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  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Modius (Rom. Antiq) A dry measure, containing about a peck.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n modius A Roman dry measure, one third of the amphora, containing about 8½ liters or 550 cubic inches, and thus equal to nearly 2 English gallons.
    • n modius In classical art, a head-dress of high cylindrical form, approaching that of modius, the measure of capacity (see def. 1), worn typically by certain divinities. See cut on following page.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Modius mō′di-us a Roman dry measure=2 gal.: a cylindrical head-dress
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary


In literature:

Now a seah is equal to an Italian modius and a half.
"The Antiquities of the Jews" by Flavius Josephus
Thus barley was to be sold by the kastrensis modius (=181/2 quarts) at 100 denarii (=43.5 cents).
"The Common People of Ancient Rome" by Frank Frost Abbott