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weak

Definitions

  • In the salt water wuz sharks, torpedoes, dog fishes, goose-fishes, weak-fish
    In the salt water wuz sharks, torpedoes, dog fishes, goose-fishes, weak-fish
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj weak deficient in intelligence or mental power "a weak mind"
    • adj weak overly diluted; thin and insipid "washy coffee","watery milk","weak tea"
    • adj weak likely to fail under stress or pressure "the weak link in the chain"
    • adj weak wanting in moral strength, courage, or will; having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings "I'm only a fallible human","frail humanity"
    • adj weak deficient in magnitude; barely perceptible; lacking clarity or brightness or loudness etc "a faint outline","the wan sun cast faint shadows","the faint light of a distant candle","weak colors","a faint hissing sound","a faint aroma","a weak pulse"
    • adj weak not having authority, political strength, or governing power "a weak president"
    • adj weak (used of verbs) having standard (or regular) inflection
    • adj weak lacking bodily or muscular strength or vitality "a feeble old woman","her body looked sapless"
    • adj weak deficient or lacking in some skill "he's weak in spelling"
    • adj weak (used of vowels or syllables) pronounced with little or no stress "a syllable that ends in a short vowel is a light syllable","a weak stress on the second syllable"
    • adj weak wanting in physical strength "a weak pillar"
    • adj weak tending downward in price "a weak market for oil stocks"
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

