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Primates

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Primates an animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and apes and human beings
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Humans are the only primates that don't have pigment in the palms oftheir hands.
    • n. pl Primates (Zoöl) The highest order of mammals. It includes man, together with the apes and monkeys. Cf. Pitheci.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Black lemurs are the only primates that can have blue eyes.
    • primates The first Linnean order of Mammalia, composed of the four genera Homo, Simia, Lemur, and Vespertilio, or man, monkeys, lemurs, and bats.
    • primates Now, the first or highest order of Mammalia, including man, monkeys, and lemurs. The brain has a relatively large cerebrum, overlapping much or all of the cerebellum and of the olfactory lobes, with usually a highly convoluted surface; there is a well-defined calcarine sulcus, and a hippocampus minor in the postcornu; the corpus callosum extends backward to the vertical of the hippocampal sulcus, and develops in front a well-marked recurved rostrum. The periotic and tympanic bones are normally joined to the squamosal. The pelvis and the posterior limbs are well developed, and the legs are exserted almost entirely beyond the common integument of the trunk. The first or inner digit of the foot, the great toe, is enlarged, provided with a nail (not a claw), and usually apposable to the other digits. Clavicles are present and perfect. There are teeth of three kinds, all enameled, and the molars have mostly two or three roots. The placenta is discoid and deciduate. The Primates correspond to the Bimana and Quadrumana together. They are divisible into two suborders, the Anthropoidea and Prosimiæ, the former represented by the families Hominidæ, Simiidæ, Cynopithecidæ, Cebidæ, and Mididæ, or man and all kinds of monkeys—the Prosimiæ, or lemurs and lemuroid animals, constituting the families Lemuridæ, Tarsiidæ, and Daubentoniidæ. Also Primaria.
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Quotations

  • Angela Carter
    Angela%20Carter
    “I think it's one of the scars in our culture that we have too high an opinion of ourselves. We align ourselves with the angels instead of the higher primates.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL

Usage

In literature:

Every publication too, great or small, had to receive the approbation of the Primate or the Bishop of London.
"History of the English People" by John Richard Green
We see the progress of this change in the very chapel of the Primates themselves.
"History of the English People, Volume V (of 8)" by John Richard Green
Could the Government not be helped out of this difficulty by the Primate himself prosecuting the obtruder?
"The Letters of Queen Victoria, Vol 2 (of 3), 1844-1853" by Queen Victoria
He resigned the government almost wholly to Dunstan, his primate, and spent his time in gayety, pleasure, and ease.
"ZigZag Journeys in Northern Lands;" by Hezekiah Butterworth
That the primates had once a larger number of offspring is confirmed by double evidence.
"The Meaning of Evolution" by Samuel Christian Schmucker
Truly the Primate of all Scotland was fortunate in the death he died.
"Leading Articles on Various Subjects" by Hugh Miller
This great man, once the primate of England, has had his downfall pathetically described by Shakespeare.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
The marriage was solemnized by a Romish bishop, as well as by the Irish primate.
"Blackwoods Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 59, No. 366, April, 1846" by Various
His right hand lightly grasped the arrow and aimed it up at the insolent primate.
"The Pathless Trail" by Arthur O. (Arthur Olney) Friel
Here Time had paused, and life had halted in primate form.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
The builder could not afford to lose the capital he had expended, and acted upon the advice of the Primate.
"The Greville Memoirs" by Charles C. F. Greville
It still had a general synod, and it soon elected another primate.
"A History of the English Church in New Zealand" by Henry Thomas Purchas
The Primate Sheldon gave L2,000.
"Old and New London" by Walter Thornbury
Ormuzd was primate of purity; Ahriman, prince of whatever is base.
"The Lords of the Ghostland" by Edgar Saltus
It has now been the home of more than fifty primates.
"Milton's England" by Lucia Ames Mead
The officials of primates in their turn made similar attempts.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9" by Various
Man differs conspicuously from all the other Primates in being almost naked.
"The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Vol. I (1st edition)" by Charles Darwin
Outside of the main entrance are the alabaster tombs of the primates Alexander I.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 10" by Various
Subsequently the Province d'Auch became the see of an archbishop, who was Primate of Aquitaine.
"The Cathedrals of Southern France" by Francis Miltoun
Now the past history of the Primates is one very difficult to decipher in the geological record.
"A Short History of the World" by H. G. Wells
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In poetry:

"Speak, thou awful vestige of the earth's creation,
Solitary fragment of remains organic!
Tell the wondrous secret of thy past existence,--
Speak! thou oldest primate!"
"To The Pliocene Skull" by Francis Bret Harte
There's WISEMAN and CHUME, and His Grace the Lord Primate,
That sinds round the box, and the world will subscribe;
'Tis they'll build a College that's fit for our climate,
And taych me the saycrets I burn to imboibe!
"The Last Irish Grievance" by William Makepeace Thackeray
but now that fever is a fire whose glow
warms our hands, Joseph, as we grunt like primates
exchanging gutturals in this wintry cave
of a brown cottage, while in drifts outside
mastodons force their systems through the snow.
"Forest Of Europe" by Derek Walcott

In news:

Dr Martin will trace the origins of the primate evolutionary tree and analyze new evidence that confirms Neanderthals as a separate species from modern humans.
Another problem is that use of monkeys in movies stokes the public's desire to own a monkey as a pet, thereby perpetuating more sales of captive primates .
The International Union for Conservation of Nature said Monday that primates from Asia and Africa are severely threatened.
The report said conservation efforts have helped several species of primates that are no longer listed as endangered.
Zoo Atlanta program sheds light on primate behavior.
Probability and the primate brain.
Then, starting in the 1990s, researchers began discovering the remains of petite primates that lived 37 million to 45 million years ago in China, Myanmar, and other Asian nations.
Primate Labs Shows speed differences of new MacBook Pros.
University of Wisconsin's plans to expand primate center are on hold.
Primate clad in coat spotted at north Toronto Ikea.
The primate 's owner arrived on the scene with a pickup truck and a cage in the back.
The Indianapolis Zoo is designing a massive exhibit leaders hope will bring Hoosiers in close contact with chimps and other primates .
HENDRY COUNTY, Fla. An animal rights group fighting to keep a primate research facility from coming to Southwest Florida.
WCS scientists discovered this large, forest-dwelling primate in southern Tanzania in 2003.
Visit the Philadelphia Zoo this weekend for some fun family activities in the Primate Center.
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In science:

There were a number of lineages leading from primates to humans.
Definability in the Real Universe
Theropithecus: the rise and fall of a primate genus.
Stable isotopes, functional morphology, and human evolution: a model of consilience
Martin 1993 Species, Species Concepts, and Primate Evolution.
Evaluating Intraspecific Variation and Interspecific Diversity: comparing humans and fish species
In Species, Species Concepts, and Primate Evolution.
Evaluating Intraspecific Variation and Interspecific Diversity: comparing humans and fish species
Bayesian inference of primate divergence times.
Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) gives exact results under the assumption of model error
Phylogenetic affinities of tarsier in the context of primate Alu repeats, Mol.
Measuring Fit of Sequence Data to Phylogenetic Model: Gain of Power using Marginal Tests
Wilkinson, R. D., Steiper, M. E., Soligo, C., Martin, R. D., Yang, Z. & Tavar´e, S. 2010 Dating Primate Divergences through an Integrated Analysis of Palaeontological and Molecular Data Systematic Biology .
Considerate Approaches to Achieving Sufficiency for ABC model selection
Physical model simulations of brain injury in the primate. J.
Mechanical Characterization of Brain Tissue in Compression at Dynamic Strain Rates
In Section 2.2.1, we will see that the primate tree is much more likely to have evolved under the Yule than under the uniform model.
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
With the supertree method, the shape of the primate tree could be determined, but there was no information about the edge lengths, i.e. the time between speciation events.
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
Did the primate tree evolve under Yule? Consider the primate tree Tp in Appendix C.
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
This question was posed by Arne Mooers and Rutger Vos, who constructed the primate supertree and wanted to estimate the edge lengths for it (see ).
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
It was assumed that the primate tree Tp evolved under the continuous-time Yule model.
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
Mooers. A dated MRP supertree for the order primates.
Stochastic Models for Speciation Events in Phylogenetic trees
Here we introduce an auto-validating version of the rejection sampler, via interval analysis, to rigorously draw samples from posterior distributions, based on homologous primate mitochondrial DNA, over small phylogenetic tree spaces.
Auto-validating von Neumann Rejection Sampling from Small Phylogenetic Tree Spaces
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