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verdict

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n verdict (law) the findings of a jury on issues of fact submitted to it for decision; can be used in formulating a judgment
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Verdict Decision; judgment; opinion pronounced; as, to be condemned by the verdict of the public. "These were enormities condemned by the most natural verdict of common humanity.""Two generations have since confirmed the verdict which was pronounced on that night."
    • Verdict (Law) The answer of a jury given to the court concerning any matter of fact in any cause, civil or criminal, committed to their examination and determination; the finding or decision of a jury on the matter legally submitted to them in the course of the trial of a cause.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n verdict In law, the answer of a jury given to the court concerning any matter of fact in any cause, civil or criminal, committed to their trial and examination. In criminal causes the usual verdict is “guilty” or “not guilty”; in Scotland it may be “not proven.” In civil causes it is a verdict for the plaintiff or for the defendant, according to the fact. These are called general verdicts. In some civil causes, when there is a doubt as to how the law ought to be applied to the facts, a special verdict is given finding and stating specific facts, and leaving the court to draw the proper conclusion. See jury.
    • n verdict Pecision; judgment; opinion pronounced: as, the verdict of the public.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Verdict ver′dikt the finding of a jury on a trial: decision: opinion pronounced
    • ***

Quotations

  • Amelia E. Barr
    Amelia E. Barr
    “Old age is the verdict of life.”
  • Rush Limbaugh
    Rush Limbaugh
    “The Los Angeles riots were not caused by the Rodney King verdict. The Los Angeles riots were caused by rioters.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. verdit, OF. verdit, veirdit, LL. verdictum, veredictum,; L. vere, truly (fr. verus, true) + dictum, a saying, a word, fr. dicere, dictum, to say. See Very, and Dictum
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. verdit—Low L. veredictum—L. vere, truly, dictum, a saying.

Usage

In literature:

The owner of the money-bags is entitled by popular verdict to his or her jest.
"The Secret of a Happy Home (1896)" by Marion Harland
It only remained for the judge to sum up, for everyone was getting impatient to hear the verdict.
"Oscar Wilde, Volume 1 (of 2)" by Frank Harris
The verdict was immediately pronounced.
"The House of the Combrays" by G. le Notre
And it is safe to predict that with that opinion the final verdict of history will coincide.
"The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 18, No. 110, December, 1866" by Various
The jury were not long in considering their verdict.
"Punch, or the London Charivari, Vol. 159, October 6, 1920" by Various
I am not afraid of the verdict.
"President Wilson's Addresses" by Woodrow Wilson
First, seek to determine quietly the merits of the cause; but do not attempt to pronounce a verdict.
"Religious Education in the Family" by Henry F. Cope
However, be their acts what they may, the general verdict is against their motives.
"The Prairie Farmer, Vol. 56, No. 2, January 12, 1884" by Various
Had he brought me the verdict of the Court?
"Sixteen Months in Four German Prisons" by Henry Charles Mahoney
I should have been sorry to have seen a verdict against Browborough.
"Phineas Redux" by Anthony Trollope
The jury brought in a verdict of 'Guilty of perjury, but not wilful and corrupt.
"Historical Mysteries" by Andrew Lang
The jury returned a verdict of four hundred dollars for the plaintiff.
"James Fenimore Cooper" by Thomas R. Lounsbury
But again she longed for a verdict from outside, for a verdict from Mrs. Shiffney.
"The Way of Ambition" by Robert Hichens
It is easy to see that a verdict may be sometimes given to one side, sometimes to the other.
"Applied Eugenics" by Paul Popenoe and Roswell Hill Johnson
Opinion was divided as to what the verdict would be.
"A Final Reckoning" by G. A. Henty
He is waiting for his verdict before he speaks to Nelly.
"Mary Gray" by Katharine Tynan
He was lost in his desire for and fear of the verdict.
"A Soldier of the Legion" by C. N. Williamson
The jury retired for the night; they would bring in a verdict in the morning.
"The Transformation of Job" by Frederick Vining Fisher
Let the fatal verdict be pronounced, if it must; after that, perish the Wardour honor.
"The Diamond Coterie" by Lawrence L. Lynch
It may result in a suspension, and it may result in a verdict of 'not guilty.
"The Loyalist" by James Francis Barrett
***

In poetry:

