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trunk

Definitions

  • Two girls looking thoughtful; one of them is sitting on a clothes trunk
    Two girls looking thoughtful; one of them is sitting on a clothes trunk
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n trunk a long flexible snout as of an elephant
    • n trunk compartment in an automobile that carries luggage or shopping or tools "he put his golf bag in the trunk"
    • n trunk luggage consisting of a large strong case used when traveling or for storage
    • n trunk the body excluding the head and neck and limbs "they moved their arms and legs and bodies"
    • n trunk the main stem of a tree; usually covered with bark; the bole is usually the part that is commercially useful for lumber
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

ONE MORNING SHE CONCLUDED SHE'D STRAIGHTEN OUT HENRY'S TRUNK ONE MORNING SHE CONCLUDED SHE'D STRAIGHTEN OUT HENRY'S TRUNK
MR. BONAR LAW PACKS HIS TRUNKS MR. BONAR LAW PACKS HIS TRUNKS
Packing the go abroady trunk Packing the go abroady trunk
Watt's Half-Trunk Engine Watt's Half-Trunk Engine
Section of the Trunk Section of the Trunk
The elephant kneels after the dog bites its trunk The elephant kneels after the dog bites its trunk
flicker on tree trunk by hole flicker on tree trunk by hole
three nuthatches in tree, two of them upside down on trunk three nuthatches in tree, two of them upside down on trunk

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: African Baobab tree's circumference can reach 180 feet. If the trunk is hollow, 20 people would be able to fit inside of it.
    • Trunk A box or chest usually covered with leather, metal, or cloth, or sometimes made of leather, hide, or metal, for containing clothes or other goods; especially, one used to convey the effects of a traveler. "Locked up in chests and trunks ."
    • Trunk (Mining) A flume or sluice in which ores are separated from the slimes in which they are contained.
    • Trunk (Steam Engine) A large pipe forming the piston rod of a steam engine, of sufficient diameter to allow one end of the connecting rod to be attached to the crank, and the other end to pass within the pipe directly to the piston, thus making the engine more compact.
    • Trunk A long tube through which pellets of clay, etc., are driven by the force of the breath. "He shot sugarplums them out of a trunk ."
    • Trunk A long, large box, pipe, or conductor, made of plank or metal plates, for various uses, as for conveying air to a mine or to a furnace, water to a mill, grain to an elevator, etc.
    • Trunk (Arch) That part of a pilaster which is between the base and the capital, corresponding to the shaft of a column.
    • Trunk (Zoöl) That segment of the body of an insect which is between the head and abdomen, and bears the wings and legs; the thorax; the truncus.
    • Trunk The body of an animal, apart from the head and limbs.
    • Trunk The main body of anything; as, the trunk of a vein or of an artery, as distinct from the branches.
    • Trunk (Zoöl) The proboscis of an elephant.
    • Trunk (Zoöl) The proboscis of an insect.
    • Trunk The stem, or body, of a tree, apart from its limbs and roots; the main stem, without the branches; stock; stalk. "About the mossy trunk I wound me soon,
      For, high from ground, the branches would require
      Thy utmost reach."
    • Trunk (Mining) To extract (ores) from the slimes in which they are contained, by means of a trunk. See Trunk n., 9.
    • Trunk To lop off; to curtail; to truncate; to maim. "Out of the trunked stock."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Over 1,600 people in North America have been victims of trunk entrapment (being locked inside of a car trunk)
    • n trunk A long conduit or system with grids through which cotton is forced to be cleared of dust and refuse in its passage from the opener to the scutcher or picker.
    • n trunk In ship-building, a large inclosed duct or passage through the decks or bulkheads of a vessel for coaling, ventilation, passing ammunition, etc.
    • n trunk A trunk-line.
    • trunk Chief; main; principal: as, the trunk mains of a system of water or gas distribution; a trunk railway line.
    • n trunk The woody stem of a tree, from which the branches spring.
    • n trunk In architecture, the shaft of a column; the part between the base and the capital. The term is sometimes used to signify the die or body of a pedestal. See cut under column.
    • n trunk The main part or stem of a branching organ or system of organs, considered apart from its ramifications: as, the trunk of an artery, a vein, or a nerve; the trunk of a zoöphyte or coral. Also truncus.
    • n trunk The human body or that of an animal without the head and limbs, and, in animals, the tail, or considered apart from these; in literary use, the body. In entomology the trunk is the body exclusive of the head, legs, wings, and elytra: the word was used by the older entomologists in describing those insects which have the thorax closely united to the abdomen, as the beetles and grasshoppers. The trunk was said to be distinct when it was separated from the head. Some entomologists, following Fabricius, restrict trunk to the thorax (in which sense also truncus).
    • n trunk A receptacle with stiff sides and a hinged cover or upper part, used especially for carrying clothes, toilet articles, etc., for a journey.
    • n trunk In fishing, an iron hoop with a bag, used to catch crustaceans.
    • n trunk A tube of various kinds and uses. A speaking-tube.
    • n trunk A telescope.
    • n trunk A pea- or bean-shooter; a long tube through which peas, pellets, etc., were driven by the force of the breath.
    • n trunk A boxed passage for air to or from a blast-apparatus or blowing-engine; an air-shaft.
    • n trunk A boxed passage up or down which grain or flour is conveyed in an elevator or mill.
    • n trunk A box-tube used to send attle or rubbish out of a mine, or to convey coal to a wagon or heap, broken quartz from a mill to the stamps, etc.
    • n trunk A long, narrow trough which was formerly used in Cornwall in dressing copper- and tin-slimes.
    • n trunk A wooden box or pipe of square section in which air is conveyed in a mine.
    • n trunk A kibble.
    • n trunk A trough to convey water from a race to a water-wheel, etc.; a flume; a penstock.
    • n trunk In trunk-engines, a section of pipe attached to a piston and moving longitudinally with it, its diameter being sufficient to allow one end of the connecting-rod to be attached to the crank and the other end directly to the piston, thus dispensing with an intermediate rod: used in marine engines for driving propellers, also in some stationary steam-engines, and extensively in caloric engines.
    • n trunk A proboscis; a long snout; especially, the proboscis of the elephant; less frequently, the proboscis of other animals, as butterflies, flies, mosquitos and other gnats, and certain mollusks and worms. See the applications of proboscis.
    • n trunk plural Trunk-hose.
    • n trunk In hat-manuf., the tube or directing passage in a machine for forming the bodies of hats, which confines the air-currents, and guides the fibers of fur from the picker to the cone.
    • n trunk plural Same as troll-madam or pigeonholes.
    • trunk To lop off; curtail; truncate.
    • trunk To separate, as tin or copper ore, from the worthless veinstone, by the use of the trunk.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The trunk of an elephant can hold up to two gallons of water
    • n Trunk trungk the stem of a tree: the body of an animal apart from the limbs: the main body of anything: anything long and hollow: the proboscis of an elephant: the shaft of a column, the dado or body of a pedestal: a water-course of planks leading from the race to the water-wheel: a large hollow piston in which a connecting-rod plays: a portable box or chest for clothes, &c., esp. on a journey: a flume, penstock
    • ***