ROUGH STRENGTH AND SMOOTH-FACED WEAKNESS ROUGH STRENGTH AND SMOOTH-FACED WEAKNESS

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Soybean actually has Diadzein and genistein that act like weak estrogen.
    • Weak Deficient in strength of body; feeble; infirm; sickly; debilitated; enfeebled; exhausted.
    • Weak Feeble of mind; wanting discernment; lacking vigor; spiritless; as, a weak king or magistrate.
    • Weak Lacking ability for an appropriate function or office; as, weak eyes; a weak stomach; a weak magistrate; a weak regiment, or army.
    • Weak (Photog) Lacking contrast; as, a weak negative.
    • Weak Lacking force of utterance or sound; not sonorous; low; small; feeble; faint.
    • Weak Lacking in elements of political strength; not wielding or having authority or energy; deficient in the resources that are essential to a ruler or nation; as, a weak monarch; a weak government or state.
    • Weak (Card Playing) Lacking in good cards; deficient as to number or strength; as, a hand weak in trumps.
    • Weak Not able to resist external force or onset; easily subdued or overcome; as, a weak barrier; as, a weak fortress.
    • Weak Not able to sustain a great weight, pressure, or strain; as, a weak timber; a weak rope.
    • Weak Not able to withstand temptation, urgency, persuasion, etc.; easily impressed, moved, or overcome; accessible; vulnerable; as, weak resolutions; weak virtue.
    • Weak Not firmly united or adhesive; easily broken or separated into pieces; not compact; as, a weak ship.
    • Weak Not having full confidence or conviction; not decided or confirmed; vacillating; wavering.
    • Weak Not having power to convince; not supported by force of reason or truth; unsustained; as, a weak argument or case.
    • Weak Not possessing or manifesting intellectual, logical, moral, or political strength, vigor, etc.
    • Weak Not prevalent or effective, or not felt to be prevalent; not potent; feeble.
    • Weak Not stiff; pliant; frail; soft; as, the weak stalk of a plant.
    • Weak Not thoroughly or abundantly impregnated with the usual or required ingredients, or with stimulating and nourishing substances; of less than the usual strength; as, weak tea, broth, or liquor; a weak decoction or solution; a weak dose of medicine.
    • Weak (Gram) Pertaining to, or designating, a noun in Anglo-Saxon, etc., the stem of which ends in -n. See Strong, 19 .
    • Weak (Gram) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) and past participle by adding to the present the suffix -ed -d, or the variant form -t; as in the verbs abash abashed; abate abated; deny denied; feel felt. See Strong, 19 .
    • Weak Resulting from, or indicating, lack of judgment, discernment, or firmness; unwise; hence, foolish.
    • Weak (Stock Exchange) Tending toward a lower price or lower prices; as, wheat is weak; a weak market.
    • Weak Tending towards lower prices; as, a weak market.
    • v. t. & i Weak To make or become weak; to weaken. "Never to seek weaking variety."
    • Weak Wanting in point or vigor of expression; as, a weak sentence; a weak style.
    • Weak Wanting in power to influence or bind; as, weak ties; a weak sense of honor of duty.
    • Weak Wanting physical strength.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • weak Bending under pressure, weight, or force; pliant, or pliable; yielding; lacking stiffness or firmness: as, the weak stem of a plant.
    • weak Lacking strength; not strong. Specifically
    • weak Deficient in bodily strength, vigor, or robustness; feeble, either constitutionally or from age, disease, etc.; infirm; of the organs of the body, deficient in functional energy, activity, or the like: as, a weak stomach; weak eyes.
    • weak Lacking moral strength or firmness; liable to waver or succumb when urged or tempted; deficient in steady principle or in force of character.
    • weak Lacking mental power, ability, or balance; simple; silly; foolish.
    • weak Unequal to a particular need or emergency; ineffectual or inefficacious; inadequate or unsatisfactory; incapable; impotent.
    • weak Incapable of support; not to be sustained or maintained: unsupported by truth, reason, or justice: as, a weak claim, assertion, argument, etc.
    • weak Deficient in force of utterance or sound; having little volume, loudness, or sonorousness; low; feeble; small.
    • weak Not abundantly or sufficiently impregnated with the essential, required, or usual ingredients, or with stimulating or nourishing substances or properties; not of the usual strength: as, weak tea; weak broth; a weak infusion; weak punch.
    • weak Deficient in pith, pregnancy, or point; lacking in vigor of expression: as, a weak sentence; a weak style.
    • weak Resulting from or indicating lack of judgment, discernment, or firmness; arising from want of moral courage, of self-denial, or of determination; injudicious: as, a weak compliance; a weak surrender.
    • weak Slight; inconsiderable; trifling.
    • weak (I) In grammar, infiected— as a verb, by regular syllabic addition instead of by change of the radical vowel;
    • weak as a noun or an adjective, with less full or original differences of case-and number-forms: opposed to strong (which see).
    • weak Poorly supplied; deficient: as, a hand weak in trumps.
    • weak Tending downward in price: as, a weak market; corn was weak.
    • weak To make weak; weaken.
    • weak To soften.
    • weak To become weak.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Weak wēk soft: wanting strength and vigour: not able to sustain a great weight: wanting health: easily overcome: feeble of mind: wanting moral or mental force: frail: unsteady: slight or incomplete: having little of the chief ingredient: impressible: inconclusive: :
    • v.i Weak to grow weak or weaker
    • adj Weak wēk (Shak.) inconsiderable
    • adj Weak wēk (gram.) of a verb inflected by regular syllabic addition instead of by change of the main vowel: tending downward in price
    • ***

Quotations

  • Alphonse Daudet
    Alphonse Daudet
    “Hatred -- The anger of the weak.”
  • Publius Cornelius Tacitus
    Publius%20Cornelius%20Tacitus
    “It is a weakness of your human nature to hate those whom you have wronged.”
  • Princess of Wales Diana
    Princess%20of%20Wales%20Diana
    “It is a weakness that I lead from my heart, and not my head?”
  • Tallulah Bankhead
    Tallulah Bankhead
    “I'd rather be strongly wrong than weakly right.”
  • Mignon McLaughlin
    Mignon%20McLaughlin
    “Our strength is often composed of the weakness that we're damned if we are going to show.”
  • George Bidault
    George Bidault
    “The weak have one weapon: the errors of those who think they are strong.”

