The rotation rates of six weakly-magnetic neutron stars accreting in low-mass X-ray binaries have most likely been measured by Type I X-ray burst observations with the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array.
Rotational Evolution During Type I X-Ray Bursts
Another goal of this pro ject is to detect any spectroscopic binaries that might be present through repeated measurements of the radial velocities of our targets, and to determine their orbits.
Radial-Velocity Monitoring of Members and Candidate Members of the TW Hydrae Association
Two curves and data points are included: the solid line and circles show prediction and measurements done with an external 8 bit ADC; the dashed curve and triangular data points illustrate the results obtained using only xD, the binary reconstructed position, to simulate digital readout.
Performance of prototype BTeV silicon pixel detectors in a high energy pion beam
The masses of neutron stars (NS) measured so far lie within a very narrow interval: the masses for 26 NS radio pulsars in binary systems are consistent with a normal distribution with mean mass 1.35M⊙ and dispersion 0.04M⊙ (Thorsett and Chacrabarty 1999).
Why NS and BH mass distribition is bimodal?
Measuring gravitational waves from binary black hole coalescences: II.
Variational Principles in General Relativity
This measure of information (or Shannon’s entropy) quantitatively equals to the number of binary (yes/no) questions which brings us from our present state of knowledge about the system in question to the one of certainty.
Information theory and generalized statistics
However an increasing number of other symbiotic systems and also some of the supersoft binary sources are now thought to have some sort of jet or bipolar outﬂow on account of radio/optical imaging or radial velocity measurements.
A radio jet in the prototypical symbiotic star Z And?
This measure applies to binary strings and is deﬁned as the length of the string in bits for the shortest program that is able to compute the string.
From Knowledge, Knowability and the Search for Objective Randomness to a New Vision of Complexity
To see why we restrict to target percolations, let Γ be the inﬁnite binary tree, let ξ be a ray chosen uniformly from the canonical measure on ∂Γ and let W = ξ .
Critical RWRE on trees and tree-indexed random walks
Free convolution ⊞, deﬁned in Bercovici and Voiculescu (1993), is a binary operation on the set of probability measures on the real line, arising from free probability theory (µ ⊞ ν is the distribution of X + Y when X, Y are free and have distributions µ, ν ).
Classical and free infinitely divisible distributions and random matrices
For decoding of bit ﬂip errors, we measure each generator gj of C to obtain a sequence of binary syndromes sj = hℓ1 (E), gj i, the binary inner products of the generators gj with the bit ﬂip error label sequence ℓ1 (E), at a rate of one binary syndrome for each block.
Simple Rate-1/3 Convolutional and Tail-Biting Quantum Error-Correcting Codes
This modeling of asymptotics of rectangular random matrices will allow us to deﬁne, for λ ∈ [0, 1], a binary operation ⊞λ on the set of symmetric probability measures, called free convolution with ratio λ, and denoted by ⊞λ .
Rectangular random matrices. Related convolution
The binary operation ⊞λ deﬁned on the set of compactly supported symmetric probability measures in section 2, extends in a unique way to a commutative, associative, and continuous (with respect to the weak convergence) binary operation on the set of symmetric probability measures on the real line.
Rectangular random matrices. Related convolution
However, component mass determinations for non-eclipsing spectroscopic binaries are possible with measurement of the orbital inclination.
Dynamical Masses for Low-Mass Pre-Main Sequence Stars: A Preliminary Physical Orbit for HD 98800 B
Indeed, pick, at random using the Lebesgue measure on [0, 1], a real α in the unit interval and note that the probability that some initial preﬁx of the binary expansion of α lies in the preﬁx-free set dom(C ) is exactly ΩC .
Natural Halting Probabilities, Partial Randomness, and Zeta Functions
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