Quotations

  • Lao-Tzu
    Lao-Tzu
    “A tree trunk the size of a man grows from a blade as thin as a hair. A tower nine stories high is built from a small heap of earth.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. tronc, L. truncus, fr. truncus, maimed, mutilated; perhaps akin to torquere, to twist wrench, and E. torture,. Trunk, in the sense of proboscis is fr. F. trompe,the same word as trompe, a trumpet), but has been confused in English with trunk, the stem of a tree (see Trump a trumpet). Cf. Truncate
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. tronc—L. truncus, a stock—truncus, maimed.

Usage

In literature:

The first trouble had been about trunks.
"The Peterkin Papers" by Lucretia P Hale
I uncoiled the rope, and first made one end fast to the trunk.
"Popular Adventure Tales" by Mayne Reid
Down to the pool, through the luxurious shadows of the birches, came a man, and stretched himself against a leaning trunk by the waterside.
"The Watchers of the Trails" by Charles G. D. Roberts
Does this trunk go on board?
"The Ghost Breaker" by Charles Goddard
A very small ancient boat, made from the single trunk of a tree.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Coming close to the tree, the pupils may first examine the trunk.
"Ontario Teachers' Manuals: Nature Study" by Ontario Ministry of Education
First she hid her wallet in the bottom of her trunk, locked the trunk and set it up on end in the closet.
"The Girl from Sunset Ranch" by Amy Bell Marlowe
A little low trunk was at the extreme end of the attic.
"Hester's Counterpart" by Jean K. Baird
The basement was empty except for what looked like a big old steamer trunk in the center of the dusty cement floor.
"My Shipmate--Columbus" by Stephen Wilder
I thought it would be nice to have the trunks down here on the lawn.
"The Cheerful Smugglers" by Ellis Parker Butler
Will you advance me twenty dollars and keep the trunk as security?
"Desert Dust" by Edwin L. Sabin
Not a twig stirred, and the white trunks were ghostly in the twilight.
"Master of the Vineyard" by Myrtle Reed
There were also a number of them at his lodgings, in a trunk.
"The Trial of Reuben Crandall, M.D. Charged with Publishing and Circulating Seditious and Incendiary Papers, &c. in the District of Columbia, with the Intent of Exciting Servile Insurrection." by Unknown
The lower division of the trunk was empty.
"Messengers of Evil" by Pierre Souvestre
As Carter, the canal man, I had carried Fausta's trunk on board.
"If, Yes and Perhaps" by Edward Everett Hale
My man told me he found your trunk at the Grand Central Station.
"Officer 666" by Barton W. Currie
But put me and my hair trunk on any land.
"Phemie Frost's Experiences" by Ann S. Stephens
How many bones in the trunk?
"A Treatise on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene (Revised Edition)" by Calvin Cutter
He denied himself to his friends, and sat in a corner with his eyes fixed upon the Saratoga trunk in dismal contemplation.
"The Works of Robert Louis Stevenson - Swanston Edition Vol. 4 (of 25)" by Robert Louis Stevenson
And may it be a black trunk with my name on it in brass nails?
"Ruby at School" by Minnie E. Paull
***

