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yard

Definitions

  • Palace Yard, Richmond
    Palace Yard, Richmond
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n yard an enclosure for animals (as chicken or livestock)
    • n yard a long horizontal spar tapered at the end and used to support and spread a square sail or lateen
    • n yard the enclosed land around a house or other building "it was a small house with almost no yard"
    • n yard an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings for storage and maintenance of cars and engines
    • n yard a tract of land enclosed for particular activities (sometimes paved and usually associated with buildings) "they opened a repair yard on the edge of town"
    • n yard a tract of land where logs are accumulated
    • n yard a unit of volume (as for sand or gravel)
    • n yard a unit of length equal to 3 feet; defined as 91.44 centimeters; originally taken to be the average length of a stride
    • n yard the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Donkey Engine Yarding Donkey Engine Yarding
Wood is carefully and regularly piled in the seasoning-yard Wood is carefully and regularly piled in the seasoning-yard
man opening yard gate onto wolfhound man opening yard gate onto wolfhound
A court-yard embellished by an exquisite old stone staircase A court-yard embellished by an exquisite old stone staircase
MANNING THE (BACK-)YARDS MANNING THE (BACK-)YARDS
YARD OF AMERICAN CLUB, HAVANA YARD OF AMERICAN CLUB, HAVANA
YARD DAY AT THE SETTLEMENT YARD DAY AT THE SETTLEMENT
TAKING THEIR TURN IN THE YARD AT THE SETTLEMENT TAKING THEIR TURN IN THE YARD AT THE SETTLEMENT

