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Wren

Definitions

  • Cock Robin and Jenny Wren music
    Cock Robin and Jenny Wren music
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n wren any of several small active brown birds of the northern hemisphere with short upright tails; they feed on insects
    • n Wren English architect who designed more than fifty London churches (1632-1723)
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

HOUSE WREN HOUSE WREN
wren on roof of birdhouse wren on roof of birdhouse
Wren put it on again Wren put it on again
GOLD-CRESTED WREN GOLD-CRESTED WREN

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Wren (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to Troglodytes and numerous allied of the family Troglodytidæ.
    • Wren (Zoöl) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds more or less resembling the true wrens in size and habits.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n wren A very small migratory and insectivorous singing-bird of Great Britain and other European countries, with a slender bill and extremely short tail, and of dark reddish-brown coloration varied with black, inhabiting shrubbery, and belonging to the family Troglodytidæ; hence, any member of this family, and, with a qualifying term, one of various other small birds of different families, as certain warblers, kinglets, etc. See the phrases below. Wren originally specified the bird technically known as Sylvia troglodytes, Troglodytes parvulus, T. vulgaris, T. europæus, Anorthura troglodytes, A. communis, etc., the only member of its genus and family found in Europe. It is only about four inches long, very active and sprightly, with a pleasing song at times, and a characteristic habit of carrying the short tail cocked up. This little bird figures extensively in English folklore, and has a host of local, provincial, or familiar names with wren expressed or implied, as bobby, cutty, kitty, jenny, sally, scutty, tiddy, tidley, titty, also our Lady of Heaven's hen, etc. This wren is a northerly type, and one of several species of the restricted genus Troglodytes (or Anorthura), as T. fumigatus of Japan, T. alascensis of Alaska, and the well-known winter wren of North America, T. hiemalis, which is so near the English wren as to be by some naturalists regarded as only a variety. (See cut under Troglodytes.) In the United States the commonest wren, and the one which plays there the part taken by the English wren in Europe, is the house-wren, T. aédon or T. domesticus, which abounds in most parts of North America, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, runs into several geographical races, and is represented in Mexico and warmer parts of America by several other varieties or congeneric species. The common house-wren in settled districts attaches itself closely to man, and nests by preference in nooks and crannies of outhouses, though it is more retired and wood-loving in other regions. It trills a hearty and voluble song, and lays numerous (from 6 to 10) pinkishwhite eggs very heavily spotted with brown, in the large mass of rubbish which it carries into its hole for a nest. This wren is migratory, and in many parts of the United States its presence is complementary to that of the winter wren. Certain wrens of North America, of the genus Cistothorus (and its section Telmatodytes), inhabit marshes and low wet shrubbery, and are known as marsh-wrens. (See the generic names, marsh-wren, and tule-wren.) Various others, chiefly of southern regions of the United States, and thence southward, as the great Carolina and Bewick's, are of the genus Thryothorus (which see, with cut). Others are the rock-wrens, cañon-wrens, and cactus-wrens, of the genera Salpinctes, Catherpes, and Campylorhynchus. (See the compound and technical names, with cuts.) All these belong to essentially Neotropical types, which have but few outlying forms in the United States, though richly represented by very numerous species of various genera in the warmer parts of America (as those above named, Thryophilus, Uropsila, Henicorhina, Cyphorhinus, and Microcerculus). The wrens above noted are all properly so called (Troglodytidæ): with the exceptions named, they are all American. The qualified application of wren to various small birds of both hemispheres, including some of other families than Troglodytidæ, is given in the phrases following.
    • n wren The goldcrest or kinglet, Regulus cristatus. See cut under goldcrest.
    • n wren Uropsila leucogastra, of Oaxaca and Tamaulipas in Mexico, originally described by J. Gould in 1836 as Troglodytes leucogastra, a name subsequently misused to denote the white-bellied wren .
    • n wren (See also cactus-wren, cañon-wren, marsh-wren, reed-wren, tule-wren, willow-wren, wood-wren.)
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Wren ren a genus (Troglodytes) and family (Troglodytidæ) of birds, having a slender, slightly curved and pointed bill, the wings very short and rounded, the tail short and carried erect, the legs slender and rather long
    • ***

Quotations

  • John Dryden
    John%20Dryden
    “Fool that I was, upon my eagle's wings I bore this wren, till I was tired with soaring, and now he mounts above me.”
  • William Henry Hudson
    William Henry Hudson
    “You cannot fly like an eagle with wings of a wren.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. wrenne, AS. wrenna, wrænna, perhaps akin to wrǣne, lascivious
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. wrenna, wrǽnnawrǽne, lascivious.

Usage

In literature:

But, look here, I'm going on now to see how Sam Wren is.
"Charge!" by George Manville Fenn
Ever since this episode the male wren has shown his gratitude in an unmistakable manner.
"The Dawn of Reason" by James Weir
The towers were not built till 1740, after the designs of Sir Christopher Wren, who died before they were finished.
"Westminster" by Sir Walter Besant
Across the street, in plain view from my window, has come to dwell a little brown wren of a woman with her five babies.
"The Love Affairs of an Old Maid" by Lilian Bell
Cleave, quitting the shadow of a young locust tree, touched with his foot a wren's nest, shaken from the bough above.
"The Long Roll" by Mary Johnston
You would fly from a roused wren.
"Folk-Lore and Legends: North American Indian" by Anonymous
But Wren got under the thick feathers of Eagle and sat there as Eagle flew.
"Myths and Legends of the Great Plains" by Unknown
One was of St. Malo and the wren.
"A Child's Book of Saints" by William Canton
A little Wren came flitting, And chirrupped from the hedge.
"Golden Moments" by Anonymous
Another bird that Robinson loved was the little house wren.
"An American Robinson Crusoe" by Samuel. B. Allison
He built the Sheldonian Theatre at Oxford, which building is an early work of Sir Christopher Wren's.
"The Cathedral Church of Canterbury [2nd ed.]." by Hartley Withers
Number 21 to 24 Warblers, wrens, titmouse, finches.
"Home Taxidermy for Pleasure and Profit" by Albert B. Farnham
Besides Saint Paul's, a number of beautiful churches were already raising their heads by the genius of Wren in various parts of London.
"John Deane of Nottingham" by W.H.G. Kingston
The little wren sang again its song.
"The Continental Monthly, Vol. 6, No 4, October, 1864" by Various
We are all over willow wrens in the spring.
"The Forest of Dean An Historical and Descriptive Account" by H. G. Nicholls
The nearest of these were Long Bill Wren and his wife, who at that time chanced to have a family of five growing children.
"The Tale of Ferdinand Frog" by Arthur Scott Bailey
I have to go back with Wren.
"The Fifth Form at Saint Dominic's" by Talbot Baines Reed
And later the rain fell heavily for several days and nights, just as Long Bill Wren had expected.
"The Tale of Master Meadow Mouse" by Arthur Scott Bailey
It was not another robin, but a little wren.
"The Story of a Robin" by Agnes S. Underwood
A person once told me the wren would not build in one that he had put up.
"Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained" by M. Quinby
***

In poetry:

Dost jeer the sweet domestic wren,
The anxious starling, too ?
I doubt you chaff the homely hen,
Cuckoo !
"To an Old Friend" by John Joy Bell
And can he who smiles on all
Hear the wren with sorrows small.
Hear the small bird's grief & care
Hear the woes that infants bear—
"On Anothers Sorrow" by William Blake
The eagle am I, with my fame in the world,
The wren is he, with his maiden face.
—-You look away and your lip is curled?
Patience, a moment's space!
"A Light Woman" by Robert Browning
Carols nature, counsel men.
Different notes as rook from wren
Hear we when our steps begin,
And the choice is cast within,
Where a robber raven's tale
Urges passion's nightingale.
"The Three Singers To Young Blood" by George Meredith
With head beneath her wing,
A little wren was sleeping—­
So near, I had found it an easy thing
To steal her for my keeping
From the myrtle-bough that with easy swing
Across the path was sweeping.
"A Cottage In A Chine" by Jean Ingelow
And she would talk to the wren when alone,
And to the wren she would her loneliness bemoan,
And say, "Dear little wren, come again to-morrow;
Now be sure and come, your singing will chase away my sorrow."
"The Blind Girl" by William Topaz McGonagall

In news:

Davis tackles Wren's Levi Bufford on Friday.
Still searching for its first postseason win under coach Jeff Tate, Wren has had to travel to South Florence and Easley the last two seasons.
An overview of Wren's football team.
The girls are members of the Geneva Wrens 4-H club.
A brown wren hopped across the concrete in front of me, as I sat in my corner outside our kitchen window.
To my chagrin, I found one of our little wrens lying unconscious on the deck.
Lexington set two state records while winning the Wren Golden Hurricane Invitational.
Coach Green reacts to BHP's win over Wren.
Get the latest updated stats for Sean Wren on ESPN.com.
Wren ends season at 8-3.
More From Frank Wren 's Interview on MLB Network Radio.
More from Atlanta Braves General Manager Frank Wren 's interview with Jim Bowden and Jim Duquette on MLB Network Radio's "Front Office" show on SiriusXM from Sunday.
If you missed Tony's update on what Wren said in the interview about B.J.
GM Frank Wren discusses what the next crop of future Braves fans can expect to see in Atlanta.
John D Wren 's Compensation vs. Salary $1.00 mil $1.39 mil.
***

In science:

The discovery of the near infra-red transient from GRB 041219a (Blake & Bloom 2004; Blake et al. 2005) and its parallel detection in the optical band (Wren et al. 2004) expanded the list of known GRB properties. for Optical ReThe RAPTOR (Rapid Telescopes sponse; Vestrand et al.
RAPTOR observations of the early optical afterglow from GRB 050319
Papers of Gross and Malliavin [GM], Hall and Sengupta [HS], Wren [Wr], and Driver and Hall [DH] have helped to understand better how the isomorphisms associated to a compact group relate to the corresponding isomorphisms for an infinite-dimensional linear space.
Harmonic analysis with respect to heat kernel measure
Wren considers the problem of canonical quantization of Yang-Mills theory on a spacetime cylinder, using a method proposed by N.
Harmonic analysis with respect to heat kernel measure
Landsman [L1]. (See also Chapter IV.3.8 of [L2].) Wren’s calculations strongly suggest a close relationship between this Yang-Mills example and the K -invariant form of the Segal-Bargmann transform for a compact Lie group.
Harmonic analysis with respect to heat kernel measure
This is consistent with the results of Wren [Wr], who approached the problem in a different way.
Harmonic analysis with respect to heat kernel measure
Wren’s result was elaborated on by Driver–Hall [DH] and Hall [H8], in a way that emphasizes the Segal–Bargmann transform and uses a different regularization scheme.
Geometric quantization and the generalized Segal-Bargmann transform for Lie groups of compact type
Wren, K.: Constrained quantisation and θ-angles.
Geometric quantization and the generalized Segal-Bargmann transform for Lie groups of compact type
Other examples of this phenomenon are given by Wren 15, who looks at the quantization of Stieffel chambers (i.e., quotients of a maximal torus of a compact Lie group by its Weyl group), finding that our procedure assigns Neumann boundary conditions to the Laplacian.
Quantization of singular systems and incomplete motions
***