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universal

Definitions

  • Universal Plane
    Universal Plane
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj universal of worldwide scope or applicability "an issue of cosmopolitan import","the shrewdest political and ecumenical comment of our time"- Christopher Morley","universal experience"
    • adj universal adapted to various purposes, sizes, forms, operations "universal wrench", "universal chuck","universal screwdriver"
    • adj universal applicable to or common to all members of a group or set "the play opened to universal acclaim","rap enjoys universal appeal among teenage boys"
    • n universal coupling that connects two rotating shafts allowing freedom of movement in all directions "in motor vehicles a universal joint allows the driveshaft to move up and down as the vehicle passes over bumps"
    • n universal a behavioral convention or pattern characteristic of all members of a particular culture or of all human beings "some form of religion seems to be a human universal"
    • n universal (logic) a proposition that asserts something of all members of a class
    • n universal (linguistics) a grammatical rule (or other linguistic feature) that is found in all languages
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Moline Universal Tractor, Model D, of 198, in the Hall of Farm Machinery, National Museum of History and Technology Moline Universal Tractor, Model D, of 198, in the Hall of Farm Machinery, National Museum of History and Technology
UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, CANADA

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Ballroom dancing is a course at Brigham Young University in Utah
    • Universal (Logic) A general abstract conception, so called from being universally applicable to, or predicable of, each individual or species contained under it.
    • Universal (Logic) A universal proposition. See Universal a., 4.
    • Universal (Mech) Adapted or adaptable to all or to various uses, shapes, sizes, etc.; as, a universal milling machine.
    • Universal Constituting or considered as a whole; total; entire; whole; as, the universal world. "At which the universal host up dent
      A shout that tore Hell's concave."
    • Universal (Logic) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to particular; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient.
    • Universal Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice. "Anointed universal King.""The universal cause
      Acts not by partial, but by general laws."
      "This universal frame began."
    • Universal The whole; the general system of the universe; the universe. "Plato calleth God the cause and original, the nature and reason, of the universal ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Gatorade was named for the University of Florida Gators where it was first developed.
    • universal In mech., having feed-motions of the work against the cutter or tool in all possible directions (both right and left, forward and back, and up and down). Since tools of this type have usually a wide range of adaptable cutters, the term has been extended to mean having a very wide range of uses, or capable of doing nearly all kinds of work. It is the contradictory of special (in this use), which is applied to a tool that is designed for one class of work and no other.
    • universal A form of pipe-union in which the two pieces joined together, end to end, may be at an angle with each other, or not in line: effected by the use of a spherical surface of contact, one half male and the other female, pressed together by a nut forming part of the female half.
    • universal Pertaining to the universe in its entirety, or to the human race collectively.
    • universal Pertaining to all things or to all mankind distributively. This is the original and most proper signification.
    • universal Belonging to or predicated of all the members of a class considered without exception: as, a universal rule. This meaning arose in logic, where it is called the complex sense of universal, and has been common in Latin since the second century.
    • universal In logic, capable of being predicated of many individuals or single cases; general. This, called the simple sense of universal, in which the word is precisely equivalent to general, is quite opposed to its etymology, and perpetuates a confusion of thought due to Aristotle, whose καθόλον it translates. (See II., 1 .) In Latin it is nearly as old, perhaps older, than def. 3.
    • universal Synonyms General, etc. See common.
    • n universal In logic: One of the five predicables of the Aristotelians, or logical varieties of predicates, which are said to be genus, species, difference, property, and accident.
    • n universal A general term or predicate, or the general nature which such a term signifies. In order to understand the great dispute concerning universals it is necessary to remark that the word in this sense entirely departs from its etymology. The universe is incapable of general description, and consists of objects connected by dynamical relations and recognized by associations of contiguity; while a universal is an idea connected with experience by associations of resemblance merely. But though a universal is, in its universality, thus not contracted to actual existence, it does not necessarily follow that things real have in their real existence no universal predicates. The commou belief is that the mutual actions of things are subjected to laws that are really general—that the laws of mechanics, for instance, are not mere accidental uniformities, but have a real virtue. These laws may be subject to exceptions and interference; such has always been the vulgar belief, and in most ages that of philosophers; it may be they are never precisely followed. But any tendency in the things themselves toward generalizations of their characters constitutes what is termed a universal in re. Before the laws of physics were established it was particularly the uniformities of heredity, and consequent commonness of organic forms, which specially attracted attention; so that man and horse are the traditional examples of universals in re. The dispute concerning universals chiefly concerns the universals in re, and arises from the different degrees of importance attributed by different minds to the dynamical and to the intelligible relations of things. Those who follow the common opinion are called realists. The other party, looking at the blind dynamical character of the connections of things, denies that there is any real operation of law or intelligible guidance. These are the nominalists, who may take one of three main positions. First, there are those who hold that the uniformities of nature are due to the interference on every single occasion of general creative ideas, called universals ante rem. Second, there are those who, admitting that intelligible relations do govern one great department of creation—namely, the world of thought, so that there are general conceptions, called universals post rem—insist that the notion of a law of nature, properly speaking, is purely illusory. Things as they are are therefore entirely incomprehensible, and all that is intelligible is mere seeming. Yet this seeming has so consistent a character that it is for all intents and purposes the real world: and this seemingly real world is seemingly governed by law, which, indeed, is the only feature in it which makes it seem like real. This is substantially Kantianism. Third, there are those who deny universals in re, ante rem, and post rem, holding that association by resemblance is reducible to association by contiguity, that generalization takes place only upon paper or in talk, and that every fact is at bottom unintelligible. In the middle ages, if not at all times, the realistic opinion has often been carried too far, the mere resemblances of things, which are nothing but the native tendency of the mind to associate them, being supposed to indicate more intimate dynamical relations than can justly be inferred on such a ground alone.
    • n universal The whole; the system of the universe.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Alcorn State University in Lorman is the oldest black land grant college in the world.
    • adj Universal ū-ni-vėr′sal comprehending, affecting, or extending to the whole: comprising all the particulars: applied to a great variety of uses
    • n Universal a universal proposition, a general term, a universal concept
    • adj Universal pertaining to such beliefs
    • ***