Not ours the verdict to decide
Whom death shall claim or skill shall save;
The hero's life though Heaven denied,
It gave our land a martyr's grave.
"On The Death Of President Garfield" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
Bloomfield, thy happy omen'd name
Ensures continuance to thy fame;
Both sense and truth this verdict give,
While fields shall bloom, thy name shall live!
"Epigram On Robert Bloomfield" by Henry Kirke White
So the Snark found the verdict, although, as it owned,
It was spent with the toils of the day:
When it said the word "GUILTY!" the Jury all groaned,
And some of them fainted away.
"The Hunting Of The Snark " by Lewis Carroll
They say she speeded wanton wild
When she was warm with wine;
And so she killed a little child,
(Could have been yours or mine).
The Judge's verdict was not mild,
And heavy was the fine.
"The Homicide" by Robert W Service
So fervid, so simple, so loving, so pure,
We hear but one strain and our verdict is sure,--
Thee cannot elude us,--no further we search,--
'T is Holy George Herbert cut loose from his church!
"For Whittier’s Seventieth Birthday" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
--O lightnings, not lightnings of Heaven, that flare
Through the desolate House in the Field!
Craft that the Fiend had envied in vain;
Till the terrible Day unreveal'd,--
Till the Angels rejoice at the Verdict-voice,
And Mary's pardon is seal'd!
"Crossing Solway" by Francis Turner Palgrave

In news:

A Plymouth County jury returned the guilty verdicts late Monday night against Matthew Jandreau.
Now at Verdicts, Anthony Domestico on John Banville's The Infinities.
Egypt Candidates Seize on Mubarak Verdict.
A jury in Austin returned that verdict against the District 36 representative on Wednesday, which is McAllen, Mission and the Pharr area.
The NFL has turned in the final verdict on the kneel -down fiasco at the end of the New York Giants' victory against the Tampa Bay Buccaneers last Sunday.
The verdict is part of the changing landscape of campaign finance, experts say.
Last Word, Verdict, Movie Deals.
John Leek Jr won his first weekly event of the year with a 254-210 verdict over Bill Pritsch.
As a verdict of second-degree murder is read, defendant David Viens made only a slight reaction sitting in LA Criminal Courts with his attorney Fred McCurry.
Hospitals Aren't Waiting for Verdict on Health Care Law.
Jeff Nelson was disappointed with Thursday's University Interscholastic League verdict.
Messages of support flooded into Twitter following the court verdict to clear Paul Chambers of sending a menacing tweet.
Not guilty by reason of insanity…that's the verdict Judge Michael Dwyer handed down after presiding over the murder trial of David Trebilcock.
Mol Heads for Two-Month Low on Croatian Verdict: Budapest Mover.
In Monrovia, Charles Taylor's wife awaits his verdict.
***

In science:

That is, a test is defined as an arbitrary function that takes as input a theory and a path and returns a verdict that is 0 or 1.
A nonmanipulable test
We begin with the simple observation that tests, as defined in Section 2, give a verdict only after observing an infinite history.
A nonmanipulable test
In practice, a tester can only observe finite data sets and, therefore, may find more applicable tests that give some verdict with a finite number of outcomes.
A nonmanipulable test
An intuition is as follows: let V : ∆(Ω) × ∆∆(Ω) → [0, 1] be a function defined by V (P, ζ ) = E P E ζ T ; that is, V (P, ζ ) is the probability of the verdict 1 if P is the datagenerating process and ζ is the random generator of theories used by Bob.
A nonmanipulable test
Our implementation results either in the verdict equiv, which means that the mutated action system conforms to the original, or in an unsafe state and a sequence of actions leading to this state.
Towards Symbolic Model-Based Mutation Testing: Combining Reachability and Refinement Checking
We still need to add verdicts (pass, fail, and inconclusive) where necessary.
Towards Symbolic Model-Based Mutation Testing: Combining Reachability and Refinement Checking
The verdict in the postcondition is returned on the basis of the compare of the output parameters and the state variables of the CSUT in the model representation with their referenced counterparts calculated by the model.
Model-Based Testing of Safety Critical Real-Time Control Logic Software
Properties of test cases are then analyzed with respect to the precision of the approximate determinization: when determinization is exact, which is the case on known determinizable classes, in addition to soundness, properties characterizing the adequacy of test cases verdicts are also guaranteed.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
Test cases with verdicts, which will be executed against the implementation in order to check conformance, are generated automatically from the specification.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
In fact determinization is required in order to foresee the next enabled actions during execution, and thus to emit a correct verdict depending on whether actions observed on the implementation are allowed by the specification model after the current observable behavior.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
Section 2 recalls the tioco conformance theory for TAIOs, including properties of test cases relating conformance and verdicts, and introduces an io-refinement relation which preserves tioco.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
This technical detail is useful later to define verdicts as soon as possible without waiting for a hypothetical next action. 2Determinism is only defined (and used in the sequel) for TAIOs.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
We then define test cases, formalize their executions, verdicts and expected properties relating verdicts to conformance.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
Then the resulting deterministic TAIO DP is transformed into a test case TAIO T C (cid:48) with verdicts assigned to states.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
First, transitions leaving a verdict state (Fail, Inconc or Pass) are useless, because the test case execution stops when a verdict is issued.
Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata
***