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest punt return for a touchdown was 103 yards
    • Yard A branch; a twig. "The bitter frosts with the sleet and rain
      Destroyed hath the green in every yerd ."
    • Yard A long piece of timber, as a rafter, etc.
    • Yard (Naut) A long piece of timber, nearly cylindrical, tapering toward the ends, and designed to support and extend a square sail. A yard is usually hung by the center to the mast. See Illust. of Ship.
    • Yard A measure of length, equaling three feet, or thirty-six inches, being the standard of English and American measure.
    • Yard (Zoöl) A place where moose or deer herd together in winter for pasture, protection, etc.
    • Yard A rod; a stick; a staff. "If men smote it with a yerde ."
    • Yard An inclosure within which any work or business is carried on; as, a dockyard; a shipyard.
    • Yard An inclosure; usually, a small inclosed place in front of, or around, a house or barn; as, a courtyard; a cowyard; a barnyard. "A yard . . . inclosed all about with sticks
      In which she had a cock, hight chanticleer."
    • Yard The penis.
    • v. t Yard To confine (cattle) to the yard; to shut up, or keep, in a yard; as, to yard cows.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: A cubic yard of air weighs about 2 pounds at sea level.
    • n yard A rod; a stick; a wand; a branch or twig.
    • n yard Rule; direction; correction.
    • n yard A measuring-rod or -stick of the exact length of 3 feet or 36 imperial inches; a yardstick.
    • n yard The fundamental unit of English long measure. The prototype of the British imperial yard (to which the United States Office of Weights and Measures conforms, though without express authority) was legalized in 1855. It is a bar made of a kind of bronze or gun-metal known as Baily's metal. It has a square section of 1 inch on the sides, and is 38 inches long. But at 1 inch from each end a well is drilled into one of its surfaces so that the bottom is in the central plane of the bar, and into the bottom of the well is sunk a gold plug, upon whose mat surface is engraved one of the two defining lines. The yard is defined as the distance between these lines at 62° F., with the understanding that the bar is to be supported in a particular manner, and that the thermometers are to be constructed according to certain rules. The lines are designed to be looked at with the microscopes of a comparator; but they are not so free from blur that their middles can be determined more nearly than to a millionth part of the distance between them. This standard was made after the practical destruction of the previous legal prototype, that of 1760, in the burning of the Houses of Parliament, October 16th, 1834, and was legalized as a new prototype because its length agreed with what had been recognized in 1819 by the Standards Commission as the scientific standard yard—namely, with a certain scale, or rather with Captain Kater's measures of that scale, known as Shuckburgh's scale, having been made in 1794 by Troughton for Sir George Shuckburgh, who in his comparisons of it first introduced the comparator with micrometer microscopes. This scale was a copy of another which had been made for the Royal Society in 1742, from which the standard of 1760 was copied. This was a bar having upon one side two gold studs, each with a dot pricked upon it; and it was used by bringing the points of a beam-compass into these dots, which had thus soon become badly worn. Older standards still extant are those of Queen Elizabeth and of Henry VII. The latter is shorter than the present yard by one thousandth part of its length, or about of an inch. It is said that the yard was made to be of the length of Henry I.'s arm—doubtless a fable, even if believed by that monarch himself. Customary units are not changed so easily. Yet it is true that there appear to be no traces in the measures of buildings earlier than the twelfth century of the use of a yard equal to ours, nor of its subdivisions; while in the later Norman and Gothic structures a foot equal to the third of our yard has often clearly been used. But the Gothic architects of England more usually employed a foot of 13¼ modern inches, a unit probably derived from France; and the oldest works show a foot of 12½ modern inches, no doubt the old Saxon foot, agreeing very nearly with the Rhineland foot of modern Germany. Some British remains, as Stonehenge, were evidently constructed with Roman measures. The Standards Commission of 1819 reported that 37 inches of cloth were frequently given for each yard, which is almost precisely Rhenish measure. They also found local yards of 38 and 40 inches. As a cloth measure, the yard is divided into 4 quarters = 16 nails. (See cloth-measure, under measure.) A square yard contains 9 square feet, and a cubic yard 27 cubic feet. Contracted yd.
    • n yard Nautical, a long cylindrical spar having a rounded taper toward each end, slung crosswise to a mast and used for suspending certain of the sails called either square or lateen sails according as the yard is suspended at right angles or obliquely. Yards have sheave-holes near their extremities for the sheets reeving through. Either end of a yard, or rather that part of it which is outside the sheave-hole, is called the yard-arm; the quarter of a yard is about half-way between the sheave-hole and the slings. Going upward from the deck, the yards are known as the lower yards, topsail-, topgallant-, and royal-yards, except where double topsails are used, when the topsail-yard is replaced by the lower and upper topsail-yards. Lower yards and topsail-yards are sometimes made of iron, and hollow. See cuts at abox, a-cockbill, cockscomb, and ship.
    • n yard A long piece of timber, as a rafter.
    • n yard In heraldry, a bearing representing a staff or wand divided into equal parts, as if for a measure.
    • n yard The virile member; the penis.
    • n yard Hence— A pint of ale, beer, or wine served in a yard-glass, and usually drunk for amusement or on a wager, on account of the likelihood of spilling or choking. Compare ale-yard.
    • yard To summon for hiring: a process formerly used in the Isle of Man, and executed by the coroner of the sheading or district on behalf of the deemsters and others entitled to a priority of choice of the servants at a fair or market.
    • n yard A piece of inclosed ground of small or moderate size; particularly, a piece of ground inclosing or adjoining a house or other building, or inclosed by it: as, a front yard; a court-yard; a dooryard; a churchyard; an inn-yard; a barn-yard; a vineyard.
    • n yard An inclosure within which any work or business is carried on: as, a brick-yard; a wood-yard; a tan-yard; a dock-yard; a stock-yard; a navy-yard.
    • n yard In railway usage, the space or tract adjacent to a railway station or terminus, which is used for the switching or making up of trains, the accommodation of rolling-stock, and similar purposes. It includes all sidings and roundhouses, etc., and, at way-stations, extends from the most distant switch or signal-post in one direction of the line to the most distant signals in the opposite direction.
    • n yard A garden; now, chiefly, a kitchen- or cottage-garden: as, a kale-yard.
    • n yard The winter pasture or browsing-ground of moose and deer; a moose-yard.
    • n yard A measure of land in England, varying locally: in Buckinghamshire, formerly, 28 to 40 acres; in Wiltshire, a quarter of an acre. Compare yard-land.
    • yard To put into or inclose in a yard; shut up in a yard, as cattle: as, to yard cows.
    • yard To resort to winter pastures: said of moose and deer.
    • yard To shoot deer in their winter yards.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Over 175 million cubic yards of earth was removed for the creation of the Panama Canal
    • n Yard yärd an English measure of 3 feet or 36 inches: a long beam on a mast for spreading square sails: the penis
    • n Yard yärd an enclosed place, esp. near a building, as 'prison-yard,' or where any special work is carried on, as 'brick-yard,' 'wood-yard,' 'dock-yard,' 'navy-yard:' a garden
    • v.t Yard to enclose in a yard
    • ***

Quotations

  • Wizard of Oz Movie
    Wizard of Oz Movie
    “I know that if I ever go looking for my heart's desire, I'll never go any further than my own back yard. For if it isn't there, I never really lost it. (Dorothy)”
  • Ambrose Bierce
    Ambrose%20Bierce
    “Opiate. An unlocked door in the prison of Identity. It leads into the jail yard.”
  • Henry Ward Beecher
    Henry%20Ward%20Beecher
    “Keep a fair-sized cemetery in your back yard, in which to bury the faults of your friends.”