Quotations

  • Frederick (Carl) Frieseke
    Frederick (Carl) Frieseke
    “The key to your universe is that you can choose.”
  • A. Sachs
    A. Sachs
    “Death is more universal than life; everyone dies but not everyone lives.”
  • Johann Friedrich Von Schiller
    Johann%20Friedrich%20Von%20Schiller
    “That which is so universal as death must be a benefit.”
  • Abraham Cowley
    Abraham Cowley
    “Of all ills that one endures, hope is a cheap and universal cure.”
  • Benjamin Disraeli
    Benjamin%20Disraeli
    “A university should be a place of light, of liberty, and of learning.”
  • Peter De Vries
    Peter%20De%20Vries
    “Everybody hates me because I'm so universally liked.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. universalis,: cf. F. universel, OF. also universal,. See Universe

Usage

In literature:

The local Universities were too numerous.
"Memoirs To Illustrate The History Of My Time" by François Pierre Guillaume Guizot
And particularly I mentioned a University, as the English had no Seminary where an Academical Education could be obtained.
"McGill and its Story, 1821-1921" by Cyrus Macmillan
Some of the professors say that the average of scholarship there is higher than in the University.
"History of Woman Suffrage, Volume III (of III)" by Various
This interesting document bears the same date with Mr. Wheelock's Doctorate in Divinity, from the University of Edinburgh.
"The History of Dartmouth College" by Baxter Perry Smith
New Orleans University (white) and Leland University (colored) are co-educational.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
The statements in it were universally repudiated by the press and the people of that State.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume V"
In those forms of life which are supposed to be insensate, we find the universal law of sex-attraction and repulsion.
"Sex=The Unknown Quantity" by Ali Nomad
It is in every respect a great jump from a German school to a German university.
"My Autobiography" by F. Max Müller
It assumes to create its universe of matter, the direct opposite of the spiritual universe.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
It is not true, I believe, in anything like the same degree of any other German university, or of any other university in the world.
"A History of Science, Volume 5(of 5)" by Henry Smith Williams
The Seventh Father has countenances of Universal Mystery, of Universal Wisdom and Universal Origin.
"The Gnôsis of the Light" by F. Lamplugh
The prejudice in favour of German Universities and against French Universities goes back to the early days of the Reformation.
"German Problems and Personalities" by Charles Sarolea
Zwingli had now lived three years in Bern, and was already fully ripe for the university.
"The Life and Times of Ulric Zwingli" by Johann Hottinger
The apparent fatality results from the universal abdication.
"The Forerunners" by Romain Rolland
It is the respecting in action catholic or universal ends.
"The Voice of Science in Nineteenth-Century Literature" by Various
They are universally feared.
"Toilers of the Sea" by Victor Hugo
Multitudes were crowding to hear philosophical discourses in the universities, and heresy was spreading very fast.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
The university unites with the other three Scottish universities in returning three members to Parliament.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
From 1826 to 1835 he filled the chair of jurisprudence at London University.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 3" by Various
In 1866 the Amateur Athletic Club was formed in London for "gentlemen amateurs," most of its members being old university men.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 8" by Various
***

In poetry:

The fields, the trees, the singing brook,
The very clouds I see,
Have on a universal look
Of full felicity.
"The Last Sweet Walk" by Alexander Anderson
Yea, the universe may tell
That Thou doest all things well,
For where'er Thy creatures dwell
Thou guidest!
"Thou Guidest" by Martin Farquhar Tupper
Thy safety where, stray Liberty?
In lands where discords cease.
Thy glory where, bright Liberty?
In universal Peace.
"Liberty" by Ernest Jones
His foaming coursers onward bend,
And falling empires moan;
One piercing cry the heavens ascend,
One universal groan!
"The Complaint" by Thomas Gent
Various cares mankind employ;
But to gaze on human woe
Seems the universal joy,
For which they all their cares forego.
"The Culprit" by Nathaniel Bloomfield
A. Our Father, who the universe didst frame —
Our Father, from whose Love all blessings flow,
Hallow'd for ever be thy glorious name,
By all the saints above, and men below.
"The Lord's Prayer" by Rees Prichard

