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valley

Definitions

  • LOOKING DOWN ON THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
    LOOKING DOWN ON THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n valley a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

SAN GABRIEL VALLEY SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
THE SIERRA MADRE AND THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY THE SIERRA MADRE AND THE SAN GABRIEL VALLEY
HERMIT VALLEY NEAR SAN DIEGO HERMIT VALLEY NEAR SAN DIEGO
HAYDEN VALLEY HAYDEN VALLEY
Image map of the Rhine Valley Image map of the Rhine Valley
SHOVEL-NOSED STURGEON This fish is covered with bony plates instead of scales. The roe is made into caviar. Range: Upper and middle Mississippi Valley SHOVEL-NOSED STURGEON This fish is covered with bony plates instead of scales. The roe is made into caviar. Range:...
At Valley Forge At Valley Forge
He lost himself in a lonely valley He lost himself in a lonely valley

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The stapler was invented in Spring Valley, Minnesota.
    • Valley (Arch) The depression formed by the meeting of two slopes on a flat roof.
    • Valley (Arch) The place of meeting of two slopes of a roof, which have their plates running in different directions, and form on the plan a reëntrant angle.
    • Valley The space inclosed between ranges of hills or mountains; the strip of land at the bottom of the depressions intersecting a country, including usually the bed of a stream, with frequently broad alluvial plains on one or both sides of the stream. Also used figuratively. "The valley of the shadow of death.""Sweet interchange
      Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Death Valley, California, has a point that is 280 feet below sea level.
    • n valley The depression between two ridges of a tooth, typically shown in such molars as those of the tapir and mastodon: correlated with lake, which is a depression surrounded by a raised ridge of enamel such as occurs in the molars of a horse.
    • n valley A depression, or a relatively low and somewhat level area, more or less completely inclosed by hills or mountains; the basin of a stream of any size, or the area drained by it, and, in accordance with more general usage, the part of that area which lies near the stream and is not much raised above its level. The surface of a mountainous region is made up of hills (or mountains) and valleys; but over those great expanses of country where uniformity of level is the dominant feature the term valley gives way to some other designation more specific in its character: thus, in English, heath, prairie, savanna, plain, desert; in Spanish-speaking countries, campo, pampa, llano, páramo; in the Russian empire, steppe, tundra; in South Africa, veldt, etc. All the tracts thus designated lie within the basins of certain rivers, and thus technically form parts of the valleys of those rivers, but convenience demands and justifies the special designation. So, on the other hand, in mountainous countries, or even in those in which the surface is only moderately broken, the valleys have their forms characterized by terms suited to express the great variety of features which they exhibit: thus, in English, dale, dell, dingle, cove, comb, gully, ravine, gorge, defile, chasm, and many others; in French, combe, cluse, cirque, etc.; in Spanish, cañada (changed to cañon in the western United States), barranca, quebrada, etc.; and so through all the various languages and countries. The forms of valleys are so numerous, and their existence dependent on such complicated and varied conditions, that a satisfactory classification of them is not possible. The simplest division of them, from the orographic point of view, is into longitudinal and transverse: the former are parallel with the mountain-ranges to which they belong; the latter, more or less nearly at right angles to them. Of longitudinal valleys the “Great Valley” of the Appalachian range offers an excellent example, this being parallel with the Blue Ridge, and having a development of about 500 miles in length in Pennsylvania and Virginia, and a very uniform width within those States of rarely less than 12 or more than 20 miles. The valleys of the Rhone and the Rhine in their upper portions—which rivers start from near the same point, and flow in exactly opposite directions, parallel with the crest of the Alps—furnish another good illustration of a longitudinal valley; while an equally satisfactory example of a transverse one is seen in the course of the Rhone from Martigny to the Lake of Geneva, where that river follows a direction at right angles to that which it has in the upper part of its course. Longitudinal valleys are more distinctly orographic in character than are the transverse—that is, their origin is due primarily to the same causes which have governed the position and direction of the ranges which make up the mountain-system to which they belong. Transverse valleys, on the other hand, though not necessarily independent of preexisting breaks and faults, are, in general, chiefly the result of erosive agencies—by which, indeed, the forms of almost all valleys have been more or less profoundly modified. In some chains, however, notably in the Himalayas, the tendency of large streams flowing in longitudinal valleys to break transversely through lofty and precipitous ranges, and pass out of what seems their natural and predestined course, is an extraordinary orographic feature, and one which has not received a satisfactory explanation.
    • n valley Hence, any similar depression of any size.
    • n valley Specifically, in architecture, the internal angle formed by the meeting of two inclined sides of a roof. The rafter which supports the valley is called the valley-rafter or valley-piece, and the board fixed upon it for the metallic gutter to lie upon is termed the valleyboard.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1638, Sweden founded a colony in the New World in the Delaware River Valley. It was called New Sweden.
    • n Valley val′i a vale or low land between hills or mountains: a low, extended plain, usually watered by a river
    • ***