Idioms

Spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak - If the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak, someone lacks the willpower to change things they do because they derive too much pleasure from them.
***
Weak at the knees - If people go weak at the knees, they have a powerful emotional reaction to something and feel that they might fall over.
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. weik, Icel. veikr,; akin to Sw. vek, Dan. veg, soft, flexible, pliant, AS. wāc, weak, soft, pliant, D. week, G. weich, OHG. weih,; all from the verb seen in Icel. vīkja, to turn, veer, recede, AS. wīcan, to yield, give way, G. weichen, OHG. wīhhan, akin to Skr. vij, and probably to E. week, L. vicis, a change, turn, Gr. e'i`kein to yield, give way. √132. Cf. Week Wink (v. i.) Vicissitude
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. wác, pliant—wican, to yield; Dut. week, Ice. veikr, Ger. weich.

Usage

In literature:

He was faint and weak; yet a certain calm had come to him.
"The History of Sir Richard Calmady" by Lucas Malet
One who is weak in magic, e.g.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
The emperor was weak enough to confirm his brother in his usurpation.
"A Modern History, From the Time of Luther to the Fall of Napoleon" by John Lord
My weakness lays hold on His strength.
"Expositions of Holy Scripture" by Alexander Maclaren
Everywhere she had attacked, and everywhere she had found unexpected weakness.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
To be the weak and overcome the strong!
"The Manxman A Novel - 1895" by Hall Caine
This delicate, weak-chested child of seven was the head of the nursery.
"Emily Brontë" by A. Mary F. (Agnes Mary Frances) Robinson
Yes, I know I am weak, ridiculously weak, in loving you as intensely as I do.
"Vixen, Volume III." by M. E. Braddon
The example of a bold stroke had been given, and the weakness of the government had been exposed.
"A History of the Nineteenth Century, Year by Year" by Edwin Emerson
But I'm a weak woman, pitifully weak.
"The Explorer" by W. Somerset Maugham
He hated his brother as a weak nature hates a strong.
"The Watchers of the Plains" by Ridgewell Cullum
These symptoms in children are generally attended with worms, the dilute bile and the weak digestion not destroying them.
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
A Weak Parliamentary Opposition.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
He is weak now, and it is only his weakness that I have to contend with.
"The Cryptogram" by James De Mille
By "weakness," I imagine, he means, not bodily infirmity, but weakness of faith.
"Epistle Sermons, Vol. II" by Martin Luther
I feared to voice my weakness.
"A Son of the Middle Border" by Hamlin Garland
Mrs. Minto's eyes were weak, and she could not keep her seams straight.
"Coquette" by Frank Swinnerton
It had been weakness and timidity.
"The Complete Project Gutenberg Works of Jane Austen" by Jane Austen
Assuredly, King Philip was growing weak.
"Boys' Book of Indian Warriors" by Edwin L. Sabin
For, mistress mine, the spirits in themselves are neither great nor small, neither weak nor strong.
"La Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages" by Jules Michelet
***

In poetry:

If your fathers and mothers,
The grand and the gray,
Had taken the weak one
And hurled her away?
"The Waterfall" by Henry Kendall
Who guessed as that poor infant wept
Upon a woman's knee,
A nation from the centuries stept
As weak and frail as he?
"Song Composed For Washington's Birthday" by Henry Timrod
She loved me not, that knowledge fell,
Upon me like a blight;
Ah me! I am too fondly weak?
Is this a teardrop bright?
"You Ask Why I Am Lonely Now" by James Avis Bartley
He is so old and sits so still,
With face so weak and mild,
We know that he remembers naught
Save when he was a child.
"The Morning Hills" by Maurice Thompson
Out of darkness light is born,
Out of weakness make me strong:
One glad day will every thorn
Break into a rose of song.
"Song of A Poor Pilgrim" by George MacDonald
No sorrow can them now annoy,
Nor weakness, grief or pain;
No faintness can abate their joy,
They now in life do reign.
"Of Heaven" by John Bunyan

In news:

Cavs 75, Grizzlies 67 * The third quarter used to be the Cavs ' weakness, but not tonight.
GlobalData study finds current drug pipeline weak.
On Weak 'Warfighter' Sales, Cowen Chops Estimates.
It's never easy to admit weakness.
It’s never easy to admit weakness.
VancouverWhitecaps are the weak link, scoring the third fewest goals in the league.
Firm dollar, weak Europe crimp US industrials' sales.
WASHINGTON (AP) — Higher gas prices are crimping consumer spending and slowing the already-weak US economy.
It was not clear if the man's moustache might have been a weak point in his disguise.
(MoneyWatch) As if investors didn't have enough to worry about, the latest news on the state of the U.S.'s already weak economic recovery is that it's getting weaker.
The Weakness That Wouldn't Go Away.
Weak Employment Data Put Pressure on Obama's Pitch of Economic Rebound.
Dearth of Demand Seen Behind Weak Hiring.
The Cubs don't exhibit a lot of weaknesses.
Red Sox manager calls roster weak, but his moves don't seem much better.
***

In science:

We have no proof that the sequence {φL,p,q : L ≥ 1} converges weakly as L → ∞, but, by the usual compactness argument, there must exist weak limits of the sequence.
Rigidity of the interface for percolation and random-cluster models
When this sequence converges weakly, we call the weak limit infinite volume Gibbs measure associated with the Hamiltonian H .
On the physical relevance of random walks: an example of random walks on a randomly oriented lattice
Actually, it is Ricci-flat in a weak sense, since the convergence is only in weak L2,p .
Cheeger-Gromov Theory and Applications to General Relativity
Then f is a total recursive function. (¬ (weak Chaitin ) =⇒ ¬ Martin-L¨of ) ¬ (weak Chaitin) says that for any k ∈ N there is n ∈ N such that H (αn ) < f (|αn |) − k .
A Generalization of Chaitin's Halting Probability \Omega and Halting Self-Similar Sets
Since we are concerned chiefly with weak n-categories we continue our previous practice of omitting the word “weak” in general.
An alternative characterisation of universal cells in opetopic n-categories
There is, however, a suggestion in the current data that the brightest systems are restricted to lower ratios, and this weak trend is reflected in the weak trend mentioned above with Hα EW.
Star formation rate indicators in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey
Lemma 4.1. W (µ, ν ) is weakly lower semicontinuous in µ, ν ∈ M(X ); namely, if µn, νn ∈ M(X ), µn → µ and νn → ν in the weak topology, then W (µ, ν ) ≤ lim inf W (µn, νn ).
Inequalities related to free entropy derived from random matrix approximation
We conclude in Section 9 by defining the notions of weak equivalence and of omega equivalence between weak omega categories.
Weak Omega Categories I
In this section we shall show that the weak omega categories defined by Penon in are instances of our weak omega categories.
Weak Omega Categories I
Next we construct a weak omega category X(a, b) for any weak omega category X and any pair of (i − 1)-cells a, b of X1 .
Weak Omega Categories I
We endow the set of positive finite measures on R with the weak topology; the subsets {∗-infinitely divisible distributions } and {⊞-infinitely divisible distributions } are also endowed with the weak topology.
Classical and free infinitely divisible distributions and random matrices
We will show that the functions Mn converge in the weak L1 ([0, 1], RR )-topology, which is the closest analogue of the weak-L topology we can get.
A Thinning Analogue of de Finetti's Theorem
This notion is the generalization of laws of m real-valued variables bounded say by a given finite constant R, in which case the weak-* topology driven by polynomial functions is the same as the standard weak topology.
Large deviations and stochastic calculus for large random matrices
Then weak convergence on each DIRd ([0, N ]) implies weak convergence on DIRd ([0, ∞)).
An almost sure invariance principle for random walks in a space-time random environment
So the authors adopted the weak attraction, in fact they adopt the weak point attractor, in order to prove Lyapunov’s second method for RDS, for details see .
The random case of Conley's theorem
***