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artifact

Definitions

  • Artifacts found near the site of the Jamestown glasshouse which was in operation as early as 1608: a small melting pot, part of a working hole, fragment from large melting pot, cullet (broken or refuse glass shown in lower left corner), and green glass fragments (lower center and lower right)
    Artifacts found near the site of the Jamestown glasshouse which was in operation as early as 1608: a small melting pot, part of a working hole, fragment from large melting pot, cullet (broken or refuse glass shown in lower left corner), and green glass fragments (lower center and lower right)
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n artifact a man-made object taken as a whole
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

A few of the many artifacts relating to fishing unearthed at Jamestown: fishhooks, fish-gigs, and lead net weights A few of the many artifacts relating to fishing unearthed at Jamestown: fishhooks, fish-gigs, and lead net weights

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The Shroud of Turin is the single most studied artifact in human history
    • Artifact (Archæol) A product of human workmanship; -- applied esp. to the simpler products of aboriginal art as distinguished from natural objects.
    • Artifact (Biol) A structure or appearance in protoplasm due to death, method of preparation of specimens, or the use of reagents, and not present during life.
    • Artifact (Technology) an object, oservation, phenomenon, or result arising from hidden or unexpected causes extraneous to the subject of a study, and therefore spurious and having potential to lead one to an erroneous conclusion, or to invalidate the study. In experimental science, artifacts may arise due to inadvertant contamination of equipment, faulty experimental design or faulty analysis, or unexpected effects of agencies not known to affect the system under study.
    • Artifact Any product of human workmanship; -- applied both to objects made for practical purposes as well as works of art. It is contrasted to natural object, i.e. anything produced by natural forces without the intervention of man.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n artifact Anything made by art; an artificial product.
    • n artifact A natural object modified by human art.
    • n artifact Also artefactum.
    • artifact Not natural, but produced by manipulation, as some microscopic feature in a hardened tissue.
    • artifact Also spelled artefact.
    • ***

Quotations

  • William S. Burroughs
    William%20S.%20Burroughs
    “Man is an artifact designed for space travel. He is not designed to remain in his present biologic state any more than a tadpole is designed to remain a tadpole.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. ars, artis, art + facere, factum, to make

Usage

In literature:

The life of a slave did not give him much opportunity to create artifacts which could later be catalogued as evidence of African influence.
"The Black Experience in America" by Norman Coombs
The telephone has achieved a rare and exalted state for a technological artifact: it has become a HOUSEHOLD OBJECT.
"Hacker Crackdown" by Bruce Sterling
Anything made by artificial means is called an artifact.
"Tom Swift in the Land of Wonders" by Victor Appleton
None of the Pyrrans kept old artifacts of any kind and thought the whole idea was very funny.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
Note the texture and color range of the adornments and artifacts.
"Zero Data" by Charles Saphro
This artifact, with a length of 23.5 cm., a diameter of 5.1 cm., and a thickness of 6 mm.
"A Burial Cave in Baja California" by William C. Massey
Foolishly, I expected to discover Incan artifacts.
"Where the World is Quiet" by Henry Kuttner
Possibly some of our artifacts would be used.
"To Choke an Ocean" by Jesse F. (Jesse Franklin) Bone
With no landing place available, the Sky Wagon would not come into use until the expedition found artifacts of value.
"The Golden Skull" by John Blaine
No actual tombs had been found, nor tools, nor definitely identifiable artifacts.
"The Legion of Lazarus" by Edmond Hamilton
They were still searching for traces of some kind of artifacts.
"A Woman's Place" by Mark Irvin Clifton
NOTE: Additional scarificators are found under "Cupping Sets" and in the "Barber-surgeon's kit" listed under "Related Artifacts.
"Bloodletting Instruments in the National Museum of History and Technology" by Audrey Davis
And give them food, water, medicine and artifacts.
"Sense of Obligation" by Henry Maxwell Dempsey (AKA Harry Harrison)
See N. H. Winchell, "The weathering of aboriginal stone artifacts," No.
"Man, Past and Present" by Agustus Henry Keane
The copper artifacts were imitations of Palaeolithic forms of the Solutrian type.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia" by Various
Very few artifacts were found because of the earlier pothunting.
"Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado" by Anonymous
The range of associated artifacts points to a site dating from the late 17th century to about 1765.
"North Devon Pottery and Its Export to America in the 17th Century" by C. Malcolm Watkins
Classic Adena points (Figures V and W, Plate 28) and other artifacts were also found with this burial.
"Handbook of Alabama Archaeology: Part I Point Types" by James W. Cambron
In the graves, artifacts such as dentalium shells were deposited at the time of burial.
"The Archaeology of the Yakima Valley" by Harlan Ingersoll Smith
Few artifacts were recovered in this area.
"The Cultural History of Marlborough, Virginia" by C. Malcolm Watkins
***