Idioms

Whole nine yards - The whole nine yards means means everything that is necessary or required for something.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. yard, yerd, AS. geard,; akin to OFries. garda, garden, OS. gardo, garden, gard, yard, D. gaard, garden, G. garten, OHG. garto, garden, gari, inclosure, Icel. garðr, yard, house, Sw. gård, Dan. gaard, Goth. gards, a house, garda, sheepfold, L. hortus, garden, Gr. cho`rtos an inclosure. Cf. Court Garden Garth Horticulture Orchard

Usage

In literature:

The fighting was carried out yard by yard.
"Pushed and the Return Push" by George Herbert Fosdike Nichols, (AKA Quex)
At the point where it turned it was not two hundred yards ahead of the canoe.
"The Young Voyageurs" by Mayne Reid
There were not six yards between myself and the Mexican horseman.
"The War Trail" by Mayne Reid
By this time the fiber has been so drawn out that one yard of the original lap has become 360 yards of the sliver.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
A dirt road led out of the yard and crossed an oiled county road about five miles south of the ranch.
"Make Mine Homogenized" by Rick Raphael
Thence to the great ship 74 by 20 yards and 20 yards high.
"A Journey to America in 1834" by Robert Heywood
Two hundred yards away, and he stopped, but he could not hear them moving.
"The Eyes of the Woods" by Joseph A. Altsheler
The meadow was about a hundred yards wide and a hundred and fifty yards long.
"The Riflemen of the Ohio" by Joseph A. Altsheler
A plunge at Gilbert gained a yard and was followed by a three-yard gain off Holt.
"Left Guard Gilbert" by Ralph Henry Barbour
He was distant yet a hundred yards, or more, when three men came through the doorway.
"The Strange Case of Mortimer Fenley" by Louis Tracy
Sixty yards, fifty yards, then forty, and still the enemy closed down upon their quarry.
"Two Daring Young Patriots" by W. P. Shervill
Against cavalry at a trot, hold to the front 1 yard for every 100 yards of range; and at a gallop, 2 yards for every 100 yards of range.
"Manual of Military Training" by James A. Moss
I sighted my rifle to eight hundred yards, lay down flat, and took aim at a figure I could see more plainly than the others.
"An Explorer's Adventures in Tibet" by A. Henry Savage Landor
Foot by foot, and yard by yard, did they examine the beetling front of those high cliffs.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
Used to put 10 yard in a dress en 10 yards in a underskirt en would tuck dem clean up to dey waist.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
The dim yard a second ago had been empty.
"Astounding Stories, April, 1931" by Various
He returned to the counting-house and lit a lantern, with which he walked down the mill-yard, and proceeded to open the gates.
"Shirley" by Charlotte Brontë
By a series of strong rushes the visitors carried the ball sixty-five yards for a well-earned touchdown.
"The Mark of the Knife" by Clayton H. Ernst
They were within five hundred yards; they were within three hundred yards; they were within two hundred yards.
"Boys' Book of Frontier Fighters" by Edwin L. Sabin
Yards of 25 inches diameter, 35 yards long, L52.
"Glimpses of the Past" by W. O. Raymond
***

In poetry:

He couldn't harp for apples;
His voice had tones as jarred;
And he'd no more ear than a bald-faced steer,
Or calves in a branding yard.
"My Mate Bill" by Anonymous Oceania
And still danced the lads and the lasses,
While, fifty yards away,
We could hear the roar of the engines
When the fiddle had ceased to play.
"We Danced At Night In The Farm House" by Alexander Anderson
That tongue of thine is passing sweet,
Yet with thy yards I cannot mete.
Thou wilt not sleep, but at thy feet
Wouldst have me sit, and sing oror.
"Cradle Song (2)" by Raphael Patkanian
It will relieve his mother's heart,
That her son is laid in our grave yard;
Now she knows that his grave is near,
She will not shed so many tears.
"William Upson" by Julia A Moore
They made his grave on Erin's breast,
Where the birds sing requiems daily;
And laid him beside his love to rest,
In the grave-yard of Kirk ma Bielly.
"Keeping Tryst" by Nora Pembroke
The ship all black and the ship all white
Met like the meeting of day and night,
Met, and there lay serene dark green
A twilight yard of the sea between.
"The Ballad of Iskander" by James Elroy Flecker

In news:

In the quest for Heisman…Manziel has 47 yards rushing 22-28 passing with 249 yards and 3 touchdowns.
North Oconee quarterback Nick Colvin (12) has rushed for 327 yards and passed for 533 yards and five touchdowns this season.
He gained 44 yards and the Packers were called for roughing the passer to put the ball on the Packers' 11-yard line.
The 49ers took the opening kickoff and marched 79 yards to the Bills' 1 before stalling and settling for David Akers' 19-yard field goal.
Running back Stevan Ridley finished with 127 yards on 15 carries in Sunday's 45-7 win over the Rams, for an impressive 8.5-yard average.
He leads the Falcons with 928 yards rushing (averaging 132.6 yards per game) and eight touchdowns.
No matter, as the Falcons picked up 461 yards rushing, their second-highest total this season and their third 400-yard rushing game.
Senior cornerback Brandon Boykin displayed his versatility again with two catches for 14 yards, four tackles, two tackles for loss and a 47-yard kickoff return.
Weller kicked a pair of field goals in Ohio's 28-6 loss at Kent State Friday, his first from 33 yards and his second from 41 yards.
Rob D'Orio put Shawnee in front on a 25-yard interception return followed by a 44-yard TD pass from Andrew Bertolino.
Damien Williams ran for 156 yards and four touchdowns in a record-setting Owen Field debut, Kenny Stills added 120 yards receiving and a score, and No.
How many rushing yards will Adrian Peterson (1,600 yards in 13 games) finish with this season.
The Washburn Ichabods held Southwest Baptist to 145 total yards including just 17 yards in the second half in a 42-14 win over the Bearcats.
Michael Turner rushes for 102 yards and a tiebreaking touchdown while Matt Ryan passes for 342 yards in a 19-13 victory over Dallas.
FRank Gore had 106 yards on 14 carries, posting his 31st career 100-yard game.
***

In science:

Let us decide to change our units from ‘meters’ to ‘yards’.
Conformal Superspace: the configuration space of general relativity
For the kid playing space station in the school yard.
The Arduino as a Hardware Random-Number Generator
To make the system work, we relied heavily on the open-source Linux operating system and other software packages that were available for free on the Internet. A piece of software called YARD allowed us to create the minimal Linux filesystems that we needed for each node to run independently.
Computational Asteroseismology
To create the self-contained root filesystem, we used Tom Fawcett’s YARD (Yet Another Rescue Disk) package7 .
Computational Asteroseismology
The scripts that come with YARD automatically determine the external dependences of anything included, and add those to the filesystem before compressing the whole thing.
Computational Asteroseismology
And why, you will ask, didn’t we just tunnel through the 20 yards to Prof.
Astrophysics in 2005
Sig to be closer to those for the 9mm. Therefore, the Strasbourg tests predict that the 115 grain Quik-Shok will produce an average drop distance of 48 yards.
A method for testing handgun bullets in deer
Subsequently, Aharonov et al. (2006) described an explicit quantum algorithm for approximating the Jones polynomial, generalizing to any primitive root of unity (see also the work by Wocjan and Yard (2008)).
Quantum algorithms for algebraic problems
Wocjan and Yard (2008) show how to evaluate the Jones polynomial of a generalized closure of a braid, and how to evaluate a generalization of the Jones polynomial called the HOMFLYPT polynomial.
Quantum algorithms for algebraic problems
First, it has been shown by Brand˜ao, Christandl and Yard [15, 16] that QMA(k) protocols, for constant k, are no stronger than QMA protocols if the verifier’s measurement is restricted to be LOCC (implementable via local operations and classical communication).
Testing product states, quantum Merlin-Arthur games and tensor optimisation
Indeed, following the completion of an initial version of this work, it was shown by Brand˜ao, Christandl and Yard that, if there were an efficient LOCC protocol for product state testing, then QMA(k) = QMA [15, 16].
Testing product states, quantum Merlin-Arthur games and tensor optimisation
Yard. A quasipolynomial-time algorithm for the quantum separability problem.
Testing product states, quantum Merlin-Arthur games and tensor optimisation
The last decade has witnessed an explosive growth of high-quality data for supernovae both from the space and ground observatories with spectacular results, and new perspectives for the use of SNe Ia as cosmological yard sticks and for constraining the physics of supernovae.
Constraints on the Progenitors of SNeIa & Implications for the Cosmological Equation of State
Such fact is possible to be verifyed for instance through the case of the units inch, yard, metrical foot, palm and so on.
Natural units, numbers and numerical clusters
But how does one prove the density? The starting point is Kitaev-Wocjan-Yard four steps encoding [30, 39] which encodes the state of one qubit into four steps paths.
The BQP-hardness of approximating the Jones Polynomial
***