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ventricle

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n ventricle a chamber of the heart that receives blood from an atrium and pumps it to the arteries
    • n ventricle one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Ventricle (Anat) A cavity, or one of the cavities, of an organ, as of the larynx or the brain; specifically, the posterior chamber, or one of the two posterior chambers, of the heart, which receives the blood from the auricle and forces it out from the heart. See Heart.
    • Ventricle Fig.: Any cavity, or hollow place, in which any function may be conceived of as operating. "These [ideas] are begot on the ventricle of memory."
    • Ventricle The stomach. "Whether I will or not, while I live, my heart beats, and my ventricle digests what is in it."
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n ventricle The belly; the stomach.
    • n ventricle The womb; the productive organ, literally or figuratively.
    • n ventricle In anatomy and zoology, some small cavity of the body; a hollow part or organ; a ventriculus: variously applied.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Ventricle a small cavity within an animal body, as in the heart or brain:
    • n Ventricle (Shak.) the womb
    • ***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. ventriculus, the stomach, a ventricle, dim. of venter, the belly: cf. F. ventricule,. See Ventral
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L. ventralisventer, the belly.

Usage

In literature:

Cabby, to the 'Grilled Bone and Scolloped Cockle,' at the bottom of St. Ventricle Lane, you know.
"Erema" by R. D. Blackmore
In pregnant women, a corrupt matter is generated which, flowing to the ventricle, spoils the appetite and causes sickness.
"The Works of Aristotle the Famous Philosopher" by Anonymous
The ventricle above the vocal cords is seen with the surface sloping upwards towards the mid line.
"The Brain and the Voice in Speech and Song" by F. W. Mott
Just above the vocal cords on each side is a large, deep cavity, called the ventricle.
"Resonance in Singing and Speaking" by Thomas Fillebrown
At the loud sound of this familiar word, the feverish man's ears were pierced as through some ever-open ventricle, like an old wound.
"The Entailed Hat" by George Alfred Townsend
An excellent view of the vocal bands and of the "ventricle" of the larynx, between them, is afforded.
"Voice Production in Singing and Speaking" by Wesley Mills
In the interior of the larynx there were no projections nor ventricles, no cuneiform cartilages, nor cornicula laryngis.
"Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society - Vol. 3" by Various
In these sells or ventricles are fancy, understanding, and memory.
"Christmas: Its Origin and Associations" by William Francis Dawson
Upon dissection near four ounces of water were found in the ventricles of the brain.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
Each ventricle has a second valve through which it ejects the blood.
"How it Works" by Archibald Williams
Ventricles contained some serum.
"North American Medical and Surgical Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, July, 1826" by Various
Each ventricle has two openings, an inlet and an outlet, each of which is guarded by strong curtains, or valves.
"A Treatise on Physiology and Hygiene" by Joseph Chrisman Hutchison
These are anterior and dorsal to the ventricle, thin, membranous, and dark-colored.
"A Guide for the Study of Animals" by Worrallo Whitney
There was no water between the membranes, nor in the ventricles, but a general determination of blood to the contents of the cranium.
"Observations on Insanity" by John Haslam
The pia mater was considerably inflamed; there was not any water either in the ventricles or between the membranes.
"Observations on Madness and Melancholy" by John Haslam
The chest, the ventricles, the inner mouth and the nose.
"Seed Thoughts for Singers" by Frank Herbert Tubbs
When irregular there is apt to be extrasystole of ventricle or occasional blocking of impulse going to ventricle.
"Arteriosclerosis and Hypertension:" by Louis Marshall Warfield
Large ones are far from rare, and the ventricle is frequently enormously distended.
"A Treatise on Sheep:" by Ambrose Blacklock
The auriculo-ventricular valves differ in structure in the two ventricles.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
From these two chambers the blood enters the ventricle.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
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In news:

Two artificial ventricles and a motor-driven pumping system totally replace the ailing heart.
Introduction to the history and development of skeletal muscle plasticity and its clinical application to cardiomyoplasty and skeletal muscle ventricle.
A 27-year-old woman presented with a first-time seizure MRI of the head showed a large, 7 cm, round vascular structure inside the right lateral ventricle with mass-effect.
A single ventricle defect occurs when one of the heart's ventricles is too small or under-developed to pump blood effectively to the body or lungs.
Less than forty years ago, single ventricle heart defects were fatal.
Today, with early intervention in infancy, most children with single ventricle defects are surviving.
A new study has shown that teenagers who are obese and overweight may develop left ventricular hypertrophy and impaired performance of the left ventricle.
When the valves narrow to a significant degree, normal blood flow from the left ventricle to the arteries becomes obstructed, and heart problems arise and can ultimately lead to heart failure.
Current CRT pacemakers or defibrillators are implanted in patients with chronic heart failure requiring both the left and right ventricles to be paced.
My left ventricle ejection fraction was about 20 percent.
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In science:

For a picture of the growth of a spiral wave on such a Pt(110) wafer see Ref. . A human heart consists of four chambers - the two upper atria and two lower ventricles.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
From the AVN the signal travels along the His bundle and into the ventricles via the Purkinje fibre network which extensively innervates the ventricular wall.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
The ventricles now contract thus completing the beat cycle.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
Especially dangerous is ventricular fibrillation, an irregular pulsation of the ventricles, which is a ma jor cause of death in the industrialised world .
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
It has been conjectured for many years that ventricular fibrillation is associated with the formation of spiral waves (or their three-dimensional analogues called scroll waves) on the walls of the ventricles.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
Figure 2 shows such a spiral wave on the ventricle of a canine heart.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
Since the ventricles are electrically insulated from the atria, we impose Neumann boundary conditions.
Spiral Turbulence: From the Oxidation of CO on Pt(110) to Ventricular Fibrillation
Two hours after the EB injection, the rats were anesthetized with chloral hydrate and perfused with physiological saline through the left ventricle until colorless perfusion fluid was obtained from the vena cava (150-200 mL of saline).
Post-ischaemic treatment with the cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor nimesulide reduces blood-brain barrier disruption and leukocyte infiltration following transient focal cerebral ischaemia in rats
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