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  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • prop. n Mygale (Zoöl) A genus of very large hairy spiders of the family Ctenizidae, having four lungs and only four spinnerets. They do not spin webs, but usually construct tubes in the earth, which are often furnished with a trapdoor. The South American bird spider (Mygale avicularia), and the crab spider, or matoutou (Mygale cancerides) are among the largest species. They are also called trapdoor spiders. Some of the species are erroneously called tarantulas, as the Texas tarantula (Mygale Hentzii).
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n mygale A Cuvierian genus of insectivorous quadrupeds, the desmans: later changed to Myogale or Myogalia.
    • n mygale The leading genus formerly of the nowdisused family Mygalidæ. This genus included the very largest and hairiest spiders, in the United States known as tarantulas, a name which in Europe belongs to quite a different kind. The common tarantula of the southwestern United States was called M. hentzi, a hairy brown species of large size and much dreaded. M. avicularia is a former name of the South American bird-spider, able to prey upon small birds, but under this designation several large hairy spiders have been confounded. It is now placed in the genus Eurypelma. M. javanica and M. sumatrensis inhabit the countries whence their names are derived. They inhabit tubular holes in the ground, under stones, or beneath the bark of trees. The bite is very painful and even dangerous. See cuts under Araneida, arachnidial, and chelicera. Latreille, 1802.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Mygale mig′a-lē an American tarantula or bird-catching spider.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L., a field mouse, Gr.
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Gr. mygalē, a field-mouse.


In literature:

A large reddish spider ('Mygale') obtains its food in a different manner than either patiently waiting in ambush or by catching it with a bound.
"Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa" by David Livingstone
Certain Mygales {36} inhabit a burrow, like the Narbonne Lycosa, but of a perfection unknown to the brutal Spider of the waste-lands.
"The Life of the Spider" by J. Henri Fabre
A member of the family, Mygale, its sting was more quickly and certainly fatal than that of a rattle-snake.
"Tales of Chinatown" by Sax Rohmer
Amongst some insects sent to me from Los Angelos is a huge "Mygale," a hairy monster of very uninviting aspect.
"Wild Nature Won By Kindness" by Elizabeth Brightwen
The mygale carries its eggs enclosed in a cocoon of white silk of a very close tissue, formed of two round pieces uniting at their borders.
"The Western World" by W.H.G. Kingston
It lurks in the dark corners, like the Mygale spider, and comes out perhaps at moonlight to cast its shadow upon the bed.
"Furze the Cruel" by John Trevena
This spider belongs probably to the genus Mygale.
"Lost in the Jungle" by Paul Du Chaillu
Some mygales are of immense size.
"Oregon and Eldorado" by Thomas Bulfinch
The mygales are chiefly found in hot climates, and include the largest specimens of spiders known.
"The Catholic World; Volume I, Issues 1-6" by E. Rameur
Some Mygales are of immense size.
"The Catholic World. Volume II; Numbers 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12." by E. Rameur