
She plays a stiff game of backgammon; she never throws but she makes a point; she beats me.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 16, No. 93, July, 1865" by Various
After dinner the evening was devoted to relaxation, conversation, backgammon, and other games.
"Josephine" by John S. C. Abbott
Dice seem always to have been employed, as is the case to-day, for gambling purposes, and they are also used in such games as backgammon.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 4" by Various

In poetry:

Wild croquet HOOPER banned,
And all the sports of Mammon,
He warred with cribbage, and
He exorcised backgammon.
"The Rival Curates" by William Schwenck Gilbert

In news:

The Sangamon Valley Backgammon Association plays every Wednesday night at the Capitol Teletrack, 1766 Wabash, in the Chatham Square Shopping Center, Springfield.
But for a growing number of older Americans, golf and backgammon just aren't enough.
Suede Travel Backgammon Roll, $395.
ITunes Backgammon is a board game that is perfectly suited to iOS devices.

In science:

Johnston, Condensation in the backgammon model, Nucl.
Randomness and Complexity in Networks
The structure of the phase diagram can be qualitatively understood within an exactly solvable model inspired by the backgammon game .
Random manifolds and quantum gravity