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  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Gonfalonier He who bears the gonfalon; a standard bearer
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n gonfalonier The bearer of a gonfalon; a chief standard-bearer.
    • n gonfalonier In the middle ages, the title of the chief magistrate of Florence and other Italian republics, elected by the people. In some Italian cities the title continued in use till modern times, the gonfaloniers being in some instances mayors and in others officers of police. The dukes of Parma and of some other cities bore the title of “gonfaloniers of the church.”
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Gonfalonier one who bears a gonfalon: the chief magistrate in many Italian cities because of his bearing this flag
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. gonfalonier,: cf. It. gonfaloniere,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. gonfanon—Mid. High Ger. gundfanogund, battle, fano (Ger. fahne), a flag.


In literature:

Still his authority was not great, because the Signory and Gonfaloniers of the companies were in favor of Lando and his party.
"History Of Florence And Of The Affairs Of Italy" by Niccolo Machiavelli
So on October 25 Giovanni Borgia was very solemnly created Gonfalonier of the Church and Captain-General of the pontifical troops.
"The Life of Cesare Borgia" by Raphael Sabatini
Make me your gonfalonier, and in a month I will tell you whether it lies in my power or not to save your State.
"Love-at-Arms" by Raphael Sabatini
Salvestro de' Medici was Gonfalonier of Justice at the time when the tumult first broke out.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Second Series" by John Addington Symonds
One was that of the Gonfalonier Capponi, who advocated moderate counsels and an accommodation with Clement VII.
"Renaissance in Italy, Volume 1 (of 7)" by John Addington Symonds
Under the arches of the fourth storey are painted the coats of the city and its gonfaloni.
"Florence and Northern Tuscany with Genoa" by Edward Hutton
Salvestro de' Medici was Gonfalonier of Justice at the time when the tumult first broke out.
"Sketches and Studies in Italy and Greece, Complete" by John Symonds
Galileo was of noble blood, and traced an ancestry to a Gonfalonier of Florence.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great - Volume 12" by Elbert Hubbard
The title of "gonfalonier," the bearer of the gonfalon, was in the middle ages both military and civil.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 12, Slice 2" by Various
As prior and gonfalonier of justice he always had the public welfare at heart.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 14, Slice 8" by Various