In poetry:

Twice the sun had mounted, twice had sunk,
Ere his ears took sound; he lay for dead;
Mountain on his trunk,
Ocean on his head.
"King Harald's Trance" by George Meredith
Look on the forests' ancient kings,
The hemlock's towering pride
Yon trunk had thrice a hundred rings,
And fell before it died.
"After A Lecture On Wordsworth" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
How the old old Balt and the young young Balt
Rode out of Caucaland,
With the royal elephant's trunk on helm
And the royal lance in hand.
"The Song of The Little Baltung: A.D. 395" by Charles Kingsley
There still the morning zephyrs play,
And there at times the spring bird sings,
And mossy trunk and fading spray
Are flowered with glossy wings.
"My Thanks," by John Greenleaf Whittier
Drum, Brueder, bleibet euern Ahnen,
Die euch, so oft euch durstt, ermahnen,
An Treu und Trunke kindlich gleich.
Trinkt redlich aus und kuesset euch!
"Die Redlichkeit" by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
He came still closer, leaned on my trunk:
the bark thrilled like a leaf still-folded.
Music! there was no twig of me not
trembling with joy and fear.
"A Tree Telling Of Orpheus" by Denise Levertov

In news:

A mean Escalade, with five JL's in the trunk makin' everyone afraid.
Restorable 1957 Chevy 2-Door Hardtop rolling chassis, includes fenders, doors, hood, and trunk lid.
An elephant named Shanthi at the Smithsonian's National Zoo is developing her musical talents by playing a harmonica with her trunk.
A 36-year-old Asian elephant named Shanthi is developing her musical talents by playing harmonicas other instruments within the reach of her trunk.
Leila Parks and Abigail Widunas passed out candy during the trunk-or-treat.
Let me put it this way, put your significant other, and your dog in the trunk of your car.
Then park the car, open the trunk, and see which one is happy to see you.
The only sign of him is his blood, found in the trunk of his girlfriend's car.
The elephant talks through his trunk.
Hence, the idea of the trunk planter .
Trunks lists his personal style choices.
Teen Found Bound in Trunk One Week After Abduction .
NHMU's Holiday Jewelry Trunk Show.
Ressam was arrested in December 1999 as he drove off a ferry from Canada into Washington state with a trunk full of explosives.
Polly Hill Arboretum sponsors antique rug talk and trunk show.
***

In science:

We introduce two numerical invariants, the waist and the trunk of knots.
Waist and trunk of knots
In this paper, we obtain an inequality between the waist and the trunk of knots and show that the inequality is best possible.
Waist and trunk of knots
In general, we have trunk(K ) ≤ 2bridge(K ), where bridge(K ) denotes the bridge number of K .
Waist and trunk of knots
The next problem seems to be essential on trunk of knots.
Waist and trunk of knots
In this paper, we obtain an inequality between the waist and the trunk of knots.
Waist and trunk of knots
P denotes the set of all plane in R3 and the minimum is taken over all In general, we have trunk(K ) ≤ supertrunk(K ) and knots equivalent to K . supertrunk(K ) ≤ 2superbridge(K ), where superbridge(K ) denotes the superbridge index of K ().
Waist and trunk of knots
If P − K is compressible in S 3 − K, then there exists a (“horizontal” and “vertical”) isotopy ft of S 3 such that w(K ′ ) < w(K ) and trunk(K ′ ) ≤ trunk(K ), where K ′ = f1(K ).
Waist and trunk of knots
Proof. (of Theorem 1.7) Let K be a knot in S 3 such that h|K is a Morse function and |h−1 (t) ∩ K | ≤ trunk(K ) for all t ∈ R.
Waist and trunk of knots
If there exists no thin level 2-sphere for K, then K is in a bridge position and we have trunk(K ) ≥ 2bridge(K ).
Waist and trunk of knots
Otherwise, by Lemma 2.1, we can isotope K so that the width of K decreases without increasing the trunk of K .
Waist and trunk of knots
Proof. (of Theorem 1.10) In a case that K is a trivial knot, waist(K ) = 0 and trunk(K ) = 2, so we have an inequality of Theorem 1.10.
Waist and trunk of knots
P-a.s. for all |x| large enough (and all the corresponding moderate skeleton trunks of paths g ∈ D (x)).
Stretched Polymers in Random Environment
In Ozawa defined a trunk of a knot as follows.
Multiplicity of a space over another space
Then the trunk of k, denoted by trunk(k), is defined by trunk(k) = max{|(π ◦ ϕ|k )−1 (y )||y ∈ R}.
Multiplicity of a space over another space
In it is shown that for any natural number n, there exist an oriented knot type K with trunk(K ) ≥ n.
Multiplicity of a space over another space
***