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turbulence

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n turbulence unstable flow of a liquid or gas
    • n turbulence a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence"
    • n turbulence instability in the atmosphere
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Turbulence The quality or state of being turbulent; a disturbed state; tumult; disorder; agitation. "The years of . . . warfare and turbulence which ensued."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n turbulence The state or character of being turbulent; a disturbed state; tumultuousness; agitation; disorder; commotion; refractoriness; insubordination.
    • n turbulence Syn. Tumult, riot, sedition, mutiny, insurrection.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Robert Burns
    Robert%20Burns
    “I pick my favorite quotation and store them in my mind as ready armor, offensive or defensive, amid the struggle of this turbulent existence.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. turbulentia,: cf. F. turbulence,

Usage

In literature:

Would she really exchange her graceful labors for the rough and turbulent work of men?
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume VII" by John Lord
He had none of those turbulent and restless qualities which we associate with mediaeval kings.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume VIII" by John Lord
It was a turbulent popular protest.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume XI" by John Lord
The collegians of the Philippines are not very noisy or turbulent.
"The Reign of Greed" by Jose Rizal
At first it is a pretty little brook, almost dry in summer, but noisy and turbulent in the rainy seasons.
"My Native Land" by James Cox
A little blood-letting among those turbulent Kurds was not at all a bad thing.
"Crescent and Iron Cross" by E. F. Benson
Every Wind here is a Tempest, and every Water a turbulent Ocean.
"The Spectator, Volume 2." by Addison and Steele
A tougher and more turbulent set of Negroes were probably never gotten together before.
"History of Negro Soldiers in the Spanish-American War, and Other Items of Interest" by Edward A. Johnson
What women have done in times of turbulence and excitement in large cities in the past we know.
"Debate On Woman Suffrage In The Senate Of The United States," by Henry W. Blair, J.E. Brown, J.N. Dolph, G.G. Vest, Geo. F. Hoar.
They have the reputation of being turbulent, and averse to all plans of improvement.
"Personal Memoirs Of A Residence Of Thirty Years With The Indian Tribes On The American Frontiers" by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft
He had gathered about him the toughest crew on the Lake, himself, upon occasion, the most turbulent of all.
"Big Timber" by Bertrand W. Sinclair
But the turbulence of curiosity had now subsided.
"Caleb Williams" by William Godwin
Now you shall find how thoroughly I overlook these turbulent gentlemen.
"The Red Rover" by James Fenimore Cooper
AR'GILLAN, a haughty, turbulent knight, born on the banks of the Trent.
"Character Sketches of Romance, Fiction and the Drama, Vol 1" by The Rev. E. Cobham Brewer, LL.D.
Energy gave place to feeling, turbulence to intensity of character.
"Summer on the Lakes, in 1843" by S.M. Fuller
There they fell into the hands of that turbulent and warlike chief.
"The Crater" by James Fenimore Cooper
The turbulent McGillapatrick of Ossory was to be converted into the decorous-sounding Lord Upper Ossory.
"The Story Of Ireland" by Emily Lawless
By relating the particulars, the reader will perceive how easily the war-cry is raised among these turbulent savages.
"A Narrative of a Nine Months' Residence in New Zealand in 1827" by Augustus Earle
Frederick put the letter in his breast pocket, and he felt his heart beneath beat more warmly, less turbulently.
"Atlantis" by Gerhart Hauptmann
Megabyzos by his turbulence was a thorn in the side of Artaxerxes during the half of his reign.
"History Of Egypt, Chaldæa, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, Volume 9 (of 12)" by G. Maspero
***

In poetry:

Afar in the turbulent city,
In a hive where men make gold,
He stood at his loom from dawn to dark,
While the passing years were told.
"Sea-Born" by Virna Sheard
And the brooklet has found the billow,
Though they flowed so far apart,
And has filled with its freshness and sweetness
That turbulent, bitter heart!
"The Brook And The Wave. (Birds Of Passage. Flight The Third)" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
There are hopes that play round her, like fires on the mast,
That will light the dark hour till its danger has past;
There are prayers that will plead with the storm when it raves,
And whisper "Be still!" to the turbulent waves.
"Farewell To J. R. Lowell" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
But once again, as others, I have lent
myself to earthly ways and earthly walls:
Illusion of illusion, fantasy
Of doubtful phantoms, nevermore to be
When slumber on the last delirium falls
And lulls the tossing shadows turbulent.
"Maya" by Clark Ashton Smith
And you, Lady of Ships! you Mannahatta!
Old matron of this proud, friendly, turbulent city!
Often in peace and wealth you were pensive, or covertly frown'd amid
all your children;
But now you smile with joy, exulting old Mannahatta!
"Drum-Taps" by Walt Whitman
O harp of the winds singing above the dead,
O rush of wings over the turbulent deep,
Pray for the spirits uncompanioned,
The dreams returned into oblivion,
The men drifting far from the stars and sun,
Lost in a lonely night and a loveless sleep.
"XXVII. "About the headlands and the rocky shoals"" by Robert Silliman Hillyer