In news:

An Anthology of Pseudo-Interviews, Faux-Lectures, Quasi-Letters, "Found" Texts, and Other Fraudulent Artifacts.
Fifty Years Of Collecting Artifacts Turns Into Show At New Canaan Historical Society.
More than 4,000 archaeological artifacts looted from Mexico and seized in the US were returned to Mexican authorities on Thursday in what experts say is one of the largest repatriation ever made between the neighboring countries.
Oct 25, 2012: Some seized artifacts returned to Mexico are displayed on a table during a news conference at the Mexican Consulate in El Paso.
US authorities have seized more than 4,000 archaeological artifacts looted from Mexico that they plan to display in Texas before returning them to their country of origin.
Fort Lee has 121 boxes of artifacts and the center's collection contains more than 500,000 items.
Unearthing artifacts from the 19th century doesn't often occur in an urban setting, explained a team of archaeologists and anthropologists from the University of Idaho, who were called in after the discovery was made.
The men were learning how to gather evidence from such a site at a three-day training session on artifact looting held for archaeologists and law-enforcement officers.
Elementary students use spoons and brushes to reveal artifacts.
Starting Sunday, the public can glimpse a collection of tens of thousands of those artifacts.
New exhibition includes props and costumes from the four popular Indiana Jones movies, as well as real artifacts from the Penn Museum.
Artifact adoption and private art collection sale at The History Museum of Mobile.
Gore artifact serves as a reminder for incoming elections committee chair.
Book Patrol is a place where you can share in Michael Lieberman's passion for the printed word, the history of the book as an object and as a cultural artifact .
0If you want to find some of Michigan's most historical artifacts, you have to look underwater.
***

In science:

These solutions could be just an artifact of the approximation.
AdS/CFT Correspondence and Type 0 String Theory
Most lattice results have large finite-size artifacts.
Random Matrix Theory and Chiral Symmetry in QCD
The existence of an ob ject of study is a relative fact, an artifact of analysis, whereas the existence of a sub ject is absolute, and its determination is a fact that is itself in need of explanation.
Quantum Computation in Brain Microtubules? Decoherence and Biological Feasibility
One can worry that excising a cube will introduce artifacts into the evolution, but as long as the boundary condition used at the sides of the cube is consistent those artifacts will converge away with increased resolution.
Simple excision of a black hole in 3+1 numerical relativity
However, concerns about possible artifacts introduced by the speckle technique, and limitations imposed by the small field of view, limited the impact of the results.
The Formation of Star Clusters
While the CO emission line of PG 1415+451 was detected with a signal-to-noise of 5.2σ, the narrow appearance of the emission feature may be an indication that the “line” is actually an artifact; i.e., a spurious interference spike created at the phase center of the interferometer.
Molecular Gas in Infrared-Excess, Optically-Selected QSOs and the Connection with Infrared Luminous Galaxies
These artifacts of the reset assumption imprint long-lived entropy irregularities in the gas.
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
Spherical drip waves are an artifact of spherical symmetry in which the inherent three-dimensional character of Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities is suppressed.
Entropy Evolution in Galaxy Groups and Clusters; A Comparison of External and Internal Heating
In real space this artifact is manifested by having constant values within pixels larger than the spatial resolution.
Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations
The anti-aliasing filter removes the artifacts caused by replication of the fundamental Brillouin zone.
Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations
The magnified pixels represents an aliasing artifact.
Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations
Smoothing over pixelization artifacts is the purpose behind anti-aliasing filters, whether they be applied in image processing or cosmology.
Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations
The anti-aliasing filters have eliminated the pixelization artifacts present in Figure 10.
Multiscale Gaussian Random Fields for Cosmological Simulations
However, we have shown that the constants of the motion can be written in a form independent of both the parameter and the extra coordinate, which suggests to us that variable rest mass may be an artifact of a poor choice of parameter.
Null Geodesics in Five Dimensional Manifolds
The FRG approach should allow a quantitative study of finite N beyond possible artifacts of N = ∞, and extension of to any d.
Functional renormalization group at large N for random manifolds
***