Quotations

  • H.K. Barclay
    H.K. Barclay
    “When walking through the valley of shadows, remember, a shadow is cast by a Light.”
  • Gilbert K. Chesterton
    Gilbert%20K.%20Chesterton
    “One sees great things from the valley; only small things from the peak.”
  • James Rogers
    James Rogers
    “Over every mountain there is a path, although it may not be seen from the valley.”
  • Richard M. Nixon
    Richard%20M.%20Nixon
    “Only if you have been in the deepest valley, can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain.”
  • Source Unknown
    Source Unknown
    “Silicon Valley is a graveyard. Failure is Silicon Valley's greatest strength.”
  • Virgil Publius Vergilius Maro
    Virgil Publius Vergilius Maro
    “May the countryside and the gliding valley streams content me. Lost to fame, let me love river and woodland.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. vale, valeie, OF. valée, valede, F. vallée, LL. vallata, L. vallis, valles,. See Vale
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. valee (Fr. vallée)—val, a vale.

Usage

In literature:

From every part of the lonely valley the voices sounded.
"Birds of the Rockies" by Leander Sylvester Keyser
I'd find it if there were twice as many hills and valleys.
"The Gold Girl" by James B. Hendryx
Across these Prairies and the Plains came big river valleys that led out West toward the Rockies.
"The Young Alaskans on the Missouri" by Emerson Hough
The valley floor billowed away, ridged and cut, growing gray and purple and dark.
"The Boy Scouts Book of Campfire Stories" by Various
The valleys which separate them are rarely of considerable width.
"The Huguenots in France" by Samuel Smiles
Across the valley a light suddenly twinkled on the side of a ridge.
"A Virginia Scout" by Hugh Pendexter
Below the mountain fell away to the valley where she had been made prisoner.
"The Flaming Jewel" by Robert W. Chambers
A few miles beyond Matucanas there is a lateral valley, larger and more pleasant than the principal valley.
"Travels in Peru, on the Coast, in the Sierra, Across the Cordilleras and the Andes, into the Primeval Forests" by J. J. von Tschudi
The rich soil of the valleys was almost undisturbed.
"Conservation Reader" by Harold W. Fairbanks
At will it could sail above the loveliest valleys.
"The Heart of Nature" by Francis Younghusband
Eighteen months later only two men were left in the Grass River valley, Aydelot and Shirley.
"Winning the Wilderness" by Margaret Hill McCarter
It was in one of these valleys, about halfway between the mountain and the sea, that the colonists settled.
"Eight Keys to Eden" by Mark Irvin Clifton
The flood had evidently spent its force up the valley.
"The Johnstown Horror" by James Herbert Walker
Right before their faces, and somewhat below the level on which they stood, lay a valley.
"The Plant Hunters" by Mayne Reid
Wait till you get over to the High Valley and you'll see.
"In the High Valley" by Susan Coolidge
This ridge was the high ground between Marco Valley and Hot Springs Valley.
"Valley of Wild Horses" by Zane Grey
Farther on, as the valley widened and deepened, its aspect became more rugged.
"The Law-Breakers" by Ridgwell Cullum
The hill separated from the valley.
"In the Heart of a Fool" by William Allen White
He has swept them out of the valley, scattering their hosts like quails before the fowler!
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
Across the Saline Valley, over the divide, and up the Solomon River Valley this band of demons pushed their way.
"The Price of the Prairie" by Margaret Hill McCarter
***

In poetry:

The hill pines were sighing,
O'ercast and chill was the day:
A mist in the valley lying
Blotted the pleasant May.
"The Hill Pines Were Sighing" by Robert Seymour Bridges
The brook that down the valley
So musically drips,
Flowed never half so brightly
As the light laugh from her lips.
"A Laugh -- And A Moan" by Abram Joseph Ryan
The sweet voice of the singing bird,
The wind among the trees,
Are ever in that valley heard;
While every passing breeze
"Verses" by Anne Bronte
And -- "Merry, merry, merry!"
Rang the bells of every hour,
And -- "Happy, happy, happy!"
In her valley laughed the flower.
"A Laugh -- And A Moan" by Abram Joseph Ryan
And the lips that smiled with laughter
In the valley of the morn,
In the valley of the evening
They were pale and sorrow-worn.
"A Laugh -- And A Moan" by Abram Joseph Ryan
I walk down the Valley of Silence —
Down the dim, voiceless valley — alone!
And I hear not the fall of a footstep
Around me, save God's and my own;
And the hush of my heart is as holy
As hovers where angels have flown!
"Song Of The Mystic" by Abram Joseph Ryan