In news:

Congo's turbulent east, a Ugandan government spokesman said.
This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics.
Eastern Europe's Airlines Hit Turbulence.
Payton is Effie White, the most turbulent of the Dreamgirls, in the Signature Theatre's holiday-season revival of the 1981 musical, starting Nov 13 in Arlington, VA.
A 16-year-old Wellsville boy was cited with unruly behavior for reportedly engaging in turbulent behavior on Nov 24.
Warren County thinking playoffs after a turbulent year.
Turbulence injures 10 on London to LA flight.
Managing the Emotional Turbulence of Investing.
Nick Mangold took the leadership role Wednesday, helping the Jets perform damage-control in their already turbulent offseason.
When labor problems cause turbulence.
Edward Schumacher-Matos took over as NPR's ombudsman at a turbulent time to serve as the public's representative to the organization.
Bowls a chance for ACC to salvage some respect from turbulent football season.
(AP) Asia's millionaires outnumbered North America's for the first time last year even as the world's wealthy saw their fortunes decline amid turbulent financial markets, a new survey says.
The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of Joseph P Kennedy.
The Swansea Recreation Commission held another turbulent meeting on Tuesday night.
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In science:

They require an accurate knowledge of the properties of turbulent convection and, unfortunately, current observations of the solar granulation cannot provide a determination of the turbulent spectrum precise enough in the present context (Rieutord et al. 2000; Nordlund et al. 1997).
Numerical constraints on the model of stochastic excitation of solar-type oscillations
These results confirm the properties of the inertial range of quantum turbulence, proposing a prototype of turbulence much simpler than conventional classical turbulence.
Inertial Range and the Kolmogorov Spectrum of Quantum Turbulenc
Quantum turbulence (QT) consisting of quantized vortices has become a great sub ject not only for investigating the issues of superfluidity in the proper field of low temperature physics but also for studying a prototype much simpler than conventional classical turbulence (CT).
Inertial Range and the Kolmogorov Spectrum of Quantum Turbulenc
Recent work by Johansen & Klahr (2005) has measured directly the turbulent diffusion coefficient of dust grains embedded in an MHD disk model and compared this to the turbulent viscosity of the flow.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
On the other hand, turbulent diffusion coefficients depend mainly on the properties of the turbulent flow (as hinted at by section 2.3.1).
Effects of turbulent diffusion on the chemistry of diffuse clouds
Reasonable turbulence evolution model is the key difference of my method. I build an averaged turbulence theory that corresponds to numerical simulations. I start with the model of isotropic turbulence that is consistent with simulations of collisional MHD in three regimes.
Dynamics of Magnetized Spherical Accretion Flows
Isotropic outer turbulence turns into anisotropic inner turbulence.
Dynamics of Magnetized Spherical Accretion Flows
This viscosity can represent either a molecular viscosity or a turbulent viscosity, but for the scenarios discussed in §2.1 a turbulent viscosity is argued to be dominant.
The Internal Shear of Type Ia Supernova Progenitors During Accretion and Simmering
The amplitude of the perturbation will depend on the turbulence energy density; on average data indicates that the energy in the turbulent part of the magnetic field is of the same order as the energy in the large scale field (see Beck (2001) and references therein).
Separation of anomalous and synchrotron emissions using WMAP polarization data
Turbulent intermittency, which indicates the existence of regions of small sizes where the turbulent stretching is much larger than the average value over the flow, is therefore expected to have important consequences for DDT.
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
Only when lG ∼< lf, can turbulence stretch the flame efficiently to generate structures within the flame and the turbulent combustion enters the distributed regime.
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
Although these models were originally proposed for homogeneous and isotropic turbulence, we will assume they apply to SNe Ia where the turbulence is stratified and may not arrive at isotropy even at very small scales.
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
They assumed that, at any point, turbulence translates the temperature and composition by a distance lt, over which turbulence can transport during a local induction time τi .
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
However, considering the spatial inhomogeneity of turbulent intensity, i.e., intermittency, it is possible for regions of size 106 cm with large enough turbulent velocity to arise.
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
This confirms the intermittency in the turbulent combustion flow in SNe Ia; there exist grid cells where the turbulent intensity is much stronger than the average.
The effect of turbulent intermittency on the deflagration to detonation transition in SN Ia explosions
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