In news:

The university's president apologized to Rodriguez, saying the chant wasn't representative of the university.
Harris-Stowe University, Emerson Performance Center, 3101 Laclede Avenue, St Louis Missouri 63103 Thursday, July 26, 12 p.m. Penney Conference Center, One University Drive, St Louis, Missouri 63121 Thursday, July 26, 6 p.m.
Shepherd University has cut the number of credit hours needed for a college degree from 128 to 120 and now the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission is urging public colleges and universities in the state to do likewise.
Stephanie graduated from Martin County West High School in 2003, Winona State University in 2008 and Tamkang University, Taiwan in 2010.
Chris Granger / The Times-Picayune Edouard Quatrevaux, left, is introduced as the city's new inspector general by Loyola University President Kevin Wildes on Friday, September 4, 2009, at Loyola University in New Orleans.
Mark Bauerlein is a professor of English at Emory University and a fellow at the James Madison Program at Princeton University.
Texas Tech University agricultural communications professors will host a free, eight-hour online marketing training on Monday, Dec 3 from 8 am to 5:30 pm at the Hill Country University Cente in Fredericksburg .
Researchers in the University of Georgia Odum School of Ecology will work with colleagues from universities across the US Sun Belt on a study of water sustainability in the face of climate change and population growth.
Gophers running back Donnell Kirkwood advances the ball in the third quarter Saturday as the University of Minnesota beat the University of New Hampshire 44-7 at TCF Bank Stadium.
COMMERCE — Abilene Christian University and the University of Incarnate Word have both received invitations to join the Southland Conference.
The University of Incarnate Word will join the Southland Conference while Abilene Christian University said it has received an invitation to the league.
John Cotter is a professor at the Michael Smurfit Graduate Business School at University College Dublin and a research fellow at the Ziman Center for Real Estate at the University of California, Los Angeles.
On behalf of the Student Historic Preservation Organization at the University of Georgia, I'm responding to the university's plan to replace Legion Pool with a new pool elsewhere on campus.
Limbaugh was a graduate of Vanderbilt University and the University of Tennessee Medical School in Memphis.
1Resident Physician 2Assistant Professor 3Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Paul P Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, Wisconsin.
***

In science:

U.S. of the concepts of Universal Service and Universal Access.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
Universal Service and Universal Access as they relate to the information highway.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
Universal Service and Universal Access Virtual Library.
National Information Infrastructure Development in Canada and the U.S.: Redefining Universal Service and Universal Access in the Age of Techno-Economic Convergence
Berman also studied such Universes in “modified ” B.D. theory, and a static Universe with a magnetic field in Einstein Cartan’s Cosmology .
Static Generalized Brans-Dicke Universe and Gravitational Waves Amplification
T is the temperature of the universe and s is the entropy density of the universe per comoving volume.
A Note on the Cardy-Verlinde Formula
We begin by reviewing the case considered in Ref., namely the radiation dominated universe, for which the universe has conformal invariance.
A Note on the Cardy-Verlinde Formula
In particular, if C0 is universal then every hyperel liptic curve of genus ≥ 2 is universal.
Unramified correspondences
Every composite of n-universals is n-universal.
An alternative characterisation of universal cells in opetopic n-categories
This is a consequence of the fact that composites of universals are universal in an opetopic n-category.
An alternative characterisation of universal cells in opetopic n-categories
Universality was shown to follow from the fact that the recursion relation for the orthogonal polynomials determining the kernel from which all correlators are derived, reduces to a universal differential equation (in this case for Bessel functions) in the appropriate microscopic limit.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
In section 8 we gave a general introduction to some commonly used random matrix theories, explaining how universality of the correlation functions leads to general universal predictions concerning the statistics of the eigenvalues.
Random matrix theory and symmetric spaces
We have studied the evolution of the baryonic matter in the universe in the form of stars and metals, starting from the B-band luminosity function observed in the local universe by Marzke et al.
The cosmic evolution of the galaxy luminosity density
This property is shared by the deterministic evolution of the entire universe, but when it becomes a statistical property of a pro jection of the universe, it cannot be true.
From Knowledge, Knowability and the Search for Objective Randomness to a New Vision of Complexity
First, why is there no universal member in Kλ+ ? If N ∈ Kλ+ is universal (by ≤K, of course), without loss of generality its universe is λ+ .
Abstract elementary classes near aleph_1
If we want to obtain an invariant measure on the set of universal (Ks -free universal, etc.) graphs, we must use (and first define!) a universal (respectively, Ks -free universal, etc.) continuous graph.
Uncountable Graphs and Invariant Measures on the Set of Universal Countable Graphs
***