In news:

You don't need to own a pair of snowshoes to compete, as you can rent them from may shops around the Big Bear Valley including North Shore Trading Company, Goldsmith's Boardhouse and Bear Valley Bikes.
WATER VALLEY — The Water Valley footbal coaching staff doesn't have to say much to its players about its upcoming game against Aberdeen .
Bill Case, Farmington Valley Trout Unlimited Farmington Valley.
Central Yavapai, Prescott and Chino Valley firefighters put out an electrical fire at a Williamson Valley home early Tuesday.
The Lonesome Valley Company of the Arizona Rangers presented Prescott Valley Boy Scout Troop 57 with a check for $500 on Nov 8.
The Department of Water and Power (DWP) San Fernando Valley Generating Station is seen December 11, 2008 in Sun Valley, California.
Okaw Valley won the Okaw Valley 7-1A Regional Championship on Tuesday, beating Atwood in a regular season rematch, 27-26.
Stillman Valley at Sterling **Sauk Valley Tournament **Rock Falls at Sherrard **Sterling Newman at Dixon.
The first meeting ever between Juniata Valley and Huntingdon on the gridiron went to Juniata Valley.
Is the Conejo Valley morphing into " Biotech Valley".
The Chino Book Junkie By Rob Rumfelt, Chino Valley, AZ An exploration of books and ideas, paying close attention to the book scene in the Chino Valley and greater Prescott area, especially events and activities in our local library.
The Buffalo Valley Singers and the Buffalo Valley Brass will perform a Christmas concert titled "Love Came Down" at 7:30 pm Dec 15 and 3 pm Dec 16 at St John United Church of Christ, 1050 Buffalo Road.
Valley View residents Joe and Suzy Jeane of Valley View bred AQHA world champion Are You Charlie.
Parts of Happy Valley were charred by a wildfire that tore through more than 1,200 acres Thursday evening between Happy Valley and West Redding.
PRESCOTT VALLEY, Ariz. Police say a 60-year-old man has died after he crashed his car into a Prescott Valley canyon .
***

In science:

Lθ (cid:0) Lz where γ ≃ 1 − ζ relates to the density of valleys.
Energy landscapes in random systems, driven interfaces and wetting
Proof: For 2 ≤ i ≤ n, valley fold vi if exactly one of ai−1 and ai is in S .
When Can You Fold a Map?
The data were reduced and calibrated using the standard Owens Valley array program MMA (Scoville et al. 1992).
Molecular Gas in Infrared-Excess, Optically-Selected QSOs and the Connection with Infrared Luminous Galaxies
Let (α, b(a), γ ) denote the minimal valley defining b(a).
Aging properties of Sinai's model of random walk in random environment
The characteristic G–V presents several regions of negative dG/dV, although the peak-to-valley ratios strongly decrease due to disorder.
Transport in random quantum dot superlattices
However, the simulations show that the branches do not correspond to valleys in the random potential.
Statistics of branched flow in a weak correlated random potential
The valley topology strictly depends on the bias voltage.
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
Random division models of a population into a (possibly large) number n of species, fragments or valleys with random weights or sizes have received considerable attention in various domains of applications.
Random Partitioning Problems Involving Poisson Point Processes On The Interval
Sinai shows also, with a probability close to one, that for a given time interval [0, n], the R.W.R.E. is trapped in the basic valley and therefore is sub-diffusive.
On the concentration of Sinai's walk
In Subsection 3.1, we show that when ω ∈ En, with a large quenched probability, the RWRE goes quickly to the bottom mn of the valley (0, mn, bn ) without hitting −1.
Some properties of the rate function of quenched large deviations for random walk in random environment
First, we give a ma joration of the exit time from the valley (0, mn, bn ).
Some properties of the rate function of quenched large deviations for random walk in random environment
It is assumed that at given temperature T the system occupies restricted part of the phase space inside one of the free energy valleys.
Random walk on p-$adics in glassy systems
If the temperature is lowered the system has its new landscape of valleys but the information about the previous states is not lost (memory effect).
Random walk on p-$adics in glassy systems
By time n the random walker reaches a distance of order (log n)2 from the origin, thus visiting an order of log log n valleys.
Valleys and the maximum local time for random walk in random environment
In Section 2, we introduce the notion of valleys, and describe some scaling properties of such valleys.
Valleys and the maximum local time for random walk in random environment
***