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affirm

Definitions

  • Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
    Affirmation, approving. Old Roman
  • WordNet 3.6
    • v affirm establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts "his story confirmed my doubts","The evidence supports the defendant"
    • v affirm to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true "Before God I swear I am innocent"
    • v affirm say yes to
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian Affirmation, approbation. N.A. Indian
Yes, affirmation. Dakota Yes, affirmation. Dakota

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Affirm (Law) to assert or confirm, as a judgment, decree, or order, brought before an appellate court for review.
    • Affirm To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny. "Jesus, . . . whom Paul affirmed to be alive."
    • Affirm To declare or assert positively. "Not that I so affirm, though so it seem
      To thee, who hast thy dwelling here on earth."
    • Affirm (Law) To declare, as a fact, solemnly, under judicial sanction. See Affirmation, 4.
    • Affirm (Law) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • affirm To state or assert positively; tell with confidence; aver; declare to be a fact; maintain as true: opposed to deny.
    • affirm To make firm; establish, confirm, or ratify: as, the appellate court affirmed the judgment. Synonyms Assert, Affirm, Declare, etc. See assert.
    • affirm To declare or assert positively or solemnly.
    • affirm To declare solemnly before a court or magistrate, but without oath (a practice allowed where the affirmant has scruples against taking an oath); make a legal affirmation. See affirmation.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Affirm af-fėrm′ to assert confidently or positively: to ratify a judgment: to confirm or maintain a statement of one's own or another's: :
    • adj Affirm and n. Affirm′ative, that affirms or asserts: positive, not negative: dogmatic
    • v.t Affirm af-fėrm′ (log.) to make a statement in the affirmative
    • v.t Affirm af-fėrm′ (law) to make a formal declaration or affirmation, without an oath
    • ***

Quotations

  • Claude M. Bristol
    Claude%20M.%20Bristol
    “It's the repetition of affirmations that leads to belief. And once that belief becomes a deep conviction, things begin to happen.”
  • John Burroughs
    John%20Burroughs
    “It is always easier to believe than to deny. Our minds are naturally affirmative.”
  • Henry S. Haskins
    Henry S. Haskins
    “The time to stop talking is when the other person nods his head affirmatively, but says nothing.”
  • Simone Weil
    Simone%20Weil
    “The mysteries of faith are degraded if they are made into an object of affirmation and negation, when in reality they should be an object of contemplation.”
  • Roman Gary
    Roman Gary
    “Humor is an affirmation of dignity, a declaration of man's superiority to all that befalls him.”
  • Simone Weil
    Simone%20Weil
    “The role of the intelligence --that part of us which affirms and denies and formulates opinions is merely to submit.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. affermen, OF. afermer, F. affirmer, affermir, fr. L. affirmare,; ad, + firmare, to make firm, firmus, firm. See Firm
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. afermer—L. affirmāread, firmus, firm. See Firm.

Usage

In literature:

Granby, is an affirmation not supported by the facts.
"Junius Unmasked" by Joel Moody
She wanted to answer him in the affirmative, wanted to very, very much.
"Thirty" by Howard Vincent O'Brien
The mere affirmation that He was the Christ would not have helped those whom His works and words had only prejudiced against Him.
"The Expositor's Bible: The Gospel of St. John, Vol. I" by Marcus Dods
But Socrates proudly affirmed that, as he was guilty of no crime, he deserved no punishment.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
More than even this should be affirmed.
"Forty Years in the Wilderness of Pills and Powders" by William A. Alcott
It has been affirmed, and is, perhaps, not untrue, that De Nogaret's father had been burnt by the Inquisition.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
AFFIDA'VIT, a written statement of facts upon oath or affirmation.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
What the sun declared to be north, the needle affirmed to be south.
"The Glaciers of the Alps" by John Tyndall
Whether Mrs. Catesby and the Vicar's Wife headed a deputation to Jupiter I am not in a position to affirm.
"Mrs. Fitz" by J. C. Snaith
The answer is in the affirmative.
"The English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
It has often been affirmed that the old man was a student of Swedenborg.
"William Blake" by Charles Gardner
Sir Hugh Clopton affirmed but now that Father Eustace was at present absent from the Hall.
"William Shakespeare as he lived." by Henry Curling
There was an affirmative grunt from below.
"The Pursuit" by Frank (Frank Mackenzie) Savile
That you may not imagine that I say this merely to satisfy you for the moment, I will at once give you a proof of what I affirm.
"Fairy Tales From all Nations" by Anthony R. Montalba
Receiving answer in the affirmative, he gropes his way along the ledge of rock, reeling like a drunken man.
"Gwen Wynn" by Mayne Reid
In affirming, therefore, the existence of a noumenon, we affirm causation.
"A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive" by John Stuart Mill
When we affirm that all crows are black, or that all negroes have woolly hair, we assert an uniformity of coexistence.
"A System of Logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive" by John Stuart Mill
I cannot affirm, however, that J. Howard Brokenshire stared at me.
"The High Heart" by Basil King
The dandy made no reply, but his simpering smile was evidently intended to be taken in the affirmative.
"Osceola the Seminole" by Mayne Reid
On problems relating to infinite existence and an unknown future, it requires infinite knowledge to give an affirmative answer.
"Bygones Worth Remembering, Vol. 2 (of 2)" by George Jacob Holyoake
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In poetry:

Of Thee she shall own and affirm, hand uplifted,
'Twas Thou that didst breathe her in me, and as due
For that work she shall pour out her thanks and bear witness
That to me she was given Thy bidding to do.
"My Soul Shall Declare" by Shlomo ibn Gabirol
Thus having strove some tedious years
With feign'd desires and real fears, And tired with answers and replies
Of John affirms, and Martha lies,
Leaving this endless altercation,
The mind affects a higher station.
"Alma; or, The Progress of the Mind. In Three Cantos. - Canto II." by Matthew Prior
Honey-white figs of the north, black figs with scarlet inside,
of the south.
Ripe figs won't keep, won't keep in any clime.
What then, when women the world over have all bursten into
affirmation?
And bursten figs won't keep?
"Figs" by D H Lawrence
Next morn, a startled Empire learnt the all-important news;
Next week, the Aged Councillor was shaking in his shoes.
Next month, I met Delilah and she did not show the least
Hesitation in affirming that Ulysses was a "beast."
"Delilah" by Rudyard Kipling
The Bookworm's an uninteresting grub,
Whether he's all alone or in a club.
Of stupid books which seem to us a bore,
The Bookworm will devour the very core.
Did Solomon or somebody affirm
The early reed-bird catches the bookworm?
"A Phenomenal Fauna" by Carolyn Wells
A BURGHER (REINHARD ROLAPP).
Why all this vain debate? The Landgrave's brief
Affirms the Jews fling poison in the wells.
Shall we stand by and leave them unmolested,
Till they have made our town a wilderness?
I say, Death to the Jews!
"The Dance To Death. Act IV" by Emma Lazarus

In news:

Democrats left out a passage from their 2008 party document affirming that Jerusalem is the capital of.
Hot-button issues that could come up include affirmative action, same-sex marriage and voting rights.
In some times and places, they have found the church more affirming and liberating than their surrounding cultures.
Nancy L Lois was welcomed into the Christian ministry following an affirmative vote of an Ecclesiastical Council made up of the clergy and elected representatives of the New England Association of Congregational Christian Churches.
How the Phelps Case Affirms the Constitution.
They say we're entitled, narcissistic, lacking work ethic, constantly needing affirmation of our overinflated self-esteem and we just won't leave the shelter of our parents and let them BE already.
Contributed by Michael BraggA gasline company's easement running behind houses on Affirm Lane is overgrown, but it may just stay that way.
A Massachusetts Medical Society (MMS) report released this week answers in the affirmative, but health plans think differently.
"A resolution of pardon will provide a chance to affirm our mutual interests in supporting justice and equality in 21st Century Alabama," states the Aug 15.
Mane's Monomenthyl Succinate Patents Affirmed by US Patent Office .
Supreme Court should reinstate voters' verdict on affirmative action.
The teachings of the Fathers show that the Church has always affirmed the primacy and supremacy of the bishop of Rome.
He's ultraconservative on the death penalty, abortion, affirmative action, and gun control.
Years later, the neurosurgeon looks at his own experience and those of his patients as an affirmation that two factors play a critical role in recovery: proper physical therapy coupled with positive thinking.
The Italian Medicines Agency lifted a temporary hold on the use of Novartis seasonal influenza vaccines in Italy after affirming the vaccines' safety and efficacy.
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In science:

To affirm the quasi-static condit ion is not enough to define the reversible condit ion.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
On page 25 Fermi affirms that an adiabat ic transformat ion is a reversible transformat ion for a thermally iso lated system (dQ=O). But if we are not careful we can commit the paradigmat ic error.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
He affirms the poor conductivity for the air but says nothing about the reversible condit ion. He commits the paradigmat ic error as he confuses reversible with quasi-static.
The Energy-Entropy Principle
Lemma 2.1: The question raised above has an affirmative answer if and only if in the associated multimatrix there exists at least one nonzero multideterminantal monomial.
The Friendship Theorem and Minimax Theorems
Virginia Reilly, Office for Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action Dr.
Human Information Processing with the Personal Memex
I × R n is a continuous function, which is Cn in x (for a suitable n)? It is classical that the answer is affirmative as to (2) (see, e.g., ).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
In it is proved that it is also affirmative as to (3).
A generalized Allwright formula and the vector Riccati equation
The question was asked in 1976 as mentioned above, but it took years before we had the answer which was affirmative as given by Høyer et al. (1981).
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
For the first time in this conversation, S2 explicitly addresses a physical detail relevant to the physical mapping S1 is attempting: “if there’s constant force?” (line 67) S1 quickly affirms that assumption and S2 correctly concludes that more work would be done on the long “R” path.
Analyzing Problem Solving Using Math in Physics: Epistemological Framing via Warrants
The second part of our theorem is new and give an affirmative answer to a part of Hưng’s conjecture [7, Conjecture 1.10].
Sub-Hopf algebras of the Steenrod algebra and the Singer transfer
Is there something similar in mathematics? The answer is affirmative, since there are at least two areas of mathematics that could be confused with the IDC.
The family of Eulerian constants in the isodimensional discrete calculus
Therefore, the result of the test for two outliers is affirmative, the largest and smallest values in the data set having been established as true outliers.
Steady-state cracking in brittle substrates beneath adherent films: revisited
The above question is answered in the affirmative. Also some properties of such Markov chains are studied. This research paper is a culmination of such research efforts.
Graphs: Associated Markov Chains
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