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Sulphuration

Definitions

  • On a stone bridge, leaning against the iron railing, stood a woman in a sulphur shawl
    On a stone bridge, leaning against the iron railing, stood a woman in a sulphur shawl
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Sulphuration The act or process of combining or impregnating with sulphur or its compounds; also, the state of being so combined or impregnated.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The green ring that is formed around the yolk of eggs that have been cooked too long is formed by the chemical reaction from the iron in the yolk and the sulphur in the white part of the egg
    • n sulphuration The act of dressing or anointing with sulphur.
    • n sulphuration The act or process of impregnating, combining, or fumigating with sulphur; specifically, the subjection of a substance, such as straw-plait, silks, and woolens, to the action of sulphur or its fumes for the purpose of bleaching; also, the state of being impregnated with sulphur. Also sulphurization, sulphurisation.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Joseph Priestley not only discovered oxygen, but he also discovered ammonia, carbon monoxide, hydrogen chloride, sulphur dioxide, and nitrous oxide. He was also the first person to isolate chlorine.
    • ns Sulphuration the act or operation of subjecting to the action of sulphur or sulphurous acid
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Cf. F. sulfuration, L. sulphuratio, sulfuratio, a vein of sulphur
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. sulphur; said to be conn. with Sans. çulvāri.

Usage

In literature:

Flower of sulphur is quite pure.
"The Art of Travel" by Francis Galton
This first he cleansed with sulphur, and then with water from the spring.
"The Children's Hour, Volume 3 (of 10)" by Various
COPPER, IRON, TIN, SULPHUR.
"The History of Sumatra" by William Marsden
Sulphur, a yellow solid.
"The First Book of Farming" by Charles L. Goodrich
Near by were the sulphur baths.
"The Luck of Thirteen" by Jan Gordon
If the spring is damp and mildew appears, dust with sulphur flower in a small bellows.
"The Garden, You, and I" by Mabel Osgood Wright
Use flower of sulphur as a tooth powder every night, rubbing the teeth and gums with a rather hard toothbrush.
"Our Deportment" by John H. Young
Within a few steps of the Eureka, and belonging to the same company, is the White Sulphur Spring and bathing-house.
"Saratoga and How to See It" by R. F. Dearborn
In wool, fur, etc., we must add a fifth constituent, namely, sulphur.
"The Chemistry of Hat Manufacturing" by Watson Smith
The air was thick with sulphur.
"At Ypres with Best-Dunkley" by Thomas Hope Floyd
Let this stay on one day, and without washing take this time enough benzine and powdered sulphur to make a paste and rub in as before.
"The Boston Terrier and All About It" by Edward Axtell
The most usual chemical treatment is a bath in a solution of sulphuric acid in lead-lined tanks.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 1178, June 25, 1898" by Various
Before washing these gases in a bath of sulphuric acid, in order to retain the ammonia, there were two problems to be solved.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 315, January 14, 1882" by Various
There shall Dido go With sulphurous flames, and vex thee far away.
"The Aeneid of Virgil" by Virgil
Did you ever smell sulphur burning?
"The Saddle Boys of the Rockies" by James Carson
This was simply a globe of sulphur turning on a wooden axle.
"The Story of Great Inventions" by Elmer Ellsworth Burns
Water imbibes about twice its bulk of this kind of air, and it is then the same thing with the sulphureous waters of Harrowgate.
"Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry" by Joseph Priestley
Walking on sulphur beds is like walking on ice, and many a time in the climb I landed on my knees.
"Alone with the Hairy Ainu" by A. H. Savage Landor
Add to the capsicum, charcoal, and sulphur, a small quantity of gruel; lastly, add the lime water.
"The American Reformed Cattle Doctor" by George Dadd
Sulphur is made from sulphurous waters, from sulphurous ores, and from sulphurous mixtures.
"De Re Metallica" by Georgius Agricola
***

In poetry:

Away! The sulphur-coloured stars are hurrying
through the Western gate!
Away! Or it may be too late to climb their silent
silver cars!
"The Sphinx" by Oscar Wilde
With liquid fire it ever glows,
And, like a boiling sea, o'erflows,
Mov'd by the breath of God, its tide
With flaming sulphur rages wide.
"The Complaint And The Advice Of Dives, To His Five Brethren, (Part 2­), Or A Description Of Hell, An" by Rees Prichard
Cats, and the Neapolitans,
Sulphur sun-beasts,
Thirst for fish as for more-than-water;
Water-alive
To quench their over-sulphureous lusts.
"Fish" by D H Lawrence
Across the sulphur-colored sands
With bales of silk the camels fare,
Harnessed with vermeil and with vair,
Into the blue and burning lands.
"Beyond the Great Wall" by Clark Ashton Smith
While the grey grasshopper whirrs
In the furze,
You that with your sulphur wings
Melt into the gold perfume
Of the broom
Where the linnet sits and sings;
"Butterflies" by Alfred Noyes
Shot and shell, the dark air rending—
Sulphurous flash, and bayonet's gleam—
Shouts and shrieks, and groans wild blending,
With her loud discordant scream.
"Lines Suggested" by Janet Hamilton

In news:

WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS — Jim Justice hasn't offered me a position at the Greenbrier Casino Club yet, but I'm going to play the roll of oddsmaker, anyway.
Charlie Beljan tees off on the No 17 hole of The Old White TPC during the third round of The Greenbrier Classic Saturday in White Sulphur Springs.
One killed in rear-end collision near Sulphur Springs.
The Salton Sea has been identified as a possible source of the sulphurous stench spreading across Southern California.
Sulphur Mountain Road Trail Map.
Sulphur Mountain Road hike.
The Intimidators advance to the T-Ball Little League World Series on July 9-15 in Sulphur, La.
Well if you can't get enough of the American Idol phenomenom, this Saturday you should be in attendance to see Joshua Ledet live in Sulphur, Louisiana.
But some people see the warm sulphur springs they discovered as even more valuable because of its reported health benefits.
The Franklin County Sweetees All-Stars team will compete at the Dixie Youth State Tournament on July 6 in Sulphur Springs.
SULPHUR — Teams from Baton Rouge and New Orleans moved into position to compete for titles on the first day of the Louisiana High School Athletic Association's Swimming Championships at the SPAR Aquatic Center.
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS — Police expect to arrest a suspect in a Friday night armed robbery in White Sulphur Springs early next week, confirmed White Sulphur Springs Assistant Police Chief Jerry Smith.
Members of the ECU Singers and University Chorale include Melody Dunn, Sulphur.
Justice plans to announce this year's drive on Thursday at the resort in White Sulphur Springs.
White Sulphur Springs, MT, United States.
***

In science:

The derived sulphur abundances are given in Table 1.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
Sulphur has not been specifically modelled in any of the stochastic models, but in the case of Si that has similar yield variations as S, Argast et al. (2000) predict a rms scatter of ±0.35 dex at [Fe/H] = −3.0, ±0.25 dex at [Fe/H] = −2.5, and ±0.12 dex at [Fe/H] = −2.0.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
This strongly suggests that sulphur in the Galactic halo was made by α-capture processes in massive SNe, as predicted from current models of Galactic chemical evolution with yields calculated for hydrostatic and explosive oxygen and silicon burning.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
Further studies of S abundances in such metal-poor giant stars would be interesting, especially if one could use the forbidden sulphur line at 1.082 µm, which is expected to be insensitive to non-LTE effects.
Sulphur and zinc abundances in Galactic halo stars revisited
Groundworks for an evolutionary biochemistry: The iron-sulphur world.
A colorful origin for the genetic code: Information theory, statistical mechanics and the emergence of molecular codes
However, the predicted relative sulphur line fluxes shown in Table 6 can be brought into very good agreement with observations by using a filling factor of  = 0.055 for sulphur in place of the lower global value of 0.033 adopted in this work.
A multi-wavelength study of the Magellanic-type galaxy NGC 4449. I. Modelling the spectral energy distribution, the ionisation structure and the star formation history
A more frequent type of photoionisation with X-rays involves the ejection of an inner-shell electron from the atom (around 95-97% of photoionisations remove a Kshell electron from carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Shake effects for sulphur are estimated in separate calculations for the three most common chemical environments of sulphur in proteins (Cys, Met, Cys-S-S-Cys; Figs. 1b-d).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Sulphur shake effects have been calculated for three different common chemical environments (Fig. 1b-d and Table 2).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
The initial models used for the sulphur calculations were smaller than the models used for the other atom types.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Results described in this paper give the first assessments of shake contributions to the ionisation of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur atoms within the most common chemical environments in a protein molecule.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Sulphur, on the other hand, behaves differently, and the probability of multiple ionisation (n > 2) after the ejection of a K-shell photoelectron is larger.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
The average charge left in sulphur after a single K-shell photoionisation is estimated to be about 4 (Mohammedein et al., 1993).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
This implies that for sulphur, multiple ionisation mechanisms should be taken into consideration in order to obtain more accurate predictions for the ionisation dynamics of proteins.
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
Shake effects for sulphur were estimated in separate calculations for the three most common chemical environments of sulphur in proteins (Cys, Met, Cys-S-S-Cys; Figs. 1b-d).
Shake-up and shake-off excitations with associated electron losses in X-ray studies